E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  September 2006
Monthly
No. 973-9-06

NEW YORK CORN PRODUCTION DOWN

Based on conditions as of September 1, New York grain corn production is now expected to total 54.0 million bushels, down 5 percent from the 57.0 million bushels produced in 2005.  Acreage for harvest is estimated at 450,000 acres, 2 percent less than the 460,000 acres harvested for grain last year. Yields are expected to average 120 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from the August forecast, and 4 bushels below the 2005 forecast.  U.S. corn production is forecast at 11.1 billion bushels, up 1 percent from last month and fractionally above 2005.  Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 154.7 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from August and 6.8 bushels from last year.  If realized, yield and production would be the second largest on record, behind 2004.  Forecast yields are higher than August across the northern Great Plains and western Corn Belt as moderate to heavy precipitation during the month improved soil moisture levels and crop conditions.  Expected yields across the eastern Corn Belt are unchanged from last month.  Farmers expect to harvest 71.8 million acres of corn for grain, down 250,000 acres from August and down 4 percent from 2005.

Soybean production in the State is forecast at 7.90 million bushels, the same as last year. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 188,000 acres, unchanged from 2005. Yields are expected to average 42 bushels per acre, tied with last month and last year’s record high.  U.S. soybean production is forecast at 3.09 billion bushels, up 6 percent from the August forecast and up slightly from the 2005 crop.  If realized, this would be the second highest production on record.  Based on September 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.8 bushels per acre, up 2.2 bushels from August but down 1.5 bushels from last year's record high yield.  Compared with last month, yields are forecast higher across the Corn Belt and most of the northern and central Great Plains.  Near or above normal moisture in those areas during August improved crop conditions.  In contrast, yields are down or unchanged from the August 1 forecast across the Gulf Coast States and Atlantic Coast States, with the exception of South Carolina.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

990

970

460

450

124.0

120.0

57,040

54,000

Wheat, winter

bu.

100

130

95

120

54.0

57.0

5,130

6,840

Oats

bu.

95

105

75

80

54.0

63.0

4,050

5,040

Soybeans

bu.

190

190

188

188

42.0

42.0

7,896

7,896

Beans, dry 1/ 2/

lbs.

25

25

23.0

21.5

1,230.0

1,700.0

282

366

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.5

20.6

20.1

20.1

260

3/

5,226

3/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

450

510

450

510

2.1

2.4

945

1224

Hay, other

ton

1200

1300

1,200

1,300

1.4

1.65

1,680

2145

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

990

1,050

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

198.0

149.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

15.5

15.5

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.3

6.0

                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

81,759

79,366

75,107

71,841

147.9

154.7

11,112,072

11,113,766

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,433

41,393

33,794

31,108

44.4

41.2

1,499,129

1,283,134

Oats

bu.

4,246

4,312

1,823

1,907

63.0

56.3

114,878

107,423

Barley

bu.

3,875

3,496

3,269

2,990

64.8

61.2

211,896

182,972

Soybeans

bu.

72,142

74,930

71,361

73,935

43.3

41.8

3,086,432

3,092,970

Beans, dry 1/ 2/

lbs.

1665.0

1607.3

1,568.6

1,519.0

1,744

1,534

27,350

23,301

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.4

59.4

51.4

54.8

342.0

342.0

17,567

18,731

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

967.7

990.5

949.0

974.4

403.0

3/

382,743

3/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

22,389

22,407

22,389

22,407

3.38

3.18

75,771

71,205

Hay, other

ton

39,260

40,290

39,260

40,290

1.91

1.77

74,819

71,121

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,864.9

9,619.7

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,828.7

6,717.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

825.3

835.3

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,185

1,054

                   

1/  Production forecast as of August 1.
2/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
3/  First forecast released November 12.
4/  Estimate released September 30.


2006 TURKEY OUTPUT IN NEW YORK EXPECTED TO INCREASE

New York turkey producers expect to raise an estimated 640,000 turkeys during 2006, according to Stephen Ropel, Director of the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Field Office. This total will be 3 percent above the 620,000 birds raised in 2005.

