E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
June 2008

Monthly
No. 973-6-08

NEW YORK WINTER WHEAT CROP UP 49 PERCENT FROM LAST YEAR

Production  of  winter  wheat  in  New  York  is  forecast  at  6.60  million bushels,  the  same  as  May  1,  and  49  percent  above  last  year.   Area  for  grain  harvest  is  unchanged  from  May  1  at  120,000  acres.  Yields  are  expected  to  average  55.0  bushels  per  acre,  the  same  as the  May  1  forecast   and  up 3.0  bushels  from  last  year.

Crop Report Summary, June 1, 2008, with Comparisons

Crop

Unit

New York

United States

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

   

1,000

  Production

     

    Winter wheat

bu.

5,795

4,420

6,600

1,298,081

1,515,989

1,817,364

       

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION UP 44 PERCENT

New York maple syrup 2008 production increased 44 percent from last year’s production.  Syrup production is estimated at 322,000 gallons, up from the 224,000 gallons produced in 2007.  Only Vermont produced more syrup than New York.  The number of taps, 1.48 million, increased slightly from last year. Syrup produced per tap averaged 0.218 gallons, up from 0.152 gallons in 2007.  The final value of the 2007 crop is $7.50 million, 7 percent below the previous year’s value of production.  However, the overall price was $33.50, an increase of 6 percent from last year’s price.

Sugar content this year was high across the State and sap quality was excellent.  Medium syrup accounted for 46 percent of production with 42 percent light and 12 percent dark.  Producers in the North Country reported a below average season with extended cold weather followed by a quick warm up.  Elsewhere around the state, producers experienced outstanding weather and good sap flow.

The 2008 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.64 million gallons, up 30 percent from 2007.  The number of taps is estimated at 7.46 million, up 2 percent from the 2007 total of 7.29 million, while the yield per tap is estimated to be 0.219 gallons, up 27 percent from the previous season.  Vermont led all States in production with 500,000 gallons, an increase of 11 percent from 2007.  Production in Maine, at 215,000 gallons, is 4 percent below 2007.

MAPLE SYRUP:  Production, Price, and Value by State and United States 1/

State

Production

Average price
per gallon

Value of production

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2006

2007

 

1,000 gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

               

   CT

     10

       8

     15

58.20

53.90

     582

     431

   ME

   300

   225

   215

24.30

30.10

  7,290

  6,773

   MA

     40

     30

     55

47.90

46.10

  1,916

  1,383

   MI

     78

     60

   100

37.00

41.60

  2,886

  2,496

   NH

     64

     60

     85

43.90

46.80

  2,810

  2,808

   NY

   253

   224

   322

31.70

33.50

  8,020

  7,504

   OH

     78

     75

   118

34.00

39.00

  2,652

  2,925

   PA

     66

     51

     95

32.50

31.60

  2,145

  1,612

   VT

   460

   450

   500

30.20

29.10

13,892

13,095

   WI

   100

     75

   130

31.20

35.70

  3,120

  2,678

               

   U.S.

1,449

1,258

1,635

31.30

33.20

45,313

41,705

               

1/ Price and value for 2006 are revised. Price and value for 2008 available June 2009.


2007 NEW YORK CHEESE PRODUCTION INCREASES

Total cheese production in New York, excluding cottage cheese, totaled 737 million pounds in 2007.  This is a 5.4 percent increase from the previous year.  Italian cheese, which accounted for 52.9 percent of New York’s total cheese output, at 390 million pounds, was up 1.9 percent.  Total cottage cheese production at 291 million pounds was up 1.6 percent from 2006.

Total U.S. cheese production for 2007 totaled 9.70 billion pounds (excluding cottage cheese), up 1.8 percent from a year earlier.  Italian cheese varieties accounted for 42.6 of total cheese production in 2007 at 4.13 billion pounds.  American type cheese production was 3.88 billion pounds, 0.9 percent below 2006 and accounted for 40.0 percent of total cheese production in 2007.

Manufactured Dairy Products, New York and United States, 2006-2007

Manufactured Products

New York

United States

2006

2007

2006

2007                    

 

1,000 lbs.

1,000 lbs.

