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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
February 2008

Released:  February 2008
Monthly
No. 973-2-08

NEW YORK CATTLE INVENTORY INCREASES

New York cattle and calves totaled 1.45 million on January 1, 2008.  All cattle and calves were 2 percent above the January 1 total of the previous year. 

Milk cows, which comprise 43 percent of the total cattle in New York, numbered 626,000 head, down slightly from January of the previous year.  New York remained third in the US in number of dairy cows behind California with 1.84 million and Wisconsin with 1.25 million.  Milk cow replacement heifers were up 3 percent from a year earlier.

 Beef cows totaled 104,000 head, down 7 percent from a year ago.  Beef cow replacement heifers totaled 34,000 head, down 2,000 head from a year earlier.  Other heifers and steers weighing 500 pounds or more, which are normally on feed for slaughter, were up 19 percent to 99,000 head.  Bulls weighing 500 pounds or more were up 6 percent at 17,000 head.  The 2007 New York calf crop totaled 500,000 head, down 9 percent from 2006.

NEW YORK SHEEP AND GOAT INVENTORIES

New York sheep and lambs totaled 67,000 head on January 1, 2008.  Down 9 percent from the 74,000 head of the previous year.   A total of 45,000 lambs were born in New York during 2007, 6,000 head below the 2006 total.  Breeding ewes one year old and older in 2007 totaled 43,000 head, yielding a lambing rate of 105 per 100 ewes, which is 15 percent below the rate of 2006. 

New York total goat inventory increased on January 1, 2008.  Milk goats totaled 13,000 head for January 1, 2008, an 8 percent increase from the pervious year.  Meat goats totaled 20,500 head for 2008, 1,700 head above the 2007 total.  Milk goats totaled 13,000 head for January 1, 2008, an 8 percent increase from the pervious year.  Meat goats totaled 20,500 head for 2008, 1,700 head above the 2007 total. 

Cattle and Sheep on Farms, January 1

 

Unit

New York

United States 1/

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

   

1,000

Million

               

    All cattle and calves

No.

1,400

1,420

1,450

97.1

97.0

96.7

    Cows and heifers that have calved

730

740

730

42.1

42.0

41.8

      Kept for milk

652

628

626

9.1

9.1

9.2

      Kept for beef

78

112

104

33.3

32.8

32.6

    Heifers 500 lbs. and over

             

      For milk replacement

325

335

345

4.3

4.3

4.5

      For beef replacement

25

36

34

5.9

5.9

5.7

      Other heifers

40

49

56

9.8

9.9

9.9

    Bulls 500 lbs. and over

17

16

17

2.3

2.2

2.2

    Steers 500 lbs. and over

28

34

43

16.9

17.2

17.3

    Calves less than 500 lbs.

235

210

225

15.5

15.5

15.4

    Cattle and calves on feed

18

20

30

14.1

14.3

14.3

               

    All sheep and lambs

70

74

67

6.2

6.2

6.1

    All breeding sheep

54

56

51

4.6

4.6

4.5

      Ewes 1 year and older

41

43

40

3.7

3.7

3.6

      Rams 1 year and older

3

4

3

0.2

0.2

0.2

      Replacement lambs

10

9

8

0.8

0.7

0.7

    Market sheep and lambs

16

18

16

1.6

1.6

1.6

               

    Goats

33,800

31,800

2/

2.8

2.9

3.0

      Goats for meat

20,000

18,800

20,500

2.3

2.4

2.5

      Goats for milk

12,800

12,000

13,000

0.3

0.3

0.3

      Angora-type goats

1,000

1,000

2/

0.3

0.2

0.2

               
1/ U.S. totals may not add due to rounding.
2/ Not published.

