E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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Contact:  Greg Lemmons
Tuesday, September 30, 2008



New York winter wheat production is estimated at 7.69 million bushels, up 74 percent from last year. Area for harvest totaled 122,000 acres, up 44 percent from year ago. Yields averaged 63 bushels per acre, up 11 bushels from 2007.

New York oats totaled 4.22 million bushels, an increase of 24 percent from last year. Area for harvest increased 7 percent to 64,000 acres. Yields are estimated at 66 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels from a year earlier.

The 2008 barley crop was estimated at 468,000 bushels, 8 percent below last year's production. Area harvested was 9,000 acres, down 18 percent from a year ago. Yields averaged 52 bushels per acre, 6 bushels more than last year.

U.S. wheat production totals 2.50 billion bushels in 2008, up 2 percent from the August forecast and up 21 percent from 2007. Grain area is 55.7 million acres, up 9 percent from last year.  The U.S. yield is 44.9 bushels per acre, up 1.4 bushel from the last forecast and up 4.4 bushels from last year. The levels of production and changes from last year by type are: winter wheat, 1.87 billion bushels, up 23 percent; other spring wheat, 547 million bushels, up 14 percent; Durum wheat, 84.9 million bushels, up 18 percent.

Oats production is estimated at a record low 88.6 million bushels, 1 percent below the August 1 forecast and down 3 percent from last year. The estimated yield is 63.5 bushels per acre, up 2.6 bushels from the previous year.  Area planted to oats is estimated at a record low 3.22 million acres, down 14 percent from 2007. Harvested area, at 1.40 million acres is 7 percent below last year.  This is the smallest acreage harvested for grain on record, continuing a steady downward trend.  The largest decline occurred in North Dakota, where area harvested for grain decreased 130,000 acres from last year.

Barley production is estimated at 239 million bushels, 10 percent above the August forecast and 13 percent above 2007. Average yield per acre, at 63.6 bushels, is up 3.2 bushels from last year. The area harvested for grain is estimated at 3.77 million acres, 7 percent above a year ago.  Harvested area increased from last year in the top two producing states, up 150,000 acres in North Dakota and up 30,000 acres in Idaho.  These increases in harvested acres coupled with increased or unchanged yields in the top producing States resulted in the increased production.

Rye production for 2008 is estimated at 7.98 million bushels, up 1 percent from last year. Harvested area totals 269,000 acres, down 20,000 acres from 2007. The U.S. yield, at 29.7 bushels per acre, is up 2.3 bushels from last year. Georgia leads the Nation in production with 1.20 million bushels produced in 2008. Good moisture conditions in the State contributed to the higher yields and production compared with the 2007 crop.