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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
April 2007

Monthly

No. 973-4-07

NEW YORK PROSPECTIVE PLANTINGS - 2007 CROP

Preliminary planting intentions of New York farmers as of March 1, 2007 indicate decreases for barley, dry hay and winter wheat. Oats, soybeans, dry beans, and corn are expected to increase.  Empire State farmers intend to plant 1,020,000 acres of corn for all purposes (grain and silage) for the 2007 crop year, up 7 percent from last year. Soybean plantings are expected to increase by 1 percent to 210,000 acres which if realized is a record high planted area. Dry bean intentions, at 20,000 acres, is up 1 percent from last year. New York farmers intend to harvest 1.48 million acres of dry hay in 2007, 3 percent below last year. Wheat planted acreage totaled 85,000 acres, down 20 percent from 2006. Oat plantings are expected to total 95,000 acres, up 12 percent from a year earlier.  Barley plantings are expected to total 16,000 acres, 6 percent below last year.

Nationally, corn planted area for all purposes is estimated at 90.5 million acres, up 15 percent from 2006 and 11 percent higher than 2005.  If realized this would be the highest acreage since 1944, when 95.5 million acres were planted for all purposes.  Expected acreage is up in nearly all States as high corn prices are encouraging farmers to plant more acres to corn.  The increase in intended corn acres is partially offset by lower expected acres of soybeans in the Corn Belt and Great Plains and fewer expected acres of cotton and rice in the Delta and Southeast.  Illinois farmers intend to plant a record high of

12.9 million acres of corn this spring, up 1.60 million acres from last year.  North Dakota and Minnesota growers also expect to plant record high corn acres, up 910,000 and 600,000 acres, respectively.  Soybean producers intend to plant 67.1 million acres in 2007, down 11 percent from last year. If realized, this will be the lowest planted area since 1996. Acreage decreases are expected in all growing areas, except in New York and the Southeast. Large decreases in soybean acreage are expected across the Corn Belt, with the largest decline expected in Illinois, down 1.40 million acres from 2006. However, area planted to soybeans is expected to increase in the Southeast, with Georgia expecting the largest increase from last year at 95,000 acres. Planted acreage in New York is expected to be the largest on record at 210,000 acres.

All wheat planted area is estimated at 60.3 million acres, up 5 percent from 2006. The 2007 winter wheat planted area, at 44.5 million acres, is 10 percent above last year and up 1 percent from the previous estimate. Of this total, about 31.9 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 8.66 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.92 million acres are White Winter. Area planted to other spring wheat for 2007 is expected to total 13.8 million acres, down 7 percent from 2006. Of this total, about 13.3 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat. The intended Durum planted area for 2007 is 1.99 million acres, up 6 percent from the previous year. 

Prospective Plantings as of March 1, 2007, New York and United States

Crop

New York

United States

Planted
2005

Planted
2006

Indicated 2007

2007 as % 2006

Planted
2005

Planted
2006

Indicated 2007

2007 as % 2006

           

Corn, all

   990

   950

1,030

107

81,771

 78,327

 90,454

115

Oats

     95

     85

     95

112

  4,246

   4,168

   4,029

  97

Hay, all 1/

1,650

1,520

1,480

  97

61,729

 60,807

 63,056

104

Dry beans

  25.0

     19

     20

105

1,630.0

1,629.8

1,504.5

  92

Barley

     17

     17

     16

  94

  3,875

   3,452

   3,703

107

Wheat, all 2/

   100

   105

     85

  80

40,433

 40,575

 44,505

110

Soybeans

   190

   200

   210

105

72,032

 75,522

 67,140

  89

                 

1/  Acreage for harvest.
2/  Includes spring wheat, durum, and winter wheat.

U.S. HOG INVENTORY UP 1 PERCENT

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2007 was 61.1 million head. This was up 1 percent from March 1, 2006, but down 2 percent from December 1, 2006.  Breeding inventory, at 6.08 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 55.0 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, but down 2 percent from last quarter.

 The December 2006-February 2007 pig crop, at 26.1 million head, was  up 2 percent from 2006 and up 3 percent from 2005. Sows farrowing during this  period totaled 2.87 million head, up 1 percent from both 2006 and 2005. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 47 percent of the breeding herd.  The average pigs saved per litter was 9.08 for the December 2006-February   2007 period, compared to 9.03 last year.

Wool Production and Value, New York, 2003-2006

Year

Sheep shorn

Weight
per fleece

Wool
production

Price
per pound

Value of
production

 

1,000

Pounds

1,000 lbs.

Cents

1,000 dol.

