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June 30, 2011

Missouri Corn Acreage 3 Percent Above Year Earlier, Soybeans 1 Percent Below

(COLUMBIA, MO) – "Yet another wet spring as well as flooding along the Mississippi and Missouri rivers challenged farmers trying to harvest wheat and plant crops," said Gene Danekas, Director, USDA-Missouri Agricultural Statistics.  "Actual crop planted acres are below farmers expectations in March.”

Missouri corn plantings are estimated at 3.25 million acres, 3 percent above last year, but 2 percent below what farmers intended to plant in March.  Corn acres for harvest as grain are forecast at 3.10 million, also up 3 percent from 2010.  As of June 26, 68 percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition and 2 percent had reached the silking stage or beyond, 11 days behind the 18 percent a year earlier and the 5-year average (normal) of 17 percent. Nearly half of the states corn acres were planted between May 1 and May 15.

Soybeans planted and to be planted in Missouri are forecast at 5.10 million acres, 1 percent below 2010 and, if realized, 200,000 acres below farmers’ intentions in March. Soybean planting reached 93 percent as of June 26, 6 days ahead of the normal pace of 88 percent planted. Sixty-five percent of the crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 26. Harvested acres are expected to total 5.05 million acres, slightly below last year when 5.07 million acres were harvested.

Missouri winter wheat producers are expected to harvest 690,000 of the 830,000 acres planted last fall. Wheat harvest was 63 percent complete by June 26, 3 days ahead of the 56 percent 5-year average but similar to the 61 percent harvested at this time a year ago.  Seeded acres of oats in Missouri are estimated at 20,000 acres, unchanged from last year, while acres to be harvested for grain are indicated at 8,000 acres, also unchanged from a year earlier.

Total area of all hay to be harvested in Missouri this year is estimated at 3.82 million acres, consisting of 3.60 million acres of other hay and 220,000 acres of alfalfa.  Total hay acreage is down 1 percent from last year.  Upland cotton planted in Missouri is estimated at 340,000 acres, up 10 percent from last year's level.  Thirty-five percent of the cotton acreage was squaring as of June 26, 12 days behind last year’s 57 percent and 4 days behind a normal of 43 percent.  Planted area of Missouri rice is estimated at 145,000 acres, 43 percent below the record 253,000 acres planted in 2010. Harvested acres are estimated at 140,000 acres, 44 percent below last year’s record 251,000 acres. This would be the lowest planted acreage since 1998 and lowest harvested acreage since 1997. Sixty-three percent of the rice crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 26. Planted acres of sorghum in Missouri are estimated at 40,000, tied with last year as the lowest planted acreage on record.  Sorghum to be harvested for grain is forecast at 35,000 acres, 2,000 acres above last year. Sixty-nine percent of the sorghum crop was in good to excellent condition as of June 26.  Potatoes planted in Missouri are estimated at 7,900 acres, up 600 acres from last year, while harvested acres are forecast at 6,800 acres, 400 acres less than a year ago.

United States Corn Planted Acreage Up 5 Percent, Soybean Acreage Down 3 Percent

Corn planted area in the U. S. for all purposes in 2011 is estimated at 92.3 million acres, up 5 percent from last year, and the second highest planted acreage in the United States since 1944, behind only the 93.5 million acres planted in 2007. Growers expect to harvest 84.9 million acres for grain, up 4 percent from last year. U. S. soybean planted area for 2011 is estimated at 75.2 million acres, down 3 percent from last year. Area for harvest, at 74.3 million acres, is also down 3 percent from 2010. All wheat planted area in the U. S. is estimated at 56.4 million acres, up 5 percent from 2010. The 2011 U. S. winter wheat planted area, at 41.1 million acres, is up 10 percent from last year.

