E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
November 2008

Monthly
No. 973-11-08

 NEW YORK GRAIN CORN AND SOYBEAN PRODUCTION UP

New York grain corn production is forecast at 81.7 million bushels, up 17 percent from last year's output. Production is up due to increases in the number of acres harvested and increased yields. Acreage for harvest is expected to total 610 thousand acres, up 11 percent from a year earlier. Yields are expected to average a record high 134 bushels per acre, 7 bushels more than in 2007. U.S. corn production is forecast at 12.0 billion bushels, down slightly from the October forecast and 8 percent below 2007. Based on conditions as of November 1, yields are expected to average 153.8 bushels per acre, down 0.1 bushel from October but 2.7 bushels above last year. If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, behind 2004, and production will be the second largest, behind last year.  Forecast yields are higher than last month across the northern of the Great Plains and northern and central Corn Belt.  Yield prospects are lower than last year in the southern half of the Great Plains and Delta.

Soybean production in New York is forecast at a record high 10.2 million bushels, up 28 percent from last year. Acreage harvested for beans is expected to total 226 thousand acres, up 11 percent from a year earlier and the largest acreage on record. Yields are expected to average 45 bushels per acre, up 6 bushels from 2007. If realized this will be the second highest yield on record, behind the 46 bushel per acre set in 2006.  U.S. soybean production is forecast at 2.92 billion bushels, down less than 1 percent from the October forecast but up 9 percent from last year. If realized, this will be the fourth largest production on record.  Based on November 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 39.3 bushels per acre, down 0.2 bushel from October 1 and down 2.4 bushels from 2007. Compared with October 1, yields are forecast lower or unchanged across the Corn Belt and Great Plains, with the exception of Illinois, Indiana, and Missouri. Yields increased from the October forecast in Alabama, Arkansas, Tennessee, New York, and Virginia. Area for harvest in the U.S. is forecast at 74.4 million acres, unchanged from October 1 but up 16 percent from 2007.

Acreage, Yield and Production of Crops, New York and United States

Crop

Unit

Planted acres

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

   

1,000 acres

1,000 acres

Units

1,000 units

New York

                 

Corn for grain

bu.

1,050

1,090

550

610

127.0

134.0

69,850

81,740

Wheat, winter

Bu.

100

130

85

122

52.0

63.0

4,420

7,686

Oats

bu.

100

80

60

64

57.0

66.0

3,420

4,224

Barley

bu.

13

13

11

9

46.0

52.0

506

468

Soybeans

bu.

205

 230

203

 226

39.0

45.0

7,917

10,170

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

17

17

16.5

16.4

1,360

1,900

224

312

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

19.0

18.0

18.3

17.8

285

325

5,216

5,785

Hay, alfalfa

ton

 

-

420

430

2.40

2.60

1,008

1,118  

Hay, other

ton

 

-

940

1,000

1.80

2.00

1,692

2,000

Apples

mil. lbs.

 

-

 

-

 

-

1,310

1,200

Grapes

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

180

165

Pears

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

11.0

9.7

Peaches

ton

     

-

 

-

6.3

5.7
                 
 

United States

               
 

Corn for grain

bu.

93,600

85,889

86,542

78,177

151.1

153.8

13,073,893

12,019,894

Wheat, winter

bu.

44,987

46,181

35,952

39,614

42.2

47.2

1,515,989

1,867,903

Oats

bu.

3,760

3,217

1,505

1.395

60.9

63.5

91,599

88,635

Barley

bu.

4,020

4,234

3,508

3,767

60.4

63.6

211,825

239,498

Soybeans

bu.

64,736

75,878

64,141

 74,374

41.7

39.3

2,675,822

2,920,589

Beans, dry 1/

lbs.

1,526.9

 1,492.9

1,478.7

1,424.6

1,716

 1,774

25,371

25,268

Potatoes, summer

cwt.

53.7

48.5

51.2

46.2

332.0

324.0

16,997

14,946

Potatoes, fall

cwt.

