E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
December 2007

Monthly
No. 973-12-07

NEW YORK AND U.S. FALL POTATO PRODUCTION UP

New† York† production† of† fall† potatoes for† 2006† is† estimated† at 5.70† million† hundredweight† (cwt.) , up 9 percent† from† a† year† ago.

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2006 is forecast at 391 million cwt, up 2 percent from last year.† Area harvested, at 976,900 acres, is virtually unchanged from the July estimate but 3 percent above last year.† The average yield is forecast at 400 cwt per acre, 3 cwt below last year's record high.

Western States production is forecast at 265 million cwt, down 2 percent from last year.† Area harvested, at 608,000 acres, increased 1 percent from last year but the average yield of 436 cwt per acre is down 13 cwt from 2005. Central States production is forecast at 98.5 million cwt, up 11 percent from last year.† Harvested area, at 277,400 acres, is up 7 percent, while average yields, at 355 cwt per acre, are up 11 cwt from a year ago.†

Eastern States production is forecast at 27.4 million cwt, up 13 percent from last year.† Area for harvest totaled 91,500 acres, 1 percent above last year, while the average yield, at 299 cwt per acre, is up 31 cwt from last season.† Maine production is forecast at 18.0 million cwt, 16 percent above 2005.† Excellent growing and harvesting conditions resulted in a high yielding, high quality crop.† Yield is expected to be 310 cwt per acre.† If realized, this will match the record high yield set in 2004.


Fall Potato Acreage, Yield and Production,
New York and United States, 2005-2007

Crop

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

                   

New York

20.1

19.0

18.3

260

300

285

5,226

5,700

5,216

                   

United States

                 

Total Fall States

949.0

983.0

997.6

309

393

397

423,926

441,348

448,866

                   

NEW YORK DRY BEAN PRODUCTION DOWN

Dry bean production in New York for the 2007 crop totaled 153,000 hundredweight (cwt), down 36 percent from last yearís production.† Harvested acreage, at 16,500 acres was down 8 percent from last year.† Yields averaged 930 pounds per acre compared with 1,330 pounds per acre in 2006.

Light red kidney bean production in the state is estimated at 58,000 cwt. compared with 88,000 cwt. in 2006.† Production came from 7,300 acres harvested.† Light red kidney beans accounted for 38 percent of the total dry bean production in New York.† Dark red kidney bean production is estimated at 14,000 cwt. compared with 15,000 cwt. in 2006.† Black turtle bean production is set at 69,000 cwt., down 45 percent from the 126,000 cwt. produced a year earlier.† Production of all other varieties totaled 12,000 cwt, up 20 percent from a year ago.

U.S. dry edible bean production is forecast at 25.2 million cwt for 2007, virtually unchanged from the October forecast but 4 percent above the revised 2006 production.† Harvested acreage is forecast at 1.48 million acres, 1 percent above the last forecast but 4 percent below last year's revised acreage.† The average U.S. yield is forecast at 1,708 pounds per acre, a decrease of 19 pounds from the October forecast but 131 pounds above the revised 2006 yield.† Production is down in 12 of the 18 producing States.† Production in North Dakota is forecast at 10.6 million cwt, 38 percent above 2006. In Michigan, production is forecast at 3.02 million cwt, 26 percent below last year.† Nebraska growers produced 2.44 million cwt of dry beans, 11 percent less than last year.
 

Dry Bean Production by Class, New York and United States, 2005-2007

Class

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

Thousand bags 1/

Thousand bags 1/

             

††† Light Red Kidney

134

† 88

† 58

1,103

742

760

††† Dark Red Kidney

† 10

† 15

† 14

1,047

823

656

††† Black

128

126

† 69

1,798

2,661

2,717

††† All Other

† 10

† 10

† 12

22,070

20,021

21,102

             

††† TOTAL

282

239

153

26,772

24,247

25,235

             

1/ 100 lb. bag (cleaned basis).


