E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov

NEW YORK CROP

AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  February 2006

Monthly

No. 973-2-06

NEW YORK CATTLE INVENTORY UNCHANGED

The number of cattle and calves in New York on January 1, 2006 totaled 1.41 million head.  This total is unchanged from last year but down 1 percent from January 1, 2004.

Milk cows, which comprise 46 percent of the total cattle in New York, numbered 652,000 head, up 2,000 head from January 1, 2005. New York ranked third in the number of dairy cows behind California with 1.77 million and Wisconsin with 1.24 million. Milk cow replacement heifers in the Empire State, at 325,000, were up 7 percent from a year earlier.

New York’s beef cow herd totaled 78,000 head, down 2 percent from a year ago. Beef cow replacement heifers totaled 25,000, down 7 percent from January 1, 2005. Other heifers and steers weighing 500 pounds or more, which are normally on feed for slaughter, were down 17 percent to 68,000 head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds or more were up 6 percent at 17,000 head.

The 2005 New York calf crop totaled 590,000 head, down 2 percent from the 2004 crop. Of this number, 245,000, or 42 percent, remained on farms and weighed less than 500 pounds as of January 1, 2005.

NEW YORK SHEEP AND GOAT INVENTORIES

 The number of sheep and lambs on farms across New York State on January 1, 2006 totaled 70,000 head, New York Field Office.  This total is down 7 percent from 75,000 head on January 1, 2005.

A total of 51,000 lambs were born in New York during 2005, down 4 percent from 2004. Breeding ewes a year old and older in the State at the beginning of 2005 totaled 43,000 head, which gives a lambing rate of 119 lambs per 100 ewes. This compares with lambing rates of 129 in 2004.

Total goat inventory has been set at 33,800 head for the Empire State, a 6 percent increase over 2005.  Numbers show that the milk and meat goat industries continue to maintain their strength.  Meat goats accounted for 20,000 head, milk goats are at 12,800 head, and Angora goats are 1,000 head.  The number of meat goats was up 5 percent from a year ago while the number of milk goats decreased by 2 percent.

Cattle and Sheep on Farms and Value, January 1 1/

 

Unit

New York

United States 2/

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

   

1,000

Million

               

    All cattle and calves

No.

1,420

1,410

1,410

94.9

95.4

97.1

    Cows and heifers that have calved

No.

740

730

730

41.9

41.9

42.3

      Kept for milk

No.

658

650

652

  9.0

  9.0

  9.1

      Kept for beef

No.

82

80

78

32.9

32.9

33.3

    Heifers 500 lbs. and over

             

      For milk replacement

No.

300

305

325

  4.0

  4.1

  4.3

      For beef replacement

No.

28

27

25

  5.5

  5.7

  5.9

      Other heifers

No.

42

48

40

  9.8

  9.8

  9.8

    Bulls 500 lbs. and over

No.

18

16

17

  2.2

  2.2

  2.3

    Steers 500 lbs. and over

No.

37

34

28

16.3

16.5

16.9

    Calves less than 500 lbs.

No.

255

250

245

15.2

15.2

15.6

    Cattle and calves on feed

No.

20

23

18

13.8

13.7

14.1

               

    All sheep and lambs

No.

70

75

70

  6.1

  6.1

  6.2

    All breeding sheep

No.

54

58

54

  4.5

  4.5

  4.6

      Ewes 1 year and older

No.

41

43

41

  3.6

  3.6

  3.7

      Rams 1 year and older

No.

3

3

3

  0.2

  0.2

  0.2

      Replacement lambs

No.

10

12

10

  0.7

  0.8

  0.8

    Market sheep and lambs

No.

16

17

16

  1.6

  1.6

  1.6

               

    Goats

No.

32,000

33,800



  2.7

  2.8

      Goats for meat

No.

19,000

20,000



  2.2

  2.3

      Goats for milk

No.

13,000

12,800



  0.3

  0.3

      Angora-type goats

No.

900

1,000



  0.3

  0.3

1/  U.S. totals may not add due to rounding

.

