E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
October 2008


 

Monthly
No. 973-10-08

                NEW YORK SMALL GRAINS - 2008 SUMMARY

Production of winter wheat, and oats increased from a year ago.  Winter wheat production is estimated at 7.69 million Bushels, up 74 percent from last year. Yields averaged 63 bushels per acre, up 11 bushels from 2007. Oat production totaled 4.22 million bushels, an increase of 24 percent from last year. Production of barley in New York was estimated at 468,000 bushels, 8 percent below last year's production. Area harvested was 9,000 acres, down 18 percent from a year ago. 

U.S. all wheat production totals 2.50 billion bushels in 2008, up 2 percent from the last forecast and up 21 percent from 2007.  Grain area is 55.7 million acres, up 9 percent from last year.  The U.S. yield is 44.9 bushels per acre, up 1.4 bushel from August and up 4.4 bushels from last year.  The level of production and change from last year by type are: winter wheat, 1.87 billion bushels, up 23 percent; other spring wheat, 547 million bushels, up 14 percent; Durum wheat, 84.9 million bushels, up 18 percent.

                                           NEW YORK CORN AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTION INCREASES

New York grain corn production is estimated at 81.1 million bushels, up 16 percent from last year’s crop due to more acres for harvest, and higher expected yields. Yields are expected to average a record high 133 bushels per acre, up 6 bushel from last year. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 610 thousand acres, up 11 percent from the 550 thousand acres harvested for grain in 2007.

New York soybean production is expected to total a record high 9.94 million bushels, up 26 percent from 2007. Yields are forecast at 44 bushels per acre up 5 bushels from last year.  Acreage for harvest is expected to total a record high 226 thousand acres, up 11 percent from last year’s 203 thousand acres.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States
 

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

1,050

1,090

550

610

127.0

133.0

69,850

81,130

Wheat, winter

Bu.

100

130

85

122

52.0

63.0

4,420

7,686

Oats

bu.

100

80

60

64

57.0

66.0

3,420

4,224

Barley

bu.

13

13

11

9

46.0

52.0

506

468

Soybeans

bu.

205

3/ 230

203

3/ 226

39.0

44.0

7,917

3/ 9,944

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

17

17

16.5

16.4

1,360

1,900

224

312

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

19.0

18.0

18.3

17.3

285

2/

5,216

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

 

-

420

430

2.40

2.60

1,008

1,118 

Hay, other

ton

 

-

940

1,000

1.80

2.00

1,692

2,000

Apples

mil. lbs.

 

-

 

-

 

-

1,310

1,200

Grapes

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

180

165

Pears

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

11.0

9.7

Peaches

ton

     

-

    6.3 5.7
                 
 

United States

               
 

Corn for grain

bu.

93,600

3/ 85,889

86,542

3/ 78,177

151.1

3/ 153.9

13,073,893

3/ 12,033,368

Wheat, winter

bu.

44,987

46,181

35,952

39,614

42.2

47.2

1,515,989

1,867,903

Oats

bu.

3,760

3,217

1,505

1.395

60.9

63.5

91,599

88,635

Barley

bu.

4,020

4,234

3,508

3,767

60.4

63.6

211,825

239,498

Soybeans

bu.

64,736

3/ 75,878

64,141

3/ 74,374

41.7

39.5

2,675,822

3/ 2,938,313

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,526.9

3/ 1,492.9

1,478.7

3/ 1,424.6

1,716

3/ 1,774

25,371

3/ 25,268

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.7

48.5

51.2

46.2

332.0

324.0

16,997

14,946

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

1,010.8

929.1

996.8

916.2

409

2/

407,517

2/

Hay, alfalfa

ton

 

-

21,670

20,778

3.35

3.44

72,575

71,424

Hay, other

ton

 

-

39,955

39,661

1.95

1.99

77,729

79,076

Apples

mil. lbs.

 

-

 

-

 

-

9,113.9

9,242.2

Grapes

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

7,018.0

7,206.1

Pears

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

873.0

821.8

Peaches

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

1,129

1,094

                   

1/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).
2
/  First forecast released November 9.
3
/  Updated from previous report.