U.S. HIRED WORKERS UP 3 PERCENT
WAGE RATES UP 4 PERCENT FROM A YEAR AGO

There were 1,122,000 hired workers on the Nationís farms and ranches during the week of October 7-13, 2007, up 3 percent from a year ago.† Of these hired workers, 806,000 workers were hired directly by farm operators.† Agricultural service employees on farms and ranches made up the remaining 316,000 workers.

Farm operators paid their hired workers an average wage of $10.33 per hour during the October 2007 reference week, up 37 cents from a year earlier.† Field workers received an average of $9.62 per hour, up 36 cents from last October, while livestock workers earned $9.98 per hour compared with $9.42 a year earlier.† The field and livestock worker combined wage rate, at $9.72 per hour, was up 42 cents from last year.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

Oct. 8-14,
2006

July 8-14,
2007

Oct. 7-13,
2007

Oct. 8-14,
2006

July 8-14,
2007

Oct. 7-13,
2007

 

Thousand workers

   

  All hired workers

††††† 37

† ††††39

††††† 34

† 800

† 843

† ††806

††Worked 150 days or more

††††† 27

† ††††25

††††† 23

† 595

† 596

† ††590

††Worked less than 150 days

†††† 10

† ††††14

†††† †11

† 205

† 247

† ††216

             
 

Hours worked per worker

             

††† All hired workers

† 40.9

† 41.6

† 39.8

41.9

41.4

† 42.1

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

††† Field workers

† 9.80

† 9.58

† 9.96

9.26

9.24

† 9.12

††† Livestock workers

† 8.62

† 9.37

† 9.22

9.42

9.73

† 9.98

††† Field and livestock workers

† 9.42

† 9.51

† 9.70

9.30

9.37

† 9.72

††† All hired workers

10.20

10.00

10.35

9.96

9.99

10.33

             

1/†† New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast 1 region.
2
/†† Revised.†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††


NOVEMBER MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM OCTOBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during November increased from a month earlier. The price of corn, wheat, hay and eggs also increased.† The price of potatoes and apples decreased.† Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $2.78 per bushel, increased 19 cents from October and 73 cents from last year.† Wheat price was $4.15, 55 cents above last month and $1.78 above last year. Hay averaged $131.00 per ton, $13.00 more than October and $22.00 more than November 2005.† Potatoes, at $12.50 per hundredweight, decreased $1.80 from October and 20 cents from November last year.† Fresh market apple prices at the packinghouse door averaged 33.20 cents per pound this month, 1.90 cents more than last month and 6.40 more than last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $14.20 per hundredweight of milk sold during November, 10 cents more than October but $1.90 less than November a year ago.† Poultry producers received an average of 69 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 32 cents from October and 18 cents more than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in November, at 121 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 5 points (4.3 percent) from October. The Crop Index is up 10 points (8.7 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 1 point (0.9 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for corn, soybeans, eggs, and milk. Lower prices were received for cattle, tomatoes, oranges, and hogs. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell.† Increased average marketings of milk, cattle, cotton, and oranges offset decreased marketings of soybeans, potatoes, peanuts, and lettuce.


Prices Received by Farmers 1/

††††††††††††††††††††††† Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Nov
2006

Oct
2007

Nov
2007

Nov
2006

Oct
2007

Nov
2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.75

3.67

3.65

2.88

3.29

3.49

Oats

bu.

1.71

2.21

2.05

2.05

2.44

2.35

Wheat

bu.

4.39

6.78

7.05

4.59

7.65

7.92

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

2.92

4.50

4.69

Soybeans

bu.

5.85

8.70

9.16

6.08

8.36

9.48

Hay, baled

ton

131.00

116.00

117.00

109.00

133.00

131.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.50

11.70

12.30

6.59

5.83

6.35

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

33.20

34.40

34.00

36.10

36.10

34.50

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

14.20

22.40

22.20

13.90

21.40

21.70

Milk cows 3/

head

 -

1,930.00

 -

2,020.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.690

0.820

1.250

0.677

0.802

1.180

Slaughter cows

cwt.

38.80

42.90

4/

43.60

46.60

43.60

Steers and heifers

cwt.

