E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
August 2007

Monthly
No. 973-8-07

NEW YORK CROP PROSPECTS – AUGUST 1

New York grain corn production is forecast at 66.4 million bushels, up 7 percent from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 540 thousand acres, 13 percent above a year ago. Yield is forecast at 123 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from 2006. The crop was developing well due to warm temperatures and adequate moisture. Nationally, grain corn production is forecast at 13.0 billion bushels, up 24 percent from last year and 17 percent above 2005.   

New York production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 960 thousand tons, is 24 percent above 2006. Other dry hay production is expected to total 1.58 million tons, down 22 percent from a year ago. Due to the dry summer, yields were lower than expected.  Oat production, expected to total 4.21 million bushels, is 15 percent below a year ago.  Soybean production in the Empire State is estimated at 7.88 million bushels, down from last year’s record high of 9.12 million bushels.

U.S. CORN PRODUCTION UP AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTION DOWN

Corn production is forecast at 13.1 billion bushels, up 24 percent from last year and 17 percent above 2005.  Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 152.8 bushels per acre, up 3.7 bushels from last year.  If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, behind the 160.4 bushel yield in 2004.  However, production will be the largest on record as growers intend to harvest the most corn acres for grain since 1933.

Soybean production is forecast at 2.63 billion bushels, down 18 percent from last year's record high and down 14 percent from 2005.  Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.5 bushels per acre, down 1.2 bushels from last year.  Yields are lower than 2006 throughout most of the Atlantic Coast States, most of the Corn Belt, and the Tennessee Valley, while yields are expected to remain unchanged or increase across the Great Plains, the Gulf Coast States, and Arkansas.  Area for harvest, at 63.3 million acres, remains unchanged from June but is down 15 percent from 2006.

    Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

950

1,060

480

540

129.0

123.0

61,920

66,420

Wheat, winter

bu.

105

100

95

90

61.0

50.0

5,795

4,500

Oats

bu.

85

100

67

78

74.0

54.0

4,958

4,212

Soybeans

bu.

200

215

198

213

46.0

37.0

9,108

7,881

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

19

17

18

16.3

1,330.0

1,300.0

239

212

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.6

20.0

19.0

19.3

300

2/

5,700

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

370

400

2.1

2.4

777

          960

Hay, other

ton

-

-

1,150

1,050

1.75

1.50

2,013

1,575

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,250

1,290

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

155.0

180.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.0

14.0

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7.0

6.3

                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

78,327

92,888

70,648

85,418

149.1

152.8

10,534,868

13,053,617

Wheat, winter

bu.

 40,575

45,136

31,117

37,188

41.7

41.3

1,298,081

1,537,262

Oats

bu.

4,168

3,860

1,576

1,612

59.5

61.0

93,764

98,341

Barley

bu.

3,452

4,044

2,951

3,542

61.0

63.1

180,051

223,478

Soybeans

bu.

75,522

64,081

74,602

63,285

42.7

41.5

3,188,247

2,625,274

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,629.8.0

1,504.8

1,537.6

1,439.8

1,577

1,649

24,247

23,741

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

58.4

55.8

54.3

53.8

338.0

311.0

18,350

16,749

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

987.9

1009.2

976.2

996.2

402.0

2/

391,978

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

21,384

21,451

3.35

3.26

71,666

69,904

Hay, other

ton

-

-

39,423

40,338

1.78

1.87

70,000

75,347

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,931.7

9,284.7

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

6,417.2

6,988.5

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

842.0

878.1

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,010

1,027

                   

1/   Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
2
/   First forecast released November 9.


DRY BEANS:  Planted Acreage by Classes,
New York and United States, 2005-2007

Class

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

     

   Light Red Kidney

13.0

   7.0

  7.5

     71.4

43.4

49.0

   Dark Red Kidney

  1.5

  2.0

  1.5

     60.7

48.8

43.3

   Black

  9.0

  9.0

  7.0

   111.6

167.4

173.2

   All Other

  1.5

  1.0

  1.0

1,386.3

1,370.2

1,239.3

     

   TOTAL

25.0

19.0

17.0

1,630.0

1,629.8

1,504.8

     

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

July 9-15,
2006

Apr. 8-14,
2007

July 8-14,
2007

July 9-15,
2006

Apr. 8-14,
2007
2/

July 8-14,
2007

 

