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MAPLE 

 

Released: June 2000


NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION, 1995-2000

 

Year

Syrup

made 1/

Average

Gallons of sap per gallon of syrup

Average price per gallon 2/

Value of

production

first run began

last run ended

 

1,000 gals.

 

 

Gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

1995

208

       Mar.

    4

      Apr.

    1

47

23.50

4,888

1996

343

       Mar.

    5

      Apr.

 10

40

25.50

8,747

1997

269

       Mar.

    4

      Apr.

    7

48

25.10

6,752

1998

231

       Feb.

  25

      Mar.

 28

41

26.85

6,202

1999

195

       Feb.

  27

      Apr.

    2

43

27.30

5,324

2000

210

       Feb.

  27

      Mar.

 24

49

25.40

5,334

1/ Includes syrup later made into sugar.

2/ 2000 average price per gallon is a preliminary estimate.

 

 

MAPLE SYRUP: Price by Type of Sales and Size of Container by State, 1998-1999 1/ 

 

Type and

State

Gallons

½ Gallon

Quarts

Pints

½ Pint

1998

1999

1998

1999

1998

1999

1998

1999

1998

1999

 

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

   Retail

 

 

 

 

 

       CT

34.30

36.40

19.60

20.60

11.40

12.00

7.10

7.00

4.65

4.70

       ME

33.30

29.00

17.70

15.70

10.00

9.50

5.85

5.50

4.15

3.70

       MA

31.90

34.20

18.60

20.00

11.20

11.40

6.30

6.50

5.05

4.15

       NH

30.90

33.50

17.70

19.00

10.80

11.20

6.50

6.50

3.85

4.00

       NY

30.35

29.70

17.10

16.60

10.00

9.35

6.25

5.95

4.10

3.65

       PA

28.50

27.50

16.50

16.10

9.46

9.25

5.59

5.76

3.44

3.60

       VT

29.80

30.70

17.60

18.10

10.30

10.50

6.35

6.70

4.45

4.30

   Wholesale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      CT

33.90

30.20

18.20

11.90

10.10

9.10

5.60

5.30

3.65

3.45

       ME

26.10

26.80

15.90

14.50

8.55

8.00

4.90

4.70

3.60

3.65

       MA

26.40

26.90

15.40

15.40

8.30

8.50

5.05

4.65

3.05

3.00

       NH

27.60

29.40

15.60

15.70

8.20

8.60

4.95

5.00

3.10

3.00

       NY

29.80

25.50

16.40

14.80

8.10

7.90

4.85

4.70

2.95

2.05

       PA

25.00

26.70

14.40

14.40

8.24

8.28

4.75

5.06

2.96

3.15

       VT

26.80

25.40

15.50

15.40

8.60

8.60

5.00

5.15

3.05

3.25

 

Bulk All Grades

Bulk All Grades

All Sales

1998

1999

1998

1999

1998

1999

 

Dollars per Pound

Dollars per Gallon

Equivalent per Gallon

   Bulk

 

 

 

       CT

1.70

1.40

18.70

15.40

41.10

42.60

       ME

1.55

1.45

17.10

16.00

20.60

19.40

       MA

2.10

1.50

23.20

16.60

36.20

38.80

       NH

2.45

1.55

27.00

17.10

36.20

37.40

       NY

1.60

1.35

17.40

14.80

26.85

27.30

       PA

1.54

1.40

17.00

15.40

26.00

26.00

       VT

1.80

1.80

19.80

19.80

29.00

29.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1/ Prices for 1998 revised.



MAPLE SYRUP: Production, Price, and Value by State and United States, 1999-2000 1/

 

State

Production

Average price

per gallon

Value of production

1999

2000

1999

2000

1999

2000

 

1,000 gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   CT

13

7

42.60

42.50

554

298

   ME 2/

195

250

19.40

19.00

3,783

4,750

   MA

  44

39

38.80

40.00

1,707

1,560

   MI

73

44

28.20

32.00

2,058

1,408

   NH

  61

75

37.40

39.00

2,281

2,925

   NY

195

210

27.30

25.40

5,324

5,334

   OH

95

34

30.00

26.00

2,850

884

   PA

67

47

26.00

25.60

1,742

1,203

   VT

370

460

29.00

29.00

10,730

13,340

   WI

75

65

23.70

25.20

1,778

1,638

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   New York and

   New England Total

878

1,041

27.80

27.10

24,379

28,207

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   U.S. 2/

1,188

1,231

27.60

27.10

32,807

33,340

1/ Price and value for 1999 are revised. Price and value for 2000 are preliminary. 2/ 1999 production revised.

 

MAPLE SYRUP PRICES - 1999 CROP

 

The final average value of the 1999 maple syrup crop in New York was $27.30 per gallon equivalent for all sales. This was $.45 per gallon more than the final average for the 1998 crops. The table below shows final prices per gallon equivalent by grade and type of sale for 1998 and 1999 and preliminary estimates for 2000.

