E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP
AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

Released:  February 2007

Monthly

No. 973-2-07

NEW YORK CATTLE INVENTORY INCREASES

New York cattle and calves totaled 1.42 million on January 1, 2007.  All cattle and calves were 1 percent above the January 1 total of the previous year. 

Milk cows, which comprise 44 percent of the total cattle in New York, numbered 628,000 head, down 4 percent below January of the previous year.  New York remained third in the US in number of dairy cows behind California with 1.79 million and Wisconsin with 1.25 million.  Milk cow replacement heifers were up 3 percent from a year earlier.

Beef  cows  totaled  112,000  head,  up  44  percent  from  a  year ago.  Beef cow replacement heifers totaled 36,000 head, up 11,000 head from a year earlier.  Other heifers and steers weighing  500  pounds  or  more,  which  are  normally  on  feed  for slaughter, were up 18 percent to 83,000 head.  Bulls 500 pounds or more were down 6 percent at 16,000 head.  The 2006 New York calf crop totaled 210,000 head, down 11 percent from 2005.

NEW YORK SHEEP AND GOAT INVENTORIES

New York sheep and lambs totaled 74,000 head on January 1, 2007, up 5 percent from the 70,000 head of the previous year.  A total of 51,000 lambs were born in New York during 2006, unchanged from 2005.  Breeding ewes one year old and older in 2006 totaled 41,000 head, yielding a lambing rate of 124 per 100 ewes, which is 4 percent above the rate of 2005. 

New York total goat inventory totaled 31,800 head on January 1, 2007.  Total goat inventory was down 6 percent from a year earlier.  Angora goats totaled 1,000 head, unchanged from 2006.  Milk goats totaled 12,000 head for January 1, 2007, a 6 percent decrease from the pervious year.  Meat goats totaled 18,800 head for 2007, 1,200 head below the 2006 total.

Cattle and Sheep on Farms and Value, January 1 1/

 

Unit

New York

United States 2/

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

   

1,000

Million

               

    All cattle and calves

No.

1,410

1,400

1,420

95.4

97.1

97.0

    Cows and heifers that have calved

 

730

730

740

41.9

42.1

42.0

      Kept for milk

No.

650

652

628

  9.0

  9.1

  9.1

      Kept for beef

80

78

112

32.9

33.3

33.4

    Heifers 500 lbs. and over

             

      For milk replacement

305

325

335

  4.1

  4.3

  4.3

      For beef replacement

27

25

36

  5.7

  5.9

  5.9

      Other heifers

48

40

49

  9.8

  9.8

  9.9

    Bulls 500 lbs. and over

16

17

16

  2.2

  2.3

  2.2

    Steers 500 lbs. and over

34

28

34

16.5

16.9

17.2

    Calves less than 500 lbs.

250

235

210

15.2

15.5

15.5

    Cattle and calves on feed

23

18

20

13.7

14.1

14.3

               

    All sheep and lambs

75

70

74

  6.1

  6.2

  6.2

    All breeding sheep

58

54

56

  4.5

  4.6

  4.6

      Ewes 1 year and older

43

41

43

  3.6

  3.7

  0.2

      Rams 1 year and older

3

3

4

  0.2

  0.2

  0.7

      Replacement lambs

12

10

9

  0.8

  0.8

  1.6

    Market sheep and lambs

17

16

18

  1.6

  1.6

 
               

    Goats

No.

32,000

33,800

31,800

  2.7

  2.8

  2.9

      Goats for meat

19,000

20,000

18,800

  2.2

  2.3

  2.4

      Goats for milk

13,000

12,800

12,000

  0.3

  0.3

  0.3

      Angora-type goats

900

1,000

1,000

  0.3

  0.3

  0.2

  1U.S. totals may not add due to rounding.

