E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
March 2008

Monthly
No. 973-3-08

2007 MILK PRODUCTION

Annual milk production in the Empire State during 2007 totaled 12.1 billion pounds.  The annual average number of milk cows, at 627,000 head, was down 2 percent from a year earlier.  Output per cow increased by 424 pounds, or 2 percent, to 19,303 pounds per cow.

U.S milk production for 2007 totaled 186 billion pounds, 2.1 percent above 2006.  Output per cow, at 20,267 pounds, was 316 pounds above 2006.  The average number of milk cows during 2007 was 9.16 million head, up 0.5 percent from 2006.

California lead the U.S. in production with 40.7 billion pounds in 2007, followed by Wisconsin with 24.1 billion, New York with 12.1 billion, Idaho with 11.5 billion, and Pennsylvania with 10.7 billion.  These five states produced 53 percent of the total U.S. milk production for 2007.

NEW YORK TROUT SALES DECLINE

New York trout producers sold a total of 72,000 pounds of trout valued at $441,000 during the 12 months ending December 31, 2007. Total production pounds, including food-size fish, stockers, and fingerlings, was down 45 percent from a year ago while total sales were 18 percent below last year.

The 2007 output included 40,000 pounds of food-size trout averaging $4.98 per pound in value, 30,000 pounds of stocker trout averaging $5.98 per pound, and 2,000 pounds of fingerlings averaging $625.00 per 1,000 fish.  Food-size fish averaged 0.8 pounds in weight, while stockers averaged 0.3 pounds. Total weight of food-size trout sold was down 44 percent from 2006. Total weight of stocker trout was down 40 percent.

Milk Cows and Production, by Months, New York, 2005-2007

Month

Milk Cows on Farms 1/

Milk Production per Cow

Total Milk Production

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000

Pounds

Million pounds

                   

  January

650

647

628

  1,535

  1,595

  1,610

    980

  1,032

  1,011

  February

650

645

628

  1,415

  1,475

  1,480

    924

    951

    929

  March

648

645

628

  1,570

  1,630

  1,630

    997

  1,051

  1,024

  April

646

644

627

  1,565

  1,590

  1,605

    987

  1,024

  1,006

  May

646

643

626

  1,665

  1,660

  1,690

  1,035

  1,067

  1,058

  June

647

640

626

  1,590

  1,595

  1,620

    977

  1,021

  1,014

  July

647

638

626

  1,600

  1,605

  1,650

    997

  1,024

  1,033

  August

647

634

625

  1,600

  1,580

  1,640

    981

  1,002

  1,025

  September

649

631

626

  1,420

  1,515

  1,570

    929

   956

   983

  October

650

630

626

  1,470

  1,550

  1,630

    960

   977

  1,020

  November

648

626

626

  1,410

  1,515

  1,575

    918

   948

    986

  December

650

628

626

  1,485

  1,580

  1,620

    965

    992

  1,014

                   

  ANNUAL

648

638

627

18,639

18,879

19,303

12,078

12,045

12,103

 1/  Excludes heifers not yet fresh.

HIRED WORKERS DOWN FROM OCTOBER 2007
WAGE RATES UP 4 PERCENT FROM OCTOBER

There were 599,000 hired workers on the Nation’s farms and ranches during the week of January 6-12, 2008.

Farm operators paid their hired workers an average wage of $10.77 per hour during the January reference week.  Field workers received an average of $9.64 per hour, while livestock workers earned $10.19 per hour.  The field and livestock worker combined wage rate was $9.87.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

January
2007

Oct. 7-13,
2007 2/

Jan. 6-12,
2008

January
2007

Oct. 7-13,
2007 2/

Jan. 6-12,
2008

 

1,000 workers

             

All hired workers

NA

     34

     23

NA

   817

   599

 Worked 150 days or more

NA

     23

     21

NA

   603

   511

 Worked less than 150 days

NA

     11

      2

NA

   214

     88

             
 

Hours worked per worker

             

 All hired workers

NA

  39.8

  41.5

NA

  42.2

  38.4

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

 Field workers

NA

  9.96

11.59

NA

  9.62

  9.64

 Livestock workers

NA

  9.22

10.02

NA

10.02

10.19

 Field and livestock workers

NA

  9.70

10.60

NA

  9.73

  9.87

 All hired workers

NA

10.35

11.60

NA

10.38

10.77

1/  New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.
2
/   Revised.

