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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
July 2007

Monthly
No. 973-7-07

   NEW YORK FIELD CROP ACREAGE - 2007

Corn planted for all purposes in New York are estimated at 1,060,000 in 2007, 12 percent more acres than planted in 2006.  Acreage for grain is expected to total 540,000 acres, up 13 percent from the 480,000 acres harvested last year.  Soybean plantings are expected to total 215,000 acres, up 8 percent from the 200,000 acres planted in 2006.  An estimated 213,000 acres will be harvested for beans, up 8 percent from a year ago.  Acreage for harvest for all types of dry hay is expected to total 1.45 million acres, down 5 percent from last year.  Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for dry hay, at 400,000 acres, is up 8 percent and acres for other types of dry hay, at 1.05 million acres, is down 9 percent from a year earlier.

 Oats production in New York is estimated at 4.21 million bushels, down 15 percent below the 4.96 million bushels produced last year.  Yields are forecast at 54 bushels per acre, down 4 bushels from last year.  Area for harvest is projected at 78,000 acres, up 16 percent from the previous year.  Winter wheat production is estimated at 4.59 million bushels, down 21 percent from the 5.80 million bushels produced in 2006.  Yields are forecast at 51 bushels per acre, down 1 bushel from the June 1 forecast and 10 bushels below last year.  Harvested acreage is projected at 90,000 acres, down 5 percent from 2006.  The first yield and production forecast for corn, soybeans, dry beans, and hay will be released on August 10.

 U.S. CORN UP, SOYBEAN ACREAGE DOWN

U. S. corn planted area for all purposes is estimated at 92.9 million acres, up 19 percent from 2006 and 14 percent above 2005.  Farmers increased corn plantings 3 percent from their March intentions.  Soybean planted area is estimated at 64.1 million acres, down 15 percent from last year.  Area for harvest, at 63.3 million acres, is also down 15 percent from 2006. The planted area is down 4 percent from the March Prospective Plantings report.

U.S. winter wheat production is forecast at 1.56 billion bushels.  This is down 3 percent from last month but up 20 percent from 2006.  The U.S. yield is forecast at 41.6 bushels per acre, down .1 bushel from last month.  Acres harvested for grain are forecast at 37.6 million, up 21 percent from 2006 but unchanged from the Acreage report released on June 29, 2007.  Harvest progress, in the 18 major producing states, was 40 percent completed by July 1.  This was 22 percentage points behind last year and 14 points below the five year average.  U.S. oats production is forecast at 101 million bushels, 8 percent above last yearís record low 93.8 million bushels.  The U.S. yield is forecast at 62.6 bushels per acre, up 3.1 bushels from 2006.  Growers expect to harvest 1.61 million acres for grain, up 2 percent from last year.  U.S. producers expect to harvest 61.8 million acres of all hay in 2007, up 2 percent from 2006.  Dry bean harvested acreage is estimated at 1.42 million acres, down 7 percent from last year and 7 percent below 2005. 


Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn, all

-

950

1,060

-

-

-

-

-

-

Corn for grain

bu.

-

-

480

540

129

1/

61,920

1/

Soybeans

bu.

200

215

198

213

46.0

1/

9,108

1/

Wheat, winter

bu.

105

100

95

90

61.0

51.0

5,795

4,590

Oats

bu.

85

100

67

78

74.0

54.0

4,958

4,212

Beans, dry 3/

lbs.

19.0

18.0

18.0

17.0

1,330

1/

239

1/

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.6

20.0

19.0

19.3

300

4/

5,700

4/

Hay, all

tons

-

-

1,520

1,450

1.84

1/

2,790

1/

                   

United States

                 

Corn, all

-

78,327

92,888

-

-

-

-

-

-

Corn for grain

bu.

-

-

70,648

85,418

149.1

1/

10,534,868

1/

Soybeans

bu.

75,522

64,081

74,602

63,285

42.7

1/

3,188,247

1/

Wheat, all

bu.

57,344

60,505

46,810

52,484

38.7

40.7

1,812,036

2,138,252

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,575

45,136

31,117

37,588

41.7

41.6

1,298,081

1,561,907

Oats

bu.

4,168

3,860

1,576

1,612

59.5

62.6

93,764

100,921

Barley

bu.

3,452

4,044

2,951

3,542

61.0

65.2

180,051

231,025

Rye

bu.

1,396

1,354

274

306

26.3

2/

7,193

2/

Beans, dry 3/

lbs.

1,629.8

1,498.5

1,537.6

1,423.4

1,577

1/

24,247

1/

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

58.4

55.8

54.3

53.8

338.0

311

18,350

16,749

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

987.9

1,009.2

976.2

996.2

402

4/

391,978

4/

Hay, all

tons

-

-

60,807

61,789

2.33

1/

141,666

1/

                   

1/         First forecast released August 11.
2/         Estimate released September 30.
3/         Production in 100 lb. bags.
4/         First forecast released November 10.

