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NEW YORK CROP
ND LIVESTOCK REPORT


Released: May 2006
Monthly
No. 973-5-06

NEW YORK WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTION UP

Results from the May 2006 Agricultural Yield Survey show winter wheat production in New York is forecast at 6.70 million bushels, up 12 percent from 2005's output.  Acreage for harvest is up 20 percent while yields are expected to average 56 bushels per acre, up 3 bushel from a year ago. The U.S. winter wheat crop is placed at 1.32 billion bushels, down 12 percent from 2005.

NEW YORK HAY STOCKS DOWN

Hay  stocks  on  New  York  farms  on  May  1,  2006  totaled 285 thousand  tons,  down  35  percent  from  the 440  thousand  tons  on  farms  on  May  1,  2005.  Nationally,  on  farm  hay  stocks  totaled  21.3  million  tons,  down  23  percent  from  the  previous  year.

Hay Stocks and Pasture Condition, New York and United States

State

All Hay

Pasture

Stocks on farms May 1

Condition on May 4

2004

2005

2006

Very poor

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

 

1,000 tons

Percent

                 

  New York

552

440

285

2

14

30

50

  4

  Vermont

86

71

571

0

34

19

45

  2

  Massachusetts

15

17

17

0

  0

  8

62

30

  New Jersey

40

36

8

0

55

30

15

  0

  Pennsylvania

570

650

410

7

21

49

20

  3

               

  United States

25,947

27,758

21,315

8

13

30

39

10

                 

2005 NEW YORK MILK PRODUCTION

Total milk production in New York during 2005, at 12.1 billion pounds, was up 3 percent from the 11.7 billion pounds of 2004. The annual average number of milk cows, at 648,000 head, was down 1 percent from the previous year. Annual output per cow averaged 18,639 pounds, up 5 percent from 2004.

Cash receipts from the sale of New York milk during 2005 totaled $1.91 billion, down 2 percent from the previous year. The $15.90 per hundredweight  received  for  all  milk  sold  by  New  York  farmers was down $.90, or 5 percent, from the $16.80 received in 2004. Marketing totals include whole milk and producer-separated cream sold  to  plants  and  dealers  as  well  as  milk  sold  directly  to consumers.

New York dairymen used 42 million pounds of milk on their farms during 2005, unchanged from the previous year. About 95 percent of the milk used on farms was fed back to calves. The value of all milk produced, including milk fed back to calves, totaled $1.92 billion, down 2 percent from 2004.

National milk production increased 3.5 percent in 2005 to 177 billion pounds. The annual output per cow, at 19,576 pounds, was 609 pounds above 2004. The average number of milk cows during 2004, at 9.04 million head, was 29,000 head more than 2004. Cash receipts from marketed milk during 2005, at $26.7 billion, were 3 percent below 2004. Producer returns nationwide averaged $15.20 per hundredweight, 6 percent below the 2004 average.

Milk Production, Disposition and Income, New York and United States, 2003-2005

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

       

  Milk cows, average number during year

  1,000 hd.

671

655

648

9,083

9,012

9,041

           Milk per cow

  Pounds

17,812

17,786

18,639

18,760

18,967

19,576

           Total milk production

  Mil. lb.

11,952

11,650

12,078

170,394

170,934

176,989

           Disposition of milk produced:

             

     Used on farms, include fed to calves

  Mil. lb.

47

42

42

1,119

1,103

1,077

     Sold wholesale or retailed by producers

  Mil. lb.

11,905

11,608

12,036

169,276

169,830

175,912

  Price received for milk sold wholesale

  Dol. per cwt.

$13.10

$16.80

$15.90

$12.55

$16.13

$15.20

  Cash receipts from marketing of milk

  Mil. dol.

$1,560

$1,950

$1,914

$21,239

$27,387

$26,738

  Value of milk produced (includes milk used on farms)

  Mil. dol.

$1,566

$1,957

$1,920

$21,381

$27,568

$26,904

       

2005 POULTRY OUTPUT VALUED AT $50.5 MILLION

The combined value of New York produced eggs, broilers, and turkeys, and the value of sales for other chickens, was $50.5 million for the year ending November 30, 2005.  This total is down 30 percent from a year earlier.  Of the 2005 combined value, 72 percent was derived from eggs, 15 percent from broilers, and 13 percent from turkeys.

