E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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NEW YORK CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORT
December 2008

Monthly
No. 973-12-08

NEW YORK FALL POTATO PRODUCTION UP

New  York  production  of  fall  potatoes for  2008  is  estimated  at 5.70  million  hundredweight  (cwt.), up 9 percent  from  a  year  ago. 

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2008 is forecast at 374 million cwt., up slightly from the November forecast but down 8 percent from 2007. Area harvested, at 921,200 acres, is virtually unchanged from the November forecast but 8 percent lower than last year. The average yield, forecast at 406 cwt. per acre, is down 1 cwt. from November’s forecast and down 3 cwt from last year’s record high yield. 

Idaho's yield is forecast at 378 cwt. per acre.  If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, 8 cwt. below the record yield set in 2006.  Production in Idaho is down from last year due to a 13 percent decrease in harvested acres.  In eastern Washington, potatoes were planted on time, but growth was delayed due to cool, wet weather in the early summer, which also delayed planting in the western part of the State.  Potato size was smaller than last year, but quality was good.  In Colorado, the growing season was favorable for the San Luis Valley, however, severe hail storms in August damaged plants just before vine killing.  As a result, potato sizes were variable.  Despite a slow start for the potato crop in Oregon, most growers reported normal to slightly below normal yields.  In California, favorable weather conditions resulted in excellent crop quality and yields.

In North Dakota, crop condition was rated fair to good throughout the growing season.  Wisconsin growers reported a smaller crop with good quality potatoes.  In Michigan, there were low disease and insect pressures across the State and harvest was mostly complete by early November.

In Maine, a wet growing season resulted in below average potato yields.  Dry weather in September promoted excellent harvest and storage conditions.  Massachusetts potato farmers battled wet conditions during the season, while growing conditions were excellent in Rhode Island.

Fall Potato Acreage, Yield and Production,
New York and United States, 2006-2008

Crop

Acres for harvest

Yield per acre

Production

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

 

1,000 acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

                   

New York

  19.0

  18.3

  17.8

300

285

320

    5,700

    5,216

    5,696

                   

United States

                 

Total Fall States

983.0

996.8

921.2

406

409

406

398,921

407,517

374,360

                   

NEW YORK DRY BEAN PRODUCTION UP

Dry bean production in New York for the 2008 crop totaled 316,000 hundredweight (cwt), up 41 percent from last year’s production, according to Stephen Ropel, Director of USDA=s National Agricultural Statistics Service, New York office.  Harvested acreage, at 16,800 acres was up 2 percent from last year.  Yields averaged 1,880 pounds per acre, a new record replacing the 1,860 yield set in 2003, compared with 1,360 pounds per acre in 2007.

Light red kidney bean production in the state is estimated at 137,000 cwt. compared with 86,000 cwt. in 2007.  Production came from 7,000 acres harvested.  Light red kidney beans accounted for 43 percent of the total dry bean production in New York.  Dark red kidney bean production is estimated at 38,000 cwt. compared with 20,000 cwt. in 2007.  Black turtle bean production is set at 130,000 cwt., up 29 percent from the 101,000 cwt. produced a year earlier.  Production of all other varieties totaled 11,000 cwt, down 35 percent from a year ago. 

U.S. dry edible bean production is forecast at 25.7 million cwt. for 2008, up 2 percent from the October forecast and up 1 percent from 2007.  Planted area is forecast at 1.50 million acres, up slightly from the  October  forecast  but  down  2 percent  from  2007.  Harvested area is forecast at 1.45 million acres, 2 percent above the October forecast but 2 percent below the previous year's harvested acreage.  The average U.S. yield is forecast at 1,775 pounds per acre, an increase of 1 pound from October's forecast and 59 pounds above the 2007 yield. 

 

Dry Bean Production by Class, New York and United States, 2006-2008

Class

New York

United States

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

 

Thousand bags 1/

Thousand bags 1/

             

Light Red Kidney

  88

  86

137

742

804

1,008

    Dark Red Kidney

  15

  20

  38

823

661

855

    Black

126

101

130

2,661

2,773

2,935

    All Other

  10

  17

  11

20,021

21,133

20,903

             

    TOTAL

239

224

316

24,247

25,371

25,701

             

1/ 100 lb. bag (cleaned basis).

U.S. HIRED WORKERS DOWN 3 PERCENT
WAGE RATES UP 3 PERCENT FROM A YEAR AGO

There were 1,117,000 hired workers on the Nation’s farms and ranches during the week of October 12-18, 2008, down 3 percent from a year ago.  Of these hired workers, 801,000 workers were hired directly by farm operators.  Agricultural service employees on farms and ranches made up the remaining 316,000 workers.

