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January 12, 2012

MISSOURI HAY, SOYBEANS, AND CORN PRODUCTION DECLINE

(COLUMBIA, MO, January 12, 2012) -“Spring and early summer flooding and prolonged above average temperatures through the summer lead to lower yields than last year.” said Bob Garino, Acting Director, Missouri Agricultural Statistics.  

Missouri soybean production totaled 190 million bushels in 2011, down 10 percent from the 2010 crop.  Farmers in Missouri harvested 5.20 million of the 5.35 million acres planted in the state, 3 percent above last year.  Missouri yields averaged 36.5 bushels per acre, down 5 bushels from last year.

Corn grain production in Missouri during 2011 totaled 350 million bushels, 5 percent below last year.  Disappointing yields for the State averaged 114 bushels per acre, down 9 bushels from the 2010 yield.  Corn for grain was produced from 3.07 million acres, while 90,000 acres were cut for silage, producing 900,000 tons.  Acreage harvested for grain was 2 percent above last year while silage acreage was up 30,000 acres.

Missouri grain sorghum production totaled 2.38 million bushels, down 8 percent from 2010. This is the lowest production since 1954 when 1.17 million bushels were produced.  Planted acreage, tied at a record low 40,000 acres, was unchanged from the previous record low last year.  Sorghum was harvested for grain from 33,000 acres with an average yield for the State at 72 bushels per acre, 6 bushels below 2010.  Silage was cut from 5,000 acres with a yield of 11 tons per acre, 2 tons per acre below last year.

Missouri cotton production is estimated at 735,000 bales, 7 percent above 2010.  The State yield is estimated at 961 pounds per acre, 107 pounds below last year’s yield.  Planted acreage of 375,000 acres was 21 percent above last year, while farmers harvested 367,000 acres, 19 percent above a year earlier.

Rice production in Missouri during 2011 totaled 8.31 million cwt, the lowest since 1998, 49 percent below last year’s record high production.  Yield is estimated at 6,490 pounds per acre, 10 pounds above the 2010 level.  Producers harvested 128,000 acres, 49 percent below 2010.

Hay production in Missouri totaled 6.25 million tons, 17 percent below the 2010 production. This is the lowest hay production since 1988 when 5.09 million tons were produced. Missouri hay yields averaged 1.67 tons per acre, compared with 1.96 a year earlier.  Harvested area of all hay was 3.37 million acres, a decrease of 2 percent from 2010.

Commercial potato production in Missouri for 2011 totaled 1.21 million cwt, 44 percent below the 2010 production.  The 7,100 acres harvested produced a yield of 170 cwt, down 130 cwt. from last year.  There were 8,300 acres planted, 1,000 acres more than a year earlier.

U. S. SOYBEAN PRODUCTION DOWN 8 PERCENT, CORN DOWN 1 PERCENT

U.S. soybean production in 2011 totaled 3.06 billion bushels, down 8 percent from 2010. United States production is the sixth largest on record. The average yield per acre is estimated at 41.5 bushels, 2.0 bushels below last year’s yield. Harvested area is down 4 percent from 2010 to 73.6 million acres.

Corn for grain production in the U.S. is estimated at 12.4 billion bushels, 1 percent below 2010. The average yield in the United States for 2011 is estimated at 147.2 bushels per acre. This is 5.6 bushels below the 2010 average yield of 152.8 bushels. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 84.0 million acres, up 3 percent from 2010.

U.S. sorghum grain production in 2011 is estimated at 214 million bushels, 38 percent below 2010. Area harvested for grain, at 3.93 million acres, is down 18 percent from 2010. Average grain yield, at 54.6 bushels per acre, is down 17.2 bushels from last year.

All cotton production in the U. S. is estimated at 18.3 million 480-pound bales, up 50 percent from 2009. The U.S. yield is estimated at 821 pounds per acre, up 44 pounds from last year. Harvested area, at 10.7 million acres, is up 42 percent from last year.

U.S. rice production in 2011 is estimated 185 million cwt, 24 percent below 2010. Planted area is estimated at 2.69 million acres, down 26 percent from 2010. Area harvested, at 2.62 million acres, is 28 percent below the previous crop year. The average yield for all United States rice is estimated at 7,067 pounds per acre, 342 pounds above the 2010 yield.

