E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  June 2006                                                                          Monthly                                                                                         No. 973-6-06

New York Winter Wheat Crop Up 5 Percent From May 1

Production  of  winter  wheat  in  New  York  is  forecast  at  7.08  million  bushels,  up  5  percent  from  May  1,  but  38  percent   above  last  year.   Area  for  grain  harvest  is  unchanged  from  May  1  at  120,000  acres.  Yields  are  now  expected  to  average  59.0  bushels  per  acre,  up  3.0 bushels  from  the  May  1  forecast   and   5.0  bushels  from  last  year.

Crop Report Summary, June 1, 2006, with Comparisons

Crop

Unit

New York

United States

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

   

1,000

  Production

     

    Winter wheat

bu.

5,300

5,130

7,080

1,499,434

1,499,129

1,263,766

       

New York Maple Syrup Prodcution Up 14 Percent

New York maple syrup 2006 production increased 14 percent from last year’s below average crop.  Syrup production is estimated at 253,000 gallons, up from the 222,000 gallons produced in 2005.  Only two states, Vermont and Maine, produced more syrup.  The number of taps, 1.53 million, increased 8 percent from last year. Syrup produced per tap averaged 0.165 gallons, up from 0.156 gallons in 2005.  The final value of the 2005 crop is $7.04 million, two percent below the previous year’s value of production.  However, the overall price was $31.70, up 12 percent from the previous year’s price.

Sugar content was low across the State.  Most syrup produced was of medium color.  Syrup color was 22 percent dark, 57 percent medium, and 21 percent light.  The season was considerably shorter than the average 4 to 6 weeks.  Most producers were able to tap for about one week straight without the temperature fluctuating to an extreme condition.  During  that  one  week,  most  producers  experienced  a strong sap flow when the weather was favorable.  Excellent production  

during this one favorable week outweighed poor sap flow encountered during the rest of the season. Throughout the entire maple season, the unusual weather pattern made it difficult for sap flow to be consistent.  Producers did not receive continuous cold nights and warm days.  There was minimal to no snow received during the maple season and tent caterpillars destroyed some of the maple trees in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the State. 

The 2006 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.45 million gallons, up 17 percent from last year’s production of 1.24 million gallons.  The number of taps is estimated at 7.26 million, up 2 percent from the 2005 total of 7.10 million, and the yield per tap is estimated to be 0.200 gallons, up 14 percent from 2005.  Vermont led all States in production with 460,000 gallons for 2006, an increase of 12 percent from last season.  Maine was the second leading state producing 300,000 gallons, 13 percent above 2005.

MAPLE SYRUP: Production, Price, and Value by State and United States 1/

State

Production

Average price
per gallon

Value of production

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2004

2005

 

1,000 gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

               

   CT

     11

     10

     10

51.70

50.00

     569

     500

   ME

   290

   265

   300

19.40

21.50

  5,626

  5,698

   MA

     50

     40

     40

46.30

51.20

  2,315

  2,048

   MI

     80

     58

     78

38.00

36.00

  3,040

  2,088

   NH

     83

     57

     64

35.40

41.30

  2,938

  2,354

   NY

   255

   222

   253

28.20

31.70

  7,191

  7,037

   OH

     78

     69

     78

32.00

36.00

  2,496

  2,484

   PA

     60

     61

     66

29.00

31.50

  1,740

  1,922

   VT

   500

   410

   460

27.30

27.80

13,650

11,398

   WI

   100

     50

   100

32.30

32.40

  3,230

  1,620

               

   U.S.

1,507

1,242

1,449

28.40

29.90

42,795

37,149

               

1/ Price and value for 2004 are revised. Price and value for 2006 available June 2007.


2005 NEW YORK CHEESE PRODUCTION DECREASES

Total cheese production in New York, excluding cottage cheese, was 667 million pounds in 2005, down 5 percent from 2005. Italian cheese, which accounted for 55 percent of New York’s total cheese output, was down 3 percent.

Nationally, total cheese output for 2005 was 9.1 billion pounds (excluding cottage cheese), up 3 percent from a year earlier. Wisconsin remained the leading state with 26.4 percent of the total, followed by California and Idaho respectively.  New York was the 4th lleading state for total cheese production with 7 percent of the national total.

Manufactured Dairy Products, New York and United States, 2004-2005

Manufactured Products

New York

United States

2004

2005

2004

2005                    

 

1,000 lbs.

