NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION
DOWN 19 PERCENT
New York maple syrup 2003 production decreased 19 percent from 2002. Syrup production is estimated at 210,000 gallons, down from the 260,000 gallons produced in 2002 according to the New York Agricultural Statistics Service. Only two states, Vermont and Maine, produced more syrup.
The number of taps, 1.34 million, decreased 5 percent from last year. Syrup produced per tap averaged 0.157 gallons, down from 0.184 gallons in 2002. The final value of the 2002 crop is $6.84 million. Increased production from 2001 offset decreased prices.
Heavy snow cover made tapping trees and running tubing more difficult this year. Inconsistent weather early in the spring resulted in a late maple season and poor sap flow. The season opened on March 13 and closed on April 9.
Sap was slightly below average for sweetness, requiring an average of 44 gallons to make one gallon of syrup. Syrup quality was 64 percent dark, 31 percent medium, and 5 percent light. Favorable temperatures were short lived. Temperatures were reported as 52 percent too warm, 14 percent favorable, and 34 percent too cold. The average price per gallon for 2002 syrup decreased as a result of higher bulk sales and less retail sales. In addition to lower bulk prices, retail and wholesale container prices were also generally lower.
|1,000 gals.||Gallons||Dollars||1,000 dols.|
1/ Includes syrup later made into sugar.
2/ Production adjusted based on maple validation study. Prior years not adjusted.
3/ Available June 2004.
The final average value of the 2002 maple syrup crop in New York was $26.30 per gallon equivalent for all sales. This was $3.20 per gallon equivalent less than the average for the 2001 crop. The percentage of syrup sold bulk was up from 2001 and percentage retail sales declined.
MAPLE SYRUP: Price by Type of Sales and Size of Container,
New York, 2001-2002
|½ Gallon||Quarts||Pints||½ Pint|
|Bulk All Grades||Bulk All Grades||All Sales|
|Dollars per pound||Dollars per gallon||Equivalent per gallon|
|Type of sale||Percent|
There was concern in the Maple Industry that the number of producers and production estimates for New York were low because the list of producers was not complete. As a result, the spring of 2002 Maple Validation Study was conducted. The goal was to complete a list of all producers in selected counties and compare to the existing list to determine completeness. Counties were grouped into four size groups based on the number of taps. Funding limited the study to 12 counties. As lists for these counties were received, names were checked against the current list. Any name not found was put on a questionnaire and contacted. The number of taps and production was obtained. The number of producers not on the list and their total taps and production were used to calculate the incompleteness and generate expanded totals. As a result of the study, production and taps were increased 14 percent from the initial estimates. A detailed report of the study can be found on the New York Agricultural Statistics web page.
U.S. MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION DOWN 11 PERCENT
The 2003 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.24 million gallons, down 11 percent from last year's production of 1.39 million gallons. The number of taps is estimated at 6.62 million, down 2 percent from the 2002 total of 6.75 million, while the yield per tap is estimated to be 0.187 gallons, down 9 percent from 2002.
Vermont led all States in production with 430,000 gallons for 2003, a decrease of 14 percent from last season. New York's production, at 210,000 gallons, decreased 19 percent from 2002. Production decreases in Vermont and New York are attributed to cold weather early in the spring, and then temperatures warming too quickly later in the season. Heavy snowcover made tapping trees and running tubing more difficult this year. Some producers decided not to tap due to the heavy amounts of snow received. Maine produced 265,000 gallons, 15 percent above 2002. Maine was the only State to show an increase over last season. Weather in Maine was very similar to that of Vermont and New York. However, producers in northern Maine experienced a heavy sap run in mid-April, which enabled the State's production to show the increase over 2002.
Maple syrup production is down in Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. In Connecticut, production is unchanged from last year. These States also cited extremely cold weather conditions early, followed by temperatures that warmed too quickly. In some areas of these States, producers decided not to tap due to excessive snow cover.
Temperatures were generally unfavorable for good sap flow and syrup production in all of the maple producing States. Overall, the 2003 season lasted an average of 50 days. This compares to 52 days in 2002 and 29 days in 2001. Season length ranged from 85 days in Connecticut to 15 days in Ohio.
Sugar content of the sap for 2003 was higher than last year. Approximately 41 gallons of sap was required to produce one gallon of syrup. This compares with 45 gallons in 2002 but unchanged from 2001. Most syrup was dark and medium colored, with only a small quantity of light syrup produced.
The 2002 U.S. average price per gallon was $27.60, down $1.00 from the 2001 price of $28.60. The U.S. value of production, at $38.4 million for 2002, was up 28 percent from 2001.
|1,000 gallons||Dollars||1,000 dollars|
|1/ Price and value for 2001 are revised. Price and value for 2003 available June 2004.|