    BUTTER AND CHEESE

       

        Butter

16,030

15,404

1,448,428

1,532,890

        Cheese, Total 1/

699,087

737,012

9,524,567

9,700,499

            Cheese, American Types 2/

3/

3/

3,912,669

3,877,827

                Cheese, Cheddar

3/

3/

3,124,001

3,057,288

            Cheese, Total Italian

382,374

389,742

3,972,934

4,134,230

                Cheese, Mozzarella

188,841

197,815

3,144,445

3,303,305

            Cream and Neufchatel Cheese

3/

3/

756,206

772,770

        Cottage Cheese, Curd

108,034

108,581

459,033

460,630

        Cottage Cheese, Creamed

61,553

60,851

368,811

360,748

        Cottage Cheese, Lowfat

117,571

122,418

409,212

420,844

         

    OTHER MILK PRODUCTS

       

        Canned Evaporated & Condensed Whole Milk

3/

3/

485,635

497,104

        Condensed Milk, Unsweetened

       

            Whole Milk

3/

3/

116,745

105,330

            Skim Milk

3/

3/

1,218,411

1,638,894

        Non-Fat Dry Milk-Human Food

3/

3/

1,243,572

1,298,480

        Dry Whey - Total

133,132

127,650

1,109,616

1,133,861

        Yogurt - Plain and Flavored

236,987

236,301

3,301,435

3,477,727

         

    FROZEN PRODUCTS

       

        Ice Cream, Standard

27,388

27,894

982,130

950,872

        Ice Cream, Lowfat

6,193

6,901

376,557

382,620

        Milk Sherbet

2,608

2,767

59,152

62,741

        Other Frozen Dairy Products

3/

3/

11,363

12,249

        Water Ices

4,222

3,409

64,686

66,137

     

1/   Excludes cottage cheese.  Total includes some types not shown.
2
/   Includes cheddar, colby, washed curd, stirred curd, Monterey and Jack.
3
/   Figures not shown when less than three plants reported or individual plant operations might be disclosed.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

April 8-14,
2007

Jan. 6-12,
2008

Apr. 6-12
2008

April 8-14,
2007
2/

Jan. 6-12,
2008

Apr. 6-12,
2008

 

1,000 workers

             

    All hired workers

     30

     23

     36

   736

   594

   700

        Worked 150 days or more

     25

     21

     27

   593

   506

   563

        Worked less than 150 days

       5

       2

       9

   143

     88

   137

             
 

Hours Worked per worker

             

    All hired workers

  42.4

  41.5

  43.2

  40.7

  38.4

  41.0

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

    Field workers

10.10

11.59

10.19

  9.35

  9.67

  9.87

    Livestock workers

  9.59

10.02

  9.97

  9.59

10.18

10.32

    Field and livestock workers

  9.90

10.60

10.10

  9.42

  9.88

  9.87

    All hired workers

10.77

11.60

11.00

10.20

10.81

10.60

             

1/  New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.
2
/  Revised..

 

MAY MILK PRICES DECREASE FROM APRIL

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during May were down from a month earlier.  The price of eggs, corn, and hay  also decreased.  The price of wheat, oats, apples, and potatoes increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more  complete sales information.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in May, at 150 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 5 points (3.4 percent) from April. The Crop Index is up 4 points (2.4 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 5 points (3.9 percent). Producers received higher prices for hogs, cattle, onions, and broilers and lower prices for eggs, lettuce, wheat, and broccoli.

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

May
2007

Apr
2008

May
2008

May
2007

Apr
2008

May
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

    Corn

bu.

3.94

5.86

5.85

3.49

5.15

5.12

    Oats

bu.

2.18

3.73

3.92

2.49

3.48

3.46

    Wheat

bu.

4.74

9.20

9.35

4.88

10.00

8.80

    Barley

bu.

-

-

-

3.12

4.54

4.76

    Soybeans

ton

7.34

13.58

-

7.12

12.00

12.30

    Hay, baled

bu.

125.00

144.00

124.00

138.00

152.00

166.00

    Potatoes

cwt.

11.60

12.20

12.30

7.95

8.45

9.21

    Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

27.70

34.70

37.50

26.90

33.50

33.90

               

    Milk, wholesale

cwt.

18.50

18.20

17.60

18.00

18.00

18.20

    Milk cows 3/

head

-

1,900.00

 -

-

1,940.00

-

    Eggs, table market

doz.

0.620

0.865

0.708

0.618

0.884

0.698

    Slaughter cows

cwt.