NET FARM INCOME DOUBLES

New  York  net  farm  income increased  209  percent  in  2007  to  $1.60 billion.  The  value  of  livestock  production  increased  39  percent  to $2.76 billion  while  the  value  of  crop  output  increased  12  percent to $1.75  billion. 

The value of purchased inputs increased 9 percent to $2.03  billion  while  the  value  of  direct  government  payments decreased  51  percent  to  $62.8 million.

                         Value Added to the Economy by the Agricultural Sector, New York, 2003-2007

Item

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 dollars

 

Value of crop production

1,298,267

1,299,028

1,268,902

1,567,075

1,748,473

             
 

Value of livestock production           

1,918,376

2,296,622

2,284,291

1,983,330

2,763,864

             
 

Revenues from services and forestry

426,614

430,190

392,837

362,023

451,958

             
 

Value of agricultural sector production

3,643,257

4,025,840

3,946,030

3,912,428

4,964,295

             

  less:

Purchased inputs

1,764,639

1,842,957

1,719,031

1,856,115

2,030,245

             
 

  Farm origin

645,907

649,504

565,281

619,382

668,803

             
 

  Manufactured inputs

399,958

439,469

471,401

514,217

547,302

             
 

  Other purchased inputs

718,774

753,984

682,349

722,516

814,140

             

  plus:

Net government transactions

-3,886

-91,678

-64,850

-101,633

-182,220

             

      +

  Direct Government payments

162,288

82,076

143,240

127,875

62,884

   -

  Motor vehicle registration and licensing fees

6,097

6,054

7,994

6,544

8,800

      -

  Property taxes

160,077

167,700

200,096

222,964

236,304

             
 

Gross value added

1,874,732

2,091,206

2,162,149

1,954,680

2,751,830

             

  less:

  Capital consumption

410,919

432,487

458,070

473,261

482,322

             
 

Net value added

1,463,813

1,658,719

1,704,079

1,481,419

2,269,508

             

  less: 

  Payments to stakeholders             

716,653

693,607

628,131

716,776

670,198

             
 

Net farm income

747,160

965,112

1,075,948

764,643

1,599,310

             

More information on farm income is available at www.ers.usda.gov/data/farmincome/finfidmu.htm.

                                      Stocks of Grain, United States, September 1, 2008 with Comparisons

 

On Farms

Total in All Positions

Sep 1,
2007

Jun 1,
2008

Sep 1,
2008

Sep 1,
2007

Jun 1,
2008

Sep 1,
2008

 

1,000 bushels

1,000 bushels

             

All Wheat

495,000

25,635

635,000

1,716,927

305,818

1,856,576

Corn

460,100

1,970,900

499,950

1,303,647

4,028,017

1,624,190

Oats

53,650

16,100

52,800

88,360

66,774

119,075

Barley

105,600

9,950

127,070

188,695

68,223

207,439

Sorghum

2,150

7,000

3,550

32,053

101,019

52,750

Soybeans

143,000

226,600

47,000

573,810

676,143

205,034

             
 

SEPTEMBER MILK PRICES DECREASE FROM AUGUST

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during September were down from a month earlier. The price of eggs, potatoes, hay, oats, corn, and wheat also decreased.  The price of apples increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $5.60 per bushel, was down 25 cents from August but increased $1.82 from last year.  Potatoes, at $16.60 per hundredweight, were down $4.40 from August but up $4.00 from last year at this time.  Hay averaged $153.00 per ton, down $10.00 from August but up $37.00 from September 2007.  Apples, at 43.3 cents per hundredweight, were up 7.1 cents from last year at this time.  Wheat averaged $6.27 per bushel, down 38 cents from last month and 56 cents from last year.  Oats, at $3.22 per bushel, were down 1 cent from August but increased $1.20 from last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $18.50 per hundredweight of milk sold during September, down 60 cents from August and $4.30 less than September a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 88.2 cents per dozen eggs sold, down slightly from August and 11.8 cents lower than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in September, at 154 percent, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 2 points (1.3 percent) from August. The Crop Index is down 3 points (1.7 percent) and the Livestock Index decreased 3 points (2.2 percent). Producers received lower prices for wheat, hogs, soybeans, and broilers and higher prices for lettuce, turkeys, eggs, and cottonseed. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of soybeans, corn, apples, and potatoes offset decreased marketings of cattle, wheat, broilers, and grapes.

 Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Sep

2007

Aug

2008

Sep

2008

Sep

2007

Aug

2008

Sep

2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.78

5.85

5.60

3.28

5.26

5.17

Oats

bu.

2.02

3.23

3.22

2.47

3.15

2.92

Wheat

bu.

6.83

6.65

6.27

6.76

7.64

6.91

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

4.05

5.11

4.83

Soybeans

bu.

9.22

-

-

8.15

12.80

11.70

Hay, baled

ton

116.00

163.00

153.00

127.00

165.00

161.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.60

21.00

16.60

5.81

11.33

9.08

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

36.20

-

43.30

40.20

53.40

53.60

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

22.80

19.10

18.50

21.80

18.40

18.00

Milk cows 3/

head

-

-

-

-

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

1.000

0.883

0.882

0.961

0.815

0.856

Slaughter cows

cwt.

44.20

51.50

4/

49.30

57.40

56.00

Steers and heifers

cwt.

83.80

85.50

4/

98.30

100.00

99.50

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

48.20

54.00

4/

93.10

96.10

94.90

Calves

cwt.

99.70

64.20

4/

126.00

116.00

116.00

Hogs

cwt.

53.00

54.30

4/

46.80

60.60

53.70

Lambs

cwt.

117.00

95.40

4/

99.00

99.60

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

140

156

154

Prices paid

       

162

192

194

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

86

81

79

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4/     Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, September 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  2.3

  2.2

3,132.1

2,910.9

2.6

2.6

3,993.8

3,726.7

Calves

17.7

18.8

65.5

79.2

1.7

1.9

17.4

19.1

Hogs

  3.5

  2.9

9,394.5

9,267.6

  .6

  .5

2,471.0

2,415.4

Sheep and lambs

  3.3

  2.9

228.1

200.7

  .3

  .3

29.3

26.5

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

3


SEPTEMBER MILK PRODUCTION UP

New York dairy herds produced 995 million pounds of milk during September.  Milk cows were unchanged from the previous year while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in a 1 percent increase in milk production compared to September 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 626 thousand head, unchanged from September of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,590 pounds, up 20 pounds from the September 2007 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during September totaled 14.0 billion pounds, up 1.9 percent from September 2007.  August revised production at 14.6 billion pounds, was up 1.7 percent from August 2007.   Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,652 pounds for September, 7 pounds above September 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.46 million head, 118,000 head more than September 2007, but 8,000 head less than August 2008.

 Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Sep
2007

Aug
2008

Sep
2008

Sep
2007

Aug
2008

Sep
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

983

1,058

995

13,718

14,563

13,976

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,570

1,690

1,590

1,645

1,720

1,652

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

626

626

626

8,341

8,467

8,459

       

Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Aug
2007

Jul
2008

Aug
 2008

Aug
2007

Jul
 2008

Aug
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

671

1,445

788

110,932

114,245

115,819

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

311,892

341,361

338,622

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,116

16,352

16,580

266,202

259,479

258,641

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

20,205

19,413

19,251

299,954

282,221

293,357

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,678

2,702

2,793

79,740

83,458

78,621

       

 NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 2 PERCENT IN AUGUST

Egg production on New York farms totaled 99 million eggs in August 2008, up 2 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 3.90 million, increased slightly from August 2007 and the rate of lay increased 2 percent to 2,536 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.55 billion during August 2008, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.45 billion table eggs, and 1.10 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.04 billion were broiler-type and 65 million were egg-type. Eggs in incubators totaled 36.3 million on September 1, 2008, up 4 percent from a year ago. 

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Aug
2007

Jul
2008

Aug
2008

Aug
2007

Jul
 2008

Aug
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,889

3,846

3,904

340,651

336,191

335,060

Eggs per layer

  No.

2,494

2,470

2,536

2,229

2,260

2,252

Eggs produced

  Mil.

97

95

99

7,594

7,599

7,547

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

36,930

37,929

36,301

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

826,599

806,555

799,625

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

    Egg-type

  Thou.

9,617

7,380

9,357

34,771

33,040

36,320

    Broiler-type

  Thou.

259,862

252,632

249,470

669,099

650,798

638,539

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.