E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
April 2008

Monthly
No. 973-4-08

NEW YORK PROSPECTIVE PLANTINGS - 2008 CROP

Preliminary planting intentions of New York farmers as of March 1, 2008 indicate decreases for barley, dry beans and oats.  Dry hay, soybeans, and wheat are expected to increase.  The corn planting intentions are the same as last year.  Empire State farmers intend to plant 1,050,000 acres of corn for all purposes (grain and silage) for the 2008 crop year, the same as last year. Soybean plantings are expected to increase by 15 percent to 235,000 acres which if realized is a record high planted area. Dry bean intentions, at 16,000 acres, is down 6 percent from last year and is a record low acreage. New York farmers intend to harvest 1.37 million acres of dry hay in 2008, 1 percent above last year. Wheat planted acreage totaled 125,000 acres, up 25 percent from 2007. Oat plantings are expected to total 75,000 acres, down 25 percent from a year earlier, and is tied for the second lowest acreage on record.  Barley plantings are expected to total a record low 7,000 acres, 47 percent below last year.

Nationally, corn growers intend to plant 86.0 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2008, down 8 percent from last year when corn planted area was the highest since 1944.  Expected acreage is down from last year in most States as favorable prices for other crops, high input costs for corn, and crop rotation considerations are motivating some farmers to  plant  fewer  acres  to  corn.   Despite the decrease, corn acreage is expected to remain at historically high levels as the corn price outlook remains strong due in part to the continued expansion in ethanol production.  Soybean producers intend to plant 74.8 million acres in 2008, up 18 percent from last year, but 1 percent below the record high acreage in 2006.  Acreage increases are expected in all States, except in West Virginia, which is unchanged from last year.  The largest increases are expected in Iowa and Nebraska, up 1.25 million acres and 1.20 million acres from 2007, respectively.  Increases of at least 800,000 acres are also expected in Indiana, Minnesota, and South Dakota.  If realized, the planted acreage in Kansas, New York, and Pennsylvania will be the largest on record.                                                                               

All wheat planted area is estimated at 63.8 million acres, up 6 percent from 2007.  The 2008 winter wheat planted area, at 46.8 million acres, is 4 percent above last year and up slightly from the previous estimate.  Of this total, about 32.5 million acres are Hard Red Winter, 10.7 million acres are Soft Red Winter, and 3.63 million acres are White Winter.  Area planted to other spring wheat for 2008 is expected to total 14.3 million acres, up 8 percent from 2007.  Of this total, about 13.6 million acres are Hard Red Spring wheat.  The intended Durum planted area for 2008 is 2.63 million acres, up 22 percent from the previous year.


Plantings as of March 1, 2008, New York and United States

Crop

New York

United States

Planted
2006

Planted
2007

Indicated 2008

2008 as % 2007

Planted
2006

Planted
2007

Indicated 2008

2008 as % 2007

           

Corn, all

   950

1,050

1,050

100

 78,327

93,600

86,014

  92

Oats

     85

100

75

  75

   4,168

3,760

3,420

  91

Hay, all 1/

1,520

1,360

1,370

101

 60,927

61,625

60,583

  98

Dry beans

     19

17

16

  94

1,629.8

1,526.9

1,398.5

  92

Barley

     17

13

7

  54

   3,452

4,020

4,147

103

Wheat, all 2/

   105

100

125

125

 57,344

60,433

63,803

106

Soybeans

   200

205

235

115

 75,522

63,631

74,793

118

                 

1/  Acreage for harvest.  
2/  Includes spring wheat, durum, and winter wheat.

U.S. HOG INVENTORY UP 7 PERCENT

U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on March 1, 2008 was 65.9 million head.   This was up 7 percent from March 1, 2007, but down 2 percent from December 1, 2007.  Breeding inventory, at 6.14 million head, was up less than 1 percent from last year, but down slightly from the previous quarter.  Market hog inventory, at 59.8 million head, was up 7 percent from last year, but down 2 percent from last quarter.

The December 2007-February 2008 pig crop, at 28.1 million head, was up 6 percent from 2007 and up 9 percent from 2006.  Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.05 million head, up 5 percent from 2007 and up 7 percent from 2006.  The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50 percent of the breeding herd.  The average pigs saved per litter was 9.21 for the December 2007-February 2008 period, compared to 9.09 last year. 

Wool Production and Value, New York, 2004-2007

Year

Sheep shorn

Weight
per fleece

Wool
production

Price
per pound

Value of
production

 

1,000

Pounds

1,000 lbs.

Cents

1,000 dol.