U. S. producers intend to harvest 57.6 million acres of all hay in 2011, down 4 percent from 2010. Expected harvested area of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 19.3 million acres, is down 3 percent from 2010. Expected area for harvest of all other types of hay totals 38.3 million acres, down 4 percent from 2010. All cotton planted area in the U. S. for 2011 is estimated at 13.7 million acres, 25 percent above last year.

U.S. area planted to rice in 2011 is estimated at 2.68 million acres, down 26 percent from 2010 and the lowest planted acreage since 1987. Area for harvest is forecasted at 2.65 million acres, down 27 percent from last year. Area planted in the U. S. to sorghum in 2011 is estimated at 5.35 million acres, down 1 percent from 2010. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 4.59 million acres, down 5 percent from last year. U. S. growers in the summer potato producing States planted an estimated 40,900 acres of potatoes this year, up 5 percent from last year. Harvested area is forecast at 39,300 acres, 5 percent higher than 2010.

Missouri Corn and Soybean Stocks Below Year Ago

Total corn stocks on hand in Missouri on June 1, 2011 amounted to 68.2 million bushels, 61 percent of the amount stored a year earlier and the lowest June 1 level since 2004.  On-farm stocks accounted for 34.0 million bushels, while off-farm corn stocks totaled 34.2 million bushels.

Missouri soybean stocks in all positions on June 1 this year totaled 23.2 million bushels, 4 percent less than stored a year earlier.  On-farm stocks totaled 12.0 million bushels, while 11.2 million bushels were held in commercial facilities.

June 1 stocks of old-crop wheat in all positions in Missouri totaled 15.5 million bushels, down 14 percent from a year earlier.  On-farm stocks accounted for 20,000 bushels, while off-farm wheat stocks totaled 15.5 million bushels.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on June 1, 2011 totaled 4.19 million cwt., 80 percent above the 2.33 million cwt. on hand June 1, 2010.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on June 1 totaled 500,000 bushels, 43 percent below a year ago and the lowest level of any quarter since June 1956.  On-farm sorghum accounted for 160,000 bushels, while 340,000 bushels were in commercial facilities.

United States Corn Stocks Down 15 Percent, Soybean Stocks Up 8 Percent

Corn stocks in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2011 totaled 3.67 billion bushels, down 15 percent from June 1, 2010. Of the total stocks, 1.68 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 21 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 1.99 billion bushels, are down 9 percent from a year ago. The March - May 2011 indicated disappearance is 2.85 billion bushels, compared with 3.38 billion bushels during the same period last year.

Stocks of U. S. soybeans stored in all positions on June 1, 2011 totaled 619 million bushels, up 8 percent from June 1, 2010. On-farm stocks totaled 218 million bushels, down 6 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 401 million bushels, are up 19 percent from a year ago. Indicated disappearance for the March - May 2011 quarter totaled 630 million bushels, down 10 percent from the same period a year earlier.


All wheat stored in all positions in the U. S. on June 1, 2011 totaled 861 million bushels, down 12 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 131 million bushels, down 38 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 730 million bushels, are down 5 percent from a year ago. The March - May 2011 indicated disappearance is 565 million bushels, up 48 percent from the same period a year earlier.

U. S. rough rice stocks in all positions on June 1, 2011 totaled 71.4 million hundredweight (cwt), up 24 percent from the total on June 1, 2010. Stocks held on farms totaled 13.2 million cwt and off-farm stocks totaled 58.1 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 77 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 21 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 2 percent. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 5.97 million cwt, up 32 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 4.33 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.64 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.

Grain sorghum stored in all U. S. positions on June 1, 2011 totaled 80.1 million bushels, down 9 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 3.14 million bushels, are down 71 percent from last year. Off-farm stocks, at 76.9 million bushels, are down slightly from June 1, 2010. The March - May 2011 indicated disappearance from all positions is 91.0 million bushels, up 4 percent from the same period last year.

Audio Commentary

Press Release Audio Commentary by State Director Gene Danekas is available on the
Missouri Field Office Audio Publications page.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/Audio/