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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
October 2007

www.nass.usda.gov/ny

Monthly
No. 973-10-07

 NEW YORK SMALL GRAINS - 2007 SUMMARY

Production of winter wheat, oats, and barley decreased from a year ago.  Winter wheat production is estimated at 4.42 million bushels, down 24 percent from last year. Yields averaged 52 bushels per acre, down 9 bushels from 2006. Oat production totaled 3.42 million bushels, a decrease of 31 percent from last year. Production of barley in New York was estimated at 506,000 bushels, 23 percent below last year's production. Area harvested was 11,000 acres, down 8 percent from a year ago. 

U.S. all wheat production totals 2.07 billion bushels in 2007, down 2 percent from the last forecast but up 14 percent from 2006.  Grain area is 51.0 million acres, up 9 percent from last year.  The U.S. yield is 40.5 bushels per acre, down 0.1 bushel from August but up 1.8 bushels from last year.  The level of production and change from last year by type are: winter wheat, 1.52 billion bushels, up 17 percent; other spring wheat, 479 million bushels, up 4 percent; Durum wheat, 71.7 million bushels, up 34 percent.

 NEW YORK CORN PRODUCTION INCREASES, SOYBEAN DECREASE

New York grain corn production is estimated at 66.4 million bushels, up 7 percent from last year’s crop due to more acres for harvest. Yields are expected to average 123 bushels per acre, down 6 bushel from last year’s record high yield. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 540 thousand acres, up 13 percent from the 480 thousand acres harvested for grain in 2006.

New York soybean production is expected to total 7.71 million bushels, down 15 percent from the record high 9.11 million bushels in 2006. Yields are forecast at 38 bushels per acre down 8 bushels from last year’s record high yield.

 Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

970

1,040

480

540

129.0

123.0

61,920

66,420

Wheat, winter

bu.

105

100

95

85

61.0

52.0

5,795

4,420

Oats

bu.

85

100

67

60

74.0

57.0

4,958

3,420

Barley

bu.

17

13

12

11

55.0

46.0

660

506

Soybeans

bu.

200

205

198

203

46.0

38.0

9,108

7,714

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

19

17

18

16.3

1,330.0

1,200.0

239

196

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.6

20.0

19.0

19.3

300.0

2/

5,700

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

370

400

2.1

2.2

777

         880

Hay, other

ton

-

-

1,150

1,050

1.75

1.80

2,013

1,890

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,250

1,260

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

155.0

176.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.0

14.0

Peaches

ton

-

 

-

-

-

-

7.0

6.3
                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

78,327

93,616

70,648

86,071

149.1

154.7

10,534,868

13,318,102

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,575

44,987

31,117

35,952

41.7

42.2

1,298,081

1,515,989

Oats

bu.

4,168

3,760

1,566

1,505

59.8

60.9

93,638

91,599

Barley

bu.

3,452

4,020

2,951

3,508

61.1

60.4

180,165

211,825

Soybeans

bu.

75,522

63,669

74,602

62,818

42.7

41.4

3,188,247

2,598,046

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,629.8

1,527.3

1,537.6

1,462.5

1,577

1,727

24,247

25,264

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

58.0

53.8

53.9

50.3

337.0

328.0

18,166

16,504

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

993.7

1009.2

983.0

996.2

406.0

2/

398,921

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

21,384

21,451

3.35

3.37

71,666

72,347

Hay, other

ton

-

-

39,423

40,338

1.78

1.87

70,000

75,617

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,931.7

9,254.7

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

6,417.2

6,990.1

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

835.3

14,000

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,054

6,300

1/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
2/  First forecast released November 9.

 NET FARM INCOME DECREASED 22 PERCENT

New  York  net  farm  income decreased  22  percent  in  2005  to  $869 million.  The  value  of  livestock  production  decreased  14  percent  to $2.02 billion  while  the  value  of  crop  output  increased  19  percent to $1.54  billion. 

The value of purchased inputs increased 5 percent to $1.82  billion  while  the  value  of  direct  government  payments decreased  11  percent  to  $128  million.

