E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
June 2007

Monthly

No. 973-6-07

NEW YORK WINTER WHEAT CROP DOWN 4 PERCENT FROM MAY 1

Production  of  winter  wheat  in  New  York  is  forecast  at  4.00  million  bushels, down 4 percent  from  May  1,  and  31  percent   below  last  year.   Area  for  grain  harvest  is  unchanged  from  May  1  at  77,000  acres.

Yields  are  now  expected  to  average  52.0  bushels  per  acre,  down 2.0 bushels  from  the  May  1  forecast   and   9.0  bushels  from  last  year.

Crop Report Summary, June 1, 2007, with Comparisons

Crop

Unit

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

   

1,000

  Production

     

    Winter wheat

bu.

5,130

5,795

4,004

1,499,129

1,298,081

1,609,679

       

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION DOWN 11 PERCENT

New York maple syrup 2007 production decreased 11 percent from last year’s production.  Syrup production is estimated at 224,000 gallons, down from the 253,000 gallons produced in.  Only two states, Vermont and Maine, produced more syrup.  The number of taps, 1.47 million, decreased 4 percent from last year. Syrup produced per tap averaged 0.152 gallons, down from 0.165 gallons in 2006.  The final value of the 2006 crop is $8.02 million, 14 percent above the previous year’s value of production.  However, the overall price was $31.70, the same as last year’s price. 

Sugar content this year was low across the State, some producers never reached 2 percent.  Sap quality was poor and the syrup darkened early.  Producers reported making some medium amber, but mostly dark, and little light amber.  Syrup color was 54 percent dark, 40 percent medium, and 6 percent light.

Most producers reported a poor maple season due to the extended warm and cold periods.  Only a few producers reported tent caterpillars hindering maple production.  During the maple season producers experienced some snow late in January, then a long warm spell, followed by an abundance of snow.   The inconsistent weather pattern made it difficult for consistent sap flow.  

The 2007 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.26 million gallons, down 13 percent from 2006. The number of taps is estimated at 7.28 million, up less than 1 percent from the 2006 total of 7.26 million, while the yield per tap is estimated to be 0.173 gallons, down 14 percent from the previous season. Vermont led all States in production with 450,000 gallons, a decrease of 2 percent from 2006. Production in Maine, at 225,000 gallons, decreased 25 percent from last season.

MAPLE SYRUP:  Production, Price, and Value by State and United States 1/

State

Production

Average price
per gallon

Value of production

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

1,000 gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

               

   CT

     10

     10

       8

50.00

58.20

     500

     582

   ME

   265

   300

   225

21.50

24.30

  5,698

  7,290

   MA

     40

     40

     30

51.20

47.90

  2,048

  1,916

   MI

     58

     78

     60

36.00

37.00

  2,088

  2,886

   NH

     57

     64

     60

41.30

43.90

  2,354

  2,810

   NY

   222

   253

   224

31.70

31.70

  7,037

  8,020

   OH

     69

     78

     75

36.00

34.00

  2,484

  2,652

   PA

     61

     66

     51

31.50

32.50

  1,922

  2,145

   VT

   410

   460

   450

27.80

30.20

11,398

13,892

   WI

     50

   100

     75

32.40

31.20

  1,620

  3,120

               

   U.S.

1,242

1,449

1,258

29.90

31.20

37,149

45,313

               

1/ Price and value for 2004 are revised. Price and value for 2006 available June 2007.


2006 NEW YORK CHEESE PRODUCTION INCREASES

Total cheese production in New York, excluding cottage cheese, was 669 million pounds in 2006, up slightly from 2005. Italian cheese, which accounted for 57 percent of New York’s total cheese output, was up 3 percent.

Nationally, total cheese output for 2006 was 9.5 billion pounds (excluding cottage cheese), up 4 percent from a year earlier. Wisconsin remained the leading state with 25.4 percent of the total, followed by California and Idaho respectively.  New York was the 4th leading state for total cheese production with 7 percent of the national total.

Manufactured Dairy Products, New York and United States, 2005-2006

Manufactured Products

New York

United States

2005

2006

2005

2006                     

 

1,000 lbs.

1,000 lbs.