63.50

71.80

4/

90.00

96.40

95.40

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

40.30

92.40

4/

84.40

90.60

89.30

Calves

cwt.

90.50

95.90

4/

119.00

122.00

118.00

Hogs

cwt.

36.10

32.30

4/

44.90

42.10

38.50

Lambs

cwt.

89.60

85.70

4/

95.60

97.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

119

141

143

Prices paid

       

148

160

161

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

80

88

89

           

1/†††† Mid-month price for current month.† Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/†††† New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/†††† Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/†††† Price available next month.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††
Commercial Livestock Slaughter, October 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

† 2.9

† 3.1

2,858.1

3,099.6

3.2

3.4

3,676.9

4,015.1

Calves

10.1

16.9

63.6

65.2

1.5

1.7

21.9

18.6

Hogs

† 2.9

† 3.1

9,632.0

10,654.4

† .6

† .6

2,589.2

2,870.1

Sheep & lambs

† 2.9

† 3.2

237.3

248.0

† .2

† .3

31.1

32.7

                 

1/† Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.† Excludes farm slaughter.


NOVEMBER MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 986 million pounds of milk during.† Milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 4 percent increase in milk production compared to November 2006.† The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, unchanged from November of the previous year.† Milk per cow averaged 1,575 pounds, up 60 pounds from the November 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during November totaled 13.8 billion pounds, up 3.8 percent from November 2006. October production, unrevised at 14.2 billion pounds, was up 4.1 percent from October 2006.† Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,654 pounds for November, 40 pounds above November 2006.† The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.36 million head, 101,000 head more than November 2006, and 8,000 head more than October 2007.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Nov
2006

Oct
2007

Nov
2007

Nov
2006

Oct
2007

Nov
2007

       

Milk Production

† Mil. lb.

948

1,020

986

13,332

14,190

13,833

Milk per cow

† Lb.

1,515

1,630

1,575

1,614

1,699

1,654

No. of milk cows

† Thou. hd.

626

628

626

8,260

8,353

8,361

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Oct
2006

Sep
2007

Oct
2007

Oct
2006

Sep
2007

Oct
2007

       

Butter

† Thou. lb.

1,060

785

1,038

119,133

111,774

129,958

American cheese

† Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

320,925

301,004

324,915

Mozzarella cheese

† Thou. lb.

15,700

16,265

15,325

266,315

263,728

273,692

Yogurt, plain and flavored

† Thou. lb.

20,044

18,716

18,947

273,415

315,993

296,678

Ice cream, hard

† Thou. gal.

2,146

2,019

2,506

66,486

69,189

69,389

       



NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 10 PERCENT IN OCTOBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 103 million eggs in October 2007, up 10 percent from last year.† The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.24 million, increased 2 percent from October 2006 and the rate of lay increased 7 percent to 2,428 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.70 billion during October 2007, up slightly from last year. Production included 6.57 billion table eggs, and 1.13 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.06 billion were broiler-type and 67 million were egg-type.† The total number of layers during October 2007 averaged 341 million, down 1 percent from last year. October egg production per 100 layers was 2,253 eggs, up 1 percent from October 2006.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Oct
2006

Sep
2007

Oct
2007

Oct
2006

Sep
†2007

Oct
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Egg type layers 1/

† Thou.

††††††† 2/

††††††† 2/

††††††† 2/

288,029

281,035

282,501

               

All layers

† Thou.

4,137

4,208

4,242

344,538

339,841

341,490

Eggs per layer

† No.

22.72

23.53

24.28

22.28

21.69

22.53

Eggs produced

† Mil.

94

99

103

7,678

7,370

7,695

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

† Thou.

††††††† 2/

††††††† 2/

††††††† 2/

36,162

35,270

35,767

Chicks hatched, broiler type

† Thou.

††††††† 2/

††††††† 2/

††††††† 2/

772,942

784,155

795,371

Chicken eggs in incubators

             

† Egg-type 1/

† Thou.

9,764

9,872

9,542

31,562

33,438

34,450

† Broiler-type 1/

† Thou.

241,722

254,405

251,964

607,694

646,974

633,571

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.† This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.