The preliminary estimate of turkeys raised in the United States during 2006 is 265 million, up 3 percent from 2005.

Minnesota is expected to be the number one producing state with 45.0 million turkeys, up 1 percent from last year. North Carolina ranks second with 37.0 million, up 3 percent from 2005. Arkansas is in third place by producing 30.0 million birds, 3 percent more than a year ago. Virginia growers expect to produce 22.5 million birds in 2006, up 7 percent from 2005. Missouri at 21.5 million birds is up 5 percent from 2005. California growers expect to raise 16.0 million turkeys, 7 percent more than a year earlier.

CATTLE AND CALVES:  Number of cattle operations, by herd size,
New York, 2003-2005

Year

Herd Size

1-49

50-99

100-499

500 plus

Total

 

Number of operations

           

2003

8,200

3,000

3,900

400

15,500

2004

8,100

2,900

3,900

400

15,300

2005

7,600

3,000

3,700

400

14,700

           

CATTLE AND CALVES:  Percent of inventory, by herd size,
New York, 2003-2005

Year

Herd size

1-49

50-99

100-499

500 plus

 

Percent

         

2003

11.0

15.0

46.0

28.0

2004

10.0

15.0

45.0

30.0

2005

  9.0

15.0

45.0

31.0

         

MILK COWS:  Number of milk cow operations, by herd size,
New York, 2003-2005

Year

Number of milk cows in herd

1-29

30-49

50-99

100-199

200 plus

Total

 

Number of operations

2003

1,400

1,300

2,700

1,100

600

7,100

2004

1,400

1,300

2,600

1,000

600

6,900

2005

1,400

1,300

2,500

   890

610

6,700

             

MILK COWS:  Percent of inventory, by herd size,
New York, 2003-2005
 

Year

1-29

30-49

50-99

100-199

200 plus

 

Percent

           

2003

2.0

 7.5

27.5

22.0

41.0

2004

2.0

 7.5

27.0

20.5

43.0

2005

2.0

7.5

25.5

18.5

46.5

           

AUGUST PRICES DECREASED

Prices received by New York producers during August for selected commodities decreased from a month earlier.  The price of corn, oats, wheat, hay, and milk decreased.  The price of soybeans and eggs increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.32 per bushel, decreased 5 cents from July and 18 cents from last year. Oat price, at $1.52 per bushel, decreased 6 cents from July and 15 cents from August last year.  Wheat price was $2.67, 33 cents below last month and 70 cents below last year. Soybeans, at $5.37 per bushel, increased 7 cents from July but decreased 99 cents from August last year.  Hay averaged $123.00 per ton, $12.00 less than July but $19.00 more than August 2005. 

Dairy farmers in the State received an average of $12.20 per hundredweight of milk sold during August, 10 cents less than July and  $3.40 less than August a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 39 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 11 cents from July and 10 cents from August of last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in August, at 120 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (2.6 percent) from July. The Crop Index is up 3 points (2.4 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 5 points (4.5 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for lettuce, broilers, tomatoes, and eggs. Lower prices were received for corn, soybeans, sorghum grain, and potatoes. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of cattle, grapes, calves, and sweet corn offset decreased marketings of wheat, hay, broilers, and canteloupe.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Aug.
2005

July
2006

Aug
2006

Aug.
2005

July
2006

Aug.
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

  bu.

2.50

2.37

2.32

1.95

2.14

2.03

Oats

  bu.

1.67

1.58

1.52

1.49

1.78

1.70

Wheat

  bu.

3.37

3.00

2.67

3.24

3.89

3.88

Barley

  bu.

1.90

1.90

1.90

2.50

2.70

2.69

Soybeans

  bu.

6.36

5.30

5.37

6.15

5.61

5.24

Hay, baled

  ton

104.00

135.00

123.00

99.70

107.00

106.00

Potatoes

  cwt.

