E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
January 2008

Monthly
No. 973-01-08

WINTER WHEAT SEEDINGS

New  York  producers  seeded  a  total  of  125,000  acres  of  winter wheat  in  the  fall  of  2007  for  harvest  in  2008.  This is up 25 percent from the 100,000 acres seeded a year ago.

U.S. winter wheat seeded area for 2008 is expected to total 46.6 million acres, up 4 percent from 2007.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Small Grains,

New York and United States, 2005-2007

Crop

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 Acres

Bushels

1,000 Bushels

New York

                 

Wheat, winter

95

95

85

    54

    61

    52

5,130

5,795

4,420

Oats

75

67

60

    54

    74

    57

4,050

4,958

3,420

Barley

15

12

11

    49

    55

    46

735

660

506

                   

United States

                 

Wheat, winter

33,794

31,117

35,952

44.4

41.7

42.2

1,499,129

1,298,081

1,515,989

Wheat, all

50,119

46,810

51,011

42.0

38.7

40.5

2,104,690

1,812,036

2,066,722

Oats

1,823

1,566

1,505

63.0

59.8

60.9

114,878

93,638

91,599

Barley

3,269

2,951

3,508

64.8

61.1

60.4

211,896

180,165

211,825

Rye

279

274

289

27.0

26.3

27.4

7,537

7,193

7,914

                   

NEW YORK HAY STOCKS UP

New York farms held a total of 1.67 million tons of hay on December 1, 2007, compared with 1.45 million tons on hand December 1, 2006.  

Nationally, hay stocks on farms December 1, 2007 was estimated at 104 million tons. This estimate reflects an 8 percent increase from last year’s 96 million tons.

 

2007 CORN PRODUCTION UP

New York grain corn production totaled 69.9 million bushels in 2007, up 13 percent from the 61.9 million bushels in 2006. Acres harvested for grain totaled 550,000, up 15 percent from the 480,000 acres harvested last year. The statewide yield, at a record high 127 bushels per acre, was down 2 bushels from last year’s record high 129 bushels per acre.

Hay Stocks on Farms

 

Field Corn Acreage, New York, 2005-2007

 

State

December 1

May 1

 

Disposition

2005

2006

2007

 

2006

2007

2006

2007

 
 

1,000 Tons

1,000 Tons

 

1,000 Acres

 
                   

New York

1,451

1,674

285

326

Total planted

990

950

1,050

 

Connecticut

65

67

9

12

For All Grain

460

480

550

 

Massachusetts

90

76

17

13

  Dry ear or dry shelled

360

390

470

 

New Jersey

97

68

8

10

  High moisture shelled

90

80

70

 

Pennsylvania

3,485

1,750

410

520

  High moisture ground ear

10

10

10

 

Vermont

273

233

57

38

For Silage

520

460

495

 
         

Forage and abandoned

10

10

5

 

U.S.

96,555

103,986

21,345

15,013

         
                   

NEW YORK HOG INVENTORY DECLINES

Pork producers in New York had 86,000 hogs and pigs on hand December 1, 2007.  This total was down 12 percent from the 98,000 head on hand a year earlier.

Of the current inventory, 11,000 hogs are for breeding purposes down 1,000 head from the previous December.  The remaining 75,000 hogs and pigs, raised for home use or the slaughter market, declined by 11,000 head from a year ago. 

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on December 1, 2007 was 65.1 million head. This was up 4 percent from December 1, 2006, but down 1 percent from September 1, 2007.  Breeding inventory, at 6.16 million head, was up 1 percent from last year, and up slightly from the

previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 59.0 million head, was up 5 percent from last year, but down 1 percent from last quarter.

The September-November 2007 pig crop, at 28.0 million head, was up 4 percent from 2006 and up 7 percent from 2005. Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.03 million head, up 3 percent from 2006 and up 4 percent from 2005. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 49 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.24 for the September-November 2007 period, compared to 9.11 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.40 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.30 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

Hog and Pig Inventory Number, Sows Farrowing and Pig Crop

New York and United States, 2005-2007

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006 1/

2007

   

Thousand

Thousand

  Inventory-December 1:

             

  All Hogs and Pigs

No.

