E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  October 2006
Monthly 
No. 973-10-06

NEW YORK SMALL GRAINS  - 2006 SUMMARY

Production of winter wheat and oats increased while barley decreased from a year ago.  Winter wheat production is estimated at 5.80 million bushels, up 13 percent from last year. Yields averaged 61 bushels per acre, up 7 bushels from 2005. Oat production totaled 4.96 million bushels, an increase of 22 percent from last year. Production of barley in New York was estimated at 660,000 bushels, 10 percent below last year's production. Area harvested was 12,000 acres, down 20 percent from a year ago. 

U.S. all wheat production totals 1.81 billion bushels in 2006, up 1 percent from the last forecast but 14 percent below 2005.  Grain area is 46.8 million acres, down 7 percent from last year.  The U.S. yield is 38.7 bushels per acre, up 0.4 bushel from August but down 3.3 bushels from last year.  The level of production and change from last year by type are: winter wheat, 1.30 billion bushels, down 13 percent; other spring wheat, 460 million bushels, down 9 percent; Durum wheat, 53.5 million bushels, down 47 percent.

 

NEW YORK CORN PRODUCTION DECREASES, SOYBEAN INCREASE

New York grain corn production is estimated at 55.4 million bushels, down 3 percent from last year’s crop due to less acres for harvest. Yields are expected to average 123 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from last year’s record high yield. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 450 thousand acres, down 2 percent from the 460 thousand acres harvested for grain in 2005.

New York soybean production is expected to total a record high 8.32 million bushels, up 5 percent from 2005. Yields are forecast at 42 bushels per acre, equal to last year.

     Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

 Planted acres

 Acres for harvest

 Yield per acre

 Production

 2005

 2006

 2005

 2006

 2005

2006

 2005

 2006

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

990

970

460

450

124.0

123.0

57,040

55,350

Wheat, winter

bu.

100

105

95

95

54.0

61.0

5,130

5,795

Oats

bu.

95

85

75

67

54.0

74.0

4,050

4,958

Barley

bu.

17

17

15

12

49.0

55.0

735

660

Soybeans

bu.

190

200

188

198

42.0

42.0

7,896

8,316

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

25

25

23.0

21.5

1,230.0

1,400.0

282

301

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.5

20.6

20.1

20.1

260

2/

5,226

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

450

510

2.10

2.30

945

1,173

Hay, other

ton

-

-

1,200

1,300

1.40

1.80

1,680

2,340

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,040

1,120

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

178

154

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

15.5

15.5

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.3

6.0

                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

81,759

78,561

75,107

71,047

147.9

153.5

11,112,072

10,905,194

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,433

40,575

33,794

31,117

44.4

41.7

1,499,129

1,298,081

Oats

bu.

4,246

4,168

1,823

1,576

63.0

59.5

114,878

93,764

Barley

bu.

3,875

3,452

3,269

2,951

64.8

61.0

211,896

180,051

Soybeans

bu.

72,142

75,565

71,361

74,505

43.0

42.8

3,063,237

3,188,576

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,665.0

1,648.8

1,568.6

1,562.4

1,744

1,523

27,350

23,800

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.4

59.4

51.4

54.8

342.0

342.0

17,567

18,731

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

967.7

990.5

949.0

974.4

403.0

2/

382,743

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

22,389

22,407

3.38

3.33

75,771

74,527

Hay, other

ton

-

-

39,260

40,290

1.91

1.80

74,819

72,511

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,864.9

9,842.7

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,828.7

6,423.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

825.3

835.3

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,185

1,054

                   
1/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
2
/  First forecast released November 9.

NET FARM INCOME INCREASED 21 PERCENT

New York net farm income increased  21  percent in 2005 to $1.11 billion.  The value of  livestock production increased 5 percent to $2.31 billion and the value of crop  output decreased 1 percent to $1.29  billion. 

The value of purchased inputs decreased 7 percent to $1.75  billion while the value of direct government payments increased 74 percent to $143 million.

