E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  January 2007
Monthly
No. 973-1-07

WINTER WHEAT SEEDINGS

New York producers seeded a total of 85,000 acres of winter wheat in the fall of 2006 for harvest in 2007. This is down 19 percent from the 105,000 acres seeded a year ago.

U.S. winter wheat seeded area for 2007 is expected to total 44.1 million acres, up 9 percent from 2006.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Small Grains,
New York and United States, 2004-2006

Crop

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

 

1,000 Acres

Bushels

1,000 Bushels

New York

                 

Wheat, winter

100

95

95

    53

    54

    61

5,300

5,130

5,795

Oats

50

75

67

    65

    54

    74

3,250

4,050

4,958

Barley

10

15

12

    53

    49

    55

530

735

660

                   

United States

                 

Wheat, winter

34,462

33,794

31,117

43.5

44.4

41.7

1,499,434

1,499,129

1,298,081

Wheat, all

49,999

50,119

46,810

43.2

42.0

38.7

2,158,245

2,104,690

1,812,036

Oats

1,787

1,823

1,576

64.7

63.0

59.5

115,695

114,878

93,764

Barley

4,021

3,269

2,951

69.6

64.8

61.0

279,743

211,896

180,051

Rye

300

279

274

27.5

27.0

26.3

8,255

7,537

7,193




NEW YORK HAY STOCKS DOWN

New York farms held a total of 1.45 million tons of hay on December 1, 2006, compared with 1.65 million tons on hand December 1, 2005.  

Nationally, hay stocks on farms December 1, 2006 was estimated at 96 million tons. This estimate reflects an 8 percent decrease from last year’s 105 million tons.

 


2006 CORN PRODUCTION UP

New York grain corn production totaled 62.0 million bushels in 2006, up 8 percent from 2005's 57.0 million bushels. Acres harvested for grain totaled 480,000, up 4 percent from the 460,000 acres harvested last year. The statewide yield, at a record high 129 bushels per acre, was up 5 bushels from last year.

Hay Stocks on Farms
 
Field Corn Acreage, New York, 2004-2006
 

State

December 1

May 1

 

Disposition

2004

2005

2006

 

2005

2006

2005

2006

 
 

1,000 Tons

1,000 Tons

 

1,000 Acres

 
                   

New York

1,650

1,451

440

285

Total planted

980

990

950

 

Connecticut

55

65

21

9

For All Grain

500

460

480

 

Massachusetts

76

90

17

17

  Dry ear or dry shelled

380

360

390

 

New Jersey

112

97

36

8

  High moisture shelled

95

90

80

 

Pennsylvania

1,700

3,485

650

410

  High moisture ground ear

25

10

10

 

Vermont

257

273

71

57

For Silage

470

520

460

 
         

Forage and abandoned

10

10

10

 

U.S.

105,056

96,397

27,758

21,345

         
                   

NEW YORK HOG INVENTORY INCREASES

Pork producers in New York had 98,000 hogs and pigs on hand December 1, 2006. This total was up 18 percent from the 83,000 head on hand a year earlier.

Of the current inventory, 12,000 hogs are for breeding purposes up 2,000 head from the previous December. The remaining 86,000 hogs and pigs, raised for home use or the slaughter market, increased by 13,000 head from a year ago.

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2006 was 62.1 million head. This was up 1 percent from December 1, 2005, but down 1 percent from September 1, 2006. Breeding inventory, at 6.09 million head, was up 1 percent from last year and up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 56.1 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down 1 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2006 pig crop, at 26.6 million head, was up 1 percent from 2005 and up 3 percent from 2004. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.91 million head, up slightly from 2005 and up 1 percent from 2004. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.13 for the September-November 2006 period, compared to 9.03 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

Hog and Pig Inventory Number, Sows Farrowing and Pig Crop
New York and United States, 2004-2006

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005 1/

2006

   

Thousand

Thousand

  Inventory-December 1:

             

  All Hogs and Pigs

No.

