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NEW YORK CROP

AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  August 2006

 Monthly

 No. 973-8-06

NEW YORK CROP PROSPECTS – AUGUST 1

New York grain corn production is forecast at 54.9 million bushels, down 4 percent from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 450 thousand acres, 2 percent below a year ago. Yield is forecast at 122 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from 2005. The crop was developing well due to warm temperatures and adequate moisture. Nationally, grain corn production is forecast at 11.0 billion bushels, down 1 percent from last year and 7 percent below 2004. 

New York production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 1.22 million tons, is 30 percent above 2005. Other dry hay production is expected to total 2.15 million tons, up 28 percent from a year ago. Due to the extremely wet summer, much of the acreage intended for dry hay has been cut for haylage.  Oat production, expected to total 5.04 million bushels, is 24 percent above a year ago. Soybean production is estimated at 7.90 million bushels, the same as last year’s record high.

U.S. CORN AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTION DOWN

 Corn production is forecast at 11.0 billion bushels, down 1 percent from last year and 7 percent below 2004.  Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 152.2 bushels per acre, up 4.3 bushels from last year.  If realized, expected yields are generally higher than last year in the eastern Corn Belt and Ohio Valley as frequent rainfall and near normal temperatures throughout much of the growing season helped maintain adequate soil moisture.  

Soybean production is forecast at 2.93 billion bushels, down 5 percent from 2005 and down 6 percent from 2004.  Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 39.6 bushels per acre, down 3.7 bushels from the record high U.S. yield set last year.  Yields are lower than 2005 throughout the Great Plains, the western Corn Belt, and the Gulf Coast States, while yields are expected to remain unchanged or increase in the Ohio Valley, Arkansas, Missouri, and the Atlantic Coast States.  Area for harvest, at 73.9 million acres, remains unchanged from June but is up 4 percent from 2005.

   Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

990

970

460

450

124.0

122.0

57,040

54,900

Wheat, winter

bu.

100

130

95

120

54.0

57.0

5,130

6,840

Oats

bu.

95

105

75

80

54.0

63.0

4,050

5,040

Soybeans

bu.

190

190

188

188

42.0

42.0

7,896

7,896

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

25

21.5

23

21.5

1,230.0

1,700.0

282

366

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.5

20.6

21.7

19.7

300

2/

6,510

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

450

510

450

510

2.1

2.4

945

1,224

Hay, other

ton

1,200

1,300

1,200

1,300

1.4

1.65

1,680

2,145

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

990

1,050

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

198.0

149.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

15.5

15.5

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.3

6.0

                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

81,759

79,366

75,107

72,091

147.9

152.2

11,112,072

10,975,740

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,433

41,393

33,794

31,108

44.4

41.2

1,499,129

1,283,134

Oats

bu.

4,246

4,312

1,823

1,907

63.0

56.3

114,878

107,423

Barley

bu.

3,875

3,496

4,688

4,152

58.9

65.7

276,087

272,824

Soybeans

bu.

72,142

74,930

71,361

73,935

43.3

39.6

3,086,432

2,927,634

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,665.0

1,561.8

1,568.6

1,519.0

1,744

1,534

27,350

23,301

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.4

57.8

58.7

55.1

320.0

336.0

18,766

18,487

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

968.6

990.5

1,248.6

1,163.6

367.0

2/

457,814

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

22,389

22,407

22,389

22,407

3.38

3.18

75,771

71,202

Hay, other

ton

39,260

40,290

39,260

40,290

1.91

1.77

74,819

71,121

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

8,613.3

9,365.9

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

6,572.7

6,361.4

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

928.1

908.0

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,185

1,054

                   

1/   Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
2/   First forecast released November 12.

