The USDA NASS
 New York Field Offic
e

"
Fact Finders for Agriculture"



 POTATOES



Released February 17, 2006
Seasonal
No. 987-2-06

NEW YORK POTATO STOCKS INCREASE

Potato stocks, held for all purposes on February 1, 2006 by New York growers, dealers, and processors, totaled 1.70 million hundredweight (cwt.), up 42 percent from last year. The USDA’s New York Agricultural Statistics Service estimated disappearance in January 2006 at 600,000 cwt., the same as last year.  Storage accounted for 33 percent of the 2005 potato production, up 10 points from a year ago. 

The 13 major potato States held 188 million cwt of potatoes in storage February 1, 2006, down 7 percent from last year and 6 percent below February 1, 2004, for comparable States.  Ohio and Pennsylvania were dropped from the potato stocks program starting with the 2005 storage season.  Potatoes in storage account for 50 percent of the 2005 fall storage States' production, unchanged from last year.  Stocks by type were 2 percent red, 9 percent round white, 2 percent long white (Shepody), and 87 percent russets, with a smaller percentage of reds and round whites but a larger percentage of russets than a year ago for comparable States. 

Disappearance of 185 million cwt from the start of harvest to February 1, is down 6 percent from last year for comparable States. Shrink and loss, at 18.1 million cwt, is down 17 percent from last year for comparable States.   

Processors have used 96.5 million cwt of 2005 crop potatoes so far this season, down 4 percent from a year ago and 6 percent below 2 years ago.  Idaho and Malheur County, Oregon, total processing decreased 3 percent from a year ago and Washington and the rest of Oregon total processing dropped 7 percent from last season. Dehydrating usage accounts for 19.5 million cwt of the total processing, down 11 percent from both last year and the same date in 2004. 

Western States held 136 million cwt of potatoes in storage on February 1, down 4 percent from last year.  Both Idaho's and Colorado's potato stocks are down 13 percent from last year. Montana's potato sheds stored 1 percent less than in 2005 and California's stocks decreased 39 percent from last year.  Oregon's potato stocks are up 23 percent from last year and Washington's potato sheds stored 10 percent more than last season.

Central States accounted for 40.1 million cwt of potato stocks on February 1, down 17 percent from last year for comparable States.  Wisconsin's potato stocks decreased 4 percent from last year, Minnesota's stocks are down 12 percent from 2005, and stocks in North Dakota are 41 percent below February 1, 2005.  Michigan potato sheds stored 6 percent more than last year. 

Eastern States stored 11.7 million cwt of potatoes on February 1, down 5 percent from last year for comparable States.  Maine's potato sheds held 10 percent less than last year, while New York's potato stocks increased 42 percent from a year ago.

FALL POTATOES:  Production and Stocks on February 1, 2005-2006 1/

State

Crop of 2004

Crop of 2005

Production

Stocks

Feb. 1,

2005 2/

Percent

of

Production

Production

Stocks

Feb. 1,

2006

Percent

of

Production

 

1,000 cwt.

Percent

1,000 cwt.

Percent

     

 CA

3,648

1,800

49

3,240

1,100

34

 CO

2,3791

13,700

58

22,292

11,900

53

 ID

13,1970

75,000

57

116,975

65,000

56

 ME

19,065

11,100

58

15,736

10,000

64

 MI

13,650

4,800

35

13,920

5,100

37

 MN

18,920

10,200

54

17,630

9,000

51

 MT

3,551

3,350

94

3,434

3,300

96

 NE

9,288

   

8,245

4,000

49

 NY

5,184

1,200

23

5,226

1,700

33

 ND

26,765

15,300

57

20,500

9,000

44

 OH 3/

1,080

         

 OR

19,775

11,800

60

22,023

14,500

66

 PA 3/

2,640

900

34

     

 WA

93,810

36,500

39

95,480

40,000

42

 WI 2/

30,450

13,600

45

27,880

13,000

47

             

Other States

 

4,240

       
             

15 States 4/

403,587

203,490

50

372,581

187,600

50

1/  Stocks include processor holdings and most of the seed to plant following year's crop.
     Seed usage for all seasons in 2005 totaled 24.7 million cwt.

2/  Missing stocks combined into 'Other Sts'.

3/  Stock estimates discontinued in 2005.

4/  13 States for the 2005 crop.