E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP

AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  January 2006

Monthly

No. 973-1-06

WINTER WHEAT SEEDINGS

New  York  producers  seeded  a  total  of  130,000  acres  of  winter wheat  in  the  fall  of  2005  for  harvest  in  2006.  This is up 30 percent  from  the  100,000  acres  seeded  a  year  ago. U.S.  winter  wheat  seeded  area  for  2006  is  expected  to  total  41.4 million  acres,  up 2 percent  from  2005.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Small Grains, New York and United States, 2003-2005

Crop

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

 

1,000 Acres

Bushels

1,000 Bushels

New York

                 

Wheat, winter

120

100

95

53

53

54

6,360

5,300

5,130

Oats

70

50

75

63

65

54

4,410

3,250

4,050

Barley

13

10

15

50

53

49

650

530

735

                   

United States

                 

Wheat, winter

36,753

34,462

33,794

46.7

43.5

44.4

1,716,721

1,499,434

1,499,129

Wheat, all

53,063

49,999

50,119

44.2

43.2

42.0

2,344,760

2,158,245

2,104,690

Oats

2,220

1,787

1,823

65.0

64.7

63.0

144,383

115,695

114,878

Barley

4,727

4,021

3,269

58.9

69.6

64.8

278,283

279,743

211,896

Rye

319

300

279

27.1

27.5

27.0

8,634

8,255

7,537

                   

NEW YORK HAY STOCKS DOWN

New York farms held a total of 1.65 million tons of hay on December 1, 2005, compared with 1.90 million tons on hand December 1, 2004.  Nationally, hay stocks on farms December 1, 2005 was estimated at 105 million tons. This estimate reflects an 8 percent decrease from last year’s 115 million tons.

Hay Stocks on Farms

State

December 1

May 1

2004

2005

2004

2005

 

1,000 Tons

1,000 Tons

         

New York

1,895

1,650

552

440

Connecticut

73

55

14

21

Massachusetts

95

76

15

17

New Jersey

161

112

40

36

Pennsylvania

2,700

1700

570

650

Vermont

276

257

86

71

         

U.S.

114,516

105,056

25,947

27,758

 2005 CORN PRODUCTION DOWN

New York grain corn production totaled 57.0 million bushels in 2005, down 6 percent from 2004's 61.0 million bushels. Acres harvested for grain totaled 460,000, down 8 percent from the 500,000 acres harvested last year. The statewide yield, at a record high 124 bushels per acre, was up 2 bushels from last year.

Field Corn Acreage, New York, 2003-2005
 Disposition  
 2003  
 2004  
2005
 
1,000 Acres
Total planted
1,000
980
990
For All Grain
440
500;
460
Dry ear or dry shelled;
340
 380
 360
High moisture shelled
85
5
90
High moisture ground ear;
15
25
10;
For Silage
550
470;
520
Forage and abandoned
10
10
10

NEW YORK HOG INVENTORY DOWN SLIGHTLY

Pork producers in New York had 83,000 hogs and pigs on hand December 1, 2005. This total was down 1 percent from the 84,000 head on hand a year earlier.  Of the current inventory, 10,000 hogs are for breeding purposes, down 2,000 head from the previous December. The remaining 73,000 hogs and pigs, raised for home use or the slaughter market, is 1 percent above a year ago. 

The New York hog breeders produced a crop of 130,000 pigs during 2005, down 22 percent from a year earlier. Nationally, the 2005 pig crop was up one percent from a year earlier at 104 million head.

The U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on farms as of December 1, 2005 totaled 61.2 million head. This total was unchanged from December 1, 2004. Breeding inventory, at 6 million head, was up 1 percent from December 1, 2004. Market hog inventory, at 55.2 million head, was unchanged from last year, but 1 percent below last quarter.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.88 million sows farrow during the December 2005-February 2006 quarter, up 1 percent from the actual farrowings during the same period in both 2005 and 2004. Intended farrowings for March-May 2006, at 2.89 million sows, are up slightly from 2005 and up 1 percent from 2004.

