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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
May 2007

Released: May 2007

No. 973-5-07

NEW YORK WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTION DOWN

Results from the May 2007 Agricultural Yield Survey show winter wheat production in New York is forecast at 4.16 million bushels, down 28 percent from 2006's output.  Acreage for harvest is down 19 percent while yields are expected to average 54 bushels per acre, down 7 bushels from a year ago. The U.S. winter wheat crop is placed at 1.62 billion  bushels, up 24 percent from 2006.

NEW YORK HAY STOCKS DOWN

Hay  stocks  on  New  York  farms  on  May  1,  2007  totaled 326 thousand  tons,  up  14  percent  from  the  285  thousand  tons  on  farms  on  May  1,  2006.  Nationally,  on  farm  hay  stocks  totaled  15.0  million  tons,  down  30  percent  from  the  previous  year.

Hay Stocks and Pasture Condition, New York and United States

State

All Hay

Pasture

Stocks on farms May 1

Condition on May 4

2005

2006

2007

Very poor

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

 

1,000 tons

Percent

                 

  New York

440

285

326

2

14

30

50

  4

  Vermont

71

57

38

0

34

19

45

  2

  Massachusetts

17

17

13

0

  0

  8

62

30

  New Jersey

36

8

10

0

55

30

15

  0

  Pennsylvania

650

410

520

7

21

49

20

  3

               

  United States

27,758

21,345

14,988

8

13

30

39

10

                 

2006 NEW YORK MILK PRODUCTION

Total milk production in New York during 2006, at 12.0 billion pounds, was down slightly from 2005. The annual average number of milk cows, at 638,000 head, was down 2 percent from the previous year. Annual output per cow averaged 18,879 pounds, up 1 percent from 2005.

Cash receipts from the sale of New York milk during 2006 totaled $1.61 billion, down 16 percent from the previous year. The $13.40 per hundredweight received for all milk sold by New York farmers was down $2.50, or 16 percent, from the $15.90 received in 2005. Marketing totals include whole milk and producer-separated cream sold to plants and dealers as well as milk sold directly to consumers.

New York dairymen used 32 million pounds of milk on their farms during 2006, down 24 percent from the previous year. About 94 percent of the milk used on farms was fed back to calves. The value of all milk produced, including milk fed back to calves, totaled $1.61 billion, down 16 percent from 2005.

National milk production increased 2.8 percent in 2006 to 182 billion pounds.  The annual output per cow, at 19,951 pounds, was 386 pounds above 2005.  The average number of milk cows during 2006, at 9.11 million head, was 69,000 head more than 2005.  Cash receipts from marketed milk during 2006, at $23.4 billion, were 12.3 percent lower than 2005.  Producer returns nationwide averaged $12.97 per hundredweight, 14.6 percent below the 2005 average.


Milk Production, Disposition and Income, New York and United States, 2004-2006

Item

Unit

New York
United States

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

       

 Milk cows, average number during year

  1,000 hd.

655

648

638

9,012

9,043

9,112

Milk per cow

  Pounds

17,786

18,639

18,879

18,967

19,565

19,951

Total milk production

  Mil. lb.

11,650

12,078

12,045

170,934

176,929

181,798

 Disposition of milk produced:

             

Used on farms, include fed to calves

  Mil. lb.

42

42

32

1,103

1,140

1,143

Sold wholesale or retailed by producers

  Mil. lb.

11,608

12,036

12,013

169,830

175,788

180,654

Price received for milk sold wholesale

  Dol. per cwt.

$16.80

$15.90

$13.40

$16.13

$15.19

$12.97

Cash receipts from marketing of milk

  Mil. dol.

$1,950

$1,914

$1,610

$27,387

$26,698

$23,422

Value of milk produced (includes milk used on farms)

  Mil. dol.

$1,957

$1,920

$1,614

$27,568

$26,874

$23,574

       


2006 POULTRY OUTPUT VALUED

AT $48.5 MILLION

The combined value of New York produced eggs, broilers, and turkeys, and the value of sales for other chickens, was $48.5 million for the year ending November 30, 2006.  This total is down 4 percent from a year earlier.  Of the 2006 combined value, 81 percent was derived from eggs, 4 percent from broilers, and 15 percent from turkeys.