 

2004

53

6.7

356

21.0

75

2005

49

6.7

330

19.0

63

2006

51

7.1

360

25.0

90

2007

48

6.7

320

20.0

64

   

MARCH 1, 2008 U.S. GRAIN STOCKS

Corn stocks in all positions on March 1, 2008 totaled 6.86 billion bushels, up 13 percent from March 1, 2007.  Of the total stocks, 3.78 billion bushels are stored on farms, up 14 percent from a year earlier.  Off-farm stocks, at 3.08 billion bushels, are up 12 percent from a year ago.  The December 2007 - February 2008 indicated disappearance is 3.42 billion bushels, compared with 2.86 billion bushels during the same period last year.

All wheat stored in all positions on March 1, 2008 totaled 710 million bushels, down 17 percent from a year ago.  On-farm stocks are estimated at 92.0 million bushels, down 52 percent from last March.  Off-farm stocks, at 618 million bushels, are down 7 percent from a year ago.  The December 2007-February 2008 indicated disappearance is 422 million bushels, down 8 percent from the same period a year earlier.

Stocks of Grain, United States, March 1, 2008, with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Mar 1,
2007

Dec 1,
2007

Mar 1,
2008

Mar 1,
2007

Dec 1,
2007

Mar 1,
2008

 

Million bushels

Million bushels

             

    Corn

3,330

6,530

3,780

6,068

10,278

6,859

    All Wheat

   192

   290

     92

   857

  1,131

   710

    Durum Wheat 1/

     17

     18

       8

     39

       40

     25

    Soybeans

   910

1,100

   593

1,787

  2,332

1,428

    Oats

     34

     43

     31

     71

       94

     79

             

1/   Included in all wheat.

NEW YORK RED MEAT PRODUCTION DOWN 4 PERCENT

Commercial red meat production in New York slaughter plants totaled 33.6 million pounds in 2007.  This output is down 4 percent from the 35.1 million pounds produced in 2006, and down 15 percent from the 39.4 million pounds produced in 2005.  The number of calves slaughtered in the State, at 156,800 head, was up 41 percent from 2006, and total pounds of veal produced were up 5 percent.  Cattle slaughter in the Empire State totaled 27,600 head during 2007, down 10 percent from a year earlier, and 26 percent from 2005.

Total red meat production for the United States totaled 48.8 billion pounds in 2007, 2 percent higher than the previous year.  Nationally, commercial cattle slaughter during 2007 totaled 34.3 million head, up 2 percent from 2006. Commercial calf slaughter totaled 758,100 head, 7 percent higher than a year ago.  Hog slaughter totaled 109.2 million head, 4 percent higher than 2006.  Sheep and lamb slaughter, at 2.69 million head, was down slightly from the previous year.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, by Months, New York, 2007

Month

Number  of  head  slaughtered

Total  pounds  liveweight  slaughtered

Cattle

Calves

Sheep
and
Lambs

Hogs

Cattle

Calves

Sheep
and
Lambs

Hogs

All  Species

2006

2007

 

1,000  head

 

1,000  pounds

                     

    January

  2.5

  14.2

  2.4

  2.4

2,792

  2,168

200

   453

5,619

5,613

    February

  1.8

  13.0

  2.6

  2.0

2,019

  1,553

209

   354

4,611

4,153

    March

  2.2

  12.5

  4.3

  2.0

2,472

  1,739

305

   376

4,869

4,892

    April

  2.2

    8.2

  4.1

  2.1

2,478

  1,348

294

   371

4,314

4,491

    May

  2.6

    8.0

  3.6

  2.4

2,835

  1,434

295

   409

5,090

4,973

    June

  2.0

  11.0

  2.9

  2.5

2,318

  1,413

238

   408

5,262

4,377

    July

  2.1

  13.1

  3.0

  3.1

2,388

  1,491

260

   500

4,585

4,639

    August

  2.3

  17.7

  3.3

  3.5

2,586

  1,725

290

   572

5,305

5,173

    September

  2.4

  13.5

  3.0

  2.8

2,666

  1,254

269

   496

4,738

4,685

    October

  3.1

  16.9

  3.2

  3.1

3,387

  1,722

267

   580

5,516

6,006

    November

  2.4

  14.7

  3.3

  2.4

2,829

  1,528

254

   447

5,672

5,058

    December

  2.0

  14.0

  5.0

  2.6

2,366

  1,488

417

   425

5,366

4,696

                     

    TOTAL  1/

27.6

156.8

40.8

30.9

31,136

18,864

3,299

5,390

60,947

58,689

           

1/   May not add due to rounding.


MARCH MILK PRICES DECREASE FROM FEBRUARY

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during February decreased from a month earlier. The price of potatoes also decreased.  The price of corn, wheat, eggs, apples, and hay increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $5.51 per bushel, was up 52 cents from February and increased $1.63 from last year.  Hay averaged $121.00 per ton, up $10.00 from February and $4.00 more than March 2007. Wheat averaged $11.67 per bushel, up $3.18 from last month and $7.42 more than last year.  Potatoes, at $11.10 per hundredweight, were down 20 cents from last month and decreased 10 cents from March 2007.  Fresh Apples at the packing house door were 33 cents per pound, 4 cents more than last year at this time. 