Egg Production and Value,
New York, 2002-2005

Year

Number

of layers

Eggs

per layer

Eggs

produced

Price

per dozen

Value of

production

 

1,000

No.

Mil.

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2002

3,887

283

1,100

48.9

44,825

2003

3,659

286

1,048

64.5

56,330

2004

4,021

289

1,163

61.7

59,844

2005

4,167

286

1,190

36.8

36,461

   

Broiler Production and Value,

New York, 2002-2005

Year

Production

Price per pound

Value of production

Number

Pounds

 

1,000

1,000

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2002

2,900

16,000

33.0

5,280

2003

2,600

14,600

35.0

5,110

2004

2,600

14,600

45.0

6,570

2005

3,000

16,200

47.0

7,614

   
 

Chickens Sold and Value of Sales 1/

New York, 2002-2005

Year

Sold

Price per pound

Value of

sales

Number

Pounds

 

1,000

1,000

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2002

2,399

10,076

0.1

10

2003

2,702

  9,187

0.1

  9

2004

3,201

10,563

0.1

11

2005

3,277

13,763

0.1

14

   

Turkey Production and Value, New York and United States, 2003-2005

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2003

2004

2005

2003

2004

2005

       

    Number raised (all breeds)

  1,000 hd.

     570

     580

     620

   274,048

264,207

   256,270

    Pounds produced (liveweight)

  1,000 lbs.

13,281

13,746

14,012

7,487,293

7,304,813

7,206,560

    Price per pound

  Cents

    36.0

    43.0

    46.0

         36.1

42.0

         44.9

    Value of production

  1,000 dol.

  4,781

  5,911

  6,446

2,699,673

3,065,417

3,232,576

       

1/  Excludes broilers.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, March 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

    Cattle

  3.3

2.4

2,725.1

2,852.4

3.8

2.9

3,360.7

3,630.4

    Calves

10.4

8.5

     68.0

     59.2

  .9

1.9

     22.3

     21.9

    Hogs

  2.2

3.1

8,949.7

9,234.1

  .5

  .7

2,423.7

2,510.9

    Sheep and lambs

  5.8

2.5

   280.1

   249.7

  .4

  .2

     38.8

     36.3

                 

1/   Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


APRIL PRICES DECREASED

Prices received by New York producers during April for selected commodities decreased from a month earlier. The price of corn, wheat, hay, apples, milk and eggs decreased.  The price of oats increased.  The price of potatoes remained unchanged.   Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.44 per bushel, decreased 3 cents from March but increased 5 cents from last year. Oat price, at $1.72 per bushel, increased 4 cents from March but decreased 15 cents from April last year.   Wheat price is $3.34, 29 cents below last month but 51 cents above last year. Hay averaged $111.00 per ton, $1.00 less than March but $17.00 more than April 2005.  Potatoes averaged $12.70 per hundredweight, unchanged from March but $5.65 more than April a year ago. Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 25.50 cents per pound this month, .40 cents less than March but 3.50 cents more than April 2005.   

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $12.50 per hundredweight of milk sold during April, down 90 cents from March and down $3.00 from April a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 33 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 17 cents from March but up 8 cents from April 2005. 

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in April, at 115, based on 1990-92=100, increased 1 point (0.9 percent) from March. The Crop Index is up 11 points (9.3 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 6 points (5.5 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for lettuce, tomatoes, onions and strawberries. Lower prices were received for broilers, cattle, eggs, and hogs. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities a producer sells. Increased average marketings of strawberries, cattle, sweet corn, and oranges offset decreased marketings of soybeans, corn, wheat, and hogs.

                                                          Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Apr.

2005

Mar.

2006

Apr.

2006

Apr.

2005

Mar.

2006

Apr.

2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.39

2.47

2.44

2.00

2.06

2.11

Oats

bu.

1.87

1.68

1.72

1.65

1.81

1.72

Wheat

bu.

2.83

3.63

3.34

3.35

3.79

3.90

Barley

bu.

-

1.68

1.68

2.26

2.71

2.67

Soybeans

bu.

6.00

5.16

5.24

6.03

5.57

5.39

Hay, baled

ton

94.00

112.00

111.00

99.40

97.10

106.00

Potatoes

cwt.

7.05

12.70

12.70

6.20

8.21

8.66

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

22.00

25.90

25.50

17.30

25.60

24.70

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

15.50

13.40

12.50

15.20

12.60

12.10

Milk cows 3/

head

1,600.00

-

1,630.00

1,770.00

-

1,770.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.250

0.500

0.330

0.268

0.499

0.318

Slaughter cows

cwt.