Value Added to the Economy by the Agricultural Sector, New York, 2001-2005

Item

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

 

1,000 dollars

 

Value of crop production

1,225,447

1,209,607

1,291,229

1,303,643

1,292,855

             
 

Value of livestock production           

2,236,519

1,964,355

1,918,376

2,300,222

2,309,314

             
 

Revenues from services and forestry

324,454

370,559

440,319

439,194

444,122

             
 

Value of agricultural sector production

3,786,420

3,544,521

3,649,923

4,043,059

4,046,291

             

  less:

Purchased inputs

1,887,703

2,094,388

1,916,373

1,871,913

1,749,564

             
 

  Farm origin

672,888

807,296

719,779

648,897

572,740

             
 

  Manufactured inputs

415,012

441,465

395,390

442,963

469,440

             
 

  Other purchased inputs

799,803

845,627

801,204

780,053

707,384

             

  plus:

Net government transactions

-68,451

765

-3,878

-91,704

-67,103

             

     +

  Direct Government payments

114,039

159,239

162,270

82,126

142,801

      -

  Motor vehicle registration and licensing fees

5,978

6,523

6,071

6,130

7,902

      -

  Property taxes

176,512

151,951

160,077

167,700

202,002

             
 

Gross value added

1,830,266

1,450,898

1,729,673

2,079,442

2,229,624

             

  less:

  Capital consumption

397,141

403,062

411,560

436,973

451,932

             
 

Net value added

1,433,125

1,047,836

1,318,113

1,642,469

1,777,692

             

  less: 

  Payments to stakeholders             

656,463

802,983

723,802

721,822

666,674

             
 

Net farm income

776,662

244,853

594,311

920,647

1,111,018

             

More information on farm income is available at    www.ers.usda.gov/data/farmincome/finfidmu.htm. 


Stocks of Grain, United States, September 1, 2006 with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Sep 1,
2005

Jun 1,
2006

Sep 1,
2006

Sep 1,
2005

Jun 1,
2006

Sep 1,
2006

 

1,000 bushels

1,000 bushels

             

All Wheat

721,360

111,010

572,020

1,923,291

571,190

1,743,041

Corn

820,500

2,350,500

749,500

2,113,972

4,361,699

1,970,572

Oats

71,700

25,190

59,900

113,503

52,566

99,228

Barley

137,400

30,770

112,750

254,911

107,931

212,889

Sorghum

5,900

12,650

5,250

56,941

114,863

65,169

Soybeans

99,700

495,500

176,300

255,738

990,699

448,788

             

SEPTEMBER PRICE CHANGES MIXED

Prices received by New York producers during September for selected commodities showed four commodities down and three up. The price of corn, oats, hay, and potatoes decreased.  The price of wheat, barley, and milk increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.28 per bushel, decreased 4 cents from August and 9 cents from last year. Oat price, at $1.55 per bushel, decreased 3 cents from August but increased 3 cents from September last year.  Wheat price was $3.35, 19 cents above last month but 3 cents below last year. Barley, at $1.90 per bushel, increased 31 cents from August but decreased 58 cents from September last year.  Hay averaged $107.00 per ton, $16.00 less than August and $5.00 less than September 2005.  Potatoes, at $14.90 per hundredweight, decreased 20 cents from August but increased $2.30 from September last year.  Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 33.7 cents per pound this month, 7.60 cents more than last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $12.70 per hundredweight of milk sold during September, 20 cents more than August but $3.30 less than September a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 37 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 2 cents from August and 16 cents from September of last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in September, at 118 percent, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 2 points (1.7 percent) from August. The Crop Index is down 7 points (5.6 percent) but the Livestock Index increased 1 point (0.9 percent). Producers received lower commodity prices for lettuce, potatoes, hogs, and broccoli. Higher prices were received for cattle, milk, tomatoes, and turkeys. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Decreased average marketings of cattle, broilers, wheat, and grapes offset increased marketings of soybeans, apples, corn, and potatoes.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Sep
2005

Aug
2006

Sep
2006

Sep
2005

Aug
2006

Sep
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.37

2.32

2.28

1.90

2.09

2.11

Oats

bu.

1.52

1.58

1.55

1.54

1.67

1.68

Wheat

bu.