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $17.90 per hundredweight of milk sold during March, $1.60 less than February but $2.30 more than March a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of $1.31 per dozen eggs sold, up 6 cents from February and 61 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in March, at 150 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (2.0 percent) from February. The Crop Index is up 8 points (4.9 percent) but the Livestock Index was unchanged. Producers received higher commodity prices for wheat, corn, lettuce, and eggs and lower prices for milk, snap beans, strawberries, and hogs. In addition to prices, the overall index is affected seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of strawberries, soybeans, milk, and broilers offset decreased marketings of cattle, corn, cotton, and oranges.

                                                                  Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.75

4.97

5.51

3.43

4.53

4.83

Oats

bu.

2.08

3.52

3.52

2.40

3.20

3.38

Wheat

bu.

4.60

12.00

11.67

4.75

9.98

11.70

Barley

bu.

-

-

4.43

3.11

4.39

4.75

Soybeans

bu.

6.61

8.44

-

6.95

11.70

11.90

Hay, baled

ton

117.00

111.00

121.00

119.00

133.00

139.00

Potatoes

cwt.

11.20

11.30

11.10

7.93

7.51

7.82

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

28.60

32.20

33.10

29.20

34.70

34.40

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

15.60

19.50

17.90

15.60

19.10

18.30

Milk cows 3/

head

-

 -

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.700

1.250

1.310

0.681

1.220

1.300

Slaughter cows

cwt.

42.60

48.50

4/

47.20

51.40

52.20

Steers and heifers

cwt.

71.70

77.50

4/

97.70

94.20

93.80

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

44.40

51.00

4/

91.60

89.00

88.70

Calves

cwt.

94.50

72.00

4/

122.00

120.00

120.00

Hogs

cwt.

40.30

40.60

4/

44.90

42.20

41.20

Lambs

cwt.

147.00

91.00

4/

95.50

96.80

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

133

147

150

Prices paid

       

159

173

176

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

84

85

85

           

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/  Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, February 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  1.8

  2.0

2,561.7

2,643.2

2.0

2.4

3,250.0

3,383.3

Calves

13.0

14.2

66.7

69.1

1.6

1.4

20.4

18.6

Hogs

  2.0

  2.0

8,117.3

9,378.1

  .4

  .4

2,183.8

2,534.8

Sheep and lambs

  2.6

  2.1

204.7

211.4

  .2

  .2

28.7

30.1

                 
1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

MARCH MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.05 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 3 percent increase in milk production compared to March 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 2 thousand head from March of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1680 pounds, up 50 pounds from the March 2007 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during March totaled 15.1 billion pounds, up 2.4 percent from March 2007. Production per cow in  the  23  major  States  averaged  1,795  pounds  for  March,  12 pounds above March 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the  23  major  States  was  8.44  million  head,  141,000  head  more  than  March  2007,  and  9,000  head  more  than  February 2008.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,024

   995

1,052

14,787

13,942

15,144

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,630

1,590

1,680

  1,783

  1,654

  1,795

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

   628

   626

   626

  8,295

  8,427

  8,436

       

   Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

  1,592

2,130

2,051

134,171

168,799

146,741

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

     N/A

N/A

N/A

305,474

333,952

319,250

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

14,537

15,998

17,308

256,343

281,234

265,440

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,378

17,262

17,440

285,283

296,725

298,175

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

  2,051

1,897

2,044

  65,530

  63,166

  65,987

       

   NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 7 PERCENT IN FEBRUARY

Egg production on New York farms totaled 92 million eggs in February 2008, up 7 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.03 million, increased 3 percent from February 2007 and the rate of lay increased 4 percent to 2,282 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.13 billion during February 2008, up 3 percent from last year. Production included 6.05 billion table eggs, and 1.07 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.01 billion were broiler-type and 64 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during February 2008 averaged 343 million, down 2 percent from last year.  February egg production per 100 layers was 2,075 eggs, up 4 percent from February 2007.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

Feb.
2007

Jan.
2008

Feb.
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,930

3,890

4,031

349,081

344,136

342,080

Eggs per layer

  No.

2,188

2,468

2,282

1,993

2,218

2,073

Eggs produced

  Mil.

86

96

92

6,951

7,647

7,113

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

36,739

40,167

37,549

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

722,016

821,866

771,197

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,804

9,251

9,718

38,468

35,539

36,531

Broiler-type

  Thou.

260,065

262,933

263,986

663,815

674,636

679,081

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/   Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/ 

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.

This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.