52.90

46.10

4/

57.00

49.50

48.70

Steers and heifers

cwt.

77.80

73.30

4/

98.10

93.00

89.70

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

54.70

47.60

4/

93.70

88.10

85.20

Calves

cwt.

147.00

175.80

4/

141.00

138.00

136.00

Hogs

cwt.

44.50

42.50

51.10

42.80

39.10

Lambs

cwt.

154.80

129.60

114.00

91.10

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

121

114

115

Prices paid

       

140

146

147

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

86

78

78

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/ Price available next month.

Prices Paid by Farmers

Commodity

Unit

Northeast

United States

Apr. 2004

Apr. 2005

Apr. 2006

Apr. 2004

Apr. 2005

Apr. 2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

               

Gasoline, unleaded, bulk delivery

      gal.

1,820

2.200

2.60

1.760

2.225

2.597

Diesel fuel

      gal.

1.400

2.020

2.35

1.310

1.968

2.275

               

Complete laying feed ration

      ton

260.,00

226.00

237.00

249.00

226.00

240.00

Mixed dairy feed, 16% protein

      ton

207.00

190.00

207.00

218.00

197.00

210.00

Soybean meal, 44% protein

      cwt.

19.50

16.00

18.30

19.60

16.10

16.90

Bran

      cwt.

13.40

14.60

15.50

14.80

15.00

16.10

Corn meal

      cwt.

10.60

9.88

11.20

9.84

9.57

10.10

Molasses, liquid

      cwt.

12.10

14.30

20.00

14.20

14.80

17.90

Stock salt

      50 lb.

5.68

6.42

6.06

4.53

4.78

4.67

               

Feed Price Ratios

             

Milk-feed 1/

       

3.11

3.18

2.47

Egg-feed 2/

       

7.8

5.2

6.3

1/  Pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal in value to 1 pound whole milk. 
2/  Pounds of laying feed equal in value to 1 dozen eggs.

                                        APRIL MILK PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT

New York dairy herds produced 1.03 billion pounds of milk during April.  A 2 percent increase in milk production per cow resulted in the increased total milk production compared to last year. The number of milk cows averaged 649,000 head, up 3,000 head from April of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,590 pounds, up 25 pounds from the April 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during April totaled 14.2 billion pounds, up 3.7 percent from April 2005.   Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,727 pounds for April, 37 pounds above April 2005.The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.24 million head, 124,000 head more than April 2005, and 13,000 head more than March 2006.

                                                                                          Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Apr.

2005

Mar.

2006

Apr.

2006

Apr.

2005

Mar.

2006

Apr.

2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,011

1,058

1,032

13,717

14,604

14,230

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,565

1,630

1,590

1,690

1,775

1,727

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

646

649

649

8,117

8,228

8,241

       

                                                                Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Mar.

2005

Feb.

2006

Mar.

2006

Mar.

2005

Feb.

2006

Mar.

2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,660

1,639

1,625

122,402

136,953

142,025

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

331,468

304,376

338,396

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,681

14,440

16,309

269,830

242,804

271,511

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

15,427

16,389

20,902

275,949

238,108

285,682

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,579

2,045

2,360

78,753

62,916

77,914

       

NA – Not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.

                                   NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 4 PERCENT IN MARCH

Egg production on New York farms totaled 97 million eggs in March 2006, down 4 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.0 million, was down 3 percent from March 2005, and the rate of lay decreased 1 percent to 24.12 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.84 billion during March 2006, up 1 percent from last year.  An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during March 2006 totaled 38.9 million, down 7 percent from March 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 35.8 million on April 1, 2006 down 5 percent from a year ago.

                                                                                                        Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Mar.

2005

Feb.

2006

Mar.

2006

Mar.

2005

Feb.

2006

Mar.

2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,163

4,060

4,021

346,959

349,764

350,085

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.26

21.67

24.12

22.30

19.95

22.39

Eggs produced

  Mil.

101

88

97

7,738

6,977

7,837

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

41,701

33,665

38,918

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

816,552

733,145

817,068

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,659

11,634

10,324

37,732

36,514

35,797

Broiler-type

  Thou.

251,205

256,767

254,147

660,137

665,624

658,570

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge

at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/