E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP

AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released: April 2006
Monthly

No. 973-4-06

NEW YORK PROSPECTIVE PLANTINGS - 2006 CROP

Preliminary planting intentions of New York farmers as of March 1, 2006 indicate decreases for barley, dry hay and corn, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Office. Oats, soybeans and winter wheat are expected to increase, while and dry bean acreage remains unchanged.  Empire State farmers intend to plant 980,000 acres of corn for all purposes (grain and silage) for the 2006 crop year, down 1 percent from last year. Soybean plantings are expected to increase by 16 percent to 220,000 acres, which if realized is a record high planted area. Dry bean intentions, at 25,000 acres, remain unchanged from a year earlier. New York farmers intend to harvest 1.55 million acres of dry hay in 2006, 16 percent below last year. Wheat planted acreage totaled 130,000 acres, up 30 percent from 2005. Oat plantings are expected to total 110,000 acres, up 16 percent from a year earlier.  Barley plantings are expected to total 15,000 acres, 12 percent below last year.

Nationally, corn growers intend to plant 78.0 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2006, down 5 percent from 2005 and 4 percent below 2004. If realized, this will be the lowest corn acreage since 2001 when

75.7 million acres were planted for all purposes. Expected acreage is down from last year in most States as producers intend to switch to other less input intensive crops due to high fertilizer and fuel costs.  Dry conditions also contributed to lower corn planting intentions in the southern Great Plains.  Soybean producers intend to plant 76.9 million acres in 2006, up 7 percent from last year.  If realized, this will be the largest planted area on record.  Acreage increases are expected in all growing areas, except in the central and southern Atlantic Coast States and the southern Great Plains.  The largest acreage increase is in North Dakota, where record high soybean yields last year and high input costs have some farmers shifting acreage from other crops to soybeans.  Large increases in soybean acreage are also expected across the Corn Belt, including 600,000 more acres in Illinois and 500,000 more acres in Indiana.  All wheat planted area is expected to total 57.1 million acres, down slightly from 2005. If realized, this will be the lowest all wheat acreage since 1972.  Winter wheat planted area for the 2006 crop is 41.4 million acres, up 2 percent from last year.  Of the total, about 29.8 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 7.42 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 4.22 million acres are White Winter.



Prospective Plantings as of March 1, 2006, New York and United States

Crop

New York

United States

Planted
2004

Planted
2005

Indicated 2006

2006 as % 2005

Planted
2004

Planted
2005

Indicated 2006

2006 as % 2005

           

Corn, all

   980

   990

   980

  99

  80,929

  81,759

  78,019

  95

Oats

     65

     95

   110

116

    4,085

    4,246

    4,324

102

Hay, all 1/

1,270

1,650

1,550

  94

  61,966

  61,649

  61,478

100

Dry beans

  24.0

  25.0

  25.0

100

1,354.3

1,665.0

1,710.3

103

Barley

     14

     17

     15

  88

    4,527

    3,875

    3,667

  95

Wheat, all 2/

   105

   100

   130

130

  43,350

  40,433

  41,404

102

Soybeans

   175

   190

   220

116

  75,208

  72,142

  76,895

107

                 

1/  Acreage for harvest. 
2/  Includes spring wheat, durum, and winter wheat.


U.S.
HOG INVENTORY UP 1 PERCENT

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2006 was 60.1 million head.  This was up 1 percent from March 1, 2005, but down 2 percent from December 1, 2005. Breeding inventory, at 6.03 million head, was up 1 percent from last year and up slightly from the previous quarter.  Market hog inventory, at 54.1 million head, was up 1 percent from last year but down 2 percent from last quarter. 
The December 2005-February 2006 pig crop, at 25.7 million head, up 1 percent from 2005 and up 2 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.84 million head, up slightly from both 2004 and 2005. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 47 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.03 for the December 2005-February 2006 period, compared to 8.94 last year.



Wool Production and Value, New York, 2002-2005

Year

Sheep shorn

Weight
per fleece

Wool
production

Price
per pound

Value of
production

 

1,000

Pounds

1,000 lbs.

Cents

1,000 dol.

 

2002

51

6.9

350

20.0

70

2003

48

6.7

320

27.0

86

2004

53

6.7

356

21.0

75

2005

49

6.7

330

19.0

63

   



MARCH 1, 2006 U.S. GRAIN STOCKS

Corn stocks in all positions on March 1, 2006 totaled 6.99 billion bushels, up 3 percent from March 1, 2005.  Of the total stocks, 4.06 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 2 percent from a year earlier.  Off-farm stocks, at 2.93 billion bushels, are up 12 percent from a year ago.  The December 2005 - February 2006 indicated disappearance is 2.83 billion bushels, compared with 2.70 billion bushels during the same period last year.

