E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released: March 2006
Monthly
No. 973-3-06

2005 MILK PRODUCTION

Annual milk production in the Empire State during 2005 totaled 12.1 billion pounds, up 3 percent from 11.7 billion pounds in 2004. The annual average number of milk cows, at 648,000, was down 1 percent from a year earlier. Output per cow increased by 853 pounds, or 5 percent, to 18,639 pounds per cow.

U.S. milk production for 2005 totaled 177 billion, up 3.5 percent from a year earlier. The output per cow, at 19,576, was 609 pounds above the 2004 rate. The average number of milk cows during 2005 9.04 million, up 3.2 percent from the previous year.

California, with 37.6 billion pounds, remained the leading milk producer in 2005, followed by Wisconsin with 22.9 billion, New York with 12.1 billion, Pennsylvania with 10.5 billion, and Idaho with 10.2 billion. These five states produced 53 percent of the total U.S. milk output.

NEW YORK TROUT SALES DOWN

New  York  trout  producers  sold  a  total  of  132,000  pounds  of trout  valued  at  $507,000  during  the  12 months  ending December  31,  2005.  This  production,  which  includes  food-size fish,  stockers,  and  fingerlings,  was  up  4  percent  from  a  year ago.

The  2005  output  included  83,000  pounds  of  food-size  trout averaging  $3.03  per  pound  in  value,  46,000  pounds  of stocker  trout  averaging  $4.49  per  pound,  and  3,000  pounds  of fingerlings  averaging  $445.00  per  1,000  fish.  Food-size  fish averaged 10  pounds  in  weight,  while  stockers  averaged . 40 pounds.  Total  weight  of  food-size  trout  sold  was  down  5  percent from  2004.   Total  weight  of  stocker  trout  was  up  21  percent.

Milk Cows and Production, by Months, New York, 2003-2005

Month

Milk Cows on Farms 1/

Milk Production per Cow

Total Milk Production

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

 

1,000

Pounds

Million pounds

                   

  January

675

658

650

1,515

1,490

1,535

1,023

980

998

  February

677

660

650

1,400

1,400

1,415

948

924

920

  March

680

660

648

1,540

1,510

1,570

1,047

997

1,017

  April

679

658

646

1,505

1,500

1,565

1,022

987

1,011

  May

677

655

646

1,570

1,580

1,665

1,063

1,035

1,076

  June

675

656

647

1,500

1,490

1,590

1,013

977

1,029

  July

673

656

647

1,515

1,520

1,600

1,020

997

1,035

  August

671

654

647

1,475

1,500

1,600

990

981

1,035

  September

668

654

649

1,430

1,420

1,515

955

929

983

  October

665

653

650

1,455

1,470

1,550

968

960

1,008

  November

660

651

648

1,410

1,410

1,485

931

918

962

  December

657

650

650

1,480

1,485

1,545

972

965

1,004

                   

  ANNUAL

671

655

648

17,812

17,786

18,639

11,952

11,650

12,078

                   

U.S. HIRED WORKERS UP 3 PERCENT,
WAGE RATES UP 3 PERCENT

There  were 795,000  hired  workers  on  the  Nation’s  farms  and ranches  during  the  week  of  January  8-14,  2006.  There were 616,000 workers hired directly by farm operators.  Agricultural service employees on farms and ranches made up the remaining 180,000 workers.

Farm operators paid their hired workers an average wage of $10.11 per hour during the January 2006 reference week, up 33 cents from a year earlier.   Field workers received an average of $9.15 per hour, up 44 cents.  Livestock workers earned $9.25 per hour  compared  with $9.20 a year earlier.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

Jan. 9-15,
2005

Oct. 9-15,
2005 2/

Jan. 8-14,
2006

Jan. 9-15,
2005 2/

Oct. 9-15,
2005 2/

Jan. 8-14,
2006

 

1,000 workers

             

All hired workers

       23

       38

     23

 589

842

  616

      Worked 150 days or more

       20

       29

     22

 494

 621

  513

      Worked less than 150 days

         3

         9

       1

   95

 221

  103

             
 

Hours worked per worker

             

    All hired workers

  36.6

    40.1

  38.1

37.0

42.0

  38.2

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

    Field workers

  9.47

   9.42

10.42

8.71

8.90

  9.15

    Livestock workers

  9.17

   9.42

  8.80

9.20

9.15

  9.25

    Field and livestock workers

  9.32

  9.42

  9.56

8.90

8.96

  9.19

    All hired workers

10.37

10.19

11.04

9.78

9.61

10.11

             
1/   New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.
2/ Revised.

