E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP

AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  November 2006
Monthly
No. 973-11-06

NEW YORK GRAIN CORN PRODUCTION DOWN,
SOYBEAN, POTATO PRODUCTION UP

New York grain corn production is forecast at 55.4 million bushels, down 3 percent from last year's output. Production is down due to decreases in the number of acres harvested and yield per acre. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 450 thousand acres, down 2 percent from a year earlier. Yields are expected to average 123 bushels per acre, 1 bushel less than in 2005. U.S. corn production is forecast at 10.7 billion bushels, down 1 percent from October and 3 percent lower than 2005.  Based on conditions as of November 1, yields are expected to average 151.2 bushels per acre, down 2.3 bushels from October but 3.3 bushels higher than last year. If realized, the yield would be the second largest on record, behind 2004.  Yield forecasts are lower than last month across much of the western and central Corn Belt and Atlantic Coast States as producers reported that actual harvest yields were not as good as expected earlier due to lower grain weight per ear.  Stalk quality and lodging problems were also reported in some areas.  Producers in the northern Great Plains, Delta States, and parts of the Southeast reported better than expected yields.  Compared with last year, yields are higher in all Corn Belt States, except Iowa and Minnesota.

Soybean production in New York is forecast at a record high 8.91 million bushels, up 13 percent from last year. Acreage harvested for beans is expected to total 198 thousand acres, up 5 percent from a year earlier and the largest acreage on record. Yields are expected to average a record high 45 bushels per acre, up 3 bushels from 2005. U.S. soybean production is forecast at 3.20 billion bushels, up slightly from October and 5 percent above 2005.  If realized, this would be the largest U.S. soybean crop on record.  Based on November 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 43.0 bushels per acre, up 0.2 bushels from October and equal to last year’s record high yield.  Producers in the northern Great Lakes States, Delaware, New York, North Carolina, and the Dakotas are realizing higher yields than expected last month, while yield prospects decreased slightly as harvest progressed in Illinois, Kentucky, Missouri, and Pennsylvania.  Area for harvest in the U.S. is forecast at 74.5 million acres, unchanged from last month but up 5 percent from 2005.

Production of fall potatoes in New York in 2006 is estimated at 5.70 million hundredweight (cwt.), up 9 percent from a year ago. Yields are expected to average 300 cwt. per acre compared with 260 cwt. per acre last year. This yield ties the record yield set in 2003. Acreage for harvest is estimated at a record low 19.0 thousand acres, down 5 percent from last year. U.S. production of fall potatoes is forecast at 391 million cwt, up 2 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 977 thousand acres, is up 3 percent from last year.  The average yield is forecast at 400 cwt per acre, 3 cwt below last year.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

990

970

460

450

124.0

123.0

57,040

55,350

Wheat, winter

bu.

100

130

95

120

54.0

57.0

5,130

6,840

Oats

bu.

95

105

75

80

54.0

63.0

4,050

5,040

Soybeans

bu.

190

190

188

198

42.0

45.0

7,896

8,910

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

25

25

23

21.5

1,230.0

1,700.0

282

366

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.5

20.6

20.1

19.0

260

300

5,226

5,700

Hay, alfalfa

ton

450

510

450

510

2.1

2.4

945

1,224

Hay, other

ton

1,200

1,300

1,200

1,300

1.40

1.65

1,680

2,145

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,040

1,120

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

178.0

154.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

15.5

15.5

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.3

6.0

                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

81,759

78,651

75,107

71,047

147.9

151.2

11,112,072

10,744,806

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,433

40,575

33,794

31,117

44.4

41.7

1,499,129

1,298,081

Oats

bu.

4,246

4,168

1,823

1,576

63.0

59.5

114,878

93,764

Barley

bu.

3,875

3,452

3,269

2,951

64.8

61.0

211,896

180,051

Soybeans

bu.