All wheat stored in all positions on March 1, 2006 totaled 972 million bushels, down 1 percent from a year ago.  On-farm stocks are estimated at 256 million bushels, down 16 percent from last March.  Off-farm stocks, at 716 million bushels, are up 5 percent from a year ago.  The December 2005 - February 2006 indicated disappearance is 457 million bushels, up 3 percent from the same period a year earlier.



Stocks of Grain, United States, March 1, 2006, with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Mar 1,
2005

Dec 1,
2005

Mar 1,
2006

Mar 1,
2005

Dec 1,
2005

Mar 1,
2006

 

Million bushels

Million bushels

             

    Corn

4,137

6,325

4,055

6,756

9,815

6,987

    All Wheat

   305

   513

    256

   984

1,429

   972

    Durum Wheat 1/

     35

     58

     40

     56

     82

     66

    Soybeans

   795

1,345

   872

1,381

2,502

1,669

    Oats

     44

     60

     42

     82

     96

     75

             

1/   Included in all wheat.



NEW YORK RED MEAT PRODUCTION UP 3 PERCENT

Commercial red meat production in New York slaughter plants totaled 39.4 million pounds dressed weight in 2005. This output is up 3 percent from the 38.2 million pounds produced in 2004, but down 13 percent from the 45.1 million pounds produced in 2003.  The number of calves slaughtered in the State, at 107,800 head, was down 13 percent from 2004. Cattle slaughter in the Empire State totaled 37,500 head during 2005, down 16 percent from a year earlier, and 30 percent from 2003.

Red meat production for the United States totaled 45.8 billion pounds in 2005, slightly higher than the previous year. Nationally, commercial cattle slaughter during 2005 totaled 32.4 million head, down 1 percent from 2004. Commercial calf slaughter totaled 734,400 head, down 13 percent from a year ago. Hog slaughter totaled 103.6 million head, slightly higher than 2004.  Sheep and lamb slaughter, at 2.70 million head, was down 5 percent from 2004.



Commercial Livestock Slaughter, by Months, New York, 2005

Month

Number  of  head  slaughtered

Total  pounds  liveweight  slaughtered

Cattle

Calves

Sheep
and
Lambs

Hogs

Cattle

Calves

Sheep
and
Lambs

Hogs

All  Species

2005

2004

 

1,000  head

 

1,000  pounds

                     

    January

  3.4

    9.1

  3.6

  2.2

  3,836

     765

   260

   497

  5,358

   6,078

    February

  3.1

    9.1

  1.6

  2.2

  3,707

     818

   145

   471

  5,141

   5,528

    March

  3.3

  10.4

  5.8

  2.2

  3,850

     925

   427

   507

  5,709

   6,609

    April

  2.9

    8.8

  5.9

  2.0

  3,513

  1,174

   407

   452

  5,546

   5,885

    May

  2.9

    6.0

  2.1

  2.5

  3,505

  1,022

   150

   560

  5,237

   4,868

    June

  3.1

    6.5

  2.5

  3.2

  3,790

  1,257

   214

   697

  5,768

   5,622

    July

  2.8

  10.6

  2.1

  2.6

  3,328

  2,050

   194

   567

  6,139

   5,723

    August

  3.3

  11.6

  2.8

  3.8

  3,877

  1,743

   270

   841

  6,731

   6,293

    September

  3.5

    8.3

  2.8

  3.4

  4,157

  1,301

   276

   725

  6,459

   6,138

    October

  3.3

    8.0

  3.0

  2.9

  3,886

  1,510

   274

   633

  6,303

   5,945

    November

  3.0

    9.0

  2.8

  2.8

  3,452

  1,842

   262

   631

  6,187

   5,850

    December

  2.8

  10.6

  3.5

  2.9

  3,164

  2,280

   305

   638

  6,387

   6,757

                     

    TOTAL  1/

37.5

107.8

38.5

32.6

44,064

16,687

3,184

7,218

70,965

71,296

           

1/   May not add due to rounding.