1,010.8

928.4

996.8

918.2

409

407

407,517

373,496

Hay, alfalfa

ton

 

-

21,670

20,778

3.35

3.44

72,575

71,424

Hay, other

ton

 

-

39,955

39,661

1.95

1.99

77,729

79,076

Apples

mil. lbs.

 

-

 

-

 

-

9,113.9

9,242.2

Grapes

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

7,018.0

7,206.1

Pears

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

873.0

821.8

Peaches

ton

 

-

 

-

 

-

1,129

1,094

                   
1/  Production in 100 lb. bags (cleaned basis).

NEW YORK POTATO PRODUCTION UP

Production of fall potatoes in New York in 2008 is estimated at 5.79 million hundredweight (cwt.), up 11 percent from a year ago. Yields are expected to average a record high 325 cwt. per acre compared with 285 cwt. per acre last year. Acreage for harvest is estimated at a record low 17.8 thousand acres, down 3 percent from last year.   

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2008 is forecast at 373 million cwt., down 8 percent from last year. Area harvested, at 918,200 acres, is virtually unchanged from the July estimate but 8 percent lower than last year.  The average yield, forecast at 407 cwt. per acre, is down 2 cwt. from last year’s record high yield and, if realized, will be the second highest yield on record.

Farm Real Estate Average Value per Acre,
Selected States and United States, January 1, 2004-2008

State

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

 

Dollars

           

New York

1,780

1,920

2,050

2,220

2,400

Massachusetts

9,900

10,500

11,600

11,800

12,200

New Hampshire

3,250

3,450

3,700

4,000

3,900

New Jersey

9,750

10,500

10,900

11,300

11,300

Pennsylvania

3,650

4,220

4,790

5,670

5,800

Vermont

2,150

2,300

2,450

2,700

2,850

           

48 States

1,360

1,650

1,900

2,160

2,350

           

Additional details available at www.nass.usda.gov in the complete “Land Values and Cash Rents” report released on August 4, 2008.

Cash Rent Per Acre:  Selected States, 2006-2008

State

Cropland Rented for Cash

Pasture Rented for Cash

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

 

Dollars

             

    New York

39.00

39.00

44.00

     1/

     1/

     1/

    Pennsylvania

46.50

48.00

55.00

25.00

     1/

     1/

    New Jersey

47.50

48.00

50.00

     1/

     1/

     1/

             

    48 States

79.50

85.00

96.00

10.80

12.00

13.00

             
1/  Insufficient data to publish.

Additional details available at www.nass.usda.gov in the complete “Land Values and Cash Rents” report released on August 4, 2008.


OCTOBER MILK PRICES DECREASE FROM SEPTEMBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during October were down from a month earlier. The price of corn, wheat, and hay also decreased.  The price of apples, eggs, potatoes, and oats increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $5.26 per bushel, was down 44 cents from September but increased $1.59 from last year.  Potatoes, at $16.70 per hundredweight, were up 10 cents from September and up $5.00 from last year at this time.  Hay averaged $120.00 per ton, down $33.00 from September but up $4.00 from October 2007.  Apples, at 47.1 cents per hundredweight, were up 12.7 cents from last year at this time.  Wheat averaged $4.07 per bushel, down $3.06 from last month and $2.71 from last year.  Oats, at $3.10 per bushel, were up 6 cents from September and 89 cents from last year.

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $17.50 per hundredweight of milk sold during September, down $1.50 from September and $4.90 less than October a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 91.5 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 3.3 cents from September and 11.3 cents higher than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in October, at 145 percent, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 9 points (5.8 percent) from September. The Crop Index is down 17 points (9.8 percent) and the Livestock Index decreased 5 points (3.8 percent). Producers received lower prices for corn, soybeans, wheat, and cattle and higher prices for sweet corn, broccoli, lettuce, and eggs. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of soybeans, corn, cottonseed, and cotton offset decreased marketings of milk, wheat, sweet corn, and grapes.

 Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Oct.
2007

Sep.
2008

Oct.
2008

Oct.
2007

Sep.
2008

Oct.
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.67

5.70

5.26

3.29

5.02

3.99

Oats

bu.

2.21

3.04

3.10

2.45

3.29

2.71

Wheat

bu.