 

2003

48

6.7

320

27.0

86

2004

53

6.7

356

21.0

75

2005

49

6.7

330

19.0

63

2006

51

7.1

360

25.0

90

   

MARCH 1, 2007 U.S. GRAIN STOCKS

Corn stocks in all positions on March 1, 2007 totaled 6.07 billion bushels, down 13 percent from March 1, 2006.  Of the total stocks, 3.33 billion bushels are stored on farms, down 18 percent from a year earlier.  Off-farm stocks, at 2.74 billion bushels, are down 7 percent from a year ago.  The December 2006 - February 2007 indicated disappearance is 2.86 billion bushels, compared with 2.83 billion bushels during the same period last year.

All wheat stored in all positions on March 1, 2007 totaled 856 million bushels, down 12 percent from a year ago.  On-farm stocks are estimated at 192 million bushels, down 25 percent from last March.  Off-farm stocks, at 663 million bushels, are down 7 percent from a year ago. The December 2006 - February 2007 indicated disappearance is 459 million bushels, up slightly from the same period a year earlier.

Stocks of Grain, United States, March 1, 2007, with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Mar 1,
2006

Dec 1,
2006

Mar 1,
2007

Mar 1,
2006

Dec 1,
2006

Mar 1,
2007

 

Million bushels

Million bushels

             

    Corn

4,055

5,627

3,330

6,987

8,930

6,069

    All Wheat

    256

   403

   192

   972

1,315

   856

    Durum Wheat 1/

     40

    24

     17

     66

     48

     39

    Soybeans

   872

1,461

   910

1,669

2,697

1,784

    Oats

     42

     53

     34

     75

     96

     71

             

1/   Included in all wheat.

NEW YORK RED MEAT PRODUCTION DOWN 11 PERCENT

Commercial red meat production in New York slaughter plants totaled 35.1 million pounds dressed weight in 2006. This output is down 11 percent from the 39.4 million pounds produced in 2005 and down 8 percent from the 38.2 million pounds produced in 2004.  The number of calves slaughtered in the State, at 111,100 head, was up 11 percent from 2005. Cattle slaughter in the Empire State totaled 30,600 head during 2006, down 18 percent from a year earlier, and 32 percent from 2004.

Red meat production for the United States totaled 47.5 billion pounds in 2006, 4 percent higher than the previous year. Nationally, commercial cattle slaughter during 2006 totaled 73.7 million head, up 4  percent from 2005. Commercial calf slaughter totaled 711,300 head, down 3 percent from a year ago. Hog slaughter totaled 104.7 million head, up 1 percent from 2005.  Sheep and lamb slaughter, at 2.70 million head, was down 5 percent from 2004.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, by Months, New York, 2006

Month

Number  of  head  slaughtered

Total  pounds  liveweight  slaughtered

Cattle

Calves

Sheep
and
Lambs

Hogs

Cattle

Calves

Sheep
and
Lambs

Hogs

All  Species

2005

2006

 

1,000  head

 

1,000  pounds

                     

    January

  2.9

    8.8

  3.6

  2.2

3,222

1,712

282

403

  5,358

5,619

    February

  2.2

    7.4

  1.6

  1.5

2,512

1,675

131

293

  5,141

4,611

    March

  2.4

    8.5

  2.6

  3.1

2,573

1,610

206

480

  5,709

4,869

    April

  2.2

    5.2

  8.6

  3.6

2,376

   878

540

520

  5,546

4,314

    May

  2.9

    6.0

  2.5

  3.9

3,076

1,160

202

652

  5,237

5,090

    June

  2.9

    7.8

  2.6

  4.0

3,110

1,250

215

687

  5,768

5,262

    July

  2.1

    9.6

  2.5

  2.8

2,223

1,616

217

529

  6,139

4,585

    August

  2.4

  12.7

  3.0

  3.6

2,739

1,633

270

663

  6,731

5,305

    September

  2.5

    8.6

  2.9

  2.9

2,705

1,226

249

558

  6,459

4,738

    October

  2.9

  10.1

  2.9

  2.9

3,186

1,504

242

584

  6,303

5,516

    November

  2.9

  13.1

  3.1

  2.5

3,146

1,772

258

496

  6,187

5,672

    December

  2.4

  13.2

  5.0

  2.7

2,617

1,892

397

460

  6,387

5,366

                     

    TOTAL  1/

30.6

111.1

40.6

35.9

33,486

17,929

3,210

6,326

70,965

60,947

           

1/   May not add due to rounding.

