E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
November 2007

Monthly
No. 973-11-07

NEW YORK GRAIN CORN UP, SOYBEAN PRODUCTION DOWN

New York grain corn production is forecast at 66.4 million bushels, up 7 percent from last year's output. Production is up due to increases in the number of acres harvested. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 540 thousand acres, up 13 percent from a year earlier. Yields are expected to average 123 bushels per acre, 6 bushels less than in 2006. U.S. corn production is forecast at 13.2 billion bushels, down 1 percent from last month but 25 percent above 2006. Based on conditions as of November 1, yields are expected to average 153.0 bushels per acre, down 1.7 bushels from October but 3.9 bushels above last year. If realized, this yield would be the second highest on record, behind 2004. Production would be the largest on record as producers expect to harvest the most corn acres for grain since 1933. Forecast yields are lower than last month across the northern and western Corn Belt and adjacent areas of the Great Plains where actual harvest results are revealing that the impact of the hot, dry conditions during pollination was worse than initially expected. Producers in the Ohio Valley, Tennessee Valley, and mid-Atlantic States reported higher yields than last month.

Soybean production in New York is forecast at a record high 7.51 million bushels, down 18 percent from last year. Acreage harvested for beans is expected to total 203 thousand acres, up 2 percent from a year earlier and the largest acreage on record. Yields are expected to average 37 bushels per acre, down 9 bushels from 2006. U.S. soybean production is forecast at 2.59 billion bushels, down slightly from the October forecast and down 19 percent from last year’s record high. Based on November 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.3 bushels per acre, down 0.1 bushel from last month and down 1.4 bushels from last year. Compared with last month, yields are forecast higher in Indiana, Michigan, Texas, and most of the Mid-Atlantic region as producers are realizing higher yields than expected. In contrast, yield prospects decreased or were unchanged across the remainder of the Nation as harvest progressed. Area for harvest in the U.S. is forecast at 62.8 million acres, unchanged from last month but down 16 percent from 2006.

   Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

970

1,040

480

540

129.0

123.0

61,920

66,420

Wheat, winter

bu.

105

100

95

85

61.0

52.0

5,795

4,420

Oats

bu.

85

100

67

60

74.0

57.0

4,958

3,420

Barley

bu.

17

13

12

11

55.0

46.0

660

506

Soybeans

bu.

200

205

198

203

46.0

37.0

9,108

7,511

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

19

17

18

16.3

1,330.0

1,200.0

239

196

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

20.6

19.0

19.0

18.3

300.0

260.0

5,700

4,758

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

370

400

2.1

2.2

777

880

Hay, other

ton

-

-

1,150

1,050

1.75

1.80

2,013

1,890

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,250

1,260

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

155.0

176.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

16.0

14.0

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7.0

6.3
                 
 

United States

               
 

Corn for grain

bu.

78,327

93,616

70,648

86,071

149.1

153.0

10,534,868

13,167,741

Wheat, winter

bu.

40,575

44,987

31,117

35,952

41.7

42.2

1,298,081

1,515,989

Oats

bu.

4,168

3,760

1,566

1,505

59.8

60.9

93,638

91,599

Barley

bu.

3,452

4,020

2,951

3,508

61.1

60.4

180,165

211,825

Soybeans

bu.

75,522

63,669

74,602

62,818

42.7

41.3

3,188,247

2,594,275

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,629.8

1,527.3

1,537.6

1,462.5

1,577

1,727

24,247

25,264

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

58.0

53.8

53.9

50.3

337.0

328.0

18,166

16,504

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

993.7

1,009.2

983.0

997.8

406.0

409.0

398,921

408,325

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

-

21,384

21,451

3.35

3.37

71,666

72,347

Hay, other

ton

-

-

39,423

40,338

1.78

1.87

70,000

75,617

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,250.0

1,260.0

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

155,000

176,000

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

16,000

14,000

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,000

6,300

   1/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis)

.

NEW YORK POTATO PRODUCTION DOWN

Production of fall potatoes in New York in 2007 is estimated at 4.76 million hundredweight (cwt.), down 16 percent from a year ago. Yields are expected to average 260 cwt. per acre compared with 300 cwt. per acre last year. Acreage for harvest is estimated at a record low 18.3 thousand acres, down 4 percent from last year.   

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2007 is forecast at 408 million cwt, up 2 percent from last year. Area harvested, at 997,800 acres, is virtually unchanged from the July estimate but 2 percent above last year.  The average yield is forecast at 409 cwt per acre, up 3 cwt from last year’s record high yield.

Farm Real Estate Average Value per Acre,
Selected States and United States, January 1, 2003-2007

State

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

 

Dollars

           

New York

1,700

1,780

1,920

2,050

2,220

Massachusetts

9,300

9,900

10,500

11,600

11,800

New Hampshire

3,100

3,250

3,450

3,700

4,000

New Jersey

9,100

9,750

10,500

10,900

11,300

Pennsylvania

3,450

3,650

4,220

4,790

5,670

Vermont

2,050

2,150

2,300

2,450

2,700

           

48 States

1,270

1,360

1,650

1,900

2,160

           

Additional details available at www.nass.usda.gov in the complete “Land Values and Cash Rents” report released on August 3, 2007.



Cash Rent Per Acre:  Selected States, 2005-2007

State

Cropland Rented for Cash

Pasture Rented for Cash

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

Dollars

             

    New York

41.00

39.00

39.00

     1/

     1/

     1/

    Pennsylvania

45.00

46.50

48.00

27.00

25.00

30.00

    New Jersey

47.50

47.50

48.00

     1/

     1/

     1/

             

    48 States

78.00

79.00

85.00

10.30

10.80

12.00

    1/  Insufficient data to publish.    