 

MAPLE SYRUP PRICES, BY TYPE OF SALE, 1998-2000

 

Type of sale

Percent sold by type of sale

Average price received by producers

1998

1999

1998

1999

2000 1/

 

Percent of total 2/

Dollars per gallon equivalent

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Sold retail in containers

  43

  47

29.70

32.94

30.90

   Sold wholesale

  57

  53

25.40

30.77

25.50

   Sold bulk

 

 

17.00

14.80

14.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

   ALL SALES

100

100

26.85

27.30

25.40

1/ Preliminary value per gallon for all sales is based on percent sold by type of sale in 1999.

2/ Percentage of syrup sold wholesale includes bulk.

                                        

MORE MAPLE PRODUCERS THAN 5 YEARS AGO

The number of maple syrup producers in New York reporting production in 2000 was 1,525, up 5 percent from the 1,450 producers accounted for in 1995. The number of taps totaled 1.26 million compared with 1.56 million in 1995, a decrease of 19 percent. Production totaled 210,000 gallons of syrup. This compares with peak production of the last decade of 400,000 gallons in 1992 and the low of 180,000 gallons in 1993.

 

This report is the result of the 2000 maple census, a more complete accounting of New York maple production, and is comparable to the previous census enumerations done in 1985, 1990, and 1995. Nearly 1,700 names were contacted to determine if they had at least 100 taps and made syrup during the 2000 sugaring season.

MAPLE PRODUCERS, TAPS AND PRODUCTION, NEW YORK,

1985, 1990, 1995, AND 2000

 

 

1985

1990

1995

2000

 

 

 

 

 

   Number of producers 1/

1,272

1,314

1,450

1,525

   Number of taps

1,445,000

1,740,000

1,555,000

1,257,000

   Gallons of syrup

315,000

249,000

208,000

210,000

   Gallons per tap

.218

.143

.134

.167

   Taps per producer

1,136

1,324

1,072

824

1/ A producer is defined as a syrup maker with 100 or more taps.

 

MAPLE OPERATION CHARACTERISTICS, NEW YORK, 2000

 

The tables on the following page show some special characteristics of maple syrup operations captured by the 2000 survey. A brief summary of highlights from these tables follows:

 

More than 61 percent of all taps are on trees owned by the operators, 34 percent are leased or used rent free, and the remaining 5 percent are tapped by others with the sap delivered to the syrup producer.

 

Almost 82 percent of all taps in New York are on tubing, while 18 percent are on buckets.

 

Approximately 74 percent of all syrup producers use a wood-fired evaporator to convert sap to syrup. Nearly one-third of all syrup producers have been operating 30 years or more while only 6 percent have been producing less than five years.

 

Twenty percent of all operations obtain 1 percent or less of their total income (before expenses) from maple syrup. Maple production for many New York families remains a strong tradition even though it is not their main source of income. Only 9 percent of the operations receive more than one-half of their total income from maple.

 

                              TOTAL TAPS BY OWNERSHIP,

                              NEW YORK, 2000

 

By ownership

Percent of total taps

 

 

Owned by operator

   61.4

Leased by operator or rent free

   33.9

Tapped by others (sap delivered)

     4.7

 

 

TOTAL

100.0

 

 

 

                              TOTAL TAPS BY TYPE,

                            NEW YORK, 2000

 

By type

Percent of total taps

 

 

On buckets

 18.1

 

   

On tubing

  81.9

 

 

TOTAL

100.0

 

 

 

 

TYPES OF MAPLE EQUIPMENT BEING USED, NEW YORK, 2000

 

Type of equipment

Percent of operators

Percent

of taps

Type of equipment

Percent of operators

Percent

of taps

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood fired evaporator

74.4

53.0

Economizer

    .2

  1.8

Oil fired evaporator

21.5

35.9

Ultra violet light

10.1

22.2

Steam hood

37.4

47.4

Filter press

26.1

50.0

Preheater

33.4

41.3

Pumped vacuum

14.2

33.7

RO (reverse osmosis)

11.0

31.9

Recirculating arch

  2.1

  5.5

Piggy back

  6.8

17.8

Automatic draw off

12.0

20.8

Wood saver

16.6

20.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NUMBER OF YEARS OPERATOR HAS BEEN PRODUCING SYRUP, NEW YORK, 2000

 

Number of years

Percent of total operations

Percent of total taps

 

 

 

                         1-4

5.5

2.2

                         5-9

11.4

10.3

                         10-29

52.1

45.5

                         30+

31.0

42.0

 

 

 

 

 

PERCENT OF TOTAL INCOME (BEFORE EXPENSES) FROM MAPLE, NEW YORK, 2000

 

Percent of income

Percent of total operations

Average number of taps per operation

 

 

 

1 percent or less

  19.7

   732

1.1 to 9.9 percent

  40.9

1,308

10.0 to 49.9 percent

  30.8

2,137

50 percent or greater

    8.6

4,724

 