1,000 lbs.

    BUTTER AND CHEESE

       

        Butter

20,216

16,314

1,246,678

1,347,227

        Cheese, Total 1/

699,560

666,833

8,873,150

9,127,107

            Cheese, American Types 2/

83,113

3/

3,738,826

3,812,950

                Cheese, Cheddar

81,982

 

3,004,477

3,052,415

            Cheese, Total Italian

379,817

369,919

3,661,590

3,804,730

                Cheese, Mozzarella

177,508

179,367

2,916,558

3,020,798

            Cream and Neufchatel Cheese

3/

3/

699,119

692,370

        Cottage Cheese, Curd

102,615

112,122

463,960

457,353

        Cottage Cheese, Creamed

63,614

62,715

382,386

368,157

        Cottage Cheese, Lowfat

110,322

118,277

396,431

396,071

         

    OTHER MILK PRODUCTS

       

        Canned Evaporated & Condensed Whole Milk

3/

3/

529,909

526,995

        Condensed Milk, Unsweetened

       

            Whole Milk

3/

3/

116,856

111,820

            Skim Milk

3/

3/

903,794

1,032,282

        Non-Fat Dry Milk-Human Food

3/

3/

1,412,381

1,186,104

        Dry Whey - Total

122,086

126,504

1,034,898

1,045,822

        Yogurt - Plain and Flavored

227,795

225,646

2,707,313

2,989,789

         

    FROZEN PRODUCTS

       

        Ice Cream, Standard

31,416

30,019

919,919

953,030

        Ice Cream, Lowfat

4,040

5,375

387,106

363,968

        Milk Sherbet

2,140

2,252

51,191

55,280

        Other Frozen Dairy Products

3/

3/

8,065

7,699

        Water Ices

4,175

4,407

63,954

66,108

     

1/   Excludes cottage cheese.  Total includes some types not shown.
2/   Includes cheddar, colby, washed curd, stirred curd, Monterey and Jack.
3/   Figures not shown when less than three plants reported or individual plant operations might be disclosed.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

April 10-16
2005

Jan. 8-14,
2006

Apr. 9-15,
2006

April 10-16
2005 2/

Jan. 8-14,
2006 2/

Apr. 9-15,
2006

 

1,000 workers

             

    All hired workers

    34

      23

      34

  753

     614

  718

        Worked 150 days or more

    28

      22

      28

  600

     512

  580

        Worked less than 150 days

      6

        1

        6

  153

    102

  138

             
 

Hours Worked per worker

             

    All hired workers

38.6

  38.1

  43.1

39.9

  38.2

40.8

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

    Field workers

9.01

10.42

  9.71

8.56

  9.11

8.96

    Livestock workers

8.51

  8.80

  9.54

9.14

  9.26

9.30

    Field and livestock workers

8.83

  9.56

  9.65

8.72

  9.17

9.07

    All hired workers

9.47

11.04

10.49

9.35

10.10

9.79

             

1/   New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.
2/   Revised.

 
 

May Prices Decrease

Prices received by New York producers during May for selected commodities decreased from a month earlier. The price of corn, apples, milk and eggs decreased.  The price of oats, wheat, and hay increased.   Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in May, at 114, based on 1990-92=100, increased 1 point (0.9 percent) from April. The Crop Index is up 3 points (2.4 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 1 point (1.0 percent). Producers received higher prices for lettuce, hogs, onions, and grapefruit. Lower prices were received for cattle, asparagus, tomatoes, and eggs.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

May
2005

Apr
2006

May
2006

May
2005

Apr
2006

May
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

    Corn

bu.

2.37

2.44

2.31

1.98

2.11

2.17

    Oats

bu.

1.91

1.72

1.80

1.64

1.75

1.76

    Wheat

bu.

2.83

3.34

3.53

3.31

3.81

4.07

    Barley

bu.

2.40

1.68

 

2.46

2.67

2.70

    Hay, baled

ton

112.00

111.00

123.00

107.00

106.00

114.00

    Potatoes

cwt.

-

12.70

-

6.23

7.97

8.29

    Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

21.50

25.50

24.40

17.40

24.70

23.80

               

    Milk, wholesale

cwt.

15.20

12.50

12.20

14.70

12.10

12.00

    Milk cows 3/

head

-

1,630.00

-

-

1,770.00

-

    Eggs, table market

doz.