3.38

3.16

3.35

3.36

3.91

3.98

Barley

bu.

2.48

1.59

1.90

2.36

2.70

2.65

Soybeans

bu.

5.12

4.84

4.79

5.77

5.23

5.12

Hay, baled

ton

112.00

123.00

107.00

99.00

106.00

107.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.60

15.10

14.90

5.69

7.95

6.81

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

26.10

-

33.70

30.90

39.90

39.90

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

16.00

12.50

12.70

15.30

12.00

12.60

Milk cows 3/

head

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.530

0.390

0.370

0.461

0.388

0.372

Slaughter cows

cwt.

44.70

 

4/

49.00

47.00

47.30

Steers and heifers

cwt.

72.30

 

4/

92.10

91.90

95.20

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

46.60

 

4/

88.00

87.70

90.30

Calves

cwt.

162.60

 

4/

135.00

134.00

135.00

Hogs

cwt.

48.50

 

4/

49.40

51.60

50.00

Lambs

cwt.

90.80

 

4/

110.00

94.80

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

116

120

118

Prices paid

       

142

148

147

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

82

81

80

           
 1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
 2/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
 3/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.

 4
/     Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, August 1/

 Species

 Number Slaughtered

 Total Live Weight

 New York

 United States

 New York

 United States

 2005

 2006

 2005

 2006

 2005

 2006

 2005

 2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  3.3

  2.5

2,992.5

3,133.6

3.9

3.0

3,788.1

3,996.4

Calves

11.6

12.7

65.6

66.7

1.7

2.5

22.8

23.2

Hogs

  3.8

  3.6

8,994.2

9,094.2

  .8

  .9

2,360.5

2,387.6

Sheep and lambs

  2.8

  2.9

229.2

227.0

  .3

  .2

30.6

29.2

1/    Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

  SEPTEMBER MILK PRODUCTION DOWN SLIGHTLY

New York dairy herds produced 983 million pounds of milk during September.  The number of milk cows averaged 640,000 head, down 9,000 head from September of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,530 pounds, up 15 pounds from the September 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during September totaled 13.3 billion pounds, up 2 percent from September 2005.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,615 pounds for September, 16 pounds above September 2005.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.25 million head, 79,000 head more than September 2005, but 6,000 head less than August 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Sep
2005

Aug
2006

Sep
2006

Sep
2005

Aug
2006

Sep
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

983

1,032

979

13,057

13,861

13,318

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,515

1,605

1,530

  1,599

  1,680

  1,615

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

649

643

640

  8,167

  8,252

  8,246

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Aug
2005

Jul
2006

Aug
 2006

Aug
2005

Jul
 2006

Aug
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

575

1,267

688

93,194

94,567

89,202

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

312,028

328,226

318,249

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,525

16,659

15,909

244,631

254,757

262,608

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

19,215

22,481

24,114

265,359

255,765

283,837

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,965

2,051

1,996

89,142

85,374

84,542

       


NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT IN AUGUST

Egg production on New York farms totaled 106 million in August 2006, up 2 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at  4.24 million, was down 1 percent from August 2005, and the rate of lay per 100 layers increased 3 percent to 2,502 eggs.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.64 billion during August 2006, up 1 percent from last year.  An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during August 2006 totaled 34.9 million, down 10 percent from August 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 35.8 million on September 1, 2006 up 4 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Aug
2005

Jul
2006

Aug
2006

Aug
2005

Jul
2006

Aug
2006

   

New York

United States

               

Egg Type Layers

   Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

286,036

287,575

288,079

               
               

Number of   layers

   Thou.

4,291

4,208

4,237

339,351

340,743

341,007

 Eggs per layer

   No.

24.24

25.19

25.02

22.18

22.41

22.39

 Eggs produced

   Mil.

104

106

106

7,528

7,636

7,635

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

   Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

38,700

33,224

34,892

Chicks hatched, broiler type

   Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

812,474

800,132

809,284

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

    Egg-type

  Thou.

9,266

8,748

11,296

34,505

31,378

35,823

    Broiler-type

  Thou.

248,690

255,983

254,642

654,789

660,130

656,333

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/