E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570


MAPLE
 

Released: June 2004

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION

UP 21 PERCENT

New York maple syrup 2004 production increased 21 percent from 2003. Syrup production is estimated at 255,000 gallons, up from the 210,000 gallons produced in 2003. Only two states, Vermont and Maine, produced more syrup.

The number of taps, 1.35 million, increased less than 1 percent from last year. Syrup produced per tap averaged 0.190 gallons, up from 0.157 gallons in 2003. The final value of the 2003 crop is $5.63 million. Decreased production from 2002 offset increased prices.

Maple production rebounded after a poor 2003 season. The increase resulted from more taps and much higher yields per tap. The season opened on March 4 and closed on April 3. Most producers ended with an average crop. Tapping and running tubing was very difficult. Producers were unable to tap as many trees as they had planned due to heavy snow cover. Weather conditions were not the best for sap flow. Temperatures were reported as 29 percent too warm, 49 percent favorable and 22 percent too cold. Cold weather early in the season with the lack of warm days limited sap flow throughout most of the State. Later, the weather was good for a short time before becoming extremely warm, therefore limiting sap flow. After the warm spell, conditions returned to near normal and producers enjoyed a period of good sap flow. Some producers in the higher elevations reported temperatures that were at least four to five degrees cooler than lower elevations. With blasting winds, the trees remained frozen in Northern New York State while sugar makers at low elevations were achieving sap flow. Even though temperature fluctuations during the season were not consistent, the syrup quality of this year's crop was very good. Syrup color was 19 percent dark, 54 percent medium and 27 percent light.

MAPLE SYRUP:   Production and Value, New York, 1999-2004

Year

Syrup

made 1/

Average

Gallons of sap

per gallon

of syrup

Average

price

per gallon

Value of

production

first run

began

last run

ended

 

1,000 gals.

 

Gallons

Dollars

1,000 dols.

1999

195

Feb.

27

Apr.

  2

43

27.30

5,324

2000

210

Feb.

27

Mar.

24

49

29.00

6,090

2001

193

Mar.

11

Apr.

  7

40

29.50

5,694

2002

260

Feb.

22

Mar.

30

44

26.30

6,838

2003

210

Mar.

13

Apr.

  9

44

26.80

5,628

2004

255

Mar.

  4

Apr.

  3

44

2/

2/

1/ Includes syrup later made into sugar.

2/ Available June 2005.

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRICES - 2002-2003 CROP

The final average value of the 2003 maple syrup crop in New York was $26.80 per gallon equivalent for all sales. This was $.50 per gallon equivalent more than the average fo the 2002 crop. The percentage of syrup sold bulk was down from 2002 and percentage retail sales declined.

MAPLE SYRUP:   Price by Type of Sales and Size of Container, New York, 2002-2003

Type and

State

Gallons

Gallon

Quarts

Pints

Pint

2002

2003

2002

2003

2002

2003

2002

2003

2002

2003

Retail

Wholesale

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

29.70

26.90

30.20

25.50

17.70

17.80

9.90

10.40

6.50

6.50

4.20

4.30

14.80

14.70

8.00

8.00

4.70

4.80

2.90

3.00

Bulk

Bulk All Grades

Bulk All Grades

All Sales

2002

2003

2002

2003

2002

2003

Dollars per pound

Dollars per gallon

Equivalent per gallon

1.30

1.30

14.30

14.50

26.30

26.80

MAPLE SYRUP:   Percent Sold by Type of Sale, New York, 2000-2003

Type of sale

Percent

2000

2001

2002

2003

Retail

Wholesale

Bulk

45

32

23

54

15

31

39

21

40

37

24

39

U.S. MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION UP 20 PERCENT

The 2004 U.S. maple syrup production totaled 1.51 million gallons, up 20 percent from 2003. The number of taps is estimated at 6.96 million, up 2 percent from the 2003 total of 6.83 million, while the yield per tap is estimated to be 0.217 gallons, up 17 percent from 2003.

Maple syrup production increased in every State this year and is at the highest level since 1996. Vermont led all States in production with 500,000 gallons, an increase of 19 percent from last season. Maine's production, at 290,000 gallons, increased 2 percent from 2003. New York produced 255,000 gallons, 21 percent above 2003. Production was up in Ohio by 53 percent, New Hampshire by 38 percent, Michigan by 36 percent, Massachusetts by 35 percent, Wisconsin by 32 percent, Pennsylvania by 15 percent, and Connecticut by 10 percent. Increased yield per tap in all States combined with more taps set in most producing States resulted in the production increase over the previous season.

Temperatures were generally favorable for good sap flow and syrup production in all of the maple producing States. Overall, the 2004 season lasted an average of 55 days. This compares to 50 days in 2003 and 52 days in 2002. Season length ranged from 89 days in Vermont to 25 days in Wisconsin. Several States reported cold temperatures early, then a brief warm-up that interrupted sap flows. Temperatures then returned to favorable levels, with mild days and cool nights, which increased sap flows.

Sugar content of the sap for 2004 was lower than last year. Approximately 42 gallons of sap was required to produce one gallon of syrup. This compares with 41 gallons in 2003 and 45 gallons in 2002. Overall, more light syrup was produced than last year but most syrup produced was of medium color.

The 2003 U.S. average price per gallon was $28.30, up $0.80 from the 2002 price of $27.50. The U.S. value of production, at $35.6 million for 2003, was down 12 percent from 2002. The average price per gallon increased in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Vermont, with Michigan and Wisconsin showing a price decrease.

MAPLE SYRUP: Production, Price, and Value by State and United States 1/

State

Production

Average price

per gallon

Value of

production

2002

2003

2004

2002

2003

2002

2003

 

1,000 gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

CT

8

10

11

47.20

48.60

472

486

ME

230

285

290

19.40

22.50

5,335

6,413

MA

45

37

50

39.50

41.90

1,896

1,550

MI

66

59

80

32.50

31.20

2,438

1,841

NH

75

60

83

41.10

43.00

3,411

2,580

NY

260

210

255

26.30

26.80

6,838

5,628

OH

75

51

78

32.30

35.10

2,423

1,790

PA

55

52

60

26.70

27.40

1,602

1,425

VT

500

420

500

27.00

27.80

13,770

11,676

WI

79

76

100

29.30

29.10

2,315

2,212

U.S.

1,393

1,260

1,507

27.50

28.30

40,500

35,601

1/ Price and value for 2002 are revised. Price and value for 2004 available June 2005.