E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570


 
MAPLE
  

Released: July 2005

 

 

 

 

NEW YORK MAPLE SYRUP PRODUCTION, 2000-2005

 

Year

Syrup

made 1/

Average

Gallons of sap per gallon of syrup

Average price

per gallon 2/

Value of

production

first run began

last run ended

 

1,000 gals.

 

 

Gallons

Dollars

1,000 dols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2000

210

      Feb.

   27

       Mar.

  24

49

29.00

6,080

2001

193

      Mar.

   11

       Apr

    7

40

29.50

5,694

2002

260

      Feb.

   22

    Mar.

  30

44

26.30

6,838

2003

210

      Mar.

   13

       Apr.

    9

44

26.80

5,628

2004

255

      Mar.

     4

       Apr.

    3

44

28.20

7,191

2005

222

      Mar.

   13

       Apr.

    5

41

     2/

     2/

1/Includes syrup later made into sugar.

2/ Available June 2006.

MAPLE SYRUP: Price by Type of Sales and Size of Container by State, 2003-2004

 

 

Type and

State

Gallons

½ Gallon

Quarts

Pints

½ Pint

2003

2004

2003

2004

2003

2004

2003

2004

2003

2004

 

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

Dollars

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Retail            CT

36.90

39.10

21.00

22.20

12.30

13.50

7.50

8.40

4.70

5.20

                        ME

35.70

36.60

19.20

19.90

11.00

10.60

7.10

6.50

4.90

4.40

                        MA

35.00

34.80

20.10

19.70

12.10

11.70

7.50

7.00

5.00

4.00

                        NH

34.60

34.30

20.10

19.50

11.80

11.20

7.20

7.00

4.20

4.10

                        NY

30.20

32.20

17.80

17.80

10.40

10.50

6.50

6.50

4.30

3.90

                        PA

28.80

29.50

15.50

17.10

10.00

10.00

6.00

6.00

3.80

3.90

                        VT

31.70

31.70

18.70

18.50

11.50

11.40

7.10

7.10

4.60

4.60

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Wholesale    CT

31.30

33.30

16.70

16.40

9.00

9.00

5.30

5.30

3.00

3.50

                        ME

28.50

29.00

16.90

15.90

8.30

8.60

4.90

4.70

2.90

3.30

                        MA

27.20

29.20

16.80

16.60

9.20

9.00

5.60

5.50

3.40

3.40

                        NH

27.60

27.70

17.00

16.60

9.60

9.60

5.50

5.30

3.40

3.10

                        NY

25.50

25.60

14.70

16.70

8.00

7.80

4.80

4.90

3.00

3.00

                        PA

27.20

26.00

15.70

14.20

8.30

8.20

4.80

5.00

2.90

3.50

                        VT

27.80

28.40

17.10

16.40

9.60

9.40

5.80

5.60

3.60

3.50

 

Bulk All Grades

Bulk All Grades

All Sales

2003

2004

2003

2004

2003

2004

 

Dollars per Pound

Dollars per Gallon

Equivalent per Gallon

 

 

 

 

  Bulk              CT

 

1.10

 

12.10

48.60

51.70

                        ME

1.60

1.60

17.60

17.60

22.50

19.40

                        MA

1.30

1.50

14.30

16.50

41.90

46.30

                        NH

1.40

1.40

15.40

15.40

43.00

35.40

                        NY

1.30

1.40

14.50

15.30

26.80

28.20

                        PA

1.05

1.35

11.60

15.00

27.40

29.00

                        VT

1.60

1.60

17.60

17.60

27.80

27.30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MAPLE SYRUP: Production, Price, and Value by State and United States, 2004-2005 1/

 

State

Production

Average price per gallon

Value of production

2003

2004

2003

2004

2003

2004

 

1,000 gallons

Dollars

1,000 dollars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    CT

11

10

48.60

51.70

486

569

    ME

290

265

22.50

19.40

6,413

5,626

    MA

50

40

41.90

46.30

1,550

2,315

    MI

80

58

31.20

38.00

1,841

3,040

    NH

83

57

43.00

35.40

2.580

2,938

    NY

255

222

26.80

28.20

5,628

7,191

    OH

78

69

35.10

32.00

1,790

2,496

    PA

60

61

27.40

29.00

1,425

1,740

    VT

500

410

27.80

27.30

11,676

13,650

    WI

100

50

29.10

32.30

2,212

3,230

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    New York and New England Total

878

1,041

27.80

27.10

24,379

28,207

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    U.S.