72,032

75,565

71,251

74,505

43.0

43.0

3,063,237

3,203,908

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1665.0

1648.8

1,568.6

1,562.4

1,744

1,523

27,350

23,800

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.4

59.4

51.4

54.8

342.0

342.0

17,567

18,731

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

967.7

988.4

949.0

976.9

403.0

400.0

382,743

390,917

Hay, alfalfa

ton

22,389

22,407

22,389

22,407

3.38

3.33

75,771

74,527

Hay, other

ton

39,260

40,290

39,260

40,290

1.91

1.80

74,819

72,511

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,864.9

9,842.7

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,828.7

6,423.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,185

1,054

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

825.3

835.3

1/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis)

NEW YORK POTATO PRODUCTION UP

Production of fall potatoes in New York in 2006 is estimated at 5.70 million hundredweight (cwt.), up 9 percent from a year ago. Yields are expected to average 300 cwt. per acre compared with 260 cwt. per acre last year. This yield ties the record yield set in 2003. Acreage for harvest is estimated at a record low 19.0 thousand acres, down 5 percent from last year. U.S. production of fall potatoes is forecast at 391 million cwt, up 2 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 977 thousand acres, is up 3 percent from last year.  The average yield is forecast at 400 cwt per acre, 3 cwt below last year.

Farm Real Estate Average Value per Acre,
Selected States and United States, January 1, 2002-2006

State

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

 

Dollars

           

New York

1,610

1,700

1,780

1,920

2,050

Massachusetts

8,100

9,300

9,900

10,500

11,600

New Hampshire

2,800

3,100

3,250

3,450

3,700

New Jersey

8,600

9,100

9,750

10,500

10,900

Pennsylvania

3,250

3,450

3,650

4,220

4,790

Vermont

1,900

2,050

2,150

2,300

2,450

           

48 States

1,210

1,270

1,360

1,650

1,900

           

Additional details available at www.nass.usda.gov in the complete “Land Values and Cash Rents” report released on August 4, 2006.

Cash Rent Per Acre:  Selected States, 2004-2006

State

Cropland Rented for Cash

Pasture Rented for Cash

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

 

Dollars

             

    New York

40.00

41.00

39.00

     1/

     1/

     1/

    Pennsylvania

43.00

45.00

46.50

25.00

27.00

25.00

    New Jersey

47.50

47.50

47.50

     1/

     1/

     1/

             

    48 States

76.50

78.00

79.00

9.60

10.30

10.80

 1/  Insufficient data to publish

           

Additional details available at www.nass.usda.gov in the complete “Land Values and Cash Rents” report released on August 4, 2006.

OCTOBER MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM SEPTEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during October increased from a month earlier, according to Steve Ropel, Director of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Office. The price of corn, wheat, hay, apples and milk increased.  The price of oats and potatoes decreased.  Egg price remained unchanged.   Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $13.70 per hundredweight of milk sold during October, 50 cents more than September but $2.60 less than October a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 37 cents per dozen eggs sold, unchanged from September and 7 cents more than last year.

Grain corn, at $2.44 per bushel, increased 2 cents from September and 33 cents from last year. Oat price, at $1.43 per bushel, decreased 8 cents from September but increased 5 cents from October last year.  Wheat price was $4.17, 42 cents above last month and 86 cents above last year. Hay averaged $118.00 per ton, $11.00 more than September and $1.00 more than October 2005.  Potatoes, at $14.30 per hundredweight, decreased 60 cents from September but increased $1.80 from October last year.  Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 35.10 cents per pound this month, 1.40 cents more than last month and 6.80 more than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in September, at 118 percent, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 2 points (1.7 percent) from August. The Crop Index is down 7 points (5.6 percent) but the Livestock Index increased 1 point (0.9 percent). Producers received lower commodity prices for lettuce, potatoes, hogs, and broccoli. Higher prices were received for cattle, milk, tomatoes, and turkeys. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Decreased average marketings of cattle, broilers, wheat, and grapes offset increased marketings of soybeans, apples, corn, and potatoes.


    Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Oct.
2005

Sep.
2006

Oct.
2006

Oct.
2005

Sep.
2006

Oct.
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

1.38

1.51

1.43

1.59

1.70

1.83

Oats

bu.