FIELD CROPS:   Acreage, yield, production, season average price and value,
New York, 2003-2005

Year

Acres

Yield

per

acre

Unit

Production

Mkt. year

wtd. average price 1/

Value of production

Planted

Harvested

 

Thousands

   

Thousands

 

Thousands

    CORN FOR GRAIN

2003

1,000

   440

121.0

Bushels

53,240

    2.82

150,137

2004

   980

   500

122.0

Bushels

61,000

    2.37

144,570

2005

   990

   460

1,240

Bushels

57,040

    2.05

116,932

 

    CORN FOR SILAGE

       

2003

      -

   550

  17.5

       Tons

  9,625

  26.20

252,175

2004

     -

   470

  17.0

       Tons

  7,990

  26.00

207,740

2005

     -

   520

  17.0

       Tons

  8,840

   25.70

227,188

 

    ALL WHEAT

2003

   130

   120

  53.0

Bushels

  6,360

    2.85

  15,455

2004

   105

   100

  53.0

Bushels

  5,300

    2.80

  14,840

2005

   100

     95

  54.0

Bushels

  5,130

    3.10

  15,647

 

    OATS

2003

     85

     70

  63.0

Bushels

  4,410

    1.81

    7,982

2004

     65

     50

  65.0

Bushels

  3,250

    1.80

    5,850

2005

     95

     75

  54.0

Bushels

  4,050

    1.60

    6,480

 

    BARLEY

2003

     15

     13

  50.0

Bushels

     650

    2.09

    1,359

2004

     14

     10

  53.0

Bushels

     530

    2.05

    1,087

2005

     17

     15

  49.0

Bushels

     735

    1.90

    1,397

 

    RYE

2003

     35

       8

  33.0

Bushels

     264

    2.00

       528

2004

     30

       9

  43.0

Bushels

     387

    2.00

       774

2005

     2/

      2/

     2/

Bushels

      2/

      2/

        2/

 

    POTATOES

2003

  22.2

  21.7

    300

       Cwt.

  6,510

    9.65

  62,822

2004

  20.0

  19.2

    270

       Cwt.

  5,184

    8.05

  42,768

2005

  20.5

  20.1

    260

       Cwt.

  5,226

  12.50

  65,325

 

    DRY BEANS 3/

2003

     25

  24.0

1,860

       Cwt.

     446

  22.60

  10,080

2004

     24

  23.5

1,050

       Cwt.

     247

  27.90

    6,891

2005

     25

  23.0

1,230

       Cwt.

     282

  22.00

    6,204

 

    SOYBEANS

2003

   140

   138

  35.0

Bushels

  4,830

    7.80

  37,674

2004

   175

   172

  39.0

Bushels

  6,708

    5.40

  36,223

2005

   190

   188

  42.0

Bushels

  7,896

    5.20

  41,059

 

    ALL HAY

2003

       -

1,850

  1.99

       Tons

  3,680

113.00

417,760

2004

       -

1,270

  2.30

       Tons

  2,916

115.00

326,924

2005

       -

1,650

  1.59

       Tons

  2,625

115.00

282,450

 

    ALFALFA HAY

2003

       -

   600

  2.80

       Tons

  1,680

132.00

221,760

2004

       -

   470

  2.80

       Tons

  1,316

139.00

182,924

2005

       -

   450

  2.10

       Tons

     945

130.00

122,850

 

    ALL OTHER HAY

2003

       -

1,250

  1.60

       Tons

  2,000

  98.00

196,000

2004

       -

   800

  2.00

       Tons

  1,600

  89.00

142,400

2005

       -

1,200

  1.40

       Tons

  1,680

95.00

159,600

 

1/   Preliminary 2005 marketing year average price estimates are based on prices through November with an allowance for projected prices
      for the remainder of the marketing year.
2/   Not published in 2005.
3/   Yield in pounds per acre.  Production is in thousands of cwt

.

JANUARY PRICES MIXED

Prices received by New York producers during January for selected commodities were mixed from a month earlier. The price of corn, hay and potatoes increased.  The price of milk, eggs, and apples decreased.  The price of oats remained unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.04 per bushel, increased 2 cents from December but decreased 27 cents from last year.  Hay averaged $121.00 per ton, $4.00 more than December and $13.00 more than January 2005.  Potatoes averaged $12.80 per hundredweight, 10 cents more than December and $5.05 more than January a year ago. Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 26.80 cents per pound this month, 20 cents less than December but $4.30 more than January 2005. Oats, at $1.44 per bushel, remained unchanged from December but 56 cents less than January 2005.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $14.70 per hundredweight of milk sold during January, down 50 cents from December and $2.00 from January a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 40 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 20 cents from December but up 1 cent from January 2005.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in January, at 112, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 3 points (2.6 percent) from December. The Crop Index is down 3 points (2.7 percent) and the Livestock Index also decreased 3 points (2.5 percent). Producers received lower commodity prices for lettuce, turkeys, eggs, and hogs. Higher prices were received for cattle, oranges, corn, and cotton. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities a producer sells. Increased average marketings of cattle, soybeans, corn, and strawberries offset decreased marketings of grapes, tomatoes, dairy, and cotton.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Jan

2005

Dec

2005

Jan

2006

Jan

2005

Dec

2005

Jan

2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.31

2.02

2.04

2.12

1.92

1.96

Oats

bu.