Additional details available at www.nass.usda.gov in the complete “Land Values and Cash Rents” report released on August 3, 2007.

 


OCTOBER MILK PRICES DECREASED FROM SEPTEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during October decreased from a month earlier. The price of oats increased.  The price of eggs, potatoes, and apples decreased.  The price of corn and hay was unchanged.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $3.78 per bushel, was unchanged from September but increased $1.34 from last year.  Hay averaged $116.00 per ton, unchanged from September but $2.00 less than October 2006.  Potatoes, at $11.70 per hundredweight, decreased 90 cents from last month and decreased $2.60 from October 2006.  Fresh Apples at the packing house door were 34.4 cents per pound, 1 cent less than last year at this time.  Oats, at $2.06 per bushel, increased 4 cents from September and increased 63 cents from October a year ago.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $22.30 per hundredweight of milk sold during October, 50 cents less than September but $8.60 more than October a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 82 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 18 cents from September but 45 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by U.S. Farmers in October, at 142 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 1 point (0.7 percent) from September. The Crop Index is up 7 points (4.9 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 7 points (5.0 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for lettuce, wheat, soybeans, and tomatoes and lower prices were received for broilers, hogs, cattle, and eggs.  The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of soybeans, corn, cotton, and grain sorghum offset decreased marketings of milk, wheat, grapes, and broilers.

                             Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Oct.
2006

Sep.
2007

Oct.
2007

Oct.
2006

Sep.
2007

Oct.
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.44

3.78

3.78

2.55

3.29

3.29

Oats

bu.

1.43

2.02

2.06

1.77

2.47

2.35

Wheat

bu.

4.17

6.83

7.95

4.59

6.75

8.02

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

2.76

4.04

5.18

Soybeans

bu.

4.73

9.22

9.65

5.52

8.18

8.58

Hay, baled

ton

118.00

116.00

116.00

109.00

132.00

133.00

Potatoes

cwt.

14.30

12.60

11.70

5.76

5.98

5.66

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

35.10

36.20

34.40

36.20

37.90

36.10

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

13.70

22.80

22.30

13.60

21.70

21.20

Milk cows 3/

head

1,550.00

-

1,930.00

1,650.00

-

2,020.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.370

1.000

0.820

0.365

0.960

0.803

Slaughter cows

cwt.

40.40

44.20

4/

46.00

49.10

46.80

Steers and heifers

cwt.

65.40

83.80

4/

93.70

98.10

96.70

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

41.90

44.20

4/

88.20

92.90

90.80

Calves

cwt.

137.00

99.70

4/

128.00

127.00

125.00

Hogs

cwt.

38.70

53.00

4/

46.50

46.60

42.60

Lambs

cwt.

93.50

117.00

4/

98.50

99.10

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

115

141

142

Prices paid

       

148

159

159

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

78

89

89

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

  Commercial Livestock Slaughter, September 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.5

  2.4

2,766.6

2,665.0

2.7

2.7

3,542.4

3,426.4

Calves

8.6

13.5

57.6

56.0

1.2

1.3

20.0

15.7

Hogs

2.9

  2.8

8,832.7

8,774.9

  .6

  .5

2,348.6

2,334.7

Sheep and lambs

2.9

  3.0

219.1

210.6

  .2

  .3

28.3

27.0

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


OCTOBER MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.02 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 4 percent increase in milk production compared to October 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 4 thousand head from October of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1630 pounds, up 80 pounds from the October 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during October totaled 14.2 billion pounds, up 4.1 percent from October 2006. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,699 pounds for October, 47 pounds above October 2006. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.35 million head, 98,000 head more than October 2006, and 13,000 head more than September 2007.

   Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Oct.
2006

Sep.
2007

Oct.
2007

Oct.
2006

Sep
2007

Oct.
2007

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

977

983

1,020

13,637

13,725

14,190

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,550

1,570

1,630

1,652

1,646

1,699

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

630

626

626

8,225

8,340

8,353

       

  Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Sep.
2006

Aug.
2007

Sep.
2007

Sep.
2006

Aug
2007

Sep.
2007

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

966

646

939

104,317

109,804

111,948

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

320,115

312,183

303,053

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,087

17,841

17,268

258,736

264,074

263,701

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,444

19,025

18,716

288,769

309,871

315,323

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,186

2,972

2,019

74,979

82,797

70,928

       


 NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 10 PERCENT IN SEPTEMBER


Egg production on New York farms totaled 103 million eggs in October 2007, up 10 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.24 million, increased 2 percent from October 2006 and the rate of lay increased 7 percent to 2,428 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.70 billion during October 2007, up slightly from last year. Production included 6.57 billion table eggs, and 1.13 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.06 billion were broiler-type and 67 million were egg-type.  Eggs in incubators totaled 34.5 million on November 1, 2007, up 9 percent from a year ago.


Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Sep.
2006

Aug.
2007

Sep.
2007

Sep.
2006

Aug.
2007

Sep.
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,051

4,195

4,208

343,147

339,508

339,841

Eggs per layer

  No.

23.20

24.79

23.53

21.65

22.29

21.69

Eggs produced

  Mil.

94

104

99

7,430

7,569

7,370

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

36,873

36,838

35,270

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

772,258

828,788

784,155

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,218

9,437

9,872

32,886

35,305

33,438

Broiler-type

  Thou.

248,873

262,497

254,405

631,225

669,586

646,974

       

1/ First day of following month.
2/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.