 

 

TOTAL ALL OPERATORS

100.0

1,556

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL MAPLE ENUMERATION

Summary by Counties, New York 2000

 

County

Number of producers

Number of taps

Syrup Produced (Gallons)

Prelim. 2000 Price 1/

Average Date Season

Per tap

Total

Opened

Closed

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Albany

     16

7,315

0.176

1,285

27.45

Feb  29

Mar 25

  Allegany

     66

45,337

0.146

6,634

24.20

Feb  23

Mar 20

  Broome

     24

6,458

0.132

855

29.65

Mar  04

Mar 26

  Cattaraugus

     78

51,492

0.153

7,881

21.70

Feb  24

Mar 21

  Cayuga

     13

2,805

0.137

383

29.35

Feb  24

Mar 21

  Chautauqua

     78

47,885

0.117

5,612

24.05

Feb  22

Mar 19

  Chemung

       9

4,818

0.103

495

30.50

Feb  24

Mar 21

  Chenango

     56

23,839

0.191

4,557

27.70

Feb  27

Mar 25

  Clinton

     54

91,618

0.128

11,684

25.55

Mar  05

Mar 30

  Columbia

       4

891

0.236

211

34.85

Feb  27

Mar 20

  Cortland

     32

23,793

0.157

3,725

26.15

Feb  27

Mar 24

  Delaware

     81

52,978

0.146

7,731

24.90

Feb  26

Mar 24

  Erie

     26

44,739

0.146

6,530

23.60

Feb  20

Mar 18

  Essex

     30

20,677

0.226

4,681

27.35

Mar  01

Apr 02

  Franklin

     27

24,352

0.146

3,555

24.80

Mar  05

Apr 05

  Fulton

     14

7,529

0.155

1,163

25.50

Feb  27

Mar 26

  Genesee

     13

3,030

0.116

351

30.20

Feb  23

Mar 20

  Greene

     21

23,026

0.134

3,079

28.30

Feb  25

Mar 26

  Hamilton

       2

3,696

0.177

656

36.00

Feb  26

Mar 14

  Herkimer

     17

6,738

0.247

1,664

27.00

Feb  25

Mar 28

  Jefferson

     25

12,528

0.160

2,003

24.00

Mar  01

Mar 24

  Lewis

   145

186,977

0.198

37,031

22.55

Feb  29

Mar 29

  Livingston

       5

980

0.164

161

24.90

Feb  27

Mar 19

  Madison

     24

11,982

0.242

2,896

24.45

Feb  27

Mar 25

  Montgomery

     11

43,482

0.254

11,038

24.15

Feb  25

Mar 26

  Oneida

     30

10,841

0.179

1,938

25.75

Feb  27

Mar 23

  Onondaga

     16

5,503

0.215

1,185

31.10

Feb  24

Mar 18

  Ontario

     10

9,040

0.258

2,334

26.45

Feb  25

Mar 23

  Orleans

       4

4,536

0.114

518

28.35

Feb  19

Mar 19

  Oswego

     19

9,522

0.153

1,454

28.20

Feb  29

Mar 24

  Otsego

     57

44,730

0.149

6,669

25.65

Feb  27

Mar 21

  Rensselaer

     16

4,740

0.160

757

27.60

Feb  29

Mar 23

  St. Lawrence

   136

97,356

0.164

15,994

23.35

Mar  01

Mar 26

  Saratoga

     19

16,257

0.189

3,073

28.55

Mar  03

Mar 29

  Schenectady

       6

4,982

0.178

888

22.65

Feb  19

Mar 25

  Schoharie

     39

48,316

0.173

8,332

27.15

Feb  29

Mar 24

  Schuyler

       9

4,365

0.194

846

46.55

Feb  21

Mar 21

  Steuben

     51

21,436

0.127

2,724

23.25

Feb  25

Mar 21

  Sullivan

     16

4,481

0.116

518

28.00

Feb  25

Mar 23

  Tioga

     24

10,652

0.142

1,512

32.15

Feb  25

Mar 21

  Tompkins

     10

871

0.208

181

33.65

Feb  25

Mar 30

  Ulster

     18

4,740

0.145

687

36.85

Feb  19

Mar 20

  Warren

     11

8,922

0.215

1,917

29.35

Mar  03

Mar 28

  Washington

     48

42,054

0.239

10,061

28.55

Feb  28

Mar 27

  Wayne

       5

3,040

0.202

615

28.65

Mar  03

Mar 30

  Wyoming

     68

144,659

0.143

20,737

24.90

Feb  24

Mar 24

  Yates

     18

4,618

0.181

837

25.75

Feb  24

Mar 20

  Other Counties 2/

 

1,959

0.112

220

24.59

NA

NA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  TOTAL

1,525

1,257,000

  0.167

210,000

$25.40

Feb  27

Mar24

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1/ Includes all types of sales. 2/ Other counties include Dutchess, Monroe, Orange, and Putnam. NA - Not applicable