 Value Added to the Economy by the Agricultural Sector, New York, 2002-2006

Item

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

 

1,000 dollars

 

Value of crop production

1,209,607

1,296,242

1,299,028

1,289,185

1,539,344

             
 

Value of livestock production           

1,964,355

1,918,376

2,296,622

2,319,001

2,015,037

             
 

Revenues from services and forestry

366,303

426,614

431,183

394,271

368,082

             
 

Value of agricultural sector production

3,540,265

3,641,232

4,026,833

4,002,457

3,922,462

             

  less:

Purchased inputs

2,003,495

1,796,763

1,843,878

1,738,620

1,817,138

             
 

  Farm origin

726,860

649,699

649,588

565,682

626,736

             
 

  Manufactured inputs

441,465

399,140

439,469

470,909

489,463

             
 

  Other purchased inputs

835,170

747,924

754,821

702,029

700,939

             

  plus:

Net government transactions

765

-3,860

-91,678

-64,850

-101,450

             

     +

  Direct Government payments

159,239

162,288

82,076

143,240

127,873

      -

  Motor vehicle registration and licensing fees

6,523

6,071

6,054

7,994

6,359

      -

  Property taxes

151,951

160,077

167,700

200,096

222,964

             
 

Gross value added

1,537,536

1,840,609

2,091,278

2,198,987

2,003,874

             

  less:

  Capital consumption

403,070

411,343

433,754

459,133

474,516

             
 

Net value added

1,134,466

1,429,266

1,657,524

1,739,854

1,529,358

             

  less: 

  Payments to stakeholders             

793,946

715,636

693,216

627,974

660,620

             
 

Net farm income

340,520

713,630

964,308

1,111,880

868,738

             

More information on farm income is available at www.ers.usda.gov/data/farmincome/finfidmu.htm.

 Stocks of Grain, United States, September 1, 2007 with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Sep 1,
2006

Jun 1,
2007

Sep 1,
2007

Sep 1,
2006

Jun 1,
2007

Sep 1,
2007

 

1,000 bushels

1,000 bushels

             

All Wheat

572,020

73,190

495,000

1,750,544

456,153

1,716,731

Corn

749,500

1,826,600

460,100

1,967,161

3,593,433

1,303,760

Oats

59,900

18,400

53,650

100,084

50,598

88,322

Barley

112,750

14,580

105,600

212,789

68,880

188,690

Sorghum

5,250

5,380

2,150

65,663

74,870

32,052

Soybeans

176,300

500,000

143,000

449,326

1,092,185

572,778

             

SEPTEMBER MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM AUGUST

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during September increased from a month earlier. The price of corn and eggs also increased.  The price of hay and potatoes decreased.  The price of oats was unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain  corn,  at  $3.82  per  bushel,  decreased  11  cents  from  August and  increased  $1.54  from  last  year.  Hay  averaged  $116.00  per  ton, $6.00  less  than  August  but  $9.00  more  than  September  2006.  Potatoes,  at  $13.90  per  hundredweight,  decreased  30  cents  from  last  month  and  decreased  $1.00  from  September  2006.  Fresh  apples  at  the  packing  house  door  were  36.2  cents  per  pound,  2.5 cents  more  than  last  year  at  this  time.  Oats,  at  $2.00  per  bushel, were  unchanged  from  August  but  increased  45  cents  from September  a  year  ago.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $22.80 per hundredweight of milk sold during September, 10 cents more than August and $10.10 more than September a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of $1.00 per dozen eggs sold, up 22 cents from August and 63 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by U.S. Farmers in September, at 142 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 2 points (1.4 percent) from August. The Crop Index advanced 3 points (2.1 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 2 points (1.4 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for wheat, lettuce, eggs, and cattle. Lower prices were received for hogs, corn, strawberries, and onions. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of soybeans, corn, apples, and peanuts offset decreased marketings of cattle, wheat, broilers, and grapes.

 Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Sep
2006

Aug
2007

Sep
2007

Sep
2006

Aug
2007

Sep
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.28

3.93

3.82

2.20

3.26

3.19

Oats

bu.