FIELD CROPS:   Acreage, yield, production, season average price and value,
New York, 2005-2007

Year

Acres

Yield
per
acre

Unit

Production

Mkt. year
wtd. average price 1/

Value of production

Planted

Harvested

 

Thousands

   

Thousands

 

Thousands

    CORN FOR GRAIN

2005

990

460

124.0

Bushels

57,040

2.29

130,622

2006

950

480

129.0

Bushels

61,920

3.42

211,766

2007

1,050

550

127.0

Bushels

69,850

4.30

300,355

 

    CORN FOR SILAGE

       

2005

-

520

17.0

Tons

8,840

25.70

227,188

2006

-

460

18.0

Tons

8,280

27.50

227,700

2007

-

495

17.0

Tons

8,415

31.60

265,914

 

    ALL WHEAT

2005

100

95

54.0

Bushels

5,130

3.34

17,134

2006

105

95

61.0

Bushels

5,795

4.03

23,354

2007

100

85

52.0

Bushels

4,420

6.75

29,835

 

    OATS

2005

95

75

54.0

Bushels

4,050

1.64

6,642

2006

85

67

74.0

Bushels

4,958

1.67

8,280

2007

100

60

57.0

Bushels

3,420

2.30

7,866

 

    BARLEY

2005

17

15

49.0

Bushels

735

1.80

1,323

2006

17

12

55.0

Bushels

660

1.79

1,181

2007

13

11

46.0

Bushels

506

2.75

1,392

 

    POTATOES

2005

20.5

20.1

260

Cwt.

5,226

12.20

63,757

2006

20.6

19.0

300

Cwt.

5,700

12.00

68,400

2007

19.0

18.3

285

Cwt.

5,216

12.10

63,114

 

    DRY BEANS 2/

2005

25

23.0

1,230

Cwt.

282

21.40

6,035

2006

19

18.0

1,330

Cwt.

239

25.90

6,190

2007

17

16.5

1,360

Cwt.

224

38.20

8,557

 

    SOYBEANS

2005

190

188

42.0

Bushels

7,896

5.20

41,059

2006

200

198

46.0

Bushels

9,108

6.19

56,379

2007

205

203

38.0

Bushels

7,714

9.75

75,212

 

    ALL HAY

2005

-

1,650

1.59

Tons

2,625

110.00

284,235

2006

-

1,520

1.84

Tons

2,790

113.00

316,755

2007

-

1,360

1.99

Tons

2,700

118.00

322,128

 

    ALFALFA HAY

2005

-

450

2.10

Tons

945

131.00

123,795

2006

-

370

2.10

Tons

777

146.00

113,442

2007

-

420

2.40

Tons

1,008

145.00

146,160

 

    ALL OTHER HAY

2005

-

1,200

1.40

Tons

1,680

95.00

159,600

2006

-

1,150

1.75

Tons

2,013

101.00

203,313

2007

-

940

1.80

Tons

1,692

104.00

175,968

 

1/   Preliminary 2007 marketing year average price estimates are based on prices through November with an allowance for projected prices  for the remainder of the marketing year.

2/   Yield in pounds per acre.  Production is in thousands of cwt.

JANUARY MILK PRICES DECREASE FROM DECEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during January decreased from a month earlier, according to Steve Ropel, Director of USDA=s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York Office. The price of apples, eggs, and hay also decreased.  The price of corn, soybeans, wheat, and potatoes increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information

Grain corn, at $4.59 per bushel, was up 37 cents from December and increased $1.10 from last year.  Hay averaged $113.00 per ton, down $3.00 from December and $11.00 less than January 2007. Soybeans, at $11.44 per bushel, were up $1.08 from December and $5.80 over last year.  Wheat averaged $9.02 per bushel, up $2.11 from last month and $4.32 more than last year.   Potatoes, at $12.10 per hundredweight, increased 10 cents from last month and increased $1.30 from January 2007.  Fresh Apples at the packing house door were 32 cents per pound, 2 cents more than last year at this time.   

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $21.60 per hundredweight of milk sold during January, 70 cents less than December but $6.80 more than January a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of $1.28 per dozen eggs sold, down 1 cent from December but 46 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in January, at 150 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 6 points (4.2 percent) from December. The Crop Index is up 16 points (11 percent) but the Livestock Index decreased 4 points (2.9 percent). The All Farm Index and All Crop Index are at record highs. Producers received higher commodity prices for corn, soybeans, broilers, and wheat. Lower prices were received for milk, tomatoes, hogs, and turkeys. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased average marketings of corn, soybeans, cattle, and strawberries offset decreased marketings of grapes, milk, broilers, and cottonseed.  The information in this release is available by free email subscription by subscribing to New York reports at www.nass.usda.gov/ny.

  

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Jan
2007

Dec
2007

Jan
2008

Jan
2007

Dec
2007

Jan
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.46

3.68

4.59

3.05

3.76

4.28

Oats

bu.