84

83

98

60,975

61,449

62,149

    Kept for breeding

No.

12

10

12

5,969

6,011

6,088

    Market

No.

72

73

86

55,005

55,438

56,061

               

  Market Hogs by Weight Groups:

             

  Under 60 pounds

No.

26

24

23

19,980

20,055

20,334

  60-119 pounds

No.

18

16

22

13,439

13,524

13,603

  120-179 pounds

No.

13

17

21

11,186

11,293

11,544

  180 pounds and over

No.

15

16

20

10,401

10,567

10,580

               

  Sows Farrowing:

             

  December 2/-November

No.

16.8

14.6

15.6

11,498

11,535

11,590

               

  Pig Crop:

             

    December 2/-November

No.

166

130

149

102,780

103,965

105,430

               

  Pigs Per Litter:

             

  December 2/-November

No.

9.88

8.90

9.55

8.94

9.01

9.10

               

1/  Revised.
2/  December preceding year.

2006 NEW YORK TURKEY
PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT

Turkey producers in New York raised 630,000 turkeys during 2006. This total is up 2 percent from the 2005 number raised and up 9 percent from the 2004 number raised. Turkeys raised in the United States during 2006 totaled 262 million birds, up 4 percent from the 252 million raised in 2005. Minnesota ranked first in the number raised with 45.0 million, followed by North Carolina with 37.5 million, Arkansas with 30.0 million, Virginia with 21.5 million, Missouri with 20.0 million, California with 15.8 million, and Indiana with 13.8 million. These States accounted for 70 percent of the turkeys produced in the United States during 2006.

U.S. TURKEY OUTLOOK FOR 2006

Turkey growers in 23 States intend to increase the number of birds raised by 4 percent in 2007. The number of turkeys actually raised in 2007 may vary from growers' intentions shown in this report depending on feed costs, supply of hatching eggs, cost of poults, and prices growers receive for turkeys during the next few months.

Turkeys Raised, New York and
United States, 2004-2006

 
Turkeys Raised
Production Area
2004
2005
2006
 
Thousands
       
New York
580
620
630
United States
263,207
252.053
261,960


DECEMBER MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM NOVEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during December increased from a month earlier. The price of corn, wheat, hay and eggs also increased. The price of potatoes and apples decreased. Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in December, at 121 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 1 point (0.8 percent) from November. The Crop Index is up 6 points (4.9 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 3 points (2.6 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for lettuce, corn, grapes, and broccoli.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Dec
2005

Nov
2006

Dec
2006

Dec
2005

Nov
2006

Dec
2006

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.00

2.75

2.98

1.88

3.12

3.01

Oats

bu.

1.28

1.71

1.31

1.73

1.97

2.06

Wheat

bu.

3.10

4.39

4.33

3.47

4.62

4.59

Barley

bu.

-

-

2.54

3.14

3.25

Soybeans

bu.

5.10

5.85

5.65

5.71

6.15

6.14

Hay, baled

ton

117.00

131.00

126.00

92.00

106.00

108.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.90

12.50

12.50

6.60

6.43

7.22

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

27.00

33.20

28.70

26.50

34.10

33.10

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

15.00

14.20

14.60

14.70

13.80

14.20

Milk cows 3/

head

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.600

0.690

0.720

0.482

0.675

0.665

Slaughter cows

cwt.

43.10

38.81

4/

46.00

43.70

42.90

Steers and heifers

cwt.

69.50

63.52

4/

97.30

90.00

89.20

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

44.60

40.34

4/

91.30

84.40

83.70

Calves

cwt.

145.10

90.52

4/

133.00

119.00

115.00

Hogs

cwt.

40.60

36.09

4/

43.60

44.50

43.20

Lambs

cwt.

104.30

89.59

4/

107.00

95.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

115

120

121

Prices paid

       

143

146

148

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

80

82

82

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/     Price available next month.