1.55

2.00

2.00

1.70

2.25

2.30

Wheat

bu.

3.35

6.00

7.00

4.06

.06

5.64

7.16

Barley

bu.

1.90

-

-

2.53

3.54

4.27

Soybeans

bu.

4.79

8.09

9.54

5.23

7.72

8.34

Hay, baled

ton

107.0

122.00

116.00

108.00

132.00

132.0

Potatoes

cwt.

14.90

14.2014.00

13.90

6.12

6.87

6.47

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

33.70

-

36.20

42.00

32.60

37.90

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

12.70

22.70

22.80

13.00

21.60

21.80

Milk cows 3/

head

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.370

0.784

1.000

0.354

0.716

0.960

Slaughter cows

cwt.

41.90

47.40

4/

47.10

51.60

50.30

Steers and heifers

cwt.

70.10

78.20

4/

95.20

95.80

98.10

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

43.50

49.80

4/

90.00

91.70

93.30

Calves

cwt.

152.00

87.90

4/

136.00

129.00

128.00

Hogs

cwt.

36.10

43.40

4/

48.90

51.60

47.0

Lambs

cwt.

92.40

82.40

4/

98.30

98.60

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

       

119

140

142

Prices received

       

149

158

159

Prices paid

       

80

89

89

Ratio prices received to prices paid

             
           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/     Price available next month.

 Commercial Livestock Slaughter, September 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.4

2.3

3,134.4

3,131.9

2.7

2.6

3,985.8

3,993.8

Calves

12.7

17.7

66.7

65.4

1.6

1.7

21.3

17.4

Hogs

3.6

3.5

9,095.7

9,394.6

.7

.6

2,380.9

2,470.9

Sheep and lambs

3.0

3.3

227.1

227.5

.3

.3

29.2

29.2

                 

1/ Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

 

   SEPTEMBER MILK PRODUCTION DOWN SLIGHTLY

New York dairy herds produced 983 million pounds of milk during September according to Stephen Ropel, Director of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Field office.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 3 percent increase in milk production compared to September 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 5 thousand head from September of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1570 pounds, up 55 pounds from the September 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during September totaled 13.7 billion pounds, up 3.1 percent from September 2006. August production, unrevised at 14.3 billion pounds, was up 3.6 percent from August 2006.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,644 pounds for September, 31 pounds above September 2006.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.34 million head, 91,000 head more than September 2006, and 12,000 head more than August 2007.

 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Sep
2006

Aug
2007

Sep
2007

Sep
2006

Aug
2007

Sep
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

956

1,025

983

13,307

14,332

13,715

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,515

1,640

1,570

1,613

1,721

 1,644

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

631

625

626

8,251

8,330

  8,342

 Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Aug
2006

Jul
2007

Aug
 2007

Aug
2006

Jul
 2007

Aug
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

688

1,011

647

88,880

115,468

109,828

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

318,071

322,256,

312,254

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,913

16,160

16,032

261,166

269,764

264,254

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

21,782

20,017

19,025

294,044

288,479

310,273

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,659

2,498

2,972

89,305

85,886

82,466

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 3 PERCENT IN AUGUST

Egg production on New York farms totaled 104 million eggs in August 2007, up 3 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.20 million, increased 4 percent from August 2006 but the rate of lay decreased 1 percent to 2,479 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.57 billion during August 2007, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.44 billion table eggs, and 1.13 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.07 billion were broiler-type and 65 million were egg-type. Eggs in incubators totaled 35.3 million on September 1, 2007, down 4 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Aug
2006

Jul
2007

Aug
2007

Aug
2006

Jul
 2007

Aug
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,024

3,976

4,195

342,309

339,505

339,387

Eggs per layer

  No.

25.10

24.43

24.79

22.39

22.35

22.29

Eggs produced

  Mil.

101

104

104

7,647

7,573

7,568

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

35,611

35,560

36,838

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

810,030

820,865

828,788

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

    Egg-type

  Thou.

11,055

8,609

9,437

36,724

33,713

35,305

    Broiler-type

  Thou.

254,668

263,366

262,497

696,902

675,750

669,586

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys. 
This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.