U.S. production of dry hay for 2011 is estimated at 131 million tons, down 10 percent from the 2010 total. This is the lowest United States production level since 1988. Area harvested is estimated at 55.6 million acres, down 7 percent from last year. The average yield, at 2.36 tons per acre, is down 0.07 ton from the previous year.

Winter Wheat Seedings for 2012

Fall seedings for the 2012 winter wheat crop in Missouri totaled 770,000 acres, a decrease of 3 percent from the 2011 seeded acreage but 108 percent above the level of 2 years ago.

Winter wheat seeded area for 2012 in the U.S. is expected to total 41.9 million acres, up 3 percent from 2011. Approximate class acreage breakdowns are: Hard Red Winter, 30.1 million; Soft Red Winter, 8.37 million; and White Winter, 3.49 million.

Missouri December 1, 2011 Grain Stocks

Soybeans in all storage positions in Missouri on December 1, 2011 totaled 117.1 million bushels, 12 percent below last year. Stocks on farms accounted for 69.0 million bushels, down 17 percent from last year. Off farm stocks totaled 48.1 million bushels, down 3 percent from December 1, 2010.

Missouri corn stocks on December 1, 2011 totaled 230 million bushels, 15 percent below the 270 million bushels in storage one a year earlier. Of the total, 165 million bushels were on farms, and 65.3 million bushels were in commercial facilities.

Wheat stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2011 totaled 24.5 million bushels, 8 percent below a year earlier. There were 2.45 million bushels stored on farms, compared to 690,000 bushels last year. Off farm stocks accounted for 22.1 million bushels, 15 percent below a year ago.

Sorghum stocks in Missouri on December 1, 2011 totaled 1.36 million bushels, 36 percent below a year earlier. This is the lowest December 1 stocks since 1953.  Sorghum on farms accounted for 750,000 bushels, 42 percent below last year, while 607,000 bushels were held off-farm, 26 percent less than on hand December 1, 2010.

Missouri rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1 totaled 6.99 million cwt, 34 percent below a year earlier.

UNITED STATES DECEMBER 1, 2011 GRAIN STOCKS

Soybeans stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 in the U.S. totaled 2.37 billion bushels, up 4 percent from December 1, 2010. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled 1.14 billion bushels, up 4 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at 1.23 billion bushels, are up 3 percent from last December. Indicated disappearance for September - November 2011 totaled 905 million bushels, down 25 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Corn stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 in the U.S. totaled 9.64 billion bushels, down 4 percent from December 1, 2010. Of the total stocks, 6.18 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 2 percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 3.47 billion bushels, are down 8 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2011 indicated disappearance is 3.84 billion bushels, compared with 4.10 billion bushels during the same period last year.

U.S all wheat stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 totaled 1.66 billion bushels, down 14 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 405 million bushels, down 26 percent from last December. Off-farm stocks, at 1.25 billion bushels, are down 10 percent from a year ago. The September - November 2011 indicated disappearance is 490 million bushels, down 5 percent from the same period a year earlier.

U.S. grain sorghum stored in all positions on December 1, 2011 totaled 150 million bushels, down 37 percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks, at 27.9 million bushels, are down 9 percent from December 1 last year. Off-farm stocks, at 122 million bushels, are down 41 percent from a year earlier. The September - November 2011 indicated disappearance from all positions is 92.1 million bushels, down 38 percent from the same period in 2010.

Rough rice stocks in all positions on December 1, 2011 in the U.S. totaled 147 million hundredweight (cwt), down 15 percent from the total on December 1, 2010. Stocks held on farms totaled 41.2 million cwt, and off-farm stocks totaled 106 million cwt. Long grain varieties accounted for 63 percent of the total rough rice, medium grain accounted for 35 percent, and short grain varieties accounted for 2 percent. Milled rice stocks in all positions totaled 6.24 million cwt, down 1 percent from a year ago. Milled rice stocks were comprised of 4.30 million cwt of whole kernel rice and 1.94 million cwt of second heads, screenings, and brewers rice.