83

98

86

61,449

62,490

65,110

    Kept for breeding

No.

10

12

11

6,011

6,087

6,157

    Market

No.

73

86

75

55,438

56,402

58,953

               

  Market Hogs by Weight Groups:

             

  Under 60 pounds

No.

24

23

17

20,055

20,462

21,364

  60-119 pounds

No.

16

22

20

13,524

13,928

14.459

  120-179 pounds

No.

17

21

20

11,293

11,275

11,737

  180 pounds and over

No.

16

20

18

10,567

10,738

11,394

               

  Sows Farrowing:

             

  December 2/-November

No.

14.6

15.6

18.0

11,535

11,629

11,960

               

  Pig Crop:

             

    December 2/-November

No.

130

149

176

103,965

105,618

109,937

               

  Pigs Per Litter:

             

  December 2/-November

No.

8.90

9.55

9.78

9.01

9.08

9.19

               

1/  Revised.

2/  December preceding year.

2007 NEW YORK TURKEY

PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT

Turkey producers in New York raised 640,000 turkeys during 2007.  This total is up 2 percent from the 2006 number raised and up 3 percent from the 2005 number raised.  Minnesota ranked first in the number raised with 48.0 million, followed by North Carolina with 39.0 million, Arkansas with 31.0 million, Virginia with 22.0 million, Missouri with 20.0 million, California with 16.0 million, and Indiana with 15.3 million. These States accounted for 70 percent of the turkeys produced in the United States during 2007.

 

U.S. TURKEY OUTLOOK FOR 2007

Turkey growers in 23 States intend to increase the number of birds raised by 2 percent in 2008.  The number of turkeys actually raised in 2008 may vary from growers' intentions shown in this report depending on feed costs, supply of hatching eggs, cost of poults, and prices growers receive for turkeys during the next few months.

Turkeys Raised, New York and

United States, 2005-2007

Production Area

Turkeys Raised

2005

2006

2007

 

Thousands

       

  New York

       620

       630

       640

  United States

252,053

262,460

271,689

   

DECEMBER MILK PRICES DECREASED FROM NOVEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during December decreased from a month earlier. The price of hay and potatoes also decreased.  The price of eggs, corn, and apples increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in December, at 151 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 5 points (3.4 percent) from November. The Crop Index is up 10 points (6.5 percent) but the Livestock Index is unchanged. Producers received higher commodity prices for tomatoes, corn, soybeans, and wheat.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Dec

2006

Nov

2007

Dec

2007

Dec

2006

Nov

2007

Dec

2007

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

2.96

3.47

3.68

3.01

3.43

3.88

Oats

bu.

1.73

--

--

2.01

2.73

2.71

Wheat

bu.

4.34

7.32

9.57

4.52

7.36

9.41

Barley

bu.

 

--

--

2.93

4.34

4.81

Soybeans

bu.

6.00

9.39

9.30

6.18

9.41

10.40

Hay, baled

ton

126.00

117.00

116.00

110.00

131.00

133.00

Potatoes

cwt.

11.90

12.30

12.00

6.79

6.47

6.75

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

28.70

34.00

33.80

31.00

34.50

34.80

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

14.60

22.50

22.20

14.20

21.90

21.70

Milk cows 3/

head

           

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.720

1.250

1.290

0.664

1.180

1.280

Slaughter cows

cwt.

40.68

39.70

4/

42.20

43.90

44.10

Steers and heifers

cwt.

63.90

72.30

4/

89.00

95.90

95.50

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

42.22

42.70

4/

83.10

89.70

89.10

Calves

cwt.

89.44

92.70

4/

116.00

119.00

119.00

Hogs

cwt.

30.47

31.60

4/

43.50

38.20

39.50

Lambs

cwt.

95.39

89.10

4/

94.00

97.30

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

120

146

151

Prices paid

       

149

161

162

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

81

91

93

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.

