E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
May 2008

Released: May 2007
No. 973-5-08

NEW YORK WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTION UP

Results from the May 2008 Agricultural Yield Survey show winter wheat production in New York is forecast at 6.60 million bushels, up 49 percent from 2007's output.  Acreage for harvest is up 41 percent while yields are expected to average 55 bushels per acre, up 3 bushels from a year ago. The U.S. winter wheat crop is placed at 1.78 billion bushels, up 17 percent from 2007.

NEW YORK HAY STOCKS DOWN

Hay  stocks  on  New  York  farms  on  May  1,  2008  totaled 283 thousand  tons,  down  13  percent  from  the  326  thousand  tons  on  farms  on  May  1,  2007.  Nationally,  on  farm  hay  stocks  totaled  21.6  million  tons,  up  44  percent  from  the  previous  year.

Hay Stocks and Pasture Condition, New York and United States

State

All Hay

Pasture

Stocks on farms May 1

Condition for week ending May 4

2006

2007

2008

Very poor

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

 

1,000 tons

 

Percent

                 

  New York

285

326

283

  1

  2

25

57

15

  Vermont

57

38

60

13

  0

22

65

  0

  Massachusetts

17

13

12

  0

  0

  0

50

50

  New Jersey

8

10

5

  0

  0

52

48

  0

  Pennsylvania

410

520

500

  2

  6

28

53

12

                 

  United States

21,345

15,013

21,593

  8

14

33

38

  7

                 

2007 NEW YORK MILK PRODUCTION

Total milk production in New York during 2007, at 12.1 billion pounds, was up slightly from 2006.  The annual average number of milk cows, at 627,000 head, was down 1.7 percent from the previous year. Annual output per cow averaged 19,303 pounds, up 2.2 percent from 2006.

Cash receipts from the sale of New York milk during 2007 totaled $2.4 billion, up 47.7 percent from the previous year. The $19.70 per hundredweight received for all milk sold by New York farmers was up $6.30, or 47.0 percent, from the $13.40 received in 2006. Marketing totals include whole milk and producer-separated cream sold to plants and dealers as well as milk sold directly to consumers.

New York dairymen used 32 million pounds of milk on their farms during 2007, unchanged from the previous year.   About 93.7 percent of the milk used on farms was fed back to calves.   The value of all milk produced, including milk fed back to calves, totaled $2.4 billion, up 47.7 percent from 2006.

U.S. milk production increased 2.1 percent in 2007 to 186 billion pounds.  The rate per cow, at 20,267 pounds, was 316 pounds above 2006.  The annual average number of milk cows on farms was 9.16 million head, up 46,000 head from 2006.  Cash receipts from marketings of milk during 2007 totaled $35.4 billion, 51.4 percent higher than 2006.  Producer returns averaged $19.21 per hundredweight, 48.2 percent above 2006.  Marketings totaled 184 billion pounds, 2.1 percent above 2006.  Marketings include whole milk sold to plants and dealers and milk sold directly to consumers.

An estimated 1.17 billion pounds of milk were used on farms where produced, 1.0 percent more than 2006.  Calves were fed 87 percent of this milk, with the remainder consumed in producer households.


Milk Production, Disposition and Income, New York and United States, 2005-2007

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2006

2007

2008

       

  Milk cows, average number during year

  1,000 hd.

648

638

627

9,043

9,112

9,158

           Milk per cow

  Pounds

18,639

18,879

19,303

19,565

19,951

20,267

           Total milk production

  Mil. lb.

12,078

12,045

12,103

176,929

181,7968

185,602

  Disposition of milk produced:

             

     Used on farms, include fed to calves

  Mil. lb.

42

32

32

1,140

1,155

1,167

     Sold wholesale or retailed by producers

  Mil. lb.

12,036

12,013

12,071

175,788

180,640

184,435

  Price received for milk sold wholesale

  Dol. per cwt.

$15.90

$13.40

$19.70

$15.19

$12.96

$19.21

  Cash receipts from marketing of milk

  Mil. dol.

$1,914

$1,6104

$2,378

$26,698

$23,405

$35,425

  Value of milk produced (includes milk used on farms)

  Mil. dol.

