E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT

August 2008

Monthly

No. 973-8-08

NEW YORK CROP PROSPECTS – AUGUST 1

New York grain corn production is forecast at 83.8 million bushels, up 20 percent from last year. Area for harvest is expected to total 640 thousand acres, 16 percent above a year ago. Yield is forecast at 131 bushels per acre, up 4 bushels from 2007, and two bushels higher than the previous record set in 2006. The crop was developing well due to warm temperatures and plentiful rainfall.

 New York production of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, at 817 thousand tons, is 19 percent below 2007. Other dry hay production is expected to total 1.30 million tons, down 23 percent from a year ago. Due to the wet summer, yields were lower than expected.  The all hay yield is the lowest since 1949.  Oat production, expected to total 3.91 million bushels, is 14 percent above a year ago.  Soybean production in the Empire State is estimated at a record high 10.4 million bushels, up from last year’s 7.71 million bushels.

 

  
U.S. CORN PRODUCTION DOWN AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTION UP

Corn production is forecast at 12.3 billion bushels, down 6 percent from last year but 17 percent above 2006.  Based on conditions as of August 1, yields are expected to average 155.0 bushels per acre, up 3.9 bushels from last year.  If realized, this yield would be the second highest on record, behind 2004.  Production would be the second highest on record, behind last year when producers harvested the most acres of corn for grain since 1933.  Forecasted yields are higher than last year in the northern and eastern Corn Belt, Ohio and Tennessee Valleys, and northern half of the Atlantic Coast where frequent precipitation this year contrasted with extremely dry weather last year.  Expected yields across the southern half of the Great Plains and the Carolinas are below last year due to drought-like conditions throughout much of the growing season.  Growers expect to harvest 79.3 million acres for grain, up 350,000 acres from June but 8 percent lower than last year.

Soybean production is forecast at 2.97 billion bushels, up 15 percent from last year but down 7 percent from the record high production of 2006.  If realized, this will be the fourth largest production on record.  Based on August 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 40.5 bushels per acre, down 0.7 bushel from 2007.  Compared with last year, yields are forecast lower in Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Ohio, Texas, and across the northern and central Great Plains.  In contrast, yield prospects are forecast higher than last year or unchanged across the remainder of the country, with the largest increases in Kentucky and Tennessee, up 13 and 12 bushels from last year, respectively.  Area for harvest in the U.S. is forecast at 73.3 million acres, up 2 percent from June and up 17 percent from 2007.



 Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

1,050

1,140

550

640

127.0

131.0

69,850

83,840

Wheat, winter

bu.

100

130

85

117

52.0

61.0

4,420

7,137

Oats

bu.

100

80

60

55

57.0

71.0

3,420

3,905

Soybeans

bu.

205

235

203

231

38.0

45.0

7,714

10,395

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

17.0

17.0

16.5

16.4

1,360.0

1,600.0

224

262

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

19.0

18.0

18.3

17.3

    285.0

2/

5,216

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

 

420

430

2.4

1.9

          1,008

817

Hay, other

ton

-

 

940

1,000

1.80

1.30

1,692

1,300

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,310

1,150

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

180.0

165.0

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

11.0

9.7

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.3

5.7

                   

United States

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

93,600

87,327

86,542

79,290

151.1

155.0

13,073,893

12,287,875

Wheat, winter

bu.

44,987

46,605

35,952

40,252

42.2

46.6

1,515,989

1,874,857

Oats

bu.

3,760

3,467

1,505

1,443

60.9

62.3

91,599

89,897

Barley

bu.

4,020

4,130

3,508

3,640

60.4

59.9

211,825

217,976

Soybeans

bu.

63,631

74,533

62,820

73,341

41.2

40.5

2,585,207

2,972,577

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,526.9

1,401.9

1,478.7

1,353.6

1,716

1,786

25,371

24,172

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.7

48.0

51.3

45.5

332.0

321.0

17,032

14,627

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

1010.6

929.1

996.7

916.2

410.0

2/

      409,082

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

-

 

21,670

20,778

3.35

3.41

72,575

70,944

Hay, other

ton

-

 

39,955

39,661

1.95

1.94

77,729

77,011

Apples

mil. lbs.

-

-

-

-

-

-

9,113.9

9,165.2

Grapes

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

7,018.0

7,195.1

Pears

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

873.0

821.8

Peaches

ton

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,128.7

1,093.9

     

1/   Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
2
/   First forecast released November 9.