2/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.

3/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.

4/     Price available next month.

 Stocks of Grain, United States, December 1, 2007 with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Dec 1,

2006

Sep 1,

2007

Dec 1,

2007

Dec 1,

2006

Sep 1,

2007

Dec 1,

2007

 

Thousand Bushels

Thousand Bushels

             

  Corn (old crop)

5,627,000

460,100

6,530,000

8,932,707

1,303,647

10,268,599

  Sorghum (old crop)

38,000

2,150

51,400

212,194

32,053

289,702

  All Wheat

403,250

495,000

289,540

1,314,656

1,716,927

1,127,911

  Oats

53,000

53,650

43,100

98,889

88,360

94,470

  Soybeans

1,467,000

143,000

1,100,000

2,701,366

573,810

2,329,405

  Barley

83,650

105,600

62,050

172,821

188,695

135,078

             
 

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, November 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

   2.9

  2.4

2,842.4

2,831.2

3.1

2.8

3,666.8

3,677.9

Calves

13.1

14.7

66.6

58.9

1.8

1.5

21.6

16.9

Hogs

  2.5

  2.4

9,364.9

10,050.7

  .5

  .4

2,542.4

2,735.1

Sheep and lambs

  3.1

  3.3

224.2

236.7

  .3

  .3

30.7

32.2

                 

1/             Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


DECEMBER MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.01 billion pounds of milk during December.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 2 percent increase in milk production compared to December 2006.  The number of milk cows averaged 627 thousand head, down 1 thousand head from December of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,615 pounds, up 35 pounds from the December 2006 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during December totaled 14.4 billion pounds, up 3.1 percent from December 2006. November revised production, at 13.8 billion pounds, was up 3.9 percent from November 2006.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,719 pounds for December, 29 pounds above December 2006.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.38 million head, 107,000 head more than December 2006, and 14,000 head more than November 2007.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Dec

2006

Nov

2007

Dec

2007

Dec

2006

Nov

2007

Dec

2007

       

  Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

992

986

1,013

13,983

13,846

14,414

  Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,580

1,575

1,615

1,690

1,654

1,719

  No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

628

626

627

8,276

8,369

8,383

       

  Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Nov

2006

Oct

2007

Nov

2007

Nov

2006

Oct

2007

Nov

2007

       

  Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,096

1,170

1,067

118,097

129,225

131,915

  American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

312,210

320,798

323,086

  Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,110

15,396

16,198

259,149

274,991

271,197

  Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

17,936

18,947

16,266

238,194

296,585

264,217

  Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,761

2,506

1,929

58,922

69,435

56,400

       

                                  NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 4 PERCENT IN NOVEMBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 103 million eggs in November 2007, up 4 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.30 million, was unchanged from November 2006 and the rate of lay increased 4 percent to 2,398 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.51 billion during November 2007, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.42 billion table eggs, and 1.09 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.02 billion were broiler-type and 66 million were egg-type.  The total number of layers during November 2007 averaged 343 million, down 1 percent from last year.  November egg production per 100 layers was 2,190 eggs, up 1 percent from November 2006.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Nov

2006

Oct

2007

Nov

2007

Nov

2006

Oct

 2007

Nov

2007

   

New York

United States

               

  Egg type layers 1/

  Thou.

2/

2/

2/

291,267

283,937

284,345

               

  All layers

  Thou.

4,282

4,242

4,295

348,719

342,766

343,140

  Eggs per layer

  No.

23.12

24.28

23.98

21.76

22.55

21.91

  Eggs produced

  Mil.

99

103

103

7,549

7,699

7,513

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

  Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

31,554

35,767

33,986

  Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

729,946

795,371

761,402

  Chicken eggs in incubators

             

      Egg-type 1/

  Thou.

8,997

9,542

10,020

33,693

34,450

35,915

      Broiler-type 1/

  Thou.

256,595

251,964

263,193

653,931

633,571

677,805

       

1/  First day of following month.

2/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.