    NEW YORK TART CHERRY FORECAST UP

New Yorkís 2007 tart cherry production, forecast late-June, is expected to total 13.0 million pounds, 25 percent higher than the 2006 crop and 73 percent above 2005.  Sweet cherry production is forecast at 970 tons, 1 percent above the 2006 crop and 21 percent higher than 2005. 

New York's peach crop is forecast at 6,300 tons pounds, down 10 percent from the 7,000 tons produced last year.  U.S. peach production, excluding California  Clingstones  that are  mostly  canned,  is expected  to  total  1.03  million  tons, 2 percent above last year.


 FRUIT:  Indicated Production, New York and United States, with Comparisons

Fruit

Unit

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

         

Peaches

Tons

4,520

7,000

6,300

1,184,550

1,010,120

1,026,845

Tart Cherries

Mil. lbs.

   7.5

 10.4

  13.0

    270.4

    263.8

    293.8

Sweet Cherries

Tons

  800

   960

   970

250,830

293,560

317,370

               

 

NEW YORK POTATO ACREAGE DECREASES

New York potato growers planted an estimated 20,000 acres of potatoes this year This is down 3 percent from 2006.  Acres for harvest is forecast at 19,300, up 2 percent from last year. 

U.S. area planted to fall potatoes for 2007 is estimated at 1,009,200 acres, up 2 percent from last year.  Harvested acres are forecast at 996,200, up 2 percent from a year ago.

 Stocks of Grain, United States, June 1, 2007, with Comparisons

Species

On farms

Total in All Positions

June 1, 2006

March 1,2007

June 1, 2007

June 1, 2006

March 1,2007

June 1, 2007

 

Thousand bushels

       

All Wheat

111,010

192,450

73,190

571,190

856,728

455,693

Corn

2,350,500

3,330,000

1,826,600

4,361,699

6,068,250

3,533,701

Oats

25,190

33,900

18,400

52,566

71,053

51,184

Barley

30,770

38,310

14,580

107,931

117,066

68,930

Sorghum

12,650

17,100

5,380

114,863

142,222

74,878

Soybeans

495,500

910,000

500,000

990,699

1,786,887

1,091,085

             
 

Average GMO Estimates

Crop

New York

United States

2004-2006

2005-2007

2004-2006

2005-2007

Bt

HR

SG

All

Bt

HR

SG

All

Bt

HR

SG

All

Bt

HR

SG

All

 

Percent

Percent

                                 

   Corn

13

15

4

32

15

17

7

39

26

17

10

53

24

21

17

62

   Soybeans

  -

  -

  -

34

  -

  -

-

82

  -

  -

  -

87

  -

  -

  -

89

                                 

U.S. HOG INVENTORY UP 2 PERCENT

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2007 was 62.8 million head. This was up 2 percent from both June 1, 2006 and March 1, 2007. 

Breeding inventory, at 6.12 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and 2 percent from the previous quarter.  Market hog inventory, at 56.6 million head, was up 2 percent from both last year and last quarter.

The March-May 2007 pig crop, at 27.1 million head, was up 2 percent from 2006 and up 4 percent from 2005.  Sows farrowing during this period totaled 2.97 million head, up 1 percent from 2006 and up 3 percent 2005.  The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd.  The average pigs saved per litter was 9.15 for the March-May 2007 period, compared to 9.08 last year.  

Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.60 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.20 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

U.S. hog producers intend to have 2.96 million sows farrow during the June-August 2007 quarter, up 2 percent from the actual farrowings, and up 1 percent from 2005.  Intended farrowings for September-November 2007, at 2.96 million sows, are up slightly from 2006 and up 2 percent from 2005.

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over 5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 39 percent of the total U.S. hog inventory, up from 38 percent last year.

JUNE MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM MAY

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during June increased from a month earlier. The price of corn increased.  The price of hay, apples, and eggs decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $20.10 per hundredweight of milk sold during June, $1.60 more than May and $7.90 more than June a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 50.5 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 11.5 cents from May but 10.5 cents higher than last year.

Grain corn, at $3.94 per bushel, increased slightly from May and increased $1.58 from last year.  Hay averaged $123.00 per ton, $2.00 less than May and  $5.00  less  than  June  2006.   Fresh  market  apple  prices  at  the Packinghouse  door  averaged  27.4  cents  per  pound  this  month, . 3 cents  less  than  last  month  but  4.6  cents  more  than  last  year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in June, at 141 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (2.2 percent) from May. The Crop Index is up 3 points (2.1 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 2 points (1.5 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for milk, corn, lettuce, and soybeans. Lower prices were received for cantaloupes, cattle, tomatoes, and eggs. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell.  Increased average marketings of wheat, grapes, hay, and cantaloupes offset decreased marketings of oranges, strawberries, tomatoes, and sweet corn.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

            Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

June 2006

May
2007

June
2007

June 2006

May
2007

June
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

Corn

  bu.