$1,920

$1,614

$2,384

$26,874

$23,558

$35,653

       

 

 2007 POULTRY OUTPUT VALUED
AT $82.2 MILLION

The combined value of New York produced eggs, broilers, and turkeys, and the value of sales for other chickens, was $82.2 million for the year ending November 30, 2007.  This total is UP 76 percent from a year earlier.  Of the 2007 combined value, 90 percent was derived from eggs and 10 percent was from turkeys.

    Egg Production and Value,
New York, 2004-2007

Year

Number
of layers

Eggs per layer

Eggs produced

Price per dozen

Value of production

 

1,000

No.

Mil.

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2004

4,021

289

1,163

61.7

59,844

2005

3,951

286

1,129

36.9

34,671

2006

3,930

286

1,122

42.0

39,246

2007

3,904

289

1,127

78.7

73,945

Broiler Production and Value,
New York, 2004-2007

Year

Production

Price per pound

Value of production

Number

Pounds

 

1,000

1,000

Cents

1,000 dol.

   

2004

2,600

14,600

45.0

6,570

2005

    1/

      1/

   1/

    1/

2006

    1/

      1/

   1/

    1/

2007

    1/

      1/

   1/

    1/

    1/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

Chickens Sold and Value of Sales 1/
New York, 2004-2007

Year

Sold

Price per pound

Value of Sales

Number

Pounds

 

1,000

1,000

Cents

1,000 dol.

         

2004

3,201

10,563

0.1

11

2005

3,103

13,033

0.1

13

2006

2,509

10,036

0.1

10

2007

2,536

  8,369

0.1

  8

     1/  Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations. 


Turkey
Production and Value, New York and United States, 2005-2007

Item

Unit

New York

United States

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

       

    Number raised (all breeds)

  1,000 hd.

620

630

640

252,053

262,460

271,689

    Pounds produced (liveweight)

  1,000 lbs.

14,012

14,868

14,976

7,095,977

7,463,885

7,869,224

    Price per pound

  Cents

46.0

50.0

55.0

44.9

47.9

47.2

    Value of production

  1,000 dol

6,446

7,434

8,237

3,182,767

3,573,690

3,710,846

       

1/  Excludes broilers.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, March 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

    Cattle

  2.2

  2.3

2,793.0

2,731.0

2.5

2.8

3,505.3

3,473.0

    Calves

12.5

16.1

70.7

70.8

1.7

1.8

22.6

19.1

    Hogs

  2.0

  2.0

9,201.7

9,661.6

  .4

  .4

2,485.3

2,616.8

    Sheep &   Lambs

  4.3

  3.9

279.5

230.9

  .3

  .3

39.1

32.1

 1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.
 

APRIL MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM MARCH

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during April were unchanged from a month earlier. The price of eggs and corn decreased.  The price of wheat, oats, apples, potatoes, and hay increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $5.83 per bushel, was down 11 cents from March but increased $2.23 from last year.  Hay averaged $144.00 per ton, up $23.00 from March and $22.00 more than April 2007. Oats averaged $3.47 per bushel, up 24 cents from last month and up $1.19 from April 2007.  Wheat averaged $8.76 per bushel, up 46 cents from last month and $3.92 more than last year.  Potatoes, at $12.00 per hundredweight, were up 60 cents from last month and increased 50 cents from March 2007.  Fresh Apples at the packing house door were 34.7 cents per pound, 7.3 cents more than last year at this time.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $18.00 per hundredweight of milk sold during April, unchanged from March but $1.00 more than April a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 86.5 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 44.5 cents from March but 24.5 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in April, at 144 percent, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 2 points (1.4 percent) from March. The Crop Index is unchanged but the Livestock Index decreased 4 points (3.1 percent). Producers received lower commodity prices for eggs, strawberries, cattle, and wheat.  Higher prices were received for corn, lettuce, onions, and soybeans. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of cattle, strawberries, milk, and oranges offset decreased marketings of soybeans, corn, wheat, and cotton.

 Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.60

5.94

5.83

3.39

4.70

5.13

Oats

bu.

2.28

3.23

3.47

2.46

3.44

3.59

Wheat

bu.

4.84

8.30

8.76

4.89

10.60

10.10

Barley

bu.

 -

-

-

3.07

4.17

4.53

Soybeans

bu.

6.54

12.67

-

6.88

11.50

11.80

Hay, baled

ton

122.00

121.00

144.00

124.00

139.00

152.00

Potatoes

cwt.