NEW YORK HONEY PRODUCTION INCREASES

Honey production from beekeepers with five or more hives in New York totaled 4.38 million pounds during 2005  This total is up 2 percent from the 2004 production of 4.29 million pounds.

The 2005 production was extracted from 60,000 colonies, down 8 percent from the 64,000 colonies in 2004.  Honey yield per colony averaged 73 pounds, 9 percent above the 2004 yield.  Honey stocks on hand across the State as of December 15, 2005 totaled 2.32 million pounds, an increase of 23 percent from the 1.89 million pounds a year earlier.

Prices received by beekeepers in New York averaged $1.22 per pound for all methods of sale during 2005, 12 percent less than the 2004 average price.  Value of honey production for the State in 2005 totaled $5.34 million, compared with $5.92 million in 2004.
Honey production in 2005 from producers with five or more colonies in the U.S. totaled 175 million pounds, down 5 percent from 2004.  There were 2.41 million colonies producing honey in 2005, down 6 percent from 2004.  Yield per colony averaged 72.5 pounds, up 1 percent from the 71.8 pounds in 2004.  
                         

U.S. honey prices decreased during 2005 to 90.4 cents, down 15 percent from 106.9 cents in 2004.  Prices are based on retail sales by producers and sales to private processors and cooperatives.  State level honey prices reflect the portions of honey sold through retail, co-op and private channels.  Honey prices for each color class are derived by weighing quantities sold for each marketing channel.  Honey prices for 2005 were lower than the previous year for all color class totals.

HONEY:  Production and Value, 2003-2005 1/

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

       

    Colonies of bees

  1,000

     67

     64

     60

   2,590

   2,556

2,410

    Yield per colony

  Pounds

     72

     67

     73

     69.9

     71.8

72.5

    Honey production

  1,000 lb.

4,824

4,288

4,380

181,096

183,582

174,643

    Price per pound

  Dollars

  1.36

  1.33

  1.22

     1.39

      1.07

.90

    Total value

  1,000 $ .

6,561

5,917

5,344

255,791

196,259

157,795

    Stocks on December 15

  1,000 lb.

1,640

1,887

2,321

  40,935

  61,222

62,406

               

1/   For producers with five or more colonies.

FEBRUARY PRICES LOWER

Prices received by New York producers during February for selected commodities were mostly lower than a month ago. The price of oats, wheat, hay, apples, milk, and eggs decreased.  The price of corn and potatoes increased.  The price of soybeans remained unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.27 per bushel, increased 14 cents from January but decreased 5 cents from last year.  Oats, at $1.75 per bushel, were 5 cents below January and 30 cents less than February 2005. Wheat price is $3.32, 21 cents below last month but 22 cents above last year. Soybeans are $5.49, unchanged from last month but 49 cents above a year ago. Hay averaged $119.00 per ton, $2.00 less than January but $11.00 more than February 2005.  Potatoes averaged $12.80 per hundredweight, 10 cents more than January and $4.95 more than February a year ago. Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 26.60 cents per pound this month, 0.2 cents less than January but 3.9 cents more than February 2005

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $14.20 per hundredweight of milk sold during February, down 60 cents from January and $1.50 from February a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 28 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 13 cents from January and 9 cents from February 2005. 

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in February, at 113, based on 1990-92=100, is unchanged from January. The Crop Index is up 5 points (4.6 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 4 points (3.4 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for oranges, wheat, hay, and hogs. Lower prices were received for cattle, tomatoes, milk, and eggs. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities a producer sells. Increased average marketings of cattle, milk, broilers, and strawberries offset decreased marketings of corn, soybeans, wheat, and cotton.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Feb.
2005

Jan.
2006

Feb.
2006

Feb.
2005

Jan.
2006

Feb.
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.32

2.13

2.27

1.95

2.00

2.01

Oats

bu.

