E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
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MAPLE
Released: June 2001

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION
DOWN 8 PERCENT

New York maple syrup production was the lowest since 1993. This was even lower than 1998 when the disastrous ice storm struck the northern area of the state and damaged the sugar bush. Production of New York maple syrup is estimated at 193,000 gallons, 8 percent below the 210,000 gallons produced in 2000 according to the New York Agricultural Statistics Service. The number of taps, 1.16 million, was down 7 percent from a year earlier. Yields of syrup produced per tap averaged 0.166 gallons. The value of this year's syrup is projected at $5.02 million, down 18 percent from the revised 2000 value of $6.09 million. New York ranks third in maple syrup production behind Vermont and Maine.

This season, a series of late winter snowstorms dumped over six feet of snow over northern regions of the state. High winds during the storm caused limbs to fall and damaged sap and vacuum lines. Snow depths prevented timely repair. Recurring storms buried functioning sap lines in the snow and froze them. The snow blanket prevented thawing. This resulted in a reduced number of taps and low yields up north. Some producers also think the deep snow around the base of the trees may have affected the sap flows. However in other regions of the state, weather was more conducive to syrup making. Good to excellent conditions pushed production to between normal and above normal levels. This helped offset the low production in the north. The 2001 sugaring season averaged 28 days in length, one day longer than last year and 4 days shorter than the ten year average. Statewide the average dates of the season were March 11 through April 7.

Sap was average for sweetness, requiring an average of 40 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup. Syrup quality was 35 percent light, 51 percent medium and 14 percent dark. Over half of the growers (59 percent) reported low temperatures during the sap run.

MAPLE SYRUP:  Production and Value, New York, 1996-2001

Year Syrup
made 1/
Average Gallons of
sap per
gallon
of syrup
Average
price
per
gallon 2/
Value of
production
first run began last run ended
  1,000 gals.     Gallons Dollars 1,000 dols.
1996 343 Mar. 5 Apr. 10 40 25.50 8,747
1997 269 Mar. 4 Apr. 7 48 25.10 6,752
1998 231 Feb. 25 Mar. 28 41 26.85 6,202
1999 195 Feb. 27 Apr. 2 43 27.30 5,324
2000 210 Feb. 27 Mar. 24 49 29.00 6,090
2001 193 Mar. 11 Apr. 7 40 26.00 5,018
1/  Includes syrup later made into sugar.
2/  2001 average price per gallon is a preliminary estimate.

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRICES - 1999-2000 CROP

The final average value of the 2000 maple syrup crop in New York was $29.00 per gallon equivalent for all sales. This was $1.70 per gallon equivalent more than the final average for the 1999 crop. In 2000, small containers made up a higher percentage of sales thereby driving up the average gallon price.

MAPLE SYRUP:  Price by Type of Sales and Size of Container,
New York, 1999-2000 1/

Type and
State
Gallons ½ Gallon Quarts Pints ½ Pint
1999 2000 1999 2000 1999 2000 1999 2000 1999 2000
  Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars Dollars
Retail 29.70 28.10 16.60 16.50 9.35 9.80 5.95 6.35 3.65 3.95
Wholesale 25.50 24.30 14.80 14.20 7.90 7.65 4.70 4.55 2.05 2.75
  Bulk All Grades Bulk All Grades All Sales
1999 2000 1999 2000 1999 2000
  Dollars per pound Dollars per gallon Equivalent per gallon
Bulk 1.35 1.35 14.80 15.00 27.30 29.00
1/  Prices for 1999 are revised.

MAPLE SYRUP:  Percent Sold by Type of Sale,
New York, 1998-2000

Type of sale Percent
1998 1999 2000
Retail sales in containers 43 47 45
Wholesale in containers and bulk sales 57 53 55
Bulk only 41 27 23

U.S. MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION DOWN 15 PERCENT

The 2001 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.05 million gallons, down 15 percent from last year's production of 1.23 million gallons. The average price per gallon for 2001 is $26.90, down 70 cents from last year's price of $27.60. The preliminary value of production, at $28.2 million, is down 17 percent from 2000.

Vermont again led all States in production, with 275,000 gallons, a decrease of 40 percent from last season. Maine was second with 200,000 gallons, down 20 percent from last year. New York's production, at 193,000 gallons, decreased 8 percent from 2000. Production decreases in these three States are attributed to very cold temperatures which limited good sap flow and syrup production. Ohio produced 96,000 gallons, almost triple last year's estimate of 34,000 gallons. Temperatures in Ohio were mostly favorable with warm days and cold nights enhancing sap flow. Also, the season lasted 34 days in 2001 compared to 20 days in 2000.

Temperatures were generally favorable for good sap flow and syrup production in Connecticut, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. In all other producing States, temperatures were unfavorable. Overall, the season lasted an average of 29 days. This compares to 27 days in 2000 and 31 days in 1999. Season length ranged from 25 days in both Maine and New Hampshire to 35 days in Connecticut.

Nationally, the number of taps was down 3 percent. The biggest percentage changes from last year were in Massachusetts and New Hampshire where producers did not set as many taps because of deep snow pack and cold temperatures.

Yield per tap was mixed among the ten States. Six States showed an increase over last year. However, Maine and Vermont, the two largest producing states, had significant decreases in their average yields. Overall, yield per tap was down 12 percent from last year.

Sugar content of the sap was better than the previous year as approximately 41 gallons of sap were required to produce a gallon of syrup. This is in contrast with 46 gallons of sap to produce one gallon of syrup in 2000. More light syrup was produced than last year but most was of medium color.

MAPLE SYRUPProduction, Price, and Value by State
and United States, 2000-2001 1/

State Production Average price
per gallon
Value of
production
2000 2001 2000 2001 2000 2001
  1,000 gallons Dollars 1,000 dollars
CT 7 9 43.90 45.00 307 405
ME 250 200 14.20 15,00 3,550 3,000
MA 39 34 37.80 38.00 1,474 1,292
MI 44 60 35.10 31.40 1,544 1,884
NH 75 45 38.10 39.00 2,858 1,755
NY 210 193 29.00 26.00 6,090 5,018
OH 34 96 34.30 28.60 1,166 2,746
PA 47 69 28.40 25.40 1,335 1,753
VT 460 275 30.00 31.50 13,800 8,663
WI 65 68 27.70 25.10 1,800 1,707
U.S. 1,231 1,049 27.60 26.90 33,924 28,223
1/  Price and value for 2000 are revised. Price and value for 2001 are preliminary.