2.44

3.94

3.94

2.14

3.49

3.77

Oats

  bu.

1.85

2.18

2.29

1.90

2.49

2.55

Wheat

  bu.

3.64

4.74

6.08

3.98

4.88

5.28

Barley

  bu.

-

 -

-

2.77

3.12

3.43

Soybeans

  bu.

5.30

7.34

7.47

5.62

7.13

7.57

Hay, baled

  ton

128.00

125.00

123.00

109.00

138.00

131.00

Potatoes

  cwt.

-

11.60

-

8.41

8.27

8.33

Apples, fresh market 2/

  cwt.

22.80

27.70

27.40

22.90

29.50

29.60

               

Milk, wholesale

  cwt.

12.20

18.50

20.10

11.90

18.00

20.00

Milk cows 3/

  head

-

 -

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

  doz.

0.400

0.620

0.505

0.368

0.615

0.497

Slaughter cows

  cwt.

45.10

50.30

4/

46.80

51.60

50.00

Steers and heifers

  cwt.

69.40

79.10

4/

88.20

98.10

94.00

All slaughter cattle

  cwt.

46.70

52.60

4/

84.00

93.20

89.70

Calves

  cwt.

169.00

134.80

4/

135.00

126.00

125.00

Hogs

  cwt.

42.60

39.80

4/

53.80

53.00

52.50

Lambs

  cwt.

115.00

113.90

4/

92.10

96.60

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

118

138

141

Prices paid

       

149

157

156

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

79

88

90

           

1/         Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/         New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/         Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/         Price available next month.

 Commercial Livestock Slaughter, May 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.9

2.6

3,039.1

3,051.0

3.1

2.8

3,768.7

3,747.8

Calves

6.0

8.0

56.9

59.0

1.2

1.4

21.1

20.5

Hogs

3.9

2.4

8,536.5

8,760.0

  .7

  .4

2,306.4

2,353.0

Sheep and lambs

2.5

3.6

225.6

218.2

  .2

  .3

32.0

31.0

                 

1/         Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

   JUNE MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 1.14 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 1 percent decline in milk production compared to June 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 14 thousand head from June of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1620 pounds, up 25 pounds from the June 2006 rate. 

Milk production in the 23 major States during June totaled 14.2 billion pounds, up 1.2 percent from June 2006. May revised production, at 14.9 billion pounds, was up 1.1 percent from May 2006. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,713 pounds for June, 16 pounds above June 2006.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.29 million head, 19,000 head more than June 2006, and 2,000 head more than May 2007.


 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

June
2006

May
2007

June
2007

June
2006

May
2007

June
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,021

1,058

1,014

14,198

14,874

14,033

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,595

1,690

1,620

1,697

1,795

1,713

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

640

626

626

8,269

8,286

8,388

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

May
2006

Apr.
2007

May
2007

May
2006

Apr.
2007

May
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,658

1,354

1,380

128,556

134,355

125,008

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

346,162

325,744

331,551

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,872

16,860

17,185

265,835

276,496

278,485

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

22,935

22,551

23,228

282,100

304,504

297,198

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,761

2,685

2,628

84,890

80,631

85,245

       

  NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 9 PERCENT IN MAY
 

Egg production on New York farms totaled 100 million eggs in May 2007, up 9 percent from last year. The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.08 million, increased 8 percent from May 2006 and the rate of lay increased 1 percent to 24.52 eggs per layer. 

U.S. egg production totaled 7.58 billion during May 2007, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.45 billion table eggs, and 1.14 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.07 billion were broiler-type and 68 million were egg-type.  Eggs in incubators totaled 40.0 million on June 1, 2007, up 10 percent from a year ago.

 Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

May
2006

Apr.
2007

May
2007

May
2006

Apr.
2007

May
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,793

4,147

4,078

343,596

342,071

339,293

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.26

23.39

24.52

22.12

21.63

22.26

Eggs produced

  Mil.

92

97

100

7,637

7,435

7,584

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

      
  2/

       
2/

       
 2/

39,744

39,704

38,498

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

       
 2/

       
2/

      
  2/

812,137

800,524

837,386

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,946

10,880

11,326

36,520

36,848

39,990

Broiler-type

  Thou.

256,077

266,642

269,863

661,322

679,972

680,815

       

1/   First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/