2.05

1.80

1.75

1.67

1.73

1.78

Wheat

bu.

3.10

3.53

3.32

3.36

3.52

3.66

Barley

bu.

2.60

0.00

0.00

2.31

2.47

2.55

Hay, baled

ton

108.00

121.00

119.00

88.20

91.20

95.00

Potatoes

cwt.

7.85

12.70

12.80

5.79

7.07

6.97

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

22.70

26.80

26.60

20.30

26.00

25.90

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

15.70

14.80

14.20

15.50

14.50

13.80

Milk cows 3/

head

-

1,710.00

-

-

1,840.00

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.370

0.410

0.280

0.358

0.438

0.301

Slaughter cows

cwt.

48.80

44.65

4/

52.50

47.30

48.50

Steers and heifers

cwt.

72.20

70.58

4/

93.10

102.00

98.10

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

50.40

46.49

4/

88.80

95.10

92.60

Calves

cwt.

124.40

170.44

4/

129.00

141.00

142.00

Hogs

cwt.

48.10

44.10

50.70

40.70

41.20

Lambs

cwt.

118.90

117.47

114.00

96.10

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

114

113

113

Prices paid

       

137

146

146

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

83

77

77

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/     Price available next month.


Commercial Livestock Slaughter, January 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.4

2.9

2.527.8

2.641.7

3.8

3.3

3,189.7

3,385.3

Calves

9.1

8.8

68.0

55.7

  .8

2.0

22.3

20.5

Hogs

2.2

2.2

8.480.0

8.915.7

  .5

  .5

2,288.9

2,435.9

Sheep and lambs

3.6

3.4

208.5

223.7

  .3

  .3

28.8

32.2

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


FEBRUARY MILK PRODUCTION UP 5 PERCENT

New York dairy herds produced 964 million pounds of milk during February.  A 5 percent increase in milk production per cow resulted in the increased total milk production compared to last year.  The number of milk cows totaled 649,000 head, down 1,000 from February of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,485 pounds, up seventy pounds from the February 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during February totaled 13.0 billion pounds, up 5.9 percent from February 2005. January production, at 14.0 billion pounds, was up 5.5 percent from January 2005.   Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,588 pounds for February, 66 pounds above February 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.21 million head, 121,000 head more than February 2005, and 118,000 head more than January 2005.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Feb.

2005

Jan.

2006

Feb.

2006

Feb.

2005

Jan.

2006

Feb.

2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. Lb.

920

1,038

964

12,301

14,014

13,029

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,415

1,595

1,485

1,522

1,710

1,588

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

650

651

649

8,084

8,195

8,205

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Jan.

2005

Dec.

2005

Jan.

2006

Jan.

2005

Dec.

2005

Jan.

2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,761

1,756

2,058

128,653

126,167

145,477

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

5,876

5,703

5,825

322,188

325,024

317,278

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,469

15,239

15,705

251,399

267,131

259,676

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

16,265

16,317

17,648

223,206

216,334

251,663

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,136

1,466

2,063

60,440

55,565

61,211

       

 NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 1 PERCENT IN JANUARY

Egg production on New York farms totaled 101 million eggs in January 2006, up 1 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.09 million, was down slightly from January 2005, and the rate of lay increased 1 percent to 24.70 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.72 billion during January 2006, up 1 percent from last year. An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during January 2006 totaled 35.4 million, down 7 percent from January 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 33.5 million on February 1, 2006 down 2 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Jan.
2005

Dec.
2005

Jan.
2006

Jan.
2005

Dec.
2005

Jan.
2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,106

4,167

4,089

347,864

348,545

349,253

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.35

24.72

24.70

21.92

22.35

22.11

Eggs produced

  Mil.

100

103

101

7,626

7,791

7,721

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

37,936

36,224

35,422

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

796,026

807,848

804,073

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

9,917

10,535

9,736

34,202

35,547

33,497

Broiler-type

  Thou.

248,170

253,837

253,754

654,044

660,613

660,973

       


1
/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.