    BUTTER AND CHEESE

       

        Butter

16,314

16,030

1,347,361

1,448,482

        Cheese, Total 1/

666,815

699,060

9,149,322

9,534,331

            Cheese, American Types 2/

3/

3/

3,808,102

3,912,606

                Cheese, Cheddar

3/

3/

3,045,971

3,124,754

            Cheese, Total Italian

369,919

382,655

3,803,040

3,988,502

                Cheese, Mozzarella

179,367

188,893

3,019,052

1,144,562

            Cream and Neufchatel Cheese

3/

3/

714,791

752,029

        Cottage Cheese, Curd

112,122

108,214

468,642

457,686

        Cottage Cheese, Creamed

62,715

61,735

376,716

367,478

        Cottage Cheese, Lowfat

118,277

117,815

407,904

407,845

         

    OTHER MILK PRODUCTS

       

        Canned Evaporated & Condensed Whole Milk

3/

3/

527,264

495,535

        Condensed Milk, Unsweetened

       

            Whole Milk

3/

3/

124,263

114,737

            Skim Milk

3/

3/

1,058,114

1,218,313

        Non-Fat Dry Milk-Human Food

3/

3/

1,210,313

1,224,072

        Dry Whey - Total

123,994

133,132

1,040,692

1,160,346

        Yogurt - Plain and Flavored

232,307

236,945

3,058,328

3,294,587

         

    FROZEN PRODUCTS

       

        Ice Cream, Standard

28,392

27,388

959,941

965,781

        Ice Cream, Lowfat

5,375

6,193

360,237

372,200

        Milk Sherbet

2,252

2,608

56,390

52,077

        Other Frozen Dairy Products

3/

3/

7,780

11,462

        Water Ices

4,418

4,222

69,330

62,900

     

1/   Excludes cottage cheese.  Total includes some types not shown.
2/   Includes cheddar, colby, washed curd, stirred curd, Monterey and Jack.
3/   Figures not shown when less than three plants reported or individual plant operations might be disclosed.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

April 9-15,
2006

Jan. 9-15,
2007

Apr. 8-14,
2007

April 9-15,
2006 2/

Jan. 9-15,
2007

Apr. 8-14,
2007

 

1,000 workers

             

    All hired workers

     34

3/

     30

  720

3/

    720

  Worked 150 days or more

     38

3/

     25

  581

3/

    580

  Worked less than 150 days

       6

3/

       5

  139

3/

    140

             
 

Hours Worked per worker

             

    All hired workers

    43.1

3/

    42.4

  40.8

3/

  40.6

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

   Field workers

  9.71

3/

10.10

8.95

3/

  9.35

   Livestock workers

  9.54

3/

  9.50

9.31

3/

  9.55

   Field and livestock workers

  9.65

3/

  9.90

9.06

3/

  9.41

    All hired workers

10.49

3/

10.77

9.78

3/

10.17

             

1New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.
2/  Revised.
3/  Not conducted due to budget constraints.


MAY MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM APRIL

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during May increased from a month. The price of potatoes, hay, apples, corn, and eggs increased.  The price of wheat decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in May, at 138 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 4 points (3.0 percent) from April. The Crop Index is up 3 points (2.1 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 5 points (3.9 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for milk, hogs, hay, and broilers. Lower prices were received for lettuce, cattle, broccoli, and cauliflower.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

May
2006

Apr
2007

May
2007

May
2006

Apr
2007

May
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

    Corn

bu.

2.40

3.60

3.62

2.17

3.39

3.48

    Oats

bu.

1.87

2.28

2.01

1.85

2.46

2.36

    Wheat

bu.

3.76

4.84

4.50

4.09

4.89

4.70

    Barley

bu.

-

 -

-

2.97

3.07

3.33

    Soybeans

ton

4.89

6.54

6.58

5.68

6.88

7.15

    Hay, baled

bu.

123.00

122.00

125.00

132.00

124.00

138.00

    Potatoes

cwt.

-

11.50

11.60

8.29

8.53

8.69

    Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

24.40

27.40

27.70

23.80

28.40

29.50

               

    Milk, wholesale

cwt.

12.20

17.00

18.00

12.00

16.60

17.80

    Milk cows 3/

head

-

1,600.00

-

-

1,730.00

-

    Eggs, table market

doz.