1.84

-

-

2.20

2.69

2.71

Wheat

bu.

4.70

9.57

9.02

4.53

7.74

8.55

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

3.03

4.51

4.92

Soybeans

bu.

6.17

9.30

11.44

6.37

10.00

11.00

Hay, baled

ton

124.00

116.00

113.00

109.00

133.00

129.00

Potatoes

cwt.

10.80

12.00

12.10

7.06

7.09

7.11

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

29.70

34.00

32.30

29.90

34.80

25.60

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

14.80

22.30

21.60

14.50

21.50

20.70

Milk cows 3/

head

1,540

-

1,800

1,660

-

1,960

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.810

1.290

1,280

0.788

1.280

1.200

Slaughter cows

cwt.

43.70

42.90

4/

44.40

44.90

46.20

Steers and heifers

cwt.

67.60

76.80

4/

89.80

95.10

95.20

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

45.20

46.20

4/

84.30

88.90

89.40

Calves

cwt.

87.00

92.20

4/

115.00

118.00

116.00

Hogs

cwt.

43.00

31.70

4/

42.70

39.60

36.50

Lambs

cwt.

98.90

96.00

4/

96.50

98.50

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

123

144

150

Prices paid

       

155

165

168

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

79

87

89

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

                                                                  


Commercial Livestock Slaughter, January 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

1,000 pounds

1,000 pounds

                 

Cattle

  2.4

2.0

2,612.5

2,645.3

2,617

2,401

3,385,204

3,430,848

Calves

13.2

14.0

68.4

61.0

1,892

1,489

21,944

17,391

Hogs

2.7

2.6

8,882.8

9,691.3

460

425

2,402,254

2,633,077

Sheep and lambs

5.0

5.0

226.9

229.1

397

395

30,762

30,826

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


   JANUARY MILK PRODUCTION UP

 

New York dairy herds produced 1.03 billion pounds of milk during January.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 2 percent increase in milk production compared to January 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 2 thousand head from January of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1650 pounds, up 40 pounds from the January 2007 rate. 

Milk production in the 23 major States during January totaled 14.6 billion pounds, up 2.4 percent from January 2007. December production, unrevised at 14.4 billion pounds, was up 2.8 percent from December 2006.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,743 pounds for January, 17 pounds above January 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.40 million head, 120,000 head more than January 2007, and 15,000 head more than December 2007.

                                                                                         

 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Jan
2007

Dec
2007

Jan.
2008

Jan
2007

Dec
2007

Jan.
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,011

1,014

1,033

14,302

14,414

14,648

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,610

1,620

1,650

1,726

1,718

1,743

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

628

626

626

8,284

8,389

8,404

       

  Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Dec
2006

Nov
2005

Dec
 2006

Dec.
2005

Nov.
 2006

Dec
2006

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,480

1,067

1,754

137,593

130,193

141,123

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

338,204

323,611

333,818

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,941

16,174

17,710

281,033

272,775

286,718

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

17,763

16,266

15,069

253,680

263,988

273,429

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,613

1,929

2,150

51,144

56,320

52,305

       

  

 
NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 3 PERCENT IN DECEMBER
 

Egg production on New York farms totaled 105 million eggs in December 2007, down 3 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.23 million, decreased 3 percent from December 2006 and the rate of lay decreased slightly to 2,484 eggs per 100 layers. 

U.S. egg production totaled 7.76 billion during December 2007, down slightly from last year.  Production included 6.63 billion table eggs, and 1.13 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.06 billion were broiler-type and 67 million were egg-type.  The total number of layers during December 2007 averaged 344 million, down 1 percent from last year.  December egg production per 100 layers was 2,256 eggs, up 1 percent from December 2006.

                          

 Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Dec
2006

Nov
2007

Dec
2007

Dec
2006

Nov
2007

Dec
2007

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,344

4,295

4,227

347,428

343,140

344,997

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.86

23.98

24.84

22.34

21.92

22.56

Eggs produced

  Mil.

108

103

105

7,777

7,513

7,763

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

33,183

33,986

35,543

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

796,523

761,402

823,327

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

9,939

10,020

10,153

34,383

35,915

39,828

Broiler-type

  Thou.

255,866

263,193

266,097

652,507

677,085

677,028

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.