DRY BEANS:  Planted Acreage by Classes, New York and United States, 2004-2006

Class
New York
United States
 

2004

2005

2006

 2004

     2005

     2006

     
 

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Light Red Kidney

12.0

13.0

10.0

     55.7

     71.4

     47.0

Dark Red Kidney

  1.5

  1.5

  2.5

     51.3

     60.7

     48.5

Black

  9.0

  9.0

11.3

   138.3

   111.6

   166.8

All Other

  1.5

  1.5

  1.2

1,109.0

1,421.3

1,345.0

             

TOTAL

24.0

25.0

25.0

1,354.3

1,665.0

1,607.3

 

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

July 10-16,
2005

Apr. 9-15,
2006

July 9-15,
2006

July 10-16,
2005

Apr. 9-15,
2006

July 9-15,
2006

 

1,000 workers

             

All hired workers

   46

       34

  36

 936

  720

  875

    Worked 150 days or more

   35

       28

  24

 662

   581

  630

    Worked less than 150 days

   11

         6

  12

 274

  139

  245

             
 

Hours worked per worker

             

                All hired workers

40.0

    43.1

39.1

40.6

40.8

40.9

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

                Field workers

8.88

   9.71

9.28

8.61

8.95

8.95

                Livestock workers

9.55

   9.54

9.57

9.26

9.31

9.56

Field & livestock workers

9.11

   9.65

9.38

8.78

9.06

9.10

                All hired workers

9.70

10.49

9.95

9.38

9.78

9.74

 
1/   New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region

.

JULY 1 CATTLE INVENTORY UP 1 PERCENT

All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2006, totaled 105.7 million head, 1 percent above the 104.5 million on July 1, 2005 and 2 percent above the 103.4 million two years ago. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 43.0 million, were up slightly from the 42.8 million on July 1, 2005 and 1 percent above the 42.4 million two years ago.

Beef cows, at 33.9 million, were up slightly from July 1, 2005 and up 1 percent from two years ago. Milk cows, at 9.15 million, were up 1 percent from July 1, 2005 and up 2 percent from two years ago.

The 2006 calf crop is expected to be 37.9 million, up slightly from 2005 and up 1 percent from 2004. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 27.6 million, up 1 percent from 2005 and up 1 percent from 2004.

CATTLE AND CALVES:  Number by Class and Calf Crop, United States, July 1, 2004-2006

Class

2004

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

       

Cattle and Calves

103,400

104,500

105,700

       

Cows that have calved

  42,400

  42,800

  43,000

  Beef cows

  33,400

  33,750

  33,850

  Milk cows

    9,000

    9,050

    9,150

       

Heifers 500 lbs. and over

  15,950

  16,200

  16,500

  For beef cow replacement

    4,800

    5,000

    5,000

  For milk cow replacement

    3,600

    3,700

    3,800

  Other heifers

    7,550

    7,500

    7,700

       

Steers 500 lbs. and over

  14,200

  14,400

  14,900

Bulls 500 lbs. and over

    2,050

    2,100

    2,100

Calves under 500 pounds

  28,800

  29,000

  29,200

       

Calf crop

  37,505

  37,780

  37,900

       

JULY PRICES MIXED

Prices received by New York producers during July for selected commodities were mixed from a month earlier. The price of corn and hay increased. The price  of oats, wheat, and eggs decreased.  Milk prices remained unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.45 per bushel, increased 1 cent from June and 22 cents from last year.  Oat price, at $1.89 per bushel, decreased 2 cents from June but increased 27 cents from July last year.  Wheat price was $3.52, 12 cents below last month but 19 cents above last year.  Hay averaged $135.00 per ton, $7.00 more than June and $23.00 more than July 2005.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $12.30 per hundredweight of milk sold during July, unchanged from June but $3.10 less than July a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 28 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 12 cents from June and 7 cents from July last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in July, at 117 based on 1990-92=100, was unchanged from June. The Crop Index is down 3 points (2.4 percent) while the Livestock Index was unchanged. Producers received higher commodity prices for cattle, broilers, asparagus, and snap beans. Lower prices were received for grapes, cantaloupes, hogs, and broccoli. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities a producer sells. Increased average marketings of grapes, wheat, tomatoes and hay offset decreased marketings of milk, cantaloupes, potatoes, and asparagus.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

July 2005

June 2006

July 2006

July 2005

June 2006

July2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

  bu.

2.23

2.44

2.45

2.11

2.14

2.20

Oats

  bu.