NEW YORK HONEY PRODUCTION DECREASES

Honey production from beekeepers with five or more hives in New York totaled 3.19 million pounds during 2007.  This total is down 7 percent from the 2006 production of 3.84 million pounds.

The 2007 production was extracted from 56,000 colonies, down from the 60,000 colonies in 2006.  Honey yield per colony averaged 57 pounds, 11 percent below the 2006 yield.  Honey stocks on hand across the State as of December 15, 2007 totaled 1.95 million pounds, a decrease of 21 percent from the 2.46 million pounds a year earlier.

Prices received by beekeepers in New York averaged 142.0 cents per pound for all methods of sale during 2007, 12 percent more than the 2006 average price.  Value of honey production for the State in 2007 totaled $4.53 million, compared with $4.99 million in 2006.

U.S. honey production in 2007 from producers with five or more colonies totaled 148 million pounds, down 4 percent from 2006. There were 2.44 million colonies producing honey in 2007, up 2 percent from 2006.  Yield per colony averaged 60.8 pounds, down 6 percent from the 64.7 pounds in 2006.

The 2007 U.S. all honey price was 103.2 cents, down slightly from 103.6 cents in 2006. U.S. and State level prices reflect the portions of honey sold through retail, cooperatives, and private channels. Prices for each color class are derived by weighting the quantities sold for each marketing channel. Prices for the 2006 crop reflect honey sold in 2006 and 2007.

HONEY:  Production and Value, 2005-2007 1/

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

       

 Colonies of bees

  1,000

     60

60

56

2,413

2,393

2,442

 Yield per colony

  Pounds

     73

64

57

72.4

64.7

60.8

 Honey production

  1,000 Lb

4,380

3,840

3,192

174,818

154,907

148,482

 Price per pound

  Dollars

  1.38

1.30

1.42

.92

1.04

1.03

 Total value

  1,000 $ .

6,044

4,992

4,533

160,428

160,484

153,233

 Stocks on December 15

  1,000 Lb.

2,321

2,458

1,947

62,478

60,548

52,484

 1/   For producers with five or more colonies.
 

FEBRUARY MILK PRICES DECREASE FROM JANUARY

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during February decreased from a month earlier. The price of soybeans, eggs, and hay also decreased.  The price of corn, apples, wheat, and potatoes increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $4.87 per bushel, was up 37 cents from January and increased $1.48 from last year.  Hay averaged $111.00 per ton, down $2.00 from January and $10.00 less than February 2007. Soybeans, at $11.47 per bushel, were down 76 cents from January but $5.27 over last year.  Wheat averaged $9.02 per bushel, up $2.08 from last month and $4.61 more than last year.   Potatoes, at $12.10 per hundredweight, were unchanged from last month but increased $1.10 from February 2007.  Fresh Apples at the packing house door were 32 cents per pound, 4 cents more than last year at this time.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $19.70 per hundredweight of milk sold during February, $1.60 less than January but $4.60 more than February a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of $1.25 per dozen eggs sold, down 3 cents from January but 62 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in February, at 145 percent, based on 1990-92=100, was unchanged from January. The Crop Index is up 1 point (0.6 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 1 point (0.8 percent). Producers received higher commodity prices for wheat, soybeans, corn, and hogs and lower prices were received for milk, lettuce, broccoli, and tomatoes. The overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of milk, cattle, broilers, and eggs offset decreased marketings of corn, soybeans, wheat, and cotton.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.82

4.50

4.87

3.44

3.97

4.25

Oats

bu.

2.28

3.22

3.20

2.35

2.96

2.97

Wheat

bu.

4.46

6.22

9.02

4.71

7.93

10.40

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

3.29

4.34

4.06

Soybeans

bu.

9.17

12.23

11.47

6.87

9.96

11.00

Hay, baled

ton

113.00

113.00

111.00

113.00

129.00

133.00

Potatoes

cwt.

