2000 Agricultural Chemical Use Estimates for Sheep and Sheep Facilities
Released: May 25, 2001
For more information contact us at 1-800-835-2612.
The agricultural chemical use estimates in this report are based on data compiled from a survey conducted in late December 2000 through January 2001 in 22 selected States by National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS). These States account for approximately 87% of the U.S. sheep inventory as published by NASS. Only those States with published sheep inventory for January 1, 2001 were used for this calculation, however State level agricultural chemical use data was not published. All data refer to the on-farm use of chemical active ingredients contained in insecticides which were applied during the 2000 calendar year. Insecticides are defined as chemical products used for the control of insects. Insecticides are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Insecticides are applied to sheep and sheep facilities to control mange, mites, lice, flies, keds, bots, and other external pests.

All Sheep: Agricultural producers applied 14,191 pounds of insecticides to sheep and lambs during 2000 in the 22 surveyed States. Fenvalerate, at 5,444 pounds, was the top active ingredient used on sheep with respect to total quantity used, followed by malathion, at 3,940 pounds, and permethrin, at 1,749 pounds. These three active ingredients accounted for 78 percent of the total pounds of active ingredients applied to sheep and lambs in the surveyed States during 2000. Of the total chemical applications made to sheep in 2000 in the 22 selected States, 46 percent were applied as a pour-on, 25 percent by injection, 11 percent by hand spray, 10 percent by power spray, and 5 percent through oral drench. Insecticide applications made to sheep through mineral or feed block and dust bags each accounted for 1 percent. All other methods accounted for the remaining 1 percent of the chemical applications.

All Sheep Facilities: In the 22 surveyed States, a total of 4,984 pounds of insecticides was applied to sheep and lamb facilities in 2000. Petroleum distillate had the highest quantity used at 3,180 pounds. Malathion had the second highest quantity used at 935 pounds, followed by permethrin at 248 pounds. These three active ingredients accounted for 88 percent of the total pounds of active ingredients applied to sheep facilities in the surveyed States during 2000.

The full report is available at www.usda.gov/nass/pubs/rptscal.htm or for more information call the Montana Agricultural Statistics Service at 1-800-835-2612

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