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NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  December 2006
Monthly 
No. 973-12-06

NEW YORK AND U.S. FALL POTATO PRODUCTION UP

New  York  production  of  fall  potatoes for  2006  is  estimated  at 5.70  million  hundredweight  (cwt.) , up 9 percent  from  a  year  ago.

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2006 is forecast at 391 million cwt, up 2 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 976,900 acres, is virtually unchanged from the July estimate but 3 percent above last year.  The average yield is forecast at 400 cwt per acre, 3 cwt below last year's record high.

Western States production is forecast at 265 million cwt, down 2 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 608,000 acres, increased 1 percent from last year but the average yield of 436 cwt per acre is down 13 cwt from 2005.  Central States production is forecast at 98.5 million cwt, up 11 percent from last year.  Harvested area, at 277,400 acres, is up 7 percent, while average yields, at 355 cwt per acre, are up 11 cwt from a year ago. 

Eastern States production is forecast at 27.4 million cwt, up 13 percent from last year.  Area for harvest totaled 91,500 acres, 1 percent above last year, while the average yield, at 299 cwt per acre, is up 31 cwt from last season.  Maine production is forecast at 18.0 million cwt, 16 percent above 2005.  Excellent growing and harvesting conditions resulted in a high yielding, high quality crop.  Yield is expected to be 310 cwt per acre.  If realized, this will match the record high yield set in 2004. 

Fall Potato Acreage, Yield and Production,
New York and United States, 2004-2006

Crop

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

 

1,000 acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

                   

New York

     19.2

  20.1

  19.0

270

260

300

    5,184

    5,226

    5,700

                   

United States

                 

Total Fall States

1,022.3

949.0

976.9

401

403

400

410,253

382,743

390,917

                   

NEW YORK DRY BEAN PRODUCTION DOWN

Dry bean production in New York for the 2006 crop totaled 239,000 hundredweight (cwt), down 15 percent from last yearís production.  Harvested acreage, at 18,000 acres was down 12 percent from last year. Yields averaged 1,330 pounds per acre compared with 1,230 pounds per acre in 2005.

Light red kidney bean production in the state is estimated at 88,000 cwt. compared with 134,000 cwt. in 2005.  Production came from 6,600 acres harvested.  Light red kidney beans accounted for 37 percent of the total dry bean production in New York.  Dark red kidney bean production in estimated at 15,000 cwt. compared with 10,000 cwt. in 2005.  Black turtle bean production is set at 126,000 cwt., down 2 percent from the 128,000 cwt. produced a year earlier.  Production of all other varieties totaled 10,000 cwt. the same as a year ago.  U.S. dry edible bean production is forecast at 23.8 million cwt for 2006, virtually unchanged from the October forecast but 11 percent below the revised 2005 production.  Harvested acreage is forecast at 1.53 million acres, 2 percent below the last forecast but virtually unchanged from the previous year's revised acreage.  The average U.S. yield is forecast at 1,558 pounds per acre, an increase of 35 pounds from the October forecast but 188 pounds below the revised 2005 yield.  Production is below a year ago in 13 of the 18 producing States.  Production in North Dakota is forecast at 7.62 million cwt, 11 percent below 2005.  In Michigan, production is forecast at 3.87 million cwt, 1 percent below last year.  Nebraska growers produced 2.64 million cwt of dry beans, 32 percent less than last year.

Dry Bean Production by Class, New York and United States, 2004-2006

Class

New York

United States

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

 

Thousand bags 1/

Thousand bags 1/

             

Light Red Kidney

128

134

  88

806

1,144

739

Dark Red Kidney

  15

  10

  15

682

918

821

Black

  93

128

126

1,870

1,797

2,584

All Other

  11

  10

  10

604

754

742

             

TOTAL

247

282

239

17,788

26,772

23,843

             

1/ 100 lb. bag (cleaned basis).

U.S. HIRED WORKERS DOWN 5 PERCENTWAGE RATES UP 3 PERCENT FROM A YEAR AGO

There were 1,077,000 hired workers on the Nationís farms and ranches during the week of October 8-14, 2006, down 5 percent from a year ago.  Of these hired workers, 797,000 workers were hired directly by farm operators.  Agricultural service employees on farms and ranches made up the remaining 280,000 workers.

Farm operators paid their hired workers an average wage of $9.95 per hour during the October 2006 reference week, up 34 cents from a year earlier.  Field workers received an average of $9.25 per hour, up 35 cents from last October, while livestock workers earned $9.41 per hour compared with $9.15 a year earlier.  The field and livestock worker combined wage rate, at $9.29 per hour, was up 33 cents from last year.     

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

Oct. 9-15,
2005

July 9-15,
2006

Oct. 8-14,
2006

Oct. 9-15,
2005

July 9-15,
2006 2/

Oct. 8-14,
2006

 

Thousand workers

   

All hired workers

      38

    36

      37

  842

  876

  797

Worked 150 days or more

      29

    24

      27

  621

  630

  592

Worked less than 150 days

        9

    12

      10

  221

  246

  205

             
 

Hours worked per worker

             

            All hired workers

  40.1

39.1

  40.9

42.0

41.0

41.6

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

Field workers

  9.42

9.28

  9.80

8.90

8.93

9.25

Livestock workers

  9.42

9.57

  8.62

9.15

9.49

9.41

Field and livestock workers

  9.42

9.38

  9.42

8.96

9.07

9.29

All hired workers

10.19

9.95

10.20

9.61

9.72

9.95

             