 

MARCH PRICES INCREASED FROM FEBRUARY

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during March increased from a month earlier. The price of potatoes, eggs, and corn also increased.  The price of apples, wheat, and hay decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $3.88 per bushel, increased 6 cents from February and increased $1.65 from last year.  Wheat price was $4.25, 21 cents below last month but 90 cents above last year. Hay averaged $117.00 per ton, $4.00 less than February but $5.00 more than March 2006.  Potatoes, at $11.20 per hundredweight, increased 20 cents from February but decreased $1.50 from March last year.  Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 28.6 cents per pound this month, slightly less than last month but 2.70 cents more than last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $15.60 per hundredweight of milk sold during March, 30 cents more than February and $2.40 more than March a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 70 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 7 cents from February and 23 cents more than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in March, at 133 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 5 points (3.9 percent) from February. The Crop Index is up 6 points (4.3 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 5 points (4.2 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for cattle, lettuce, oranges, and broilers. Lower prices were received for strawberries, celery, corn, and hogs. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of strawberries, broilers, and milk offset decreased marketings of cattle, oranges, and corn. 

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar.
2007

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar.
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.47

3.82

3.88

2.06

3.44

3.36

Oats

bu.

1.68

2.28

2.22

1.82

2.34

2.24

Wheat

bu.

3.63

4.46

4.25

3.79

4.71

4.75

Barley

bu.

1.68

-

2.70

3.10

3.27

Soybeans

bu.

5.16

9.17

6.63

5.57

6.87

6.85

Hay, baled

ton

112.00

121.00

117.00

97.50

114.00

117.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.70

11.00

11.20

8.50

7.23

8.52

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

25.90

29.20

28.60

19.80

28.50

28.40

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

13.20

15.30

15.60

12.60

14.90

15.50

Milk cows 3/

head

-

 

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

.500

.635

.700

.499

.627

.681

Slaughter cows

cwt.

46.05

44.83

4/

49.50

47.00

46.90

Steers and heifers

cwt.

73.31

70.26

4/

92.80

91.50

97.20

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

47.62

46.02

4/

87.90

86.60

91.40

Calves

cwt.

175.77

79.41

4/

139.00

117.00

123.00

Hogs

cwt.

42.50

39.75

4/

42.80

47.30

45.40

Lambs

cwt.

129.64

111.73

4/

92.10

95.40

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

113

128

133

Prices paid

       

147

153

155

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

77

84

86

           

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.

                 

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, February 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.2

  1.8

2,346.6

2,561.7

2.5

2.0

3,000.9

3,250.7

Calves

7.4

13.0

     52.7

66.9

1.7

1.6

18.7

20.4

Hogs

1.5

  2.0

8,055.6

8,117.0

  .3

  .4

2,183.6

2,183.7

Sheep and lambs

1.6

  2.6

   202.2

204.4

  .1

  .2

29.2

28.6

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


MARCH MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 1.02 billion pounds of milk during March.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow was unchanged from the previous year resulting in a 3 percent decline in milk production compared to March 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 628 thousand head, down 17 thousand head from March of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1630 pounds, unchanged from the March 2006 rate.

Milk  production  in  the  23 major  States  during  March  totaled  14.8 billion  pounds,  up  1.1  percent  from  March  2006.   Production  per cow  in  the  23  major  States  averaged  1,782  pounds  for  March,  7 pounds  above  March  2006.  The  number  of  milk  cows  on  farms  in the  23  major  States  was  8.28  million  head,  58,000  head  more than  March  2006,  and  5,000  head  more  than  February  2007.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar.
2007

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar.
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,051

   929

1,024

14,599

13,098

14,760

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,630

1,480

1,630

  1,775

  1,582

  1,782

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

   645

   628

   628

  8,224

  8,277

  8,282

       
                       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Feb.
2006

Jan.
2007

Feb.
2007

Feb.
2006

Jan.
2007

Feb.
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,639

  1,755

  1,592

136,953

151,030

134,242

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

      NA

      NA

304,376

343,095

302,133

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

29,601

32,282

28,896

307,623

353,589

320,244

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

16,389

17,723

20,378

238,108

286,256

278,332

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,045

  1,876

  2,051

62,916

64,840

64,615

       
                       

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 11 PERCENT IN FEBRUARY

Egg production on New York farms totaled 92 million eggs in February 2007, up 11 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.24 million, increased 11 percent from February 2006 and the rate of lay increased slightly to 21.72 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 6.91 billion during February 2007, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 5.92 billion table eggs, and 998 million hatching eggs, of which 937 million were broiler-type and 61 million were egg-type. February egg production per 100 layers was 1,992 eggs, down slightly from February 2006.

Poultry Briefs


Item

Unit

Feb
2006

Jan.
2007

Feb.
2007

Feb.
2006

Jan
2007

Feb.
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,825

4,314

4,236

350,018

347,133

347,005

Eggs per layer

  No.

2,170

2,411

2,172

1,994

2,200

1,992

Eggs produced

  Mil.

83

104

92

6.980

7,637

6,914

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

33,665

36,926

36,766

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

       2/

        2/

733,145

797,066

723,753

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

11,634

10,271

10,804

36,514

36,993

38,468

Broiler-type

  Thou.

362,823

253,519

352,015

665,624

649,148

663,815

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

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