11.00

12.10

12.10

7.42

7.33

7.14

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

29.20

32.30

32.20

29.70

35.60

34.70

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

15.10

21.30

19.70

14.90

20.50

19.30

Milk cows 3/

head

-

1,800.00

-

-

1,960.00

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.635

1.278

1.253

0.627

1.200

1.220

Slaughter cows

cwt.

44.83

48.30

4/

47.00

46.30

49.70

Steers and heifers

cwt.

70.26

71.60

4/

91.40

93.40

93.20

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

46.02

49.80

4/

86.10

87.30

87.80

Calves

cwt.

79.41

115.70

4/

114.00

117.00

118.00

Hogs

cwt.

39.75

49.40

4/

47.50

37.20

41.90

Lambs

cwt.

111.73

114.80

4/

94.80

97.50

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

128

145

145

Prices paid

       

156

170

172

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

82

85

84

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, January 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.5

2.4

2,798.7

2,898.6

2.8

2.9

3,596.5

3,728.4

Calves

14.2

17.8

74.3

71.5

2.2

1.8

23.9

19.0

Hogs

2.4

2.2

9,365.5

10,557.1

.5

.4

2,535.1

2,875.5

Sheep and lambs

2.4

2.4

216.7

213.4

.2

.2

30.2

29.6

 1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

FEBRUARY MILK PRODUCTION UP

New  York  dairy  herds  produced  995  million  pounds  of  milk during.  Milk  cows  declined  from  the  previous  year  while  milk  per cow  increased  from  the  previous  year  resulting  in  a  7  percent increase  in  milk  production  compared  to  February  2007.  The number  of  milk  cows  averaged  626  thousand  head,  down  2 thousand  head  from  February  of  the  previous  year.  Milk  per  cow averaged  1,590  pounds,  up  110  pounds  from  the  February  2007 rate.  Milk production and milk per cow show a strong increase over last year due to February 2008 being a leap year.

Milk production in the 23 major States during February totaled 13.9 billion pounds, up 6.0 percent from February 2007. January revised production at 14.7 billion pounds, was up 2.7 percent from January 2007. The January revision represented an increase of 40 million pounds or 0.3 percent from last month's preliminary production estimate.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,653 pounds for February, 69 pounds above February 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.42 million head, 136,000 head more than February 2007, and 9,000 head more than January 2008.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

929

1,039

995

13,125

14,688

13,919

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,480

1,660

1,590

1,584

1,746

1,653

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

628

626

626

8,286

8,413

8,422

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Jan.
2007

Dec.
2007

Jan.
2008

Jan.
2007

Dec.
2007

Jan.
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,755

1,754

2,130

151,030

140,732

170,183

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

343,095

334,511

333,676

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,140

17,710

16,141

279,383

285,942

279,334

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

17,723

15,069

17,262

286,256

273,013

296,146

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,876

2,150

1,897

64,840

52,505

62,848

       

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION DOWN 1 PERCENT IN JANUARY

Egg  production  on  New  York  farms  totaled  96  million  eggs  in January 2008, down 1 percent from last year.   The  number  of  hens and pullets of laying age, at 3.89 million, decreased 3 percent from January  2007  but  the  rate  of  lay  increased  slightly  to  2,468  eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.66 billion during January 2008, down slightly from last year. Production included 6.52 billion table eggs, and 1.14 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.07 billion were broiler-type and 67 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during January 2008 averaged 345 million, down 1 percent from last year. January egg production per 100 layers was 2,220 eggs, up 1 percent from January 2007.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Jan.
2007

Dec.
2007

Jan
2008

Jan.
2007

Dec.
2007

Jan.
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

4,008

3,921

3,890

348,897

344,965

345,105

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.20

24.99

24.68

22.00

22.56

22.20

Eggs produced

  Mil.

97

98

96

7,675

7,784

7,663

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

36,926

35,543

40,167

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

797,066

823,327

821,866

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,271

10,153

9,251

36,993

35,828

35,539

Broiler-type

  Thou.

253,519

266,097

262,933

649,148

677,028

674,636

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.