3.31

3.75

4.17

3.43

4.06

4.65

Wheat

bu.

1.90

-

-

2.41

2.56

2.94

Barley

bu.

5.26

4.72

4.73

5.67

5.24

5.46

Soybeans

bu.

117.00

107.00

118.00

97.70

107.00

107.00

Hay, baled

ton

12.50

14.90

14.30

5.37

6.35

5.74

Potatoes

cwt.

28.30

33.70

35.10

28.80

39.90

37.30

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

           
               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

16.30

13.20

13.70

15.60

12.90

13.30

Milk cows 3/

head

1,690.00

-

1,550.00

1,870.00

-

1,650.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.300

0.370

0.370

0.317

0.372

0.382

Slaughter cows

cwt.

40.30

41.90

4/

46.60

47.10

46.00

Steers and heifers

cwt.

65.70

70.10

4/

96.10

95.80

94.40

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

41.50

43.50

4/

90.40

90.80

89.10

Calves

cwt.

167.00

152.10

4/

135.00

135.00

131.00

Hogs

cwt.

38.60

36.10

4/

47.00

48.90

46.90

Lambs

cwt.

96.90

92.40

4/

108.00

98.50

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

111

119

117

Prices paid

       

144

146

146

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

77

82

80

 

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods

2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.

3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.

4/   Price available next month 

.

.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, September 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.5

2.5

2,775.9

2,765.7

4.2

3.0

3,538.3

3,546.2

Calves

8.3

8.6

60.7

    57.5

1.3

1.7

22.0

21.0

Hogs

3.4

2.9

8,871.1

8,833.0

  .7

  .7

2,348.8

2,351.9

Sheep and lambs

2.8

2.8

231.1

   219.1

  .3

  .2

31.1

28.2

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.   

 

OCTOBER MILK PRODUCTION DOWN SLIGHTLY

New York dairy herds produced 1.01 billon pounds of milk during October.  The number of milk cows averaged 638,000 head, down 12,000 head from September of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,575 pounds, up 25 pounds from the October 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during October totaled 13.7 billion pounds, up 2.1 percent from October 2005. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,656 pounds for October, 19 pounds above October 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.25 million head, 78,000 head more than October 2005, and 2,000 head more than September 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Oct.
2005

Sep.
2006

Oct.
2006

Oct.
2005

Sep.
2006

Oct.
2006

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,008

979

1,005

13,373

13,318

13,652

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,550

1,530

1,575

1,637

1,615

1,656

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

650

640

638

8,168

8,246

8,246

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Sep.
2005

Aug.
2006

Sep.
2006

Sep.
2005

Aug.
2006

Sep.
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,078

688

971

100,647

88,325

102,701

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

301,791

318,930

324,935

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,788

15,909

15,068

243,687

263,715

258,063

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,303

24,114

20,445

273,643

283,584

265,457

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,461

2,356

2,231

72,359

84,777

72,727

       

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT IN SEPTEMBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 99 million in September 2006, up 2 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.28 million, was up 1 percent from September 2005, and the rate of lay per 100 layers increased 1 percent to 2,315 eggs.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.42 billion during September 2006, up 1 percent from last year. An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during September 2006 totaled 36.8 million, up 10 percent from September 2005.  Eggs in incubators totaled 35.2 million on October 1, 2006 up 4 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Sep.
2005

Aug.
2006

Sep.
2006

Sep.
2005

Aug.
2006

Sep.
2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,219

4,237

4,277

340,914

341,007

342,606

Eggs per layer

  No.

22.99

25.02

23.15

21.55

22.39

21.65

Eggs produced

  Mil.

           
       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

33,623

34,892

36,845

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

771,146

809,284

771,719

    Egg-type

  Thou.

8,694

11,296

10,313

33,782

35,823

35,152

    Broiler-type

  Thou.

242,761

254,642

248,789

631,849

656,333

632,413

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/