50.30

47.70

4/

51.70

50.50

53.10

    Steers and heifers

cwt.

79.10

80.30

4/

98.10

91.60

95.40

    All slaughter cattle

cwt.

52.60

51.20

4/

92.80

86.60

90.50

    Calves

cwt.

135.00

79.70

4/

124.00

116.00

116.00

    Hogs

cwt.

39.80

34.00

4/

53.10

44.10

54.10

    Lambs

cwt.

114.00

132.00

4/

97.10

99.40

4/

               

    Index (1990-92=100)

             

    Prices received

       

136

145

150

    Prices paid

       

161

181

184

    Ratio prices received to            prices   paid

       

84

80

82

           
1/   Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.

3
/   Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/  Price available next month.

Cattle and Calves Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2004-2007 1/

Year

Inventory January 1

Calf Crop

Inship-
ments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory Jan. 1 following

Gross income 2/

Cattle

Calves

Cattle

Calves

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                     

2004

1,420

600

  6

122

416

2

28

49

1,410

129,937

2005

1,410

590

13

120

397

2

35

50

1,410

176,552

2006

1,400

550

20

120

352

2

32

45

1,420

160,273

2007

1,420

500

18

113

300

2

29

44

1,450

107,713

                     

Hogs and Pigs Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2004-2007

Year

Inventory December 1 preceding

Pig Crop

Inshipments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory December 1

Gross
income
2/

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                 

2004

73

166

13

158

1

  8

84

15,311

2005

84

130

12

137

1

  5

83

13,286

2006

83

149

11

137

1

  8

98

11,718

2007

98

176

  2

176

2

12

86

11,120

                 

Sheep and Lamb Production, Disposition and Income, New York, 2004-2007

Year

Inventory January 1

Lamb Crop

Inship-
ments

Marketings

Farm slaughter

Deaths

Inventory Jan. 1 following

Gross income 2/

Sheep

Lambs

Sheep

Lambs

 

1,000 head

1,000 dol.

                     

2004

70

53

4

   5

 35

2

5

6

75

2,982

2005

75

51

5

12

 37

2

5

6

70

3,915

2006

70

51

7

  5

37

2

4

6

74

3,096

2007

74

45

5

  9

37

3

3

5

67

3,505

                     

1/   Some totals may not add due to rounding.

2/   Value of marketings and home consumption


MAY MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.11 billion pounds of milk during May.  Milk cows were unchanged from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 5 percent increase in milk production compared to May 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, unchanged from May of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1770 pounds, up 80 pounds from the May 2007 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during May totaled 15.4 billion pounds, up 3.4 percent from May 2007.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,816 pounds for May, 25 pounds above May 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.46 million head, 162,000 head more than May 2007, and 12,000 head more than April 2008.

 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

May
2007

Apr.
2008

May
2008

May
2007

Apr.
2008

May
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,058

1,045

1,108

14,860

14,839

15,361

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,690

1,670

1,770

1,791

1,757

1,816

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

626

626

626

8,298

8,448

8,460

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,389

1,929

1,938

133,029

151,933

152,747

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

325,940

339,069

337,041

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,951

18,956

18,152

276,606

285,685

274,176

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,774

18,179

19,202

294,148

317,352

299,645

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,760

2,590

2,961

81,373

75,789

74,796

       

 NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP  6 PERCENT IN APRIL

Egg production on New York farms totaled 95 million eggs in April 2008, up 6 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 3.94 million, increased 3 percent from April 2007 and the rate of lay increased 3 percent to 2,411 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.38 billion during April 2008, down 1 percent from last year.  Production included 6.28 billion table eggs, and 1.11 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.04 billion were broiler-type and 66 million were egg-type.  Eggs in incubators totaled 39.6 million on May 1, 2008, up 10 percent from a year ago.

 Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

Apr.
2007

Mar.
2008

Apr.
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,841

4,007

3,941

343,835

341,686

340,593

Eggs per layer

  No.

23.43

24.46

24.11

21.62

22.44

21.64

Eggs produced

  Mil.

90

98

95

7,472

7,673

7,384

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

39,254

39,547

41,051

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

799,292

832,899

797,481

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

10,895

9,557

10,204

35,948

37,624

39,643

Broiler-type

  Thou.

264,492

263,176

256,603

679,796

673,687

665,215

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators
who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking
for the survey results during the survey interview.