Hog and Pig Inventory Number, Sows Farrowing and Pig Crop New York and United States, 2003-2005

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004 1/

2005

   

Thousand

Thousand

  Inventory-December 1:

             

  All Hogs and Pigs

No.

73

84

83

60,444

60,975

61,197

    Kept for breeding

No.

9

12

10

6,009

5,969

6,011

    Market

No.

64

72

73

54,434

55,005

55,186

               

  Market Hogs by Weight Groups:

             

  Under 60 pounds

No.

24

26

24

19,778

19,980

19,955

  60-119 pounds

No.

15

18

16

13,238

13,439

13,552

  120-179 pounds

No.

13

13

17

11,109

11,186

11,266

  180 pounds and over

No.

12

15

16

10,311

10,401

10,414

               

  Sows Farrowing:

             

  December 2/-November

No.

14.0

16.8

14.6

11,429

11,498

11,504

               

  Pig Crop:

             

    December 2/-November

No.

128

166

130

101,490

102,780

103,685

               

  Pigs Per Litter:

             

  December 2/-November

No.

9.14

9.88

8.90

8.88

8.94

9.01

               

1/  Revised.
2
/  December preceding year.



2004 NEW YORK TURKEY PRODUCTION UP 7 PERCENT

Turkey producers in New York raised 620,000 turkeys during 2005  This total is up 7 percent from the 2004 number raised and up 9 percent from the 2003 number raised.  Nationally, 256 million turkeys were raised in 2005, down 3 percent from the 2004 total. Minnesota ranked first in the number raised with 44.5 million, followed by North Carolina with 36.0 million, Arkansas with 29.0 million, Virginia with 21.0 million, Missouri with 20.5 million, California with 14.9 million, and Indiana with 13.4 million.

U.S. TURKEY OUTLOOK FOR 2006

Turkey growers in 23 States intend to increase the number of birds raised by 4 percent in 2006. The number of turkeys actually raised in 2006 may vary from growers' intentions shown in this report depending on feed costs, supply of hatching eggs, cost of poults, and prices growers receive for turkeys during the next few months.

Turkeys Raised, New York and United States, 2003-2005
 

Production Area

Turkeys Raised

2003

2004

2005

 

Thousands

 

  New York

570

580

620

  United States

274,048

263,207

256,270

DECEMBER PRICES RECEIVED MIXED

Prices received by New York producers during December for selected commodities were mixed compared with a month earlier. Prices for corn, wheat, soybeans, and wholesale milk declined while prices for hay, potatoes, apples, and eggs increased. The price of oats was unchanged.

At the National level, the preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in December, at 114, based on 1990-92=100, increased 1 point (0.9 percent) from November. Producers received higher commodity prices for tomatoes, corn, strawberries, and lettuce. Lower prices were received for oranges, broilers, dairy, and grapes.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                      Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Dec

2004

Nov

2005

Dec

2005

Dec

2004

Nov

2005

Dec

2005

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.29

2.05

2.00

2.04

1.77

1.88

Oats

bu.

1.74

1.28

1.28

1.60

1.63

1.73

Wheat

bu.

2.55

3.22

3.10

3.40

3.47

3.47

Barley

bu.

1.95

-

-

2.49

2.64

2.54

Soybeans

bu.

5.03

5.16

5.10

5.45

5.62

5.71

Hay, baled

ton

108.00

109.00

117.00

86.00

91.70

92.00

Potatoes

cwt.

7.40

12.70

12.90

5.36

6.31

6.60

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

22.00

26.80

27.00

22.20

28.20

26.50

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

16.90

16.00

15.00

16.40

15.10

14.70

Milk cows 3/

head

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.500

0.510

0.600

0.488

0.482

0.564

Slaughter cows

cwt.

45.00

41.90

4/

48.60

46.00

46.60

Steers and heifers

cwt.