 



MARCH PRICES MIXED

Prices received by New York producers during March for selected commodities were mixed from a  month earlier. The price of corn, wheat and eggs increased. The price of soybeans, hay, milk and apples decreased. The price of potatoes remained unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.23 per bushel increased, 3 cents more than February but decreased 15 cents from last year.  Wheat price is $3.35, 4 cents above last month and 18 cents above last year.  Soybeans averaged $5.44, 2 cents below last month and 31 cents below last year. Hay averaged $112.00 per ton, $7.00 less than February and $9.00 less than March 2005.  Potatoes averaged $12.70 per hundredweight, unchanged from February but $5.35 more than March a year ago.  Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 25.90 cents per pound this month, 70 cents less than February but 3.70 cents more than March 2005.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $13.20 per hundredweight of milk sold during March, down $1.10 from February and $2.90 cents from March a year ago.   Poultry producers received an average of 50 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 22 cents from February and 16 cents from March 2005.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in March, at 113, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 1 point (0.9 percent) from the February Index. The Crop Index is up 3 points (2.6 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 3 points (2.6 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for eggs, lettuce, potatoes, and cauliflower.  Lower prices were received for cattle, milk, tomatoes, and strawberries.  The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities a producer sells.  Increased average marketings of asparagus, strawberries, milk, and tomatoes offset decreased marketings of cattle, oranges, upland cotton, and corn.


Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Mar.
2005

Feb.
2006

Mar.
2006

Mar.
2005

Feb.
2006

Mar.
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.38

2.20

2.23

2.02

2.02

2.01

Wheat

bu.

3.17

3.31

3.35

3.42

3.66

3.71

Hay, baled

ton

121.00

119.00

112.00

92.60

95.00

97.10

Potatoes

cwt.

7.35

12.70

12.70

6.44

7.44

8.31

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

22.20

26.60

25.90

18.40

25.90

25.60

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

16.10

14.30

13.20

15.60

13.50

12.80

Milk cows 3/

head

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.340

0.280

0.500

0.327

0.301

0.499

Slaughter cows

cwt.

50.30

4/

4/

55.00

49.70

49.90

Steers and heifers

cwt.

75.80

4/

4/

95.20

97.80

94.10

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

51.50

4/

4/

91.00

92.40

89.20

Calves

cwt.

139.40

4/

4/

136.00

142.00

138.00

Hogs

cwt.

-

51.20

42.60

42.40

Lambs

cwt.

-

114.00

96.80

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

119

114

113

Prices paid

       

139

145

144

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

86

79

78

           

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, February 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.1

2.2

2,342.9

2,345.9

3.7

2.6

2,936.8

3,009.9

Calves

9.1

7.4

     61.7

53.0

  .8

1.5

20.2

19.2

Hogs

2.2

1.5

8,107.8

8,054.7

  .5

  .3

2,188.8

2,190.2

Sheep and lambs

1.6

1.6

   214.0

202.5

  .1

  .1

30.0

29.3

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

MARCH MILK PRODUCTION UP 1 PERCENT

New York dairy herds produced 1.06 billion pounds of milk during March.  A 4 percent increase in milk production per cow resulted in the increased total milk production compared to last year. The number of milk cows averaged 649,000 head, up 1,000 head from March of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,630 pounds, up 60 pounds from the March 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during March totaled 14.6 billion pounds, up 5.5 percent from March 2005.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,773 pounds for March, 66 pounds above March 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.22 million head, 124,000 head more than March 2005, and 17,000 head more than February 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Mar.
2005

Feb.
2006

Mar.
2006

Mar.
2005

Feb.
2006

Mar.
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,017

   964

1,058

13,825

13,022

14,579

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,570

1,485

1,630

  1,707

  1,587

  1,773

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

   648

   649

   649

  8,099

  8,206

  8,223

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Feb.
2005

Jan.
2006

Feb.
2006

Feb.
2005

Jan.
2006

Feb.
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

  1,688

  2,061

  1,822

113,492

147,251

133,996

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

  5,070

  5,825

  5,217

293,137

324,545

302,764

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

13,819

15,705

14,440

239,290

259,574

242,545

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

16,883

17,648

16,389

237,598

252,353

238,249

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

  2,071

  2,063

  2,045

64,240

61,826

62,925

       


            
NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 13 PERCENT IN FEBRUARY

Egg production on New York farms totaled 88 million eggs in February 2006, down 13 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.06 million, was down 3 percent from February 2005, and the rate of lay decreased 1 percent to 21.67 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 6.97 billion during February 2006, up 1 percent from last year.  An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during February 2006 totaled 33.7 million, down 1 percent from February 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 36.5 million on March 1, 2006 down 1 percent from a year ago.

  Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Feb.
2005

Jan.
2006

Feb.
2006

Feb.
2005

Jan.
2006

Feb.
2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,177

4,096

4,060

348,791

349,246

349,653

Eggs per layer

  No.

21.79

24.66

21.67

19.86

22.11

19.95

Eggs produced

  Mil.

91

101

88

6,928

7,721

6,974

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

33,932

35,422

33,665

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

731,274

804,073

733,145

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,067

9,736

11,634

36,774

33,497

36,514

Broiler-type

  Thou.

251,765

253,754

256,767

658,866

660,973

665,624

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.