DRY BEANS:  Planted Acreage by Classes,
New York and United States, 2006-2008

Class

New York

United States

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

 

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

     

   Light Red Kidney

   7.0

  7.5

7.3

43.4

47.4

47.1

   Dark Red Kidney

  2.0

  1.5

1.4

48.8

40.2

49.6

   Black

  9.0

  7.0

7.6

167.4

175.7

159.0

   All Other

  1.0

  1.0

0.7

1,370.2

1,263.6

1,146.2

     

   TOTAL

19.0

17.0

17.0

1,629.8

1,526.9

1,401.9

     

 
 
 Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

July 9-15,
2006

Apr. 8-14,
2007

July 8-14,
2007

July 9-15,
2006

Apr. 8-14,
2007
2/

July 8-14,
2007

 

1,000 workers

     

All hired workers

   36

   30

   39

  876

   736

   847

    Worked 150 days or more

   24

   25

   25

  630

   593

   600

    Worked less than 150 days

   12

     5

   14

  246

   143

   247

     
 

Hours worked per worker

     

                All hired workers

39.1

  42.4

  41.6

41.0

  40.7

  41.6

     
 

Dollars per hour

     

                Field workers

9.28

10.10

  9.58

8.93

  9.35

  9.31

                Livestock workers

9.57

  9.59

  9.37

9.49

  9.59

  9.80

                Field and livestock workers

9.38

  9.90

  9.51

9.07

  9.42

  9.44

                All hired workers

9.95

10.77

10.00

9.72

10.20

10.00

     
1/   New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast I region.  
2/  Revised.
 

JULY 1 CATTLE INVENTORY
DOWN SLIGHTLY

All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2008, totaled 104.3 million head, slightly below the 104.8 million on July 1, 2007, and down 1 percent from the 105.2 million two years ago.  All cows and heifers that have calved, at 42.4 million, was down slightly from both July 1, 2007 and July 1, 2006.

Beef cows, at 33.2 million, were down 1 percent from July 1, 2007 and 1 percent below two years ago.  Milk cows, at 9.25 million, were up 1 percent from July 1, 2007 and 1 percent above two years ago.

All sheep and lamb inventory in the United States on July 1, 2008 totaled 7.35 million head, down 3 percent from July 1, 2007, and 5 percent below July 1, 2006.  Breeding sheep inventory at 4.42 million head on July 1, 2008 was down 3 percent from July 1, 2007.  Market sheep and lambs (including newborn lambs), at 3.93 million head, were down 4 percent from last July.

All goat inventory on July 1, 2008 totaled 3.73 million head, up 4 percent from the previous July number.  Breeding goat inventory totaled 2.81 million head, up 4 percent from July 2007.  All market goats and kids totaled 925,000 head, up 2 percent from the previous July.

CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOATS ON FARMS

United States, July 1, 2006-2008

 

Class

United States

2006

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

       

Cattle and Calves

105,200

104,800

104,300

       

Cows that have calved

 42,600

  42,500

42,400

  Beef cows

 33,450

  33,350

33,150

  Milk cows

   9,150

    9,150

9,250

       

Heifers 500 lbs. and over

 16,600

  16,600

16,500

  For beef cow replacement

   5,000

    4,700

4,600

  For milk cow replacement

   3,800

    3,900

3,900

  Other heifers

   7,800

   8,000

8,000

       

Steers 500 lbs. and over

15,000

  14,900

14,700

Bulls 500 lbs. and over

   2,100

    2,100

2,100

Calves under 500 pounds

 28,900

  28,700

28,600

       

Calf crop

 37,519

  37,361

37,250

       

All sheep and lambs

    7,770

7,600

7,350

All breeding sheep

    4,635

4,540

4,420

    Ewes 1 year and older

    3,780

3,710

3,620

    Rams 1 year and older

       185

185

180

    Replacement lambs

       670

645

620

Market sheep and lambs

    3,135

3,060

2,930

       

Goats

     

All Goats

    3,465

    3,595

3,730

    Breeding

    2,575

    2,690

2,805

    Market

       890

       905

925

       

JULY MILK PRICES INCREASED FROM JUNE

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during July were up from a month earlier. The price of corn, hay, and oats also increased.  The price of wheat and eggs decreased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $7.13 per bushel, was up 75 cents from June and increased $3.76 from last year.  Hay averaged $168.00 per ton, up $39.00 from June and $45.00 more than July 2007.  Wheat averaged $5.66 per bushel, down $2.83 from last month but 4 cents more than last year.   Oats, at $3.90 per bushel, were up $1.05 from June and increased $1.81 from last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $20.00 per hundredweight of milk sold during July, up $1.10 from June but $2.10 less than July a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 64.7 cents per dozen eggs sold, down 31.1 cents from June and 24.3 cents lower than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in July, at 161 percent, based on 1990-92=100, increased 3 points (1.9 percent) from June. The Crop Index is up 3 points (1.6 percent) and the Livestock Index increased 1 point (0.7 percent). Producers received higher prices for cattle, soybeans, broilers, and sweet corn, and lower prices for eggs, wheat, tomatoes, and cucumbers. In addition to prices, the overall index is affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of wheat, grapes, hay, and tomatoes, offset decreased marketings of milk, cantaloups, potatoes, and apples. 