11.50

11.40

12.00

8.71

8.37

8.75

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

27.40

33.10

34.70

28.10

34.40

33.50

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

17.00

18.00

18.00

16.60

18.10

18.00

Milk cows 3/

head

1,600.00

 -

1,900.00

1,730.00

 -

1,940.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.580

1.310

0.865

0.561

1.300

0.884

Slaughter cows

cwt.

45.60

42.60

4/

49.20

51.20

49.90

Steers and heifers

cwt.

72.90

71.70

4/

99.80

92.70

90.10

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

47.40

44.40

4/

93.70

87.70

85.10

Calves

cwt.

111.60

94.50

4/

125.00

119.00

115.00

Hogs

cwt.

37.30

40.40

4/

47.30

40.20

40.60

Lambs

cwt.

151.70

147.00

4/

97.10

98.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

133

146

144

Prices paid

       

160

178

181

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

83

82

80

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.

3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

Prices Paid by Farmers

Commodity

Unit

Northeast

United States

Apr. 2006

Apr. 2007

Apr. 2008

Apr. 2006

Apr.2007

Apr. 2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

               

Gasoline, unleaded, bulk delivery

      gal.

2.60

2.728

3.282

2.597

2.638

2.597

Diesel fuel

      gal.

2.35

2.355

3.773

2.275

2.430

2.275

               

Complete laying feed ration

      ton

237.00

288.00

322.00

240.00

278.00

371.00

Mixed dairy feed, 16% protein

      ton

207.00

239.00

300.00

210.00

249.00

313.00

Soybean meal, 44% protein

      cwt.

18.30

20.00

26.90

16.90

18.20

23.40

Bran

      cwt.

15.50

16.90

19.30

16.10

17.40

19.10

Corn meal

      cwt.

11.20

14.00

15.70

10.10

12.30

13.70

Molasses, liquid

      cwt.

20.00

18.80

18.70

17.90

19.20

17.50

Stock salt

      50 lb.

6.06

6.20

6.86

4.67

5.02

5.45

Potato Seed

      cwt.

-

-

-

11.80

12.00

13.10

               

Feed Price Ratios

             

Milk-feed 1/

       

2.48

2.51

1.90

Egg-feed 2/

       

6.3

7.6

7.5

       

1/  Pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal in value to 1 pound whole milk.  
2/  Pounds of laying feed equal in value to 1 dozen eggs.

APRIL MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.05 billion pounds of milk during.  Milk cows declined from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 4 percent increase in milk production compared to April 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, down 1 thousand head from April of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1670 pounds, up 65 pounds from the April 2007 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during April totaled 14.8 billion pounds, up 2.5 percent from April 2007. March revised production at 15.1 billion pounds, was up 2.3 percent from March 2007.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,757 pounds for April, 12 pounds above April 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.44 million head, 152,000 head more than April 2007, and 8,000 head more than March 2008.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,006

1,058

1,045

14,470

15,134

14,833

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,605

1,690

1,670

1,745

1,794

1,757

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

627

626

626

8,292

8,436

8,444

       

 Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,886

2,051

2,054

138,380

146,759

154,330

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

339,364

319,335

340,221

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

17,841

17,308

17,726

287,215

265,322

284,488

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

23,953

17,440

18,179

315,873

299,187

317,680

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,231

2,044

2,590

36,339

30,626

35,543

    NA – Not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.

NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 5 PERCENT IN MARCH

Egg production on New York farms totaled 98 million eggs in March 2008, up 5 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.01 million, increased 5 percent from March 2007 and the rate of lay increased 1 percent to 2,446 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.68 billion during March 2008, down 2 percent from last year. Production included 6.53 billion table eggs, and 1.15 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.08 billion were broiler-type and 67 million were egg-type. Eggs in incubators totaled 37.6 million on April 1, 2008, down 2 percent from a year ago.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

Mar.
2007

Feb.
2008

Mar.
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,823

4,031

4,007

347,280

342,080

341,955

Eggs per layer

  No.

24.33

22.87

24.46

22.42

20.73

22.44

Eggs produced

  Mil.

93

92

98

7,806

7,113

7,675

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

38,561

37,549

39,947

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

809,346

771,197

832,899

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

11,135

9,718

9,557

38,226

36,531

37,624

Broiler-type

  Thou.

259,399

263,986

263,176

668,290

679,081

673,687

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

Free e-mail subscriptions are available by clicking on “Subscribe to New York Reports”.

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.