1,507

1,242

28.30

28.40

35,601

42,795

1/ Price and value for 2004 are revised. Price and value for 2005 are not available until June 2006.

 

 


MAPLE SYRUP PRICES - 2004 CROP

 

The final average value of the 2004 maple syrup crop in New York was $28.20 per gallon equivalent for all sales. This was $1.40 per gallon more than the final average for the 2003 crops.

 

The table below shows final prices per gallon equivalent by grade and type of sale for 2003 and 2004.

 

MAPLE SYRUP PRICES, BY TYPE OF SALE, 2003-2005

 

Type of sale

Percent sold by type of sale

Average price received by producers

2003

2004

2003

2004

2005 1/

 

Percent of total

Dollars per gallon equivalent

 

 

 

 

 

 

    Sold retail in containers

  37

  50

30.20

32.20

 

    Sold wholesale

  24

  19

25.50

25.60

 

    Sold bulk

  39

  31

14.50

15.30

 

    ALL SALES

100

100

26.80

28.20

 

1/Prices, by type of sale for 2005, are not available until June 2006.

                                        

LESS MAPLE PRODUCERS THAN 5 YEARS AGO

 

The number of maple syrup producers in New York reporting production in 2005 was 1,485, down 3 percent from the 1,525 producers accounted for in 2000. The number of taps totaled 1.42 million compared with 1.26 million in 2000, an increase of 13 percent. Production totaled 222,000 gallons of syrup. This compares with peak production of the last decade of 400,000 gallons in 1992 and the low of 180,000 gallons in 1993.

 

This report is the result of the 2005 maple census, a more complete accounting of New York maple production, and is comparable to the previous census enumerations done in 1990, 1995, and 2000. Nearly 1,700 names were contacted to determine if they had at least 100 taps and made syrup during the 2005 sugaring season.

 

MAPLE PRODUCERS, TAPS AND PRODUCTION, NEW YORK, 1990, 1995, 2000, AND 2005

 

 

1990

1995

2000

2005

 

 

 

 

 

    Number of producers 1/

1,314

1,450

1,525

1,485

    Number of taps

1,740,000

1,555,000

1,257,000

1,420,000

    Gallons of syrup

249,000

208,000

210,000

222,000

    Gallons per tap

.143

.134

.167

.156

    Taps per producer

1,324

1,072

824

956

 

1/ A producer is defined as a syrup maker with 100 or more taps. 

 

MAPLE OPERATION CHARACTERISTICS, NEW YORK, 2005

 

The tables on the following page show some special characteristics of maple syrup operations captured by the 2005 survey. A brief summary of highlights from these tables follows:


More than 67 percent of all taps are on trees owned by the operators, 30 percent are leased or used rent free, and the remaining 3 percent are tapped by others with the sap delivered to the syrup producer.


Almost 81 percent of all taps in New York are on tubing, while 19 percent are on buckets.

 

Approximately 76 percent of all syrup producers use a wood-fired evaporator to convert sap to syrup. Nearly one-third of all syrup producers have been operating 30 years or more while only 6 percent have been producing less than five years.


Thirty-one percent of all operations obtain 1 percent or less of their total income (before expenses) from maple syrup. Maple production for many New York families remains a strong tradition even though it is not their main source of income. Only 6 percent of the operations receive more than one-half of their total income from maple. This is slightly lower than 9 percent found from the previous census

 

TOTAL TAPS BY OWNERSHIP, NEW YORK, 2005

 

TOTAL TAPS BY TYPE, NEW YORK, 2005

By ownership

Percent of total taps

 

By type

Percent of total taps

 

 

 

 

  Owned by operator

  67.3

On buckets

  18.8

  Leased by operator or rent free

  29.8

 

   

  Tapped by others (sap delivered)

    2.9

On tubing

  81.2

 

 

 

 

  TOTAL

100.0

TOTAL

100.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TYPES OF MAPLE EQUIPMENT BEING USED, NEW YORK, 2005

 

Type of equipment

Percent of operators

Percent of taps

Type of equipment

Percent of operators

Percent of taps

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood fired evaporator

76.1

54.0

Air bubbler

  3.7

 5.1

Oil fired evaporator

26.0

49.1

Ultra violet light

12.8

28.0

Steam hood

36.0

47.0

Filter press

35.8

65.0

Preheater

31.2

36.2

Pumped vacuum

30.0

47.1

RO (reverse osmosis)

15.0

36.0

Recirculating arch

  5.0

 8.8

Piggy back

 12.8

33.0

Automatic draw off

19.3

34.0

Wood saver

18.3

20.6

 