Farm operators paid their hired workers an average wage of $10.70 per hour during the October 2008 reference week, up 32 cents from a year earlier.  Field workers received an average of $10.05 per hour, up 43 cents from last October, while livestock workers earned $10.19 per hour compared with $10.02 a year earlier.  The field and livestock worker combined wage rate, at $10.08 per hour, was up 35 cents from last year.

Hired Workers on Farms and Wage Rates

Item

Northeast I 1/

United States

Oct. 7-13,
2007

July 6-12,
2008

Oct. 12-18,
2008

Oct. 7-13,
2007

July 6-12,
2008

Oct. 12-18,
2008

 

Thousand workers

   

    All hired workers

      34

      37

      42

    817

    828

    801

   Worked 150 days or more

      23

      24

      28

    603

    585

    575

 Worked less than 150 days

      11

      13

      14

    214

    243

    226

             
 

Hours worked per worker

             

    All hired workers

  39.8

38.0

  42.1

  42.2

  40.5

  41.3

             
 

Dollars per hour

             

    Field workers

  9.96

  9.68

10.66

  9.62

  9.66

10.05

    Livestock workers

  9.22

  9.89

10.08

10.02

  9.98

10.19

 Field and livestock workers

  9.70

  9.75

10.45

  9.73

  9.74

10.08

    All hired workers

10.35

10.50

10.95

10.38

10.34

10.70

             

1/   New York and New England States (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI, VT) are combined into Northeast 1 region.
2
/   Revised.                                                                                 


NOVEMBER MILK PRICES UNCHANGED FROM OCTOBER

Prices received by New York producers for milk sold during November were unchanged from a month earlier. The price of corn, apples, wheat, and hay decreased.  The price of eggs, and potatoes increased.  Many previous month prices were revised due to more complete sales information.

Grain corn, at $3.77 per bushel, was down $1.45 from October but increased 30 cents from last year.  Potatoes, at $16.80 per hundredweight, were up 10 cents from October and up $4.50 from last year at this time.  Hay averaged $114.00 per ton, down $6.00 from October and down $3.00 from November 2007.  Apples, at 38.1 cents per hundredweight, were up 4.1 cents from last year at this time.  Wheat averaged $3.92 per bushel, down $1.32 from last month and $3.40 from last year. 

Dairy farmers in the Empire State received an average of $17.80 per hundredweight of milk sold during November, unchanged from October but $4.70 less than November a year ago.  Poultry producers received an average of 92.6 cents per dozen eggs sold, up 1.1 cents from October but 32.4 cents lower than last year.

The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in November, at 139 percent, based on 1990-92=100, decreased 12 points (7.9 percent) from October. The Crop Index is down 16 points (9.5 percent) and the Livestock Index decreased 2 points (1.6 percent). Producers received lower prices for soybeans, corn, lettuce, and hogs and higher prices for tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, and cantaloups. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly marketings of milk, cattle, cotton, and cottonseed offset decreased marketings of soybeans, potatoes, peanuts, and lettuce

Prices Received by Farmers 1/

                        Commodity

Unit

New York

United States

Nov
2007

Oct
2008

Nov
2008

Nov
2007

Oct
2008

Nov
2008

   

Dollars

Dollars

       

Corn

bu.

3.47

5.22

3.77

3.44

4.37

3.94

Oats

bu.

--

3.08

--

2.63

3.25

2.37

Wheat

bu.

7.32

5.24

3.92

7.39

6.67

6.13

Barley

bu.

-

-

-

4.31

5.61

4.77

Soybeans

bu.

9.39

7.92

-

9.42

9.94

9.20

Hay, baled

ton

117.00

120.00

114.00

129.00

157.00

147.00

Potatoes

cwt.

12.30

16.70

16.80

6.47

7.38

8.87

Apples, fresh market 2/

cwt.

34.00

47.10

38.10

40.30

44.20

34.20

               

Milk, wholesale

cwt.

22.50

17.80

17.80

21.90

17.70

17.40

Milk cows 3/

head

 -

1,900.00

 -

-

1,920.00

-

Eggs, table market

doz.

1.250

0.915

0.926

1.190

0.889

0.894

Slaughter cows

cwt.

39.70

45.80

4/

43.90

48.30

44.70

Steers and heifers

cwt.

72.30

77.40

4/

96.00

93.00

93.00

All slaughter cattle

cwt.

42.60

48.90

4/

89.90

87.90

87.20

Calves

cwt.

92.70

54.00

4/

122.00

107.00

106.00

Hogs

cwt.

31.60

42.80

4/

37.90

48.60

41.40

Lambs

cwt.

89.10

91.00

4/

97.10

97.50

4/

               

Index (1990-92=100)

             

Prices received

       

141

151

139

Prices paid

       

165

187

183

Ratio prices received to prices paid

       

85

81

76

           

1/     Mid-month price for current month.  Average price for entire month shown for previous periods.
2
/     New York price is equivalent packinghouse door.
3
/     Milk cow prices published quarterly.
4
/     Price available next month.