63.20

66.20

4/

91.90

97.30

99.10

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

46.00

43.10

4/

86.80

91.30

92.70

Calves

cwt.

120.60

165.20

4/

122.00

133.00

135.00

Hogs

cwt.

 -

 -

52.40

43.60

45.50

Lambs

cwt.

 -

-

101.00

107.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

111

113

114

Prices paid

       

134

143

143

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

83

79

80

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/     Price available next month.

 Stocks of Grain, United States, December 1, 2005 with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Dec 1,

2004

Sep 1,

2005

Dec 1,

2005

Dec 1,

2004

Sep 1,

2005

Dec 1,

2005

 

Thousand Bushels

Thousand Bushels

             

  Corn (old crop)

6,144,000

820,500

6,325,000

9,452,488

2,113,972

9,812,835

  Sorghum (old crop)

78,700

5,900

55,000

282,205

56,941

288,891

  All Wheat

531,020

721,360

513,000

1,430,326

1,923,291

1,429,531

  Oats

60,400

71,700

60,100

104,913

113,503

95,735

  Soybeans

1,300,000

99,700

1,345,000

2,304,640

255,738

2,502,389

  Barley

130,700

137,400

103,650

245,976

254,911

207,985

             
 

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, December 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2004

2005

2004

2005

2004

2005

2004

2005

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.9

3.0

2,542.3

2,667.5

4.2

3.5

3,224.6

3,426.1

Calves

9.2

9.0

67.9

56.3

  .8

1.8

22.8

20.6

Hogs

2.8

2.8

8,972.8

9,132.3

  .6

  .6

2,421.6

2,483.6

Sheep and lambs

3.1

2.8

242.0

224.5

  .2

  .3

32.9

31.6

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

December Milk Production up 4 Percent

New York dairy herds produced 1 billion pounds of milk during December. A 4 percent increase in milk production per cow resulted in the increased total milk production compared to last year. The number of milk cows averaged 649,000 head, down 1,000 head from December of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,545 pounds, up 60 pounds from the December 2004 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during December totaled 13.6 billion pounds, up 4.2 percent from December 2004. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,665 pounds for December, 55 pounds above December 2004.The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.16 million head, 67,000 head more than December 2004, and 4,000 head more than November 2005.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Dec

2004

Nov

2005

Dec

2005

Dec

2004

Nov

2005

Dec

2005

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

965

962

1,003

13,037

12,974

13,592

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,485

1,485

1,545

1,610

1,590

1,665

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

650

648

649

8,097

8,160

8,164

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Nov

2004

Oct

2005

Nov

 2005

Nov

2004

Oct

 2005

Nov

2005

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,125

1,153

1,193

101,376

107,237

110,144

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

5,015

4,767

4,936

302,611

311,497

312,178

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

13,871

14,214

14,736

249,669

243,027

251,798

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

16,870

18,930

16,818

193,091

236,843

207,642

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,798

1,873

1,671

59,116

68,674

61,809

       


NEW YORK
EGG PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT IN NOVEMBER

Egg production on New York farms, totaled 99 million eggs in November 2005, up 2 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.16 million, was up 3 percent from November 2004, but the rate of lay decreased 1 percent to 23.78 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.54 billion during November 2005, up 1 percent from last year. An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during November 2005 totaled 32.8 million, down 15 percent from November 2004. Eggs in incubators totaled 34.7 million on December 1, 2005, down 3 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Nov

2004

Oct

2005

Nov

2005

Nov

2004

Oct

2005

Nov

2005

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,054

4,105

4,163

344,797

343,987

346,596

Eggs per layer

  No.

23.98

24.12

23.78

21.70

22.39

21.75

Eggs produced

  Mil.

97

99

99

7,482

6,597

7,538

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

38,758

35,367

32,752

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

730,353

776,333

747,335

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

11,482

9,046

9,955

35,612

33,081

34,704

Broiler-type

  Thou.

244,596

240,239

250,390

645,112

623,938

657,579

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.