 

 

 

 

NUMBER OF YEARS OPERATOR HAS BEEN PRODUCING SYRUP, NEW YORK, 2005

 

PERCENT OF TOTAL INCOME (Before Expenses)

FROM MAPLE, NEW YORK, 2005

Number of years

Percent of total operations

Percent of total taps

 

Percent of income

Percent of total operations

Average number of taps per operation

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1 percent or less

  31.0

   770

         1-4

5.0

  3.3

  1.1 to 9.9 percent

  34.6

1,292

         5-9

14.0

10.1

  10.0 to 49.9

  29.0

2,640

         10-29

43.0

43.0

  50 percent or greater

    5.4

6,013

         30+

38.0

43.6

  TOTAL ALL OPERATORS

100.0

    956

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                       SYRUP YIELD BY SIZE GROUP, NEW YORK, 2005

 

 

Syrup

Taps

Number of Taps

Average Gallons

Gallons

per Tap

Average Taps

Taps per

Gallon

 

 

 

 

 

100 to 249

    16

.159

  103

6.268

250 to 499

    54

.151

  350

6.591

500 to 999

    93

.136

  674

7.344

1,000 to 1,499

  165

.141

1,166

7.053

1,500 to 4,999

  390

.152

2,531

6.536

Over 5,000

1,461

.168

8,696

5.951

 

 

 

 

 

State Total

244

.156

956

6.356

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

YEARS PRODUCING AND PERCENT OF INCOME, BY NUMBER OF TAPS, NEW YORK, 2005

 

 

Years

Income

Number of Taps

Average Years

Average Percent of Income

 

 

 

100 to 249

16

1

250 to 499

22

4

500 to 999

21

4

1,000 to 1,499

28

9

1,500 to 4,999

29

14

Over 5,000

32

29

 

 

 

State Total

23

8


 

 

 

 

 

TAPPING SYSTEMS, BY SIZE GROUP, NEW YORK, 2005

 

 

Number of Taps

Buckets

Tubing

Average Number of Taps

Percent of Total on Buckets

Average Number of Taps

Percent of Total on Tubing

 

 

 

 

 

100 to 249

49

48

54

52

250 to 499

123

35

227

65

500 to 999

183

27

491

73

1,000 to 1,499

209

18

956

82

1,500 to 4,999

554

22

1,976

78

Over 5,000

933

11

7,661

89

 

 

 

 

 

State Total

276

18

1,248

82

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PERCENT OF PRODUCERS HAVING EQUIPMENT, BY SIZE GROUP

 

This table evaluates the percent of producers having equipment by tap size group. Producers having less than 1500 taps generally use wood fired evaporators.

 

Producers that have 1500 taps or more generally use oil fired evaporators. Other equipment surveyed are mostly used by producers that have over 1500 taps.

 

 

YEARS PRODUCING AND PERCENT OF INCOME, BY NUMBER OF TAPS, NEW YORK, 2005

 


Number of Taps

Wood

fired evaporator

Oil fired evaporator

Steam hood

Pre heater

RO reverse osmosis

Piggy back

Forced draft

Air bubbler

Ultra violet light

Filter Press

Pumped vacuum

Recirculating arch

Automatic draw off

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100 to 249

29

10

12

15

1

4

10

 

6

3

3

7

4

250 to 499

20

4

13

15

3

3

11

19

2

7

6

10

3

500 to 999

20

18

21

24

10

12

25

10

17

17

12

13

22

1,000 to 1,499

11

7

11

9

11

6

13

10

13

14

10

13

9

1,500 to 4,999

17

41

30

28

41

41

35

42

45

41

46

40

43

Over 5,000

3

20

13

9

34

35

6

19

17

18

23

17

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

State Total

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SPECIAL MAPLE ENUMERATION

Summary by Counties, New York 2005

County

Number of producers

Number of taps

Syrup Produced (Gallons)

Average Date Season

Per tap

Total

Opened

Closed

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

   Albany

     18

      5,794

0.092

531

Mar. 18

 

Apr. 5

 

   Allegany

     67

    65,128

0.158

10,310

Mar. 14

 

Apr. 8

 

   Broome

     20

      6,422

0.186

1,195

Mar. 15

 

Apr. 7

 

   Cattaraugus

     65

    72,067

0.145

10,423

Mar. 6

 

Apr. 2

 

   Cayuga

     12

      1,949

0.169

330

Mar. 10

 

Mar. 6

 