Commercial Livestock Slaughter, October 1/

Species

Number Slaughtered

Total Live Weight

New York

United States

New York

United States

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

2007

2008

 

1,000 head

1,000 head

Million pounds

Million pounds

                 

Cattle

  3.1

  3.0

3,102.0

2,990.8

3.4

3.5

4,017.9

3,884.3

Calves

16.9

23.7

65.3

95.7

1.7

2.3

18.6

23.1

Hogs

  3.1

  3.0

10,656.6

10,750.7

  .6

  .6

2,870.7

2,893.9

Sheep & lambs

  3.2

  3.0

248.4

225.0

  .3

  .3

32.8

29.9

                 

1/ Slaughter in federal and non-federal inspected plants.  Excludes farm slaughter.

 NOVEMBER MILK PRODUCTION

New York dairy herds produced 986 million pounds of milk during November.  Milk cows declined while milk per cow increased from the previous year resulting in no change in milk production compared to November 2007.  The number of milk cows averaged 624 thousand head, down 2 thousand head from November of the previous year.  Milk per  cow  averaged  1580  pounds,  up  5  pounds  from  the  November 2007 rate.

Milk production in the 23 major States during November totaled 14.0 billion pounds, up 1.4 percent from November 2007. October revised production at 14.4 billion pounds, was up 1.6 percent from October 2007. Production per cow in the 23 major States averaged 1,657 pounds for November, 3 pounds above November 2007.  The number of milk cows on farms in the 23 major States was 8.47 million head, 99,000 head more than November 2007, and 6,000 head more than October 2008.

Dairy Briefs

Item

Unit

New York

23 Major States

Nov
2007

Oct
2008

Nov
2008

Nov
2007

Oct
2008

Nov
2008

       

Milk Production

  Mil. lb.

986

1,013

986

13,843

14,398

14,032

Milk per cow

  Lb.

1,575

1,620

1,580

1,654

1,701

1,657

No. of milk cows

  Thou. hd.

626

625

624

8,369

8,452

8,468

       

 Dairy Products Manufactured

Item

Unit

New York

United States

Oct
2007

Sep
2008

Oct
2008

Oct
2007

Sep
2008

Oct
2008

       

Butter

  Thou. lb.

1,170

756

1,324

130,364

121,008

130,014

American cheese

  Thou. lb.

N/A

N/A

N/A

131,965

134,861

143,002

Mozzarella cheese

  Thou. lb.

15,396

16,022

15,872

276,103

258,290

263,085

Yogurt, plain and flavored

  Thou. lb.

19,088

21,819

21,255

301,028

309,710

291,549

Ice cream, hard

  Thou. gal.

2,321

2,858

2,696

70,034

76,182

69,165

       

                           NEW YORK EGG PRODUCTION UP 5 PERCENT IN OCTOBER

Egg production on New York farms totaled 101 million eggs in October 2008, up 5 percent from last year.  The number of hens and pullets of laying age, at 4.02 million, increased 2 percent from October 2007 and the rate of lay increased 3 percent to 2,516 eggs per 100 layers.

U.S. egg production totaled 7.61 billion during October 2008, down 1 percent from last year. Production included 6.54 billion table eggs, and 1.08 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.01 billion were broiler-type and 69 million were egg-type. The total number of layers during October 2008 averaged 335 million, down 2 percent from last year.  October egg production per 100 layers was 2,276 eggs, up 1 percent from October 2007.

Poultry Briefs

Item

Unit

Oct
2007

Sep
2008

Oct
2008

Oct
2007

Sep
 2008

Oct
2008

   

New York

United States

               

Egg type layers 1/

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

285,080

277,299

279,585

               

All layers

  Thou.

3,936

3,997

4,015

342,637

334,374

334,560

Eggs per layer

  No.

2,439

2,452

2,516

2,255

2,194

2,276

Eggs produced

  Mil.

96

98

101

7,726

7,336

7,613

       
   

North and South Atlantic States

United States

               

Chicks hatched, egg-type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

36,332

36,428

39,998

Chicks hatched, broiler type

  Thou.

        2/

        2/

        2/

794,846

756,565

742,121

Chicken eggs in incubators

             

  Egg-type 1/

  Thou.

9,465

9,664

9,109

34,466

35,493

34,424

  Broiler-type 1/

  Thou.

250,153

234,696

227,784

632,225

606,189

585,025

       

1/ First day of following month.
2
/ Data not published to avoid disclosing individual operations.

This report, in addition to many others, is available free of charge
at our website at
www.nass.usda.gov/ny/

The USDA, NASS New York Field Office thanks the agricultural businesses and farm operators who respond to our surveys.  This complimentary report is being sent to those asking for the survey results during the survey interview.