|Released: February 1995
For more information contact: Thomas Chard or Curtis Lund at 1-800-835-2612
|Montana seedstock producers received $101.7 million in 1994 from the sales
of breeding cattle, semen, and embryos. A total of $97.8 million was received
from the sales of 70,100 head of breeding cattle in 1994. Semen sales amounted
to $3.2 million from the sale of 215,000 straws. Forty-three percent of
all semen sales were to foreign countries. Embryo sales were valued at $0.6
million with 1,200 embryos being sold during the year. Seventy-five percent
of all embryo sales were to other states or foreign countries.
During 1994 the largest sales category was bulls which accounted for 56 percent of all seedstock sales or $57.4 million. The average price received for all bulls was $2,180. Of the 26,400 bulls sold by seedstock producers, Montana was the most common destination, with sales of 19,200 head, followed by 6,200 head sold to producers in other states. Sales of 20,100 replacement heifers were the second largest category of seedstock sales and were valued at $18.4 million. Montana producers purchased 74 percent, or 14,800 heifers.
Purebred breeding stock sales made up the largest portion of all seedstock sales, totaling $73.7 million during 1994. The largest category of sales was purebred bulls at $51.7 million. A total of 23,300 purebred bulls were sold at an average price of $2,220. Seventy-four percent of purebred sales were to Montana producers.
Sales of all other breeding stock included 27,900 head valued at $24.1 million. The largest sales category was replacement heifers at $8.8 million. A total of 11,300 replacement heifers were sold for an average price of $780. About 8,800 replacement heifers were sold to Montana producers, with an additional 2,200 head sold to out-of-state producers.
All Seedstock Sales, Value, and Destination, Montana, 1994
Purebred Sales and Animals Sold by Destination, Montana, 1994
All Other Breeding Stock Sales and Animals Sold by Destination, Montana, 1994
Average Breeding Stock Inventory by Size of Beef Cow Herd, Montana, January 1, 1995
Montana ranchers purchased 22,000 bulls during 1994, with 19,200 bulls being purchased from Montana sources. The remaining bulls purchased included 2,000 from other states and 800 from foreign countries. Of the bulls purchased from Montana sources, 9,000 were on a private treaty basis; 6,500 were from production sales; 2,500 were consignment sales; and 1,200 were from test station sales.
Beef cow ranchers having 100-499 cows purchased 55 percent of all the bulls from Montana sources. Most of the bulls purchased on a private treaty basis, from production sales, and consignment sales were by beef cow ranches with 100-499 cows. Fifty-seven percent of the bulls purchased from test stations were by beef cow ranches with 500+ cows. Beef cow ranches with 500+ cows were also the major purchasers of bulls from other states and foreign countries, purchasing 59.5 percent and 54 percent of the bulls, respectively.
Of the 22,000 bulls purchased, 19,400 were purebred and 2,600 bulls were crossbred/composite. Beef cow ranches with 100-499 cows purchased 51.5 percent of the purebred bulls and 52.0 percent of the crossbred/composite bulls. Ranches with 500+ cows also purchased a significant number of bulls, buying 41.0 and 44.5 percent of purebred and crossbred/composite bulls, respectively.
|Percentage of Bulls Purchased by Source Within Montana, Other
and Other Countries by Size of Beef Cow Herd, Montana, 1994
Percent of Total Purebred and Crossbred/Composite Purchases by Beef Cow Herd Size, Montana, 1994
Methodology and Definitions
The Seedstock Survey consisted of known seedstock producers in the state and a random sample of ranchers from a list of livestock producers maintained by the Montana Agricultural Statistics Service. Ninety percent of known seedstock producers and 80 percent of non-seedstock producers responded to the survey. An estimated 6 percent of all cattle operations in the state sold seedstock at one time during 1994 and were not listed as Seedstock producers in the Montana Stockgrowers Association Directory.
Seedstock sales included the sales of all types of breeding cattle, purebred and other, semen, and embryos. Semen sales units were reported in straws. Embryo sales were reported as single embryos. Cattle sold as a cow/calf pair were a cow with a calf. Seedstock producers were defined as any rancher selling either purebred or other breeding stock, semen or embryos at any time during the year.
The survey was funded by and conducted at the request of the Montana Stockgrowers Association, Seedstock Committee. The Montana Agricultural Statistics Service conducted the survey and expresses appreciation to all participants.
The average price paid by seedstock producers for bulls in 1994 was $3,420, $120 more than what they would normally expect to pay for a bull. Non-seedstock producers paid an average of $2,070 for a bull in 1994, the same as what they would normally expect to pay. Seedstock producers with 100-499 cows paid the most for bulls, averaging $3,850, $190 more than what they would normally pay, followed by producers with 50-99 cows who paid an average of $3,350. Non-seedstock producers with 500+ cows paid the most for bulls, averaging $2,250, the same as what they would normally pay.
Average Price Paid for Bulls by Seedstock and
Non-Seedstock Producers by Beef Cow Herd Size, Montana, 1994