   Chautauqua

     57

    28,916

0.175

5,053

Mar. 10

 

Mar. 31

 

   Chemung

     10

      3,173

0.162

514

Mar. 1

 

Apr. 5

 

   Chenango

     45

    23,306

0.209

4,867

Mar. 10

 

Apr. 5

 

   Clinton

     63

  137,048

0.121

16,625

Mar. 17

 

Apr. 7

 

   Columbia

       8

      1,283

0.207

266

Mar. 13

 

Mar. 28

 

   Cortland

     28

    13,314

0.126

1,677

Mar. 7

 

Apr. 5

 

   Delaware

     60

    64,561

0.142

9,163

Mar. 19

 

Apr. 7

 

   Erie

     28

    35,234

0.160

5,645

Feb. 27

 

Mar. 27

 

   Essex

     31

    27,634

0.212

5,864

Mar. 15

 

Apr. 15

 

   Franklin

     33

    41,727

0.143

5,976

Mar. 25

 

Apr. 15

 

   Fulton

     11

    10,527

0.109

1,147

Mar. 13

 

Apr. 5

 

   Genesee

     14

      4,461

0.090

402

Mar. 20

 

Mar. 31

 

   Greene

     23

    21,189

0.124

2,633

Mar. 5

 

Apr. 4

 

   Hamilton

       8

      6,959

0.130

905

Mar. 17

 

Apr. 5

 

   Herkimer

     19

      9,084

0.156

1,418

 Mar. 17

 

Apr. 7

 

   Jefferson

     38

    15,889

0.129

2,052

Mar. 16

 

Apr. 8

 

   Lewis

   141

  207,467

0.142

29,531

Mar. 18

 

Apr. 9

 

   Livingston

       8

      2,958

0.225

665

Mar. 7

 

Apr. 7

 

   Madison

     27

    16,491

0.226

3,721

Mar. 12

 

Apr. 5

 

   Montgomery

     11

    53,079

0.175

9,280

Mar. 8

 

Mar. 29

 

   Oneida

     32

    13,921

0.156

2,166

Mar. 21

 

Apr. 7

 

   Onondaga

     15

      6,096

0.171

1,040

Mar. 15

 

Apr. 4

 

   Ontario

     16

    12,034

0.142

1,711

Mar. 12

 

Mar. 30

 

   Orleans

       6

      5,353

0.186

997

Mar. 20

 

Apr. 5

 

   Oswego

     21

      9,735

0.153

1,487

Mar. 15

 

Apr. 5

 

   Otsego

     48

    56,732

0.127

7,203

Mar. 9

 

Apr. 4

 

   Rensselaer

     20

      4,580

0.128

586

Mar. 6

 

Mar. 24

 

   St. Lawrence

   122

  103,555

0.179

18,580

Mar. 16

 

Apr. 12

 

   Saratoga

     17

    20,334

0.146

2,974

Mar. 12

 

Apr. 5

 

   Schenectady

       4

      1,260

0.134

169

Feb. 23

 

Mar. 27

 

   Schoharie

     34

    39,130

0.165

6,471

Mar. 6

 

Apr. 4

 

   Schuyler

     13

      4,796

0.253

1,211

Mar. 7

 

Apr. 2

 

   Steuben

     46

    17,158

0.130

2,222

Mar. 17

 

Apr. 3

 

   Sullivan

     12

      5,269

0.111

585

Mar. 15

 

Apr. 5

 

   Tioga

     24

    11,653

0.121

1,408

Mar. 1

 

Apr. 7

 

   Tompkins

     13

      2,105

0.156

329

Mar. 21

 

Apr. 8

 

   Ulster

     14

      4,436

0.155

689

Feb. 24

 

Mar. 6

 

   Warren

       9

    11,219

0.165

1,854

Mar. 16

 

Apr. 9

 

   Washington

     56

    61,277

0.145

8,863

Mar. 11

 

Apr. 2

 

   Wayne

       6

      1,300

0.299

388

Mar. 19

 

Apr. 2

 

   Wyoming

     65

  140,307

0.202

28,310

Feb. 22

 

Apr. 2

 

   Yates

     22

    10,329

0.224

2,316

Mar. 12

 

Apr. 7

 

   Other Counties 2/

     25

      1,761

0.141

248

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 STATE

1,485

1,420,000

0.156

222,000

Mar. 13

 

Apr. 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1/    Includes all types of sales.

2/ Other counties include: Dutchess, Monroe, Niagara, Orange, Putnam and Westchester