FIELD CROPS:   Acreage, yield, production, season average price and value,
New York, 2004-2006 

Year

Acres

Yield
per
acre

Unit

Production

Mkt. year wtd. average price 1/

Value of production

Planted

Harvested

 

Thousands

   

Thousands

 

Thousands

    CORN FOR GRAIN

2004

   980

   500

122.0

Bushels

61,000

    2.37

144,570

2005

   990

   460

1,240

Bushels

57,040

    2.29

130,622

2006

   950

   480

129.0

Bushels

61,920

    3.30

204,336

 

    CORN FOR SILAGE

       

2004

     -

   470

  17.0

       Tons

  7,990

  26.00

207,740

2005

     -

   520

  17.0

       Tons

  8,840

  25.70

227,188

2006

     -

   460

  18.0

       Tons

  8,280

  27.50

227,700

 

    ALL WHEAT

2004

   105

   100

  53.0

Bushels

  5,300

    2.80

  14,840

2005

   100

     95

  54.0

Bushels

  5,130

    3.34

  17,134

2006

   105

     95

  61.0

Bushels

  5,795

    3.45

  19,993

 

    OATS

2004

     65

     50

  65.0

Bushels

  3,250

    1.80

    5,850

2005

     95

     75

  54.0

Bushels

  4,050

    1.64

    6,642

2006

     85

     67

  74.0

Bushels

  4,958

    1.60

    7,933

 

    BARLEY

2004

     14

     10

  53.0

Bushels

     530

    2.05

    1,087

2005

     17

     15

  49.0

Bushels

     735

    1.80

    1,323

2006

     17

     12

  55.0

Bushels

     660

    1.95

    1,287

 

    RYE

2004

     30

       9

  43.0

Bushels

     387

    2.00

       774

2005

     30

     10

  20.0

Bushels

     300

    2.00

       600

2006

         

    2.00

       580

 

    POTATOES

2004

  20.0

  19.2

    270

       Cwt.

  5,184

    8.05

  42,768

2005

  20.5

  20.1

    260

       Cwt.

  5,226

  12.20

  63,757

2006

  20.6

  19.0

    300

       Cwt.

  5,700

  12.40

  70,680

 

    DRY BEANS 2/

2004

     24

  23.5

1,050

       Cwt.

     247

  27.90

    6,891

2005

     25

  23.0

1,230

       Cwt.

     282

  21.40

    6,035

2006

     19

  18.0

1,330

       Cwt.

     239

  25.00

    5,975

 

    SOYBEANS

2004

   175

   172

  39.0

Bushels

  6,708

    5.40

  36,223

2005

   190

   188

  42.0

Bushels

  7,896

    5.20

  41,059

2006

   200

   198

  46.0

Bushels

  9,108

    5.45

  49,639

 

    ALL HAY

2004

       -

1,270

  2.30

       Tons

  2,916

115.00

326,924

2005

       -

1,650

  1.59

       Tons

  2,625

110.00

284,235

2006

       -

1,520

  1.84

       Tons

  2,790

125.00

313,965

 

    ALFALFA HAY

2004

       -

   470

  2.80

       Tons

  1,316

139.00

182,924

2005

       -

   450

  2.10

       Tons

     945

131.00

123,795

2006

       -

   370

  2.10

       Tons

     777

145.00

112,665

 

    ALL OTHER HAY

2004

       -

   800

  2.00

       Tons

  1,600

  89.00

142,400

2005

       -

1,200

  1.40

       Tons

  1,680

  95.50

160,440

2006

       -

1,150

  1.75

       Tons

  2,013

100.00

201,300

 

1/   Preliminary 2005 marketing year average price estimates are based on prices through November with an allowance for projected prices       for the remainder of the marketing year.
2/   Yield in pounds per acre.  Production is in thousands of cwt.


JANUARY MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM DECEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during January increased from a month earlier.  The price of corn, wheat, apples and eggs also increased.  The price of potatoes and hay decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain  corn,  at  $3.46  per  bushel,  increased  50  cents  from December  and  $1.42  from  last  year.  Wheat  price  was  $4.70, 36  cents  above  last  month  and  $1.50  above  last  year.  Hay averaged  $124.00  per  ton,  $2.00  less  than  December  but $3.00 more than January 2006.  Potatoes, at $10.80 per hundredweight,  decreased  $1.10  from  December  and  $2.00 from  January  last  year.  Fresh  market  apple  prices  at  the packinghouse  door  averaged  29.70  cents  per  pound  this  month,  1  cent  more  than  last  month  and  2.90  cents  more  than  last  year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $14.80 per hundredweight of milk sold during January, 30 cents more than December and 10 cents more than January a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 81 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 9 cents from December and 40 cents more than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in January, at 124 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (2.5 percent) from December. The Crop Index is up 4 points (3.1 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 3 points (2.7 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for corn, oranges, broilers, and eggs. Lower prices were received for cattle, tomatoes, calves, and grapefruit. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of broilers, cotton, soybeans, and rice offset decreased marketings of oranges, tobacco, eggs, and cattle.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