1,000 workers

     

All hired workers

   36

   30

   39

  876

   736

   847

    Worked 150 days or more

   24

   25

   25

  630

   593

   600

    Worked less than 150 days

   12

     5

   14

  246

   143

   247

     
 

Hours worked per worker

     

 All hired workers

39.1

  42.4

  41.6

41.0

  40.7

  41.6

     
 

Dollars per hour

     

 Field workers

9.28

10.10

  9.58

8.93

  9.35

  9.31

 Livestock workers

9.57

  9.59

  9.37

9.49

  9.59

  9.80

 Field and livestock workers

9.38

  9.90

  9.51

9.07

  9.42

  9.44

 All hired workers

9.95

10.77

10.00

9.72

10.20

10.00

     
1/   New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.  
2/  Revised.

JULY 1 CATTLE INVENTORY
DOWN SLIGHTLY

All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2007, totaled 104.8 million head, slightly below the 105.2 million on July 1, 2006 but 1 percent above the 104.2 million two years ago.  All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.5 million, were down slightly form the 42.6 million on July 1, 2006 but unchanged from two years ago.

Beef cows, at 33.4 million, were down slightly from July 1, 2006 and July 1, 2005.  Milk cows, at 9.15 million, were unchanged from July 1, 2006 but up 1 percent from two years ago.

All sheep and lamb inventory in the United States on July 1, 2007 totaled 7.73 million head, down slightly from July 1, 2006, and 1 percent below July 1, 2005.  Breeding sheep inventory at 4.61 million head on July 1, 2007 was down slightly from July 1, 2006.  Market sheep and lambs (including newborn lambs), at 3.12 million head, were also down slightly from last July.

All goat inventory on July 1, 2007 totaled 3.60 million head, up 4 percent from the previous July.  Breeding goat inventory totaled 2.69 million head, up 4 percent from July 2006.  All market goats and kids totaled 905,000 head, up 2 percent from the previous July.

CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOATS ON FARMS
United States, July 1, 2005-2007

Class

United States

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

       

Cattle and Calves

104,200

105,200

104,800

       

Cows that have calved

 42,500

 42,600

  42,500

  Beef cows

 33,450

 33,450

  33,350

  Milk cows

   9,050

   9,150

    9,150

       

Heifers 500 lbs. and over

 16,200

 16,600

  16,600

  For beef cow replacement

   5,000

   5,000

    4,700

  For milk cow replacement

   3,700

   3,800

    3,900

  Other heifers

   7,500

   7,800

   8,000

       

Steers 500 lbs. and over

 14,500

15,000

  14,900

Bulls 500 lbs. and over

   2,100

   2,100

    2,100

Calves under 500 pounds

 28,900

 28,900

  28,700

       

Calf crop

 37,575

 37,567

  37,400

       

All sheep and lambs

    7,800

    7,770

    7,730

All breeding sheep

    4,655

    4,635

    4,610

    Ewes 1 year and older

    3,790

    3,780

    3,760

    Rams 1 year and older

       185

       185

       185

    Replacement lambs

       680

       670

       665

Market sheep and lambs

    3,145

    3,135

    3,120

       

Goats

     

All Goats

    3,350

    3,465

    3,595

    Breeding

    2,500

    2,575

    2,690

    Market

       850

       890

       905

       

JULY MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM JUNE

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during July increased from a month earlier. The price of corn and eggs also increased.  The price of oats decreased.  The price of hay was unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $3.74 per bushel, increased 43 cents from June and increased $1.29 from last year.  Hay averaged $123.00 per ton, no change from June and $12.00 less than July 2006.  Oats, at $1.96 per bushel, decreased 9 cents from June, but increased 7 cents from July a year ago.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $22.10 per hundredweight of milk sold during July, $1.80 more than June and $9.80 more than July a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 89 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 38.5 cents from June and 61 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary U.S. All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in July, at 142 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (2.2 percent) from June. The Crop Index is up 2 points (1.4 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 3 points (2.2 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for milk, eggs, wheat, and snap beans. Lower prices were received for corn, broilers, hogs, and cantaloups. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell.  Increased average marketings of grapes, wheat, hay, and tomatoes offset decreased marketings of milk, cantaloups, and potatoes.

  Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

July 2006

June 2007

July 2007

July 2006

June 2007

July 2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

  bu.

2.37

3.31

3.74

2.14

3.51

3.23

Oats

  bu.

1.58

2.05

1.96

1.78

2.54

2.50

Wheat

  bu.

3.00

5.14

5.14

3.88

5.03

5.37

Barley

  bu.

1.9

3.24

-

2.71

3.30

3.37

Soybeans

  bu.

5.53

7.48

7.91

5.61

7.51

7.92

Hay, baled

  ton

135.00

123.00

123.00

107.00

131.00

131.00

Potatoes

  cwt.

-

-

-

8.78

8.27

8.10

Apples, fresh market 2/

  cwt.

-

27.40

-

42.30

29.60

29.30

               

Milk, wholesale

  cwt.

12.30

20.30

22.10

11.70

20.20

21.70

Milk cows 3/

  head

1,580.00

1,820.00

1,680.00

1,950.00

Eggs, table market

  doz.

0.280

0.505

0.890

0.237

0.497

0.812

Slaughter cows

  cwt.

42.90

48.50

4/

46.40

50.10

51.40

Steers and heifers

  cwt.

69.70

76.20

4/

90.00

93.30

94.30

All slaughter cattle

  cwt.

44.10

50.30

4/

85.80

89.10

90.30

Calves

  cwt.

148.80

116.80

4/

137.00

125.00

125.00

Hogs

  cwt.

45.70

43.20

4/

50.20

54.30

52.60

Lambs

  cwt.

92.80

106.40

4/

93.40

96.30

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

117

139

142

Prices paid

       

149

158

158

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

79

88

90

           
1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/  Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, June 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.9

2.0

3,159

3,077

3.1

2.3

3,982

3,834

Calves

7.8

8.0

59

61

1.3

1.4

21

19

Hogs

4.0

2.5

8,343

8,297

  .7

  .4

2,223

2,211

Sheep and lambs

2.6

2.9

212

200

  .2

  .2

29

27

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


JULY MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.03 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a slight increase in milk production compared to July 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 10 thousand head from July of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1645 pounds, up 40 pounds from the July 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during July totaled 14.5 billion pounds, up 3.9 percent from July 2006. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,743 pounds for July, 55 pounds above July 2006.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.31 million head, 50,000 head more than July 2006, and 14,000 head more than June 2007.

  Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

July
2006

June
2007

July
2007

July
2006

June
2007

July
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,024

1,014

1,030

13,937

14,204

14,482

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,605

1,620

1,645

1,688

1,713

1,743

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

638

626

626

8,258

8,294

8,308

       

  Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

June
2006

May
2007

June
2007

June
2006

May
2007

June
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,158

1,380

1,237

101,110

124,417

110,493

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

331,375

331,408

316,163

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,400

17,185

17,112

260,874

278,766

273,416

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

19,582

23,228

19,625

290,529

300,052

284,759

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,855

2,628

2,692

91,954

85,254

89,499

       

  NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 5 PERCENT IN JUNE

Egg  production  on  New  York  farms  totaled  97  million  eggs  in  June 2007,  up  5  percent  from  last  year.   The  number  of  hens  and pullets  of  laying  age, at  4.11  million,  increased  8  percent  from June  2006  but  the  rate  of  lay  decreased  2 percent  to  2,358  eggs per  100  layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.36 billion during June 2007, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.24 billion table eggs, and 1.12 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.05 billion were broiler-type and 65 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during June 2007 averaged 339 million, down 1 percent from last year.  Eggs in incubators totaled 33.4 million on July 1, 2007, up 6 percent from a year ago.

 Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

June

2006

May

2007

June

2007

June

2006

May

2007

June

2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,821

4,078

4,114

342,685

341,052

339,331

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.08

24.52

23.58

21.60

22.26

21.69

Eggs produced

  Mil.

92

100

97

7,401

7,591

7,360

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

37,406

38,498

40,005

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

788,652

837,386

810,419

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

  Egg-type

  Thou.

10,079

11,326

10,216

31,485

39,990

33,382

  Broiler-type

  Thou.

254,701

265,863

260,948

650,487

680,815

667,719

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge

at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.