0.230

0.330

0.230

0.243

0.318

0.231

    Slaughter cows

cwt.

55.40

46.60

4/

58.30

48.50

48.00

    Steers and heifers

cwt.

77.30

70.90

4/

96.10

89.30

85.80

    All slaughter cattle

cwt.

57.10

48.20

4/

92.10

84.80

81.80

    Calves

cwt.

172.10

202.60

4/

143.00

135.00

132.00

    Hogs

cwt.

86.30

36.00

4/

54.90

41.30

47.20

    Lambs

cwt.

141.00

155.80

4/

114.00

86.80

4/

               

    Index (1990-92=100)

             

    Prices received

       

119

113

114

    Prices paid

       

140

146

146

    Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

85

77

78

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods. 
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly
 4/  Price available next month.

Cattle and Calves Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2002-2005 1/

Year

Inventory January 1

Calf Crop

Inship-
ments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory Jan. 1 following

Gross
income 2/

Cattle

Calves

Cattle

Calves

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                     

2002

1,390

640

35

117

412

2

32

52

1.450

109,752

2003

1,450

620

  9

130

447

2

31

50

1,420

123,083

2004

1,420

600

  6

122

416

2

28

49

1,410

129,937

2005

1,410

590

13

120

397

2

35

50

1,410

176,552

                     

Hogs and Pigs Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2002-2005

Year

Inventory December 1 preceding

Pig Crop

Inshipments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory December 1

Gross
income 2/

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                 

2002

75

125

  6

109

1

10

86

  6,641

2003

86

128

  3

139

1

  4

73

  9,760

2004

73

166

13

158

1

  8

84

15,311

2005

84

130

12

137

1

  5

83

13,286

                 

Sheep and Lamb Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2002-2005

Year

Inventory January 1

Lamb Crop

Inship-
ments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory Jan. 1 following

Gross
income 2/

Sheep

Lambs

Sheep

Lambs

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                     

2002

63

51

4

4.5

30.5

1

4

6

72

1,996

2003

72

51

1

   9

   32

2

4

7

70

2,722

2004

70

53

4

   5

   35

2

5

6

75

2,982

2005

75

51

5

 12

   37

2

5

6

70

3,915

                     

1/   Some totals may not add due to rounding.

2/   Value of marketings and home consumption

May Milk Production

New York dairy herds produced 1.076 billion pounds of milk during May. A slight decrease in production per cow was balanced by a slight increase in milk cows which resulted in the unchanged total milk production compared to last year. The number of milk cows averaged 648,000 head, up 2,000 head from May of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,660 pounds, down 5 pounds from the May 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during May totaled 14.7 billion pounds, up 2.8 percent from May 2005. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,782 pounds for May, 22 pounds above May 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.26 million head, 128,000 head more than May 2005, and 19,000 head more than April 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

May
2005

Apr.
2006

May
2006

May
2005

Apr.
2006

May
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,076

1,032

1,076

14,311

14,228

14,714

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,665

1,590

1,660

1,760

1,727

1,782

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

646

649

648

8,131

8,240

8,259

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Apr.
2005

Mar.
2006

Apr
2006

Apr.
2
005

Mar.
2006

Apr.
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,662

1,629

1,437

117,061

141,993

127,778

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

327,575

338,383

333,765

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,944

16,309

15,796

247,184

273,870

261,753

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

14,000

20,902

20,468

247,409

280,577

254,188

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,624

2,360

2,560

78,091

77,869

77,557

       

New York Egg Production Down 3 Percent In April

Egg production on New York farms totaled 93 million eggs in April 2006, down 3 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.04 million, was up 1 percent from April 2005,  but  the  rate  of lay  decreased  4  percent  to  23.01  eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.54 billion during April 2006, up 2 percent from last year. An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during April 2006 totaled 34.6 million, down 9 percent from April 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 37.0 million on May 1, 2006 down 1 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Apr.
2005

Mar.
2006

Apr.
2006

Apr.
2005

Mar.
2006

Apr.
2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,992

4,021

4,042

343,574

350,088

348,454

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.05

24.12

23.01

21.56

22.39

21.64

Eggs produced

  Mil.

96

97

93

7,407

7,837

7,541

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

38,049

38,918

34,613

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

792,173

817,068

787,064

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

9,019

10,324

9,986

37,308

35,797

36,952

Broiler-type

  Thou.

253,613

254,147

255,143

665,386

658,570

658,351

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/