 

Egg Production and Value,
New York, 2003-2006

Year

Number of layers

Eggs per layer

Eggs produced

Price per dozen

Value of production

 

1,000

No.

Mil.

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2003

3,659

286

1,048

64.5

56,330

2004

4,021

289

1,163

61.7

59,844

2005

3,951

286

1,129

36.9

34,671

2006

3,943

286

1,126

42.1

39,476

Broiler Production and Value,
New York, 2003-2006

Year

Production

Price per pound

Value of production

Number

Pounds

 

1,000

1,000

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2003

2,600

14,600

35.0

5,110

2004

2,600

14,600

45.0

6,570

2005

    1/

      1/

   1/

    1/

2006

    1/

      1/

   1/

    1/

   
 

Chickens Sold and Value of Sales 1/
New York, 2003-2006

Year

Sold

Price per pound

Value of sales

Number

Pounds

 

1,000

1,000

Cents

1,000 Dol.

   

2003

2,702

  9,187

0.1

  9

2004

3,201

10,563

0.1

11

2005

3,103

13,033

0.1

13

2006

2,509

10,036

0.1

10

   

   1/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.


Turkey
Production and Value, New York and United States, 2004-2006

Item

Unit

New York
United States

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

       

Number raised (all breeds)

  1,000 hd.

580

620

630

264,207

252,053

261,960

Pounds produced (liveweight)

  1,000 lbs.

13,746

14,012

14,868

7,304,813

7,095,977

7,417,935

Price per pound

  Cents

43.0

46.0

49.0

42.0

44.9

47.9

Value of production

  1,000 dol.

5,911

6,446

7,285

3,065,417

3,182,767

3,551,127

1/   Excludes broilers.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, March 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

 Cattle

2.4

  2.2

2,854.0

2,792.6

2.6

2.5

3,607.7

3,504.6

Calves

8.5

12.5

59.1

70.8

1.6

1.7

21.1

22.6

Hogs

3.1

  2.0

9,235.8

9,203.2

0.5

0.4

2,504.4

2,485.2

 Sheep and lambs

2.6

  4.3

249.8

278.6

0.2

0.3

36.2

39.0

 
 1/ Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.                

APRIL MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM MARCH

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during April increased from a month earlier. The price of potatoes and hay also increased.  The price of apples, wheat, corn, and eggs decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $3.64 per bushel, decreased 9 cents from March but increased $1.20 from last year.  Wheat price was $4.46, 14 cents below last month but $1.16 above last year. Hay averaged $122.00 per ton, $5.00 more than March and $11.00 more than April 2006.  Potatoes, at $11.50 per hundredweight, increased 30 cents from March but decreased $1.20 from April last year.  Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 27.4 cents per pound this month, 1.2 cents less than last month but 1.9 cents more than last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $16.50 per hundredweight of milk sold during April, 40 cents more than March and $4.00 more than April a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 58 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 5.5 cents from March but 22 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in April, at 135 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 1 point (0.7 percent) from March.  The Crop Index is down 1 point (0.7 percent) but the Livestock Index increased 3 points (2.4 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for onions, milk, cattle, and tomatoes. Lower prices were received for lettuce, corn, strawberries, and eggs.  The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell.  Increased average marketings of cattle, oranges, strawberries, and milk offset decreased marketings of soybeans, corn, wheat, and hogs.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.36

3.75

3.64

2.11

3.43

3.20

Oats

bu.

1.72

2.08

2.00

1.75

2.39

2.39

Wheat

bu.

3.56

4.60

4.46

3.81

4.75

4.94

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

2.65

3.10

3.29

Soybeans

bu.

5.37

6.61

6.46

5.52

6.95

6.81

Hay, baled

ton

111.00

117.00

122.00

105.00

117.00

124.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.70

11.20

11.50

8.35

8.34

9.78

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

25.50

28.60

27.40

19.30

28.40

28.40

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

12.50

16.10

16.50

12.10

15.60

16.40

Milk cows 3/

head

1,630.00

-

1,600.00

1,770.00

-

1,730.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

.330

.700

.580

.321

.681

.558

Slaughter cows

cwt.