0.230

0.580

0.620

0.231

0.558

0.615

    Slaughter cows

cwt.

46.20

45.60

4/

48.00

49.20

51.60

    Steers and heifers

cwt.

69.20

72.90

4/

85.80

99.90

98.60

    All slaughter cattle

cwt.

48.00

47.40

4/

81.80

94.30

93.50

    Calves

cwt.

188.70

111.60

4/

132.00

127.00

126.00

    Hogs

cwt.

34.40

37.30

4/

47.20

47.30

52.00

    Lambs

cwt.

135.30

151.70

4/

88.90

97.20

4/

               

    Index (1990-92=100)

             

    Prices received

       

111

134

138

    Prices paid

       

149

157

158

    Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

74

85

87

           

1/   Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/   Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.

Cattle and Calves Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2003-2006 1/

Year

Inventory January 1

Calf Crop

Inship-
ments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory Jan. 1 following

Gross income 2/

Cattle

Calves

Cattle

Calves

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                     

2003

1,450

620

  9

130

447

2

31

50

1,420

123,083

2004

1,420

600

  6

122

416

2

28

49

1,410

129,937

2005

1,410

590

13

120

397

2

35

50

1,410

176,552

2006

1,400

550

20

120

352

2

32

45

1,420

160,273

                     

Hogs and Pigs Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2003-2006

Year

Inventory December 1 preceding

Pig Crop

Inshipments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory December 1

Gross
income 2/

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                 

2003

86

128

  3

139

1

4

73

  9,760

2004

73

166

13

158

1

8

84

15,311

2005

84

130

12

137

1

5

83

13,286

2006

83

149

11

137

1

8

98

11,718

                 

Sheep and Lamb Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2003-2006

Year

Inventory January 1

Lamb Crop

Inship-
ments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory Jan. 1 following

Gross income 2/

Sheep

Lambs

Sheep

Lambs

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                     

2003

72

51

1

   9

 32

2

4

7

70

2,722

2004

70

53

4

   5

 35

2

5

6

75

2,982

2005

75

51

5

12

 37

2

5

6

70

3,915

2006

70

51

7

  5

37

2

4

6

74

3,096

                     

1/   Some totals may not add due to rounding.

2/   Value of marketings and home consumption

3


MAY MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 1.06 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 1 percent decline in milk production compared to May 2006. The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 17 thousand head from May of the previous year. Milk per cow averaged 1690 pounds, up 30 pounds from the May 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during May totaled 14.9 billion pounds, up 1.1 percent from May 2006.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,795 pounds for May, 13 pounds above May 2006.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.28 million head, 26,000 head more than May 2006, and 3,000 head more than April 2007.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

May
2006

Apr.
2007

May
2007

May
2006

Apr.
2007

May
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,067

1,006

1,058

14,712

14,457

14,867

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,660

1,605

1,690

1,782

1,746

1,795

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

643

627

626

8,257

8,280

8,283

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,435

1,886

1,354

127,681

138,196

134,358

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

337,267

338,377

326,740

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,826

17,822

16,883

262,340

287,089

276,553

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

21,163

23,191

22,551

270,181

313,746

304,364

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,458

2,375

2,685

79,616

78,818

79,446

       

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 10 PERCENT IN APRIL

Egg production on New York farms totaled 97 million eggs in April 2007, up 10 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.15 million, was up 9 percent from April 2006,  but  the  rate  of  lay  increased  1  percent  to  23.39  eggs per layer.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.43 billion during April 2007, down 1 percent from last year. An indication of future egg supply, egg-type chicks hatched during April 2007 totaled 39.7 million, up 12 percent from April 2006.  Eggs in incubators totaled 36.8 million on May 1, 2007 down slightly from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

Apr.
2006

Mar.
2007

Apr.
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,808

4,129

4,147

346,809

345,516

342,094

Eggs per layer

  No.

23.11

24.22

23.39

21.64

22.43

21.62

Eggs produced

  Mil.

88

100

97

7,543

7,769

7,434

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

35,435

40,537

39,704

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

787,457

810,732

809,524

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

9,880

10,936

10,880

37,516

39,493

36,848

Broiler-type

  Thou.

255,509

260,228

266,642

658,354

666,950

679,972

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge

at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/