E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP

AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  July 2006
Monthly
No. 973-7-06

NEW YORK FIELD CROP ACREAGE - 2006

Corn planted for all purposes in New York is estimated at 970,000 in 2006, 2 percent less than acres planted in 2005. Acreage for grain is expected to total 450,000 acres, down 2 percent from the 460,000 acres harvested last year.  Soybean plantings are expected to total 190,000 acres, the same number of acres planted in 2005. An estimated 188,000 acres will be harvested for beans, the same as a year ago. Acreage for harvest for all types of dry hay is expected to total 1.81 million acres, up 10 percent from last year. Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for dry hay, at 510,000 acres, is up 13 percent and acres for other types of dry hay, at 1.30 million acres, is up 8 percent from a year earlier.                                                        

Oats production in New York is estimated at 4.64 million bushels, up 15 percent above the 4.05 million bushels produced last year. Yields are forecast at 58 bushels per acre, up 4 bushels from last year. Area for harvest is projected at 80,000 acres, up 6 percent from the previous year. Winter wheat production is estimated at 6.72 million bushels, up 24 percent from the 5.13 million bushels produced in 2005. Yields are forecast at 56 bushels per acre, down 3 bushels from the June 1 forecast and 2 bushels above last year. Harvested acreage is projected at 120,000 acres, up 26 percent from 2005.The first yield and production forecast for corn, soybeans, dry beans, and hay will be released on August 11.

U.S. CORN DOWN, SOYBEAN ACREAGE UP

U.S. Corn planted area for all purposes is estimated at 79.4 million acres, down 3 percent from 2005 and 2 percent below 2004.  Farmers increased corn plantings 2 percent from their March intentions.  Soybean planted area is estimated at 74.9 million acres, up 4 percent from last year.  Area for harvest, at 73.9 million acres, is also up 4 percent from 2005.  The planted area is down 3 percent from the March Prospective Plantings report. 

U.S. winter wheat production is forecast at 1.28 billion bushels. This is up 1 percent from last month but down 15 percent from 2005. The U.S. yield is forecast at 41.1 bushels per acre, up 0.6 bushel from last month.  Acres harvested for grain are forecast at 31.1 million, down 8 percent from 2005

but unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 30, 2006.  Harvest progress, in the 18 major producing States, was 65 percent complete by July 2.  This was 9 percentage points ahead of last year and 10 points ahead of the 5-year average.  U.S. oats production is forecast at 110 million bushels, 4 percent below last year's 115 million bushels.  If realized, this would be the lowest production on record.  The U.S. yield is forecast at 57.9 bushels per acre, down 5.1 bushels from 2005.  Growers expect to harvest 1.91 million acres for grain, up 5 percent from last year.   U.S. producers expect to harvest 62.7 million acres of all hay in 2006, up 2 percent from 2005.  Dry bean harvested acreage is estimated at 1.47 million, down 7 percent from last year but 20 percent above 2004. 

                Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn, all

-

990

970

   

-

-

-

-

Corn for grain

bu.

-

-

460

450

124.0

1/

57,040

1/

Soybeans

bu.

190

190

188

188

42.0

1/

7,896

1/

Wheat, winter

bu.

100

130

95

120

54.0

56.0

5,130

6,720

Oats

bu.

95

105

75

80

54.0

58.0

4,050

4,640

Beans, dry 3/

lbs.

25.0

21.5

23.0

21.0

1,230.0

1/

282

1/

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.5

20.6

20.1

20.1

260

4/

5,226

4/

Hay, all

tons

-

-

1,650

1,810

1.6

1/

2,625

1/

                   

United States

                 

Corn, all

-

81,759

79,366

-

-

-

-

-

-

Corn for grain

bu.

-

-

75,107

72,091

147.9

1/

11,112,072

1/

Soybeans

bu.

72,142

74,930

71,361

73,935

43.3

1/

3,086,432

1/

Wheat, all

bu.

57,229

57,8730

50,11900

47,0840

42.0

43.8

2,104,690

1,805,636

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,433

41,393

33,794

31,108

44.4

44.5

1,499,129

1,280,005

Oats

bu.

4,246

4,312

1,823

1,907

63.0

57.9

114,878

110,322

Barley

bu.

4,527

3,970

3,269

2,990

64.8

70.0

211,896

189,647

Rye

bu.

1,433

1,378

279

259

27.0

2/

7,537

2/

Beans, dry 3/

lbs.

1,665

1,561

1,256.8

1,465.4

1,744

1/

27,350

1/

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.4

57.8

51.4

56.1

342

330.0

17,567

18,731

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

968.6

990.5

949.5

974.4

401

4/

381,026

4/

Hay, all

tons

-

-

61,649

62,697

2.4

1/

150,590

1/

1/   First forecast released August 11.
2/   Estimate released September 30.
3/   Production in 100 lb. bags.
4/   First forecast released November 10.