 Stocks of Grain, United States, December 1, 2006 with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Dec 1,
2005

Sep 1,
2006

Dec 1,
2006

Dec 1,
2005

Sep 1,
2006

Dec 1,
2006

 

Thousand Bushels

Thousand Bushels

             

  Corn (old crop)

6,325,000

749,500

5,627,000

9,812,835

1,967,161

8,929,820

  Sorghum (old crop)

55,000

5,250

38,100

288,891

65,663

206,670

  All Wheat

513,000

572,020

403,250

1,429,531

1,750,544

1,314,614

  Oats

60,100

60,800

53,000

95,735

100,084

96,244

  Soybeans

1,345,000

176,300

1,461,000

2,502,389

449,326

2,697,498

  Barley

103,650

112,850

83,650

207,985

212,789

172,714

             

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, November 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

3.0

  2.9

2,668.1

2,841.2

3.5

3.3

3,426.7

3,668.8

Calves

9.0

13.1

56.4

66.8

1.8

2.5

20.6

23.4

Hogs

2.8

  2.5

9,133.2

9,367.6

  .6

  .7

2,983.8

2,552.7

Sheep and lambs

2.8

  3.0

224.0

248.0

  .3

  .2

31.6

30.6

                 

1/             Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

DECEMBER MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 984 million pounds of milk during December. Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 2 percent decline in milk production compared to December 2005. The number of milk cows averaged 629 thousand head, down 21 thousand head from December of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1565 pounds, up 20 pounds from the December 2005 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during December totaled 14.0 billion pounds, up 2.7 percent from December 2005. November revised production, at 13.3 billion pounds, was up 2.6 percent from November 2005. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,689 pounds for December, 26 pounds above December 2005. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.27 million head, 86,000 head more than December 2005, and 14,000 head more than November 2006.



Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Dec
2005

Nov
2006

Dec
2006

Dec
2005

Nov
2006

Dec
2006

       

  Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,004

972

984

13,599

13,328

13,963

  Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,545

1,535

1,565

1,663

1,616

1,689

  No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

650

633

629

8,179

8,248

8,265

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

       

  Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,082

1,060

1,065

110,905

118,598

115,686

  American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

313,195

321,234

316,253

  Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,756

15,702

14,110

252,933

263,140

259,459

  Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

16,157

20,072

18,068

219,567

262,864

229,753

  Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,594

2,301

1,748

61,133

64,360

57,943

       

   
NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 2 PERCENT IN NOVEMBER

  Egg production on New York farms, totaled 95 million eggs in November 2006, down 2 percent from last year. The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.14 million, increased slightly from November 2005, but the rate of lay decreased 3 percent to 22.92 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.52 billion during November 2006, up slightly from last year. Production included 6.49 billion table eggs, and 1.03 billion hatching eggs, of which 969 million were broiler-type and 64 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during November 2006 averaged 346 million, down slightly from last year. November egg production per 100 layers was 2,176 eggs, up slightly from November 2005.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Nov
2005

Oct
2006

Nov
2006

Nov
2005

Oct
 2006

Nov
2006

   

New York

United States

               

  Egg type layers 1/

  Thou.

2/

2/

2/

290,457

288,079

290,128

               

  All layers

  Thou.

4,113

4,264

4,144

345,874

343,894

345,696

  Eggs per layer

  No.

23.58

22.75

22.17

21.72

22.29

21.76

  Eggs produced

  Mil.

97

97

95

7,514

7,666

7,522

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

  Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

32,285

36,271

31,748

  Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

747,866

771,882

729,460

  Chicken eggs in incubators

             

      Egg-type 1/

  Thou.

9,984

9,855

9,196

34,247

32,762

34,240

      Broiler-type 1/

  Thou.

252,148

242,204

255,868

660,019

608,412

652,019

       

1/  First day of following month.
2/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.