1.62

1.91

1.89

1.59

1.93

1.89

Wheat

  bu.

3.33

3.64

3.52

3.20

4.01

4.09

Barley

  bu.

1.92

-

-

2.37

2.78

2.46

Soybeans

  bu.

6.76

5.30

5.30

6.65

5.61

5.60

Hay, baled

  ton

112.00

128.00

135.00

99.70

109.00

107.00

Potatoes

  cwt.

-

-

-

7.63

8.60

8.78

Apples, fresh market 2/

  cwt.

-

22.80

-

15.70

27.70

33.60

               

Milk, wholesale

  cwt.

15.40

12.30

12.30

14.80

11.90

11.90

Milk cows 3/

  head

1,700.00

-

1,580.00

1,830.00

-

1,680.00

Eggs, table market

  doz.

0.350

0.400

0.280

0.329

0.370

0.248

Slaughter cows

  cwt.

48.10

45.10

4/

53.80

46.70

47.00

Steers and heifers

  cwt.

70.80

69.40

4/

88.20

88.50

90.40

All slaughter cattle

  cwt.

49.40

46.70

4/

85.00

84.20

86.10

Calves

  cwt.

140.20

169.10

4/

133.00

133.00

136.00

Hogs

  cwt.

43.70

42.60

4/

49.80

53.80

49.40

Lambs

  cwt.

124.90

115.00

4/

110.00

92.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

116

117

117

Prices paid

       

141

147

148

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

82

80

79

 

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, June 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.1

2.9

2,937.6

3,159.0

3.8

3.6

3,656.1

3,977.6

Calves

6.5

7.8

58.9

58.7

1.3

1.7

21.8

21.4

Hogs

3.2

4.0

8,553.8

8,342.2

  .7

1.0

2,295.4

2,237.8

Sheep and lambs

2.5

2.5

221.7

211.8

  .2

  .2

30.5

29.1

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

JULY MILK PRODUCTION UP SLIGHTLY

New York dairy herds produced 1.04 billion pounds of milk during July. A slight increase in production per cow resulted in the 0.3 percent increase in total milk production compared to July 2005. The number of milk cows averaged 647,000 head, unchanged from July of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1,605 pounds, up 5 pounds from the July 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during July totaled 13.9 billion pounds, up 1.5 percent from July 2005.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,686 pounds for July, 3 pounds above July 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.26 million head, 107,000 head more than July 2005, but 11,000 head less than June 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

July
2005

June
2006

July
2006

July
2005

June
2006

July
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,035

1,022

1,038

13,715

14,017

13,919

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,600

1,575

1,605

1,683

1,695

1,686

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

647

649

647

8,151

8,269

8,258

 

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

June
2005

May
2006

June
2006

June
2005

May
2006

June
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,402

1,713

1,208

106,559

128,126

100,900

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

321,389

346,512

337,472

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,394

16,949

16,388

255,540

267,474

261,760

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

21,886

22,927

21,892

263,178

267,283

272,495

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,929

2,657

3,023

91,190

82,128

88,167

 

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UNCHANGED IN JUNE

Egg production on New York farms totaled 98 million in June 2006, unchanged from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.06 million, was down 6 percent from June 2005, and the rate of lay per 100 layers increased 5 percent to 2,417 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.38 billion during June 2006, up 1 percent from last year.  An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during June 2006 totaled 37.7 million, up 8 percent from June 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 32.1 million on July 1, 2006 down 10 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

June
2005

May
2006

June
2006

June
2005

May
2006

June
2006

   

New York

United States

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,270

4,028

4,055

339,856

344,718

341,887

Eggs per layer

  No.

22.95

24.08

24.17

21.62

22.13

21.59

Eggs produced

  Mil.

98

97

98

7,346

7,627

7,383

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

35,034

40,320

37,700

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

796,945

810,908

787,791

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

7,827

11,101

10,150

35,526

37,384

32,057

Broiler-type

  Thou.

248,744

255,143

254,737

657,302

660,638

650,296

1/  First day of following month.
2/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations

.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge

at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/