2.00

1.44

1.44

1.64

1.73

1.67

Wheat

bu.

1.72

3.41

3.20

3.43

3.54

3.48

Barley

bu.

2.10

0.00

0.00

2.41

2.49

2.41

Soybeans

bu.

5.16

5.52

5.47

5.57

5.77

5.51

Hay, baled

ton

108.00

117.00

121.00

87.80

92.00

91.20

Potatoes

cwt.

7.75

12.70

12.80

5.59

6.93

7.00

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

22.50

27.00

26.80

21.60

26.50

26.00

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

16.70

15.20

14.70

15.90

14.80

14.50

Milk cows 3/

head

1,500.00

-

1,710.00

1,620.00

-

1,840.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.390

0.600

0.400

0.373

0.564

0.438

Slaughter cows

cwt.

48.30

43.10

4/

50.50

47.20

46.50

Steers and heifers

cwt.

71.60

69.50

4/

94.40

99.90

101.00

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

49.80

43.10

4/

89.40

93.60

94.40

Calves

cwt.

115.70

145.10

4/

125.00

134.00

137.00

Hogs

cwt.

49.40

40.60

4/

53.20

44.30

41.60

Lambs

cwt.

114.80

104.30

4/

114.00

102.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

111

115

112

Prices paid

       

137

143

145

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

81

80

77

1/  Mid-month price for current month.   Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, January 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  4.2

  2.8

2,690.3

2,665.9

4.7

3.2

3,410.3

3,414.0

Calves

11.3

10.6

74.6

60.1

1.0

2.3

24.9

22.2

Hogs

  3.1

  2.9

9,249.9

9,233.3

  .8

  .6

2,496.2

2,510.2

Sheep and lambs

  3.3

  3.5

242.1

231.0

  .2

  .3

33.8

32.9

                 

1/    Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

JANUARY MILK PRODUCTION UP 4 PERCENT

New York dairy herds produced 1 billion pounds of milk during January. A 4 percent increase in milk production per cow resulted in the increased total milk production compared to last year. The number of milk cows averaged 651,000 head, up 1,000 head from January of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,595 pounds, up 60 pounds from the January 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during January totaled 14.0 billion pounds, up 5.4 percent from January 2005. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,711 pounds for January, 68 pounds above January 2005.The number of cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.19 million head, 103,000 head more than January 2005, and 11,000 head more than December 2005.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Jan

2005

Dec

2005

Jan.

2006

Jan

2005

Dec

2005

Jan.

2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

998

1,004

1,038

13,287

13,599

14,011

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,535

1,545

1,595

1,643

1,663

1,711

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

650

650

651

8,087

8,179

8,190

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Dec

2005

Nov

2004

Dec

 2005

Dec.

2004

Nov.

 2005

Dec

2005

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,696

1,193

1,662

118,808

111,035

125,799

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

5,688

4,946

5,702

324,236

310,171

325,220

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,118

14,736

15,239

258,281

252,049

266,961

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

18,374

16,818

16,317

213,766

207,380

214,809

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,415

1,671

1,466

55,193

61,819

55,945

       

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 3 PERCENT IN DECEMBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 105 million eggs in December 2005, up 3 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.27 million, was up 3 percent from December 2004, and the rate of lay increased slightly to 24.61 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.79 billion during December 2005, up 1 percent from last year.  An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during December 2005 totaled 36.2 million, down 3 percent from December 2004. Eggs in incubators totaled 35.5 million on January 1, 2006, up 3 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Dec

2004

Nov

2005

Dec

2005

Dec

2004

Nov

2005

Dec

2005

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,147

4,163

4,267

345,306

346,145

348,300

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.60

23.78

24.61

22.34

21.76

22.37

Eggs produced

  Mil.

102

99

105

7,728

7,533

7,791

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

37,332

32,752

36,224

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

793,090

747,335

807,848

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

9,526

9,955

10,535

34,456

34,704

35,547

Broiler-type

  Thou.

249,843

250,390

253,837

650,680

657,579

660,613

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.