NEW YORK TART CHERRY FORECAST UP

New York’s 2006 tart cherry production is forecast at 9.5 million pounds.  This forecast is 27 percent above last year’s production of 7.5 million pounds but 11 percent below the 2004 crop.  Sweet cherry production is forecast at 1,100 tons, 38 percent above the 2005 crop and 22 percent above the 2004 crop.

New York's peach crop is forecast at 6,000 tons pounds, up 41 percent from the 4,250 tons produced last year.  U.S. peach production, excluding  California  Clingstones  that are  mostly  canned,  is expected  to  total  1.06  million  tons, 11 percent below last year.

FRUIT:  Indicated Production, New York and United States, with Comparisons

Fruit

Unit

New York

United States

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

         

Peaches

Tons

6,000

4,250

6,000

1,307,110

1,184,550

1,058,300

Tart Cherries

Mil. lbs.

  10.7

    7.5

    9.5

     213.0

270.4

255.7

Sweet Cherries

Tons

  900

  800

1,100

283,060

251,170

268,400

               

NEW YORK POTATO ACREAGE INCREASES

New York potato growers planted an estimated 20,600 acres of potatoes this year.  This is up 1 percent from 2005.  Acres for harvest are forecast at 20,100, the same as last year.  U.S. area planted to fall potatoes for 2006 is estimated at 990,500 acres, up 2 percent from last year.  Harvested acres are forecast at 974,400, up 3 percent from a year ago.




Stocks of Grain, United States, June 1, 2006, with Comparisons

Species

On farms

Total in All Positions

Jun 1,
2005

Mar 1,
2006

June 1,
2006

Jun 1,
2005

Mar 1,
2006

June 1,
2006

 

Thousand bushels

       

All Wheat

161,275

256,000

111,010

540,100

972,215

567,843

Corn

2,462,300

4,055,000

2,350,500

4,320,813

6,987,328

4,362,520

Oats

25,350

42,200

25,190

57,942

74,873

52,591

Barley

41,100

68,400

20,770

128,417

166,754

108,031

Sorghum

16,000

26,200

12,650

113,170

193,136

107,346

Soybeans

356,100

872,000

495,500

699,274

1,669,206

990,140

             
 

Average GMO Estimates

Crop

New York

United States

2003-2005

2004-2006

2003-2005

2004-2006

Bt

HR

SG

All

Bt

HR

SG

All

Bt

HR

SG

All

Bt

HR

SG

All

 

Percent

Percent

                                 

   Corn

12

13

3

27

13

15

4

32

26

14

6

46

26

17

10

53

   Soybeans

  -

  -

-

85

  -

  -

-

84

  -

  -

-

84

  -

  -

  -

87

                                 

U.S. HOG INVENTORY UP SLIGHTLY

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2006 was 60.9 million head. This was up slightly from June 1, 2005 and up 1 percent from March 1, 2006.  Breeding inventory, at 6.06 million head, was up 1 percent from both last year and from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 54.9 million head, was up slightly from last year and up 2 percent from last quarter.

The March-May 2006 pig crop, at 26.3 million head, was up 1 percent from 2005 and up 3 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.90 million head, up 1 percent from both 2005 and 2004. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. 

The average pigs saved per litter was 9.08 for the March-May 2006 period, compared to 9.02 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.92 million sows farrow during the June-August 2006 quarter, up slightly from the actual farrowings in 2005, but up 1 percent from 2004. Intended farrowings for September-November 2006, at 2.92 million sows, are up one percent from both 2005 and 2004. The total number of hogs under contract, owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 38 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, down from 40 percent last year.

JUNE PRICE CHANGES MIXED

Prices received by New York producers during June for selected commodities showed a mix of increases and decreases from a month earlier, according to Steve Ropel, Director of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Office. The price of corn, wheat, apples and milk decreased.  The price of soybeans, hay, and eggs increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.36 per bushel, decreased 4 cents from May but was up 10 cents from last year.  Oat price, at $1.87 per bushel, was the same as May but decreased 24 cents from June last year.  Wheat price was $3.45, 31 cents below last month but 29 cents above last year.  Hay averaged $128.00 per ton, $5.00 more than May and $9.00 more than June 2005. Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 22.8 cents per pound this month, 1.6 cents less than May and 2.7 cents less than June 2005.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $12.20 per hundredweight of milk sold during June, down 20 cents from May and $2.70 from June a year ago.   Poultry producers received an average of 40 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 17 cents from May and 14 cents from June 2005.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in June at 118, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (2.6 percent) from May.  The Crop Index is down 2 points (1.6 percent) but the Livestock Index increased 6 points (5.8 percent).  Producers received higher commodity prices for broilers, sweet corn, hogs, and broccoli.  Lower prices were received for lettuce, cantaloupe, corn, and strawberries.  The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of oranges, tomatoes, strawberries, and sweet corn.  Preliminary All Farm Products Index is down 1 point (0.8 percent) from June 2005. 

                Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

June 2005

May 2006

June 2006

June 2005

May 2006

June 2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

Corn

  bu.

2.26

2.40

2.36

2.03

2.17

2.05

Oats

  bu.

2.11

1.87

1.87

1.75

1.85

1.75

Wheat

  bu.

3.16

3.76

3.45

3.23

4.09

3.96

Barley 2/

  bu.

     

2.55

2.96

2.77

Soybeans

  bu.

6.26

4.89

4.90

6.58

5.68

5.57

Hay, baled

  ton

119.00

123.00

128.00

102.00

114.00

109.00

Potatoes

  cwt.

 -

6.29

8.05

8.50

Apples, fresh market 3/

  cwt.

.255

.244

.228

.162

.238

.275

               

Milk, wholesale

  cwt.

-

-

-

-

-

-

Milk cows 4/

  head

15.00

12.40

12.20

14.40

12.00

12.10

Eggs, table market

  doz.

           

Slaughter cows

  cwt.

0.260

0.230

0.400

0.240

0.231

0.370

Steers and heifers

  cwt.

53.30

46.20

4/

56.80

47.50

46.10

All slaughter cattle

  cwt.

77.70

69.20

4/

91.50

86.50

88.40

Calves

  cwt.

54.80

48.00

4/

88.00

82.20

84.00

Hogs

  cwt.

180.90

188.70

4/

140.00

132.00

132.00

Lambs

  cwt.

34.40

4/

49.50

49.20

53.20

   

135.30

4/

114.00

88.90

4/

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

119

115

118

Prices paid

       

141

147

147

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

84

78

80

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/     Estimates began July 2002.
3/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
4/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
5/     Price available next month.

                Commercial Livestock Slaughter, May 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.9

2.9

2,793.3

3,038.7

3.5

3.6

3,414.6

3,771.1

Calves

6.0

6.0

58.5

57.9

1.0

1.4

22.0

21.6

Hogs

2.5

3.9

8,031.7

8,537.0

  .6

1.0

2,166.7

2,316.7

Sheep and lambs

2.1

2.4

208.1

225.8

  .2

  .2

29.7

32.5

                 

1/             Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


            JUNE MILK PRODUCTION DOWN SLIGHTLY

New York dairy herds produced 1.022 billion pounds of milk during June slightly decrease in production per cow was balanced by a slight increase in milk cows which resulted in the1 percent decrease in total milk production compared to June 2005. The number of milk cows averaged 649,000 head, up 2,000 head from June of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,575 pounds, down 15 pounds from the June 2005 rate. Milk production in the 23 major States during June totaled 14 billion pounds, up 1.9 percent from June 2005. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,695 pounds for June, 5 pounds above June 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.27 million head, 128,000 head more than June 2005, and 9,000 head more than May 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

June
2005

May
2006

June
2006

June
2005

May
2006

June
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,029

1,076

1,022

13,755

14,714

14,011

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,590

1,660

1,575

1,690

1,782

1,695

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

647

648

649

8,138

8,259

8,266

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

May.
2005

Apr.
2006

May
2006

May
2005

Apr.
2006

May
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,709

1,437

1,713

120,715

128,457

129,468

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

332,501

338,715

345,886

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,006

15,796

16,949

262,238

261,653

265,599

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,499

20,468

22,920

264,459

254,096

267,523

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,548

2,560

2,657

78,375

77,408

82,064

       

                NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 4 PERCENT IN MAY

Egg production on New York farms totaled 97 million in May 2006, down 4 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.03 million, was down 2 percent from May 2005, and the rate of lay per 100 layers decreased 2 percent to 2,408 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.63 billion during May 2006, up 1 percent from last year.  An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during May 2006 totaled 40.3 million, up 4 percent from May 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 37.4 million on June 1, 2006 up 10 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

May
2005

Apr.
2006

May
2006

May
2005

Apr.
2006

May
2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,117

4,042

4,028

341,819

348,154

344,735

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.53

23.01

24.08

22.15

21.64

22.13

Eggs produced

  Mil.

101

93

97

7,572

7,535

7,628

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

38,792

34,613

40,320

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

823,993

787,064

810,908

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

8,878

9,986

11,101

34,064

36,952

37,384

Broiler-type

  Thou.

253,935

255,143

255,683

668,018

658,351

660,638

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.