11.30

-

-

7.02

11.02

9.03

Apples, fresh market 2/

  cwt.

-

-

-

21.10

33.60

39.90

               

Milk, wholesale

  cwt.

15.60

12.30

12.20

14.80

11.80

11.90

Milk cows 3/

  head

-

1,580.00

-

 

1,680.00

-

Eggs, table market

  doz.

0.293

0.280

0.390

0.266

0.248

0.388

Slaughter cows

  cwt.

46.10

42.90

4/

51.40

46.60

46.90

Steers and heifers

  cwt.

68.90

69.70

4/

87.70

90.40

91.80

All slaughter cattle

  cwt.

47.20

44.10

4/

84.40

86.10

87.70

Calves

  cwt.

136.90

148.80

4/

133.00

136.00

134.00

Hogs

  cwt.

48.20

45.70

4/

51.00

50.20

51.60

Lambs

  cwt.

100.80

92.80

4/

109.00

93.10

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

116

117

120

Prices paid

       

141

148

148

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

82

79

81

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.
 
 
 
 
 

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, July 1

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  2.8

2.1

2,717.5

2,834.3

3.3

2.6

3,406.5

3,604.6

Calves

10.6

9.6

58.6

57.9

2.1

1.8

20.5

19.7

Hogs

  2.6

2.8

7,662.2

7,884.8

  .6

  .6

2,025.5

2,090.1

Sheep and lambs

  2.1

2.3

199.9

202.1

  .2

  .2

26.8

26.5

                 

 1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


AUGUST MILK PRODUCTION DOWN SLIGHTLY

New York dairy herds produced 1.03 billion pounds of milk during August. A slight increase in production per cow was offset by a reduction in average milk cows resulting in a decline in total milk production compared to August 2005.  The number of milk cows averaged 643,000 head, down 4,000 head from August of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,605 pounds, up 5 pounds from the August 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during August totaled 13.9 billion pounds, up 1.6 percent from August 2005. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,680 pounds for August, 9 pounds above August 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.25 million head, 88,000 head more than August 2005, but 9,000 head less than July 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Aug.
2005

July
2006

Aug.
2006

Aug.
2005

July
2006

Aug.
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,035

1,038

1,032

13,640

13,925

13,861

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,600

1,605

1,605

1,671

1,686

1,680

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

647

647

643

8,162

8,259

8,250

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

July
2005

June
2006

July
2006

July
2005

June
2006

July
2006

       

 Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,295

1,158

1,268

95,929

100,779

92,725

 American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

315,977

337,024

328,578

 Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,108

16,388

16,806

243,304

261,675

254,881

 Yogurt, plain & flavored

  Thou. lb.

18,293

21,873

22,480

244,608

272,551

262,997

 Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

3,131

3,023

2,051

87,054

87,898

85,446

       


NEW YORK
EGG PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT IN JULY

Egg production on New York farms totaled 106 million in July 2006, up 2 percent from last year due to an increase in the rate of lay.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.21 million, was down 2 percent from July 2005, and the rate of lay per 100 layers increased 4 percent to 2,519 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.64 billion during July 2006, up 1 percent from last year.   An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during July 2006 totaled 33.2 million, down 5 percent from July 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 31.4 million on August 1, 2006 down 14 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

July
2005

June
2006

July
2006

July
2005

June
2006

July
2006

   

New York

United States

               
  Egg Type layers   Thou.

2/

2/

2/

284,259

285,088

287,622

               

  Number of layers

  Thou.

4,305

4,055

4,208

338,573

342,175

341,047

  Eggs per layer

  No.

24.16

24.17

25.19

22.34

21.61

22.41

  Eggs produced

  Mil.

104

98

106

7,563

7,393

7,643

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

  Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

34,897

37,700

33,224

  Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

808,382

787,791

800,132

    Egg-type

  Thou.

9,679

10,150

8,748

36,630

32,057

31,378

    Broiler-type

  Thou.

251,055

254,737

255,983

664,087

650,296

660,130

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/