                                                                                 

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

July 2007

June
2008

July
2008

July 2007

June
2008

July
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

  bu.

3.76

6.38

7.13

3.32

5.48

5.61

Oats

  bu.

2.09

2.85

3.90

2.32

3.49

3.57

Wheat

  bu.

5.62

8.49

5.79

5.17

7.62

7.29

Barley

  bu.

2.76

-

-

3.46

4.75

4.61

Soybeans

  bu.

7.85

-

-

7.56

13.20

14.20

Hay, baled

  ton

123.00

129.00

168.00

131.00

161.00

164.00

Potatoes

  cwt.

-

-

-

8.48

10.78

11.42

Apples, fresh market 2/

  cwt.

-

38.30

-

30.60

40.90

44.60

               

Milk, wholesale

  cwt.

22.10

18.90

20.00

21.60

19.30

19.40

Milk cows 3/

  head

1,820.00

-

1,900.00

1,950.00

-

1,990.00

Eggs, table market

  doz.

0.890

0.958

0.647

0.814

0.927

0.668

Slaughter cows

  cwt.

46.70

52.40

4/

51.50

54.30

56.40

Steers and heifers

  cwt.

76.10

55.10

4/

93.00

96.40

100.00

All slaughter cattle

  cwt.

48.70

52.80

4/

89.00

92.00

95.70

Calves

  cwt.

97.40

67.80

4/

126.00

118.00

115.00

Hogs

  cwt.

48.60

46.40

4/

52.20

53.30

52.50

Lambs

  cwt.

84.70

99.80

4/

98.70

102.00

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

139

158

161

Prices paid

       

162

189

191

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

86

84

84

           

1/  Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/  New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/  Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/  Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, June 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

2.0

2.2

3,076.5

2,955.5

2.3

2.7

3,833.5

3,716.9

Calves

11.0

17.2

61.3

75.4

1.4

2.0

18.7

19.8

Hogs

2.5

2.8

8,297.2

8,884.7

.4

.5

2,210.5

2,359.0

Sheep and lambs

2.9

2.5

200.6

192.4

.2

.2

27.4

26.3

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.


JULY MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 1.06 billion pounds of milk during July. Milk cows were unchanged from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 2 percent increase in milk production compared to July 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, unchanged from July of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1690 pounds, up 40 pounds from the July 2007 rate. 

Milk production in the 23 major States during July totaled 14.8 billion pounds, up 1.7 percent from July 2007.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,742 pounds for July, unchanged from July 2007. The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.47 million head, 143,000 head more than July 2007, and 5,000 head more than June 2008.

 

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

July
2007

June
2008

July
2008

July
2007

June
2008

July
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,033

1,052

1,058

14,500

14,678

14,750

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,650

1,680

1,690

1,742

1,735

1,742

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

626

626

626

8,322

8,460

8,465

       

  Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

June
2007

May
2008

June
2008

June
2007

May
2008

June
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

879

2,184

1,374

109,980

142,599

119,840

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

315,522

351,343

332,510

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

17,096

17,047

15,982

274,913

270,913

260,182

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

19,437

20,040

19,044

284,869

299,007

293,290

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,605

2,304

2,798

87,058

80,737

89,993

       

 

 
NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 4 PERCENT IN JUNE

Egg  production  on  New  York  farms  totaled  94  million  eggs  in  June 2008,  up  4  percent  from  last  year.  The  number  of  hens  and  pullets  of  laying  age,  at  3.96  million,  increased  4  percent  from  June  2007  and  the  rate  of  lay  increased  slightly  to  2,374  eggs  per 100  layers. 

U.S. egg production totaled 7.37 billion during June 2008, down slightly from last year. Production included 6.27 billion table eggs, and 1.10 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.03 billion were broiler-type and 64 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during June 2008 averaged 339 million, down slightly from last year.

  Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

June
2007

May
2008

June
2008

June
2007

May
2008

June
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,808

4,005

3,960

339,373

339,791

337,242

Eggs per layer

  No.

23.63

24.97

23.74

21.69

22.25

21.76

Eggs produced

  Mil.

90

100

94

7,380

7,571

7,366

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

40,641

42,724

42,538

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

808,329

823,718

806,202

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

  Egg-type

  Thou.

10,110

10,223

9,292

32,904

37,595

35,922

  Broiler-type

  Thou.

258,814

258,324

254,281

665,958

674,213

657,943

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.