NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION
New York maple syrup production was the lowest since 1993. This was even lower than 1998 when the disastrous ice storm struck the northern area of the state and damaged the sugar bush. Production of New York maple syrup is estimated at 193,000 gallons, 8 percent below the 210,000 gallons produced in 2000 according to the New York Agricultural Statistics Service. The number of taps, 1.16 million, was down 7 percent from a year earlier. Yields of syrup produced per tap averaged 0.166 gallons. The value of this year's syrup is projected at $5.02 million, down 18 percent from the revised 2000 value of $6.09 million. New York ranks third in maple syrup production behind Vermont and Maine.
This season, a series of late winter snowstorms dumped over six feet of snow over northern regions of the state. High winds during the storm caused limbs to fall and damaged sap and vacuum lines. Snow depths prevented timely repair. Recurring storms buried functioning sap lines in the snow and froze them. The snow blanket prevented thawing. This resulted in a reduced number of taps and low yields up north. Some producers also think the deep snow around the base of the trees may have affected the sap flows. However in other regions of the state, weather was more conducive to syrup making. Good to excellent conditions pushed production to between normal and above normal levels. This helped offset the low production in the north. The 2001 sugaring season averaged 28 days in length, one day longer than last year and 4 days shorter than the ten year average. Statewide the average dates of the season were March 11 through April 7.
Sap was average for sweetness, requiring an average of 40 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup. Syrup quality was 35 percent light, 51 percent medium and 14 percent dark. Over half of the growers (59 percent) reported low temperatures during the sap run.
MAPLE SYRUP: Production and Value, New York, 1996-2001
NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRICES - 1999-2000 CROP
The final average value of the 2000 maple syrup crop in New York was $29.00 per gallon equivalent for all sales. This was $1.70 per gallon equivalent more than the final average for the 1999 crop. In 2000, small containers made up a higher percentage of sales thereby driving up the average gallon price.
MAPLE SYRUP: Price
by Type of Sales and Size of Container,
Percent Sold by Type of Sale,
U.S. MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION DOWN 15 PERCENT
The 2001 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.05 million gallons, down 15 percent from last year's production of 1.23 million gallons. The average price per gallon for 2001 is $26.90, down 70 cents from last year's price of $27.60. The preliminary value of production, at $28.2 million, is down 17 percent from 2000.
Vermont again led all States in production, with 275,000 gallons, a decrease of 40 percent from last season. Maine was second with 200,000 gallons, down 20 percent from last year. New York's production, at 193,000 gallons, decreased 8 percent from 2000. Production decreases in these three States are attributed to very cold temperatures which limited good sap flow and syrup production. Ohio produced 96,000 gallons, almost triple last year's estimate of 34,000 gallons. Temperatures in Ohio were mostly favorable with warm days and cold nights enhancing sap flow. Also, the season lasted 34 days in 2001 compared to 20 days in 2000.
Temperatures were generally favorable for good sap flow and syrup production in Connecticut, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. In all other producing States, temperatures were unfavorable. Overall, the season lasted an average of 29 days. This compares to 27 days in 2000 and 31 days in 1999. Season length ranged from 25 days in both Maine and New Hampshire to 35 days in Connecticut.
Nationally, the number of taps was down 3 percent. The biggest percentage changes from last year were in Massachusetts and New Hampshire where producers did not set as many taps because of deep snow pack and cold temperatures.
Yield per tap was mixed among the ten States. Six States showed an increase over last year. However, Maine and Vermont, the two largest producing states, had significant decreases in their average yields. Overall, yield per tap was down 12 percent from last year.
Sugar content of the sap was better than the previous year as approximately 41 gallons of sap were required to produce a gallon of syrup. This is in contrast with 46 gallons of sap to produce one gallon of syrup in 2000. More light syrup was produced than last year but most was of medium color.
SYRUP: Production, Price, and
Value by State