46.63

42.59

4/

48.50

47.20

48.80

Steers and heifers

cwt.

70.94

71.71

4/

89.30

97.70

100.00

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

48.18

44.36

4/

84.80

92.00

94.60

Calves

cwt.

202.56

94.46

4/

135.00

124.00

126.00

Hogs

cwt.

35.96

40.35

4/

41.30

45.00

46.00

Lambs

cwt.

155.81

146.98

4/

86.80

95.80

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

111

134

135

Prices paid

       

148

155

157

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

75

86

86

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

Prices Paid by Farmers

Commodity

Unit

Northeast

United States

Apr. 2005

Apr. 2006

Apr. 2007

Apr. 2005

Apr.2006

Apr. 2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

               

Gasoline, unleaded, bulk delivery

      gal.

2.200

2.60

2.728

2.225

2.597

2.638

Diesel fuel

      gal.

2.020

2.35

2.355

1.968

2.275

2.430

               

Complete laying feed ration

      ton

226.00

237.00

288.00

226.00

240.00

278.00

Mixed dairy feed, 16% protein

      ton

190.00

207.00

239.00

197.00

210.00

249.00

Soybean meal, 44% protein

      cwt.

16.00

18.30

20.00

16.10

16.90

18.20

Bran

      cwt.

14.60

15.50

16.90

15.00

16.10

17.40

Corn meal

      cwt.

9.88

11.20

14.00

9.57

10.10

12.30

Molasses, liquid

      cwt.

14.30

20.00

18.80

14.80

17.90

19.20

Stock salt

      50 lb.

6.42

6.06

6.20

4.78

4.67

5.02

               

Feed Price Ratios

             

Milk-feed 1/

       

3.18

2.48

2.54

Egg-feed 2/

       

5.2

6.3

7.8

       

1/  Pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal in value to 1 pound whole milk.
2/  Pounds of laying feed equal in value to 1 dozen eggs.


APRIL MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 1.01 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 2 percent decline in milk production compared to April 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 627 thousand head, down 17 thousand head from April of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1605 pounds, up 15 pounds from the April 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during April totaled 14.4 billion pounds, up 1.6 percent from April 2006. March revised production, at 14.8 billion pounds, was up 1.2 percent from March 2006.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,745 pounds for April, 19 pounds above April 2006.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.28 million head, 39,000 head more than April 2006, but 6,000 head less than March 2007.

 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

Apr
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,024

1,024

1,006

14,222

14,771

14,443

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,590

1,630

1,605

1,726

1,783

1,745

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

644

628

627

8,240

8,285

8,279

 Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar.
2007

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar.
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,629

1,592

1,886

141,714

134,171

140,102

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

336,095

305,474

338,479

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,286

14,537

17,815

273,367

256,343

284,763

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,902

22,507

23,953

307,110

285,283

312,890

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,356

2,051

2,375

82,123

65,530

78,106

 
 
NA – Not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations. 

  NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 10 PERCENT IN MARCH

Egg production on New York farms totaled 100 million eggs in March 2007, up 10 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.13 million, increased 9 percent from March 2007 and the rate of lay increased slightly to 24.22 eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.77 billion during March 2007, down 1 percent from last year.  Production included 6.65 billion table eggs, and 1.12 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.06 billion were broiler-type and 68 million were egg-type.  Eggs in incubators totaled 39.5 million on April 1, 2007, up 11 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Mar.
2006

Feb.
2007

Mar
2007

Mar
2006

Feb
2007

Mar
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,788

4,236

4,129

350,470

347,079

346,437

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.02

21.72

24.22

22.38

19.93

22.43

Eggs produced

  Mil.

91

92

100

7,843

6,916

7,769

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

38,805

36,766

40,537

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

817,842

723,753

810,732

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

    Egg-type

  Thou.

4,908

10,804

10,936

35,672

38,468

39,493

    Broiler-type

  Thou.

254,295

260,065

260,228

660,060

663,815

666,950

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/