New York

United States

Jan 2006

Dec 2006

Jan 2007

Jan 2006

Dec 2006

Jan 2007

 

Dollars

Dollars

     

Corn

2.13

2.96

3.46

2.00

3.01

3.23

Oats

1.80

1.73

1.84

1.73

1.97

2.12

Wheat

3.53

4.34

4.70

3.52

4.51

4.50

Barley

-

-

-

2.42

2.95

3.13

Hay, baled

121.00

126.00

124.00

93.10

108.00

112.00

Potatoes

12.80

11.90

10.80

7.07

6.90

6.98

Apples, fresh market 2/

26.80

28.70

29.70

21.70

26.10

28.70

             

Milk, wholesale

14.70

14.50

14.80

14.50

14.10

14.40

Milk cows 3/

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

.510

.720

.810

.547

.674

.815

Slaughter cows

44.65

40.68

4/

47.30

42.20

43.80

Steers and heifers

70.58

63.90

4/

102.00

89.30

90.30

All slaughter cattle

46.49

42.22

4/

95.10

83.60

85.00

Calves

170.44

89.44

4/

141.00

115.00

115.00

Hogs

44.10

30.47

4/

40.70

43.50

41.40

Lambs

117.47

95.39

4/

96.10

93.20

4/

             

Index (1990-92=100)

           

Prices received

     

113

121

124

Prices paid

     

148

150

152

Ratio prices received to prices paid

     

76

81

82

         

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

  Commercial Livestock Slaughter, January 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

1,000 pounds

1,000 pounds

                 

Cattle

  2.8

  2.4

2,667.1

2,609.1

3,164

2,755

3,415,148

3,382,844

Calves

10.6

13.2

60.0

68.1

2,280

2,605

22,259

23,557

Hogs

  2.9

  2.7

9,234.5

8,883.1

   638

   703

2,510,536

2,418,256

Sheep and lambs

  3.5

  4.8

230.8

223.7

   305

   399

32,899

30,456

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

 JANUARY MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 1.01 billion pounds of milk during January.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 2 percent decline in milk production compared to January 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 628 thousand head, down 19 thousand head from January of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1610 pounds, up 15 pounds from the January 2006 rate.

Milk  production  in  the  23  major  States  during  January  totaled 14.2  billion  pounds,  up  1.4  percent  from  January  2006.  Production  per  cow  in  the  23  major  States  averaged  1,719 pounds  for  January,  8  pounds  above  January  2006.  The  number of  cows  on  farms  in  the  23  major  States  was  8.28  million  head, 81,000  head  more  than  January  2006,  and  3,000  head  more  than  December  2006.

 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Jan 2006

Dec 2006

Jan 2007

Jan 2006

Dec 2006

Jan 2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,032

992

1,011

14,027

13,983

14,228

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,595

1,580

1,610

1,711

1,690

1,719

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

647

628

628

8,198

8,276

8,279

       

   Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Dec

2006

Nov

2005

Dec

 2006

Dec.

2005

Nov.

 2006

Dec

2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,633

1,065

1,474

125,953

117,560

137,884

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

330,135

314,945

340,032

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,224

14,110

15,941

267,803

257,433

279,616

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

16,418

18,110

17,742

225,908

230,109

246,508

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,305

1,748

1,656

54,854

56,749

49,396

       

   NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 1 PERCENT IN DECEMBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 102 million eggs in December 2006, down 1 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.07 million, decreased 2 percent from December 2005, but the rate of lay increased 1 percent to 25.04 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.78 billion during December 2006, down slightly from last year. Production included 6.68 billion table eggs, and 1.09 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.03 billion were broiler-type and 66 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during December 2006 averaged 348 million, down slightly from last year. December egg production per 100 layers was 2,234 eggs, down slightly from December 2005.

 Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Dec

2005

Nov

2006

Dec

2006

Dec

2005

Nov

2006

Dec

2006

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,167

4,144

4,073

345,618

345,696

348,545

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.72

22.17

25.04

22.35

21.76

22.34

Eggs produced

  Mil.

           
       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

35,917

31,748

33,430

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

808,525

729,460

795,445

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,535

9,196

9,939

35,547

34,240

34,383

Broiler-type

  Thou.

253,837

255,868

255,866

660,613

652,019

652,471

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/