6.78

7.13

4.07

7.65

7.43

5.79

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

4.53

5.74

4.97

Soybeans

bu.

8.70

-

-

8.36

10.70

8.66

Hay, baled

ton

116.00

153.00

120.00

128.00

161.00

157.00

Potatoes

cwt.

11.70

16.60

16.70

5.68

8.79

7.86

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

34.40

43.30

47.10

37.90

53.60

44.20

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

22.40

19.00

17.50

21.40

18.20

17.60

Milk cows 3/

head

1,930.00

 -

1,900.00

2,020.00

 -

1,920.00

Eggs, table market

doz.

0.820

0.882

0.915

0.805

0.856

0.889

Slaughter cows

cwt.

42.90

50.30

4/

46.60

54.50

49.20

Steers and heifers

cwt.

71.80

86.30

4/

96.60

99.30

93.80

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

45.40

54.30

4/

90.90

94.40

88.60

Calves

cwt.

95.90

61.70

4/

123.00

113.00

108.00

Hogs

cwt.

32.30

55.80

4/

42.40

52.70

50.70

Lambs

cwt.

85.70

90.00

4/

97.00

99.60

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

141

154

145

Prices paid

       

163

191

188

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

86

81

77

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, September 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  2.4

  2.5

2,664.6

2,889.0

2.7

3.0

3,426.0

3,736.9

Calves

13.5

20.7

56.0

87.5

1.3

2.0

15.7

21.8

Hogs

  2.8

  2.9

8,772.8

9,958.6

  .5

  .5

2,334.4

2,642.7

Sheep and lambs

  3.0

  3.0

210.7

221.0

  .3

  .3

27.0

28.5

                 

1/  Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

 

OCTOBER MILK PRODUCTION DOWN

New York dairy herds produced 1.01 billion pounds of milk during October.  Milk cows and milk per cow both declined from the previous year resulting in a 1 percent decrease in milk production compared to October 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 625 thousand head, down 1 thousand head from October of the previous year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,620 pounds, down 10 pounds from the October 2007 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during October totaled 14.4 billion pounds, up 1.5 percent from October 2007.  Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,700 pounds for October, 3 pounds above October 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.46 million head, 105,000 head more than October 2007, and 1,000 head more than September 2008.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Oct.
2007

Sep.
2008

Oct.
2008

Oct.
2007

Sep.
2008

Oct.
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

1,020

995

1,013

14,176

13,963

14,382

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,630

1,590

1,620

1,697

1,651

1,700

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

626

626

625

8,355

8,459

8,460

   

 Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Sep.
2007

Aug.
2008

Sep.
2008

Sep.
2007

Aug.
2008

Sep.
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

792

788

756

112,869

115,729

121,245

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

NA

NA

NA

299,616

338,507

316,779

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

16,181

16,508

16,022

266,649

257,990

258,115

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

19,257

19,251

21,819

309,925

293,399

309,709

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

1,979

2,793

2,585

70,121

78,639

76,023

       

                    NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 7 PERCENT IN SEPTEMBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 98 million eggs in September 2008, up 7 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.00 million, increased 2 percent from September 2007 and the rate of lay increased 4 percent to 2,452 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.34 billion during September 2008, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.28 billion table eggs, and 1.06 billion hatching eggs, of which 990 million were broiler-type and 65 million were egg-type. Eggs in incubators totaled 35.5 million on October 1, 2008, up 5 percent from a year ago.

 Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Sep.
2007

Aug.
2008

Sep.
2008

Sep.
2007

Aug.
2008

Sep.
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Number of layers

  Thou.

3,902

3,904

3,997

340,984

335,171

334,374

Eggs per layer

  No.

2,358

2,536

2,452

2,168

,252

2,194

Eggs produced

  Mil.

92

99

98

7,393

7,549

7,336

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

35,327

36,301

36,428

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

782,152

799,625

756,565

Chicken eggs in incubators 1/

             

Egg-type

  Thou.

9,815

9,357

9,664

33,695

36,320

35,493

Broiler-type

  Thou.

253,070

249,470

234,696

647,140

638,539

606,189

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.