1/New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast 1 region.
2/Revised.                                                                             


NOVEMBER MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM OCTOBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during November increased from a month earlier. The price of corn, wheat, hay and eggs also increased.  The price of potatoes and apples decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.78 per bushel, increased 19 cents from October and 73 cents from last year.  Wheat price was $4.15, 55 cents above last month and $1.78 above last year. Hay averaged $131.00 per ton, $13.00 more than October and $22.00 more than November 2005.  Potatoes, at $12.50 per hundredweight, decreased $1.80 from October and 20 cents from November last year.  Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 33.20 cents per pound this month, 1.90 cents more than last month and 6.40 more than last year.   Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $14.20 per hundredweight of milk sold during November, 10 cents more than October but $1.90 less than November a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 69 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 32 cents from October and 18 cents more than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in November, at 121 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 5 points (4.3 percent) from October. The Crop Index is up 10 points (8.7 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 1 point (0.9 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for corn, soybeans, eggs, and milk. Lower prices were received for cattle, tomatoes, oranges, and hogs. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell.  Increased average marketings of milk, cattle, cotton, and oranges offset decreased marketings of soybeans, potatoes, peanuts, and lettuce.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

            Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.05

2.59

2.78

1.77

2.54

3.12

Oats

bu.

1.28

1.32

1.33

1.54

1.77

1.07

Wheat

bu.

2.37

3.60

4.15

3.45

4.59

4.62

Barley

bu.

-

1.90

-

2.58

2.76

3.14

Hay, baled

ton

109.00

118.00

131.00

91.70

107.00

106.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.70

14.30

12.50

6.26

5.97

6.43

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

26.80

35.10

33.20

 

37.30

 
               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

16.10

14.10

14.20

15.10

13.50

13.80

Milk cows 3/

head

-

1,550.00

-

-

1,650.00

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.510

0.370

0.690

0.484

0.382

0.675

Slaughter cows

cwt.

41.90

40.30

4/

45.90

45.90

43.70

Steers and heifers

cwt.

66.20

65.40

4/

97.10

94.00

90.00

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

43.10

41.90

4/

90.80

88.50

84.40

Calves

cwt.

165.20

136.80

4/

137.00

127.00

119.00

Hogs

cwt.

39.90

38.70

4/

43.50

46.50

44.50

Lambs

cwt.

92.20

93.50

4/

107.00

98.10

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

112

116

121

Prices paid

       

142

146

146

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

79

79

83

           

1/         Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/         New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/         Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/         Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, October 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.3

  2.9

2,679.2

2,855.5

3.9

3.4

3,428.3

3,678.8

Calves

8.0

10.1

56.4

63.5

1.5

2.0

20.9

23.0

Hogs

2.9

 2.9

9,118.1

9,636.2

  .6

   .8

2,449.7

2,596.7

Sheep and lambs

3.0

 2.8

228.2

236.0

  .3

   .2

31.4

31.1

                 

1/         Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

3

NOVEMBER MILK PRODUCTION INCREASES

New York dairy herds produced 972 million pounds of milk during November.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 1 percent increase in milk production compared to November 2005.  The number of milk cows averaged 633,000 head, down 15,000 head from November of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,535 pounds, up 50 pounds from the November 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during November totaled 13.3 billion pounds, up 2.5 percent from November 2005. October production, unrevised at 3.7 billion pounds, was up 2.1 percent from October 2005.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,616 pounds for November, 24 pounds above November 2005.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.25 million head, 81,000 head more than November 2005, and 3,000 head more than October 2006.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

       

Milk Production

Mil. lb.

962

1,005

972

13,002

13,652

13,328

Milk per cow

Lb.

1,485

1,575

1,535

1,592

1,656

1,616

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

648

638

633

8,167

8,246

8,248

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Oct
2005

Sep
2006

Oct
2006

Oct
2005

Sep
2006

Oct
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,011

966

1,060

108,915

103,771

118,172

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

312,321

325,166

320,978

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,202

15,068

15,702

243,671

257,598

263,419

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

19,098

20,445

20,072

249,329

267,407

259,505

Ice cream, hard

  Thou.gal.

2,273

2,231

2,301

69,862

72,705

64,299

       

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 5 PERCENT IN OCTOBER

Egg production on New York farms, totaled 104 million eggs in October 2006, up 5 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.39 million, was up 7 percent from October 2005, and the rate of lay per 100 layers decreased 2 percent to 2,367 eggs.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.67 billion during October 2006, up slightly from last year.  Production included 6.60 billion table eggs, and 1.07 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.00 billion were broiler-type and 67 million were egg-type.  The total number of layers during October 2006 averaged 344 million, up slightly from last year.  October egg production per 100 layers was 2,231 eggs, down slightly from October 2005.



Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Oct

2005

Sep

2006

Oct

2006

Oct

2005

Sep

2006

Oct

2006

   

New York

United States

               

Egg type layers 1/

  Thou.

2/

2/

2/

286,036

287,575

288,079

               

All layers

  Thou.

4,105

4,277

4,394

342,823

342,611

343,776

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.12

23.15

23.67

22.36

21.66

22.31

Eggs produced

  Mil.

99

99

104

7,665

7,420

7,671

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

35,461

36,845

36,271

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

776,449

771,719

771,822

Chicken eggs in incubators

             

  Egg-type 1/

  Thou.

9,169

10,313

9,855

33,721

35,152

32,762

  Broiler-type 1/

  Thou.

239,753

248,789

242,204

623,102

632,413

608,412

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge

at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/