The USDA NASS
 New York Field Offic
e

"
Fact Finders for Agriculture"

E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

POTATOES

Released:  December 2006
Seasonal

No. 987-8-06

NEW YORK POTATO STOCKS DOWN

Potato stocks, held for all purposes on December 1, 2006 by New York growers, dealers, and processors, totaled 2.80 million hundredweight (cwt.), down from the 2.90 million cwt. held a year ago. Storage accounted for 49 percent of the 2006 potato crop, compared with 55 percent last year.

The 13 major potato States held 252 million cwt of potatoes in storage December 1, 2006, down 1 percent from last year and 6 percent below December 1, 2004, for comparable States.  Ohio and Pennsylvania were dropped from the potato stocks program starting with the 2005 storage season.  Potatoes in storage account for 66 percent of the 2006 fall storage States' production, down 2 percentage point from last year.  Klamath Basin stocks have been added to the potato stocks program starting with December 2006 and total 4.0 million cwt.  Klamath Basin includes California and Klamath County, Oregon, potato stocks.

 Disappearance of 130 million cwt from the start of harvest to December 1, is up 8 percent from last year.  Shrink and loss, at 14.0 million cwt, is up 10 percent from the pervious year. 

 Processors have used 72.3 million cwt of 2006 crop potatoes so far this season, up 10 percent from a year ago and 2 percent above 2 years ago.  Idaho and Malheur County, Oregon, total processing increased 14 percent from a year ago, Maine's total processing was 29 percent above the same date in 2005, and Washington and the rest of Oregon total processing was up 2 percent from last season.  Dehydrating usage accounts for 12.9 million cwt of the total processing, up 8 percent from last year but 11 percent below the same date in 2004.

 Western States held 171 million cwt of potatoes in storage on December 1, down 4 percent from last year.  Idaho's potato stocks are down 1 percent from last year, Washington's potato sheds held 7 percent less than last year, and Oregon's stocks declined 16 percent from last season.  Colorado and Montana's December potato stocks were unchanged from 2005.  California's potato stocks are up 13 percent from last year.

Central States accounted for 63.4 million cwt of potato stocks on December 1, up 6 percent from last year.  Wisconsin's potato stocks increased 7 percent from last year, North Dakota's sheds held 24 percent more than the previous year, and Michigan and Nebraska's stocks are both 4 percent above 2005.  Minnesota's potato stocks declined 11 percent from the same date in 2005.

Eastern States stored 17.5 million cwt of potatoes on December 1, up 14 percent from last year.  Maine's potato sheds held 18 percent more than last year, while New York's potato stocks decreased 3 percent from a year ago.

NOTE: Stocks are defined as the quantity (whether sold or not) remaining in storage for all purposes and uses, including seed potatoes that are not yet moved, and shrinkage, waste, and other losses that occur after the date of each report.  Sales of fall potatoes for all purposes for the past 5 years averaged 91.0 percent of the total fall production.  Shrinkage, loss, and home use account for the remaining 9.0 percent.



 Table 1.  FALL POTATOES Production and Stocks, 13 Major States, December 1, 2005-2006 1/

State

Crop of 2005

Crop of 2006

Production

Stocks

Dec. 1,

2005

Dec. 1 Stocks

as % of Production

Production

Stocks

Dec. 1,

2006

Dec. 1 Stocks

as % of Production

 

1,000 cwt.

Percent

1,000 cwt.

Percent

     

CA

3,306

1,600

48

3,783

1,800

  48

CO

22,910

17,200

75

22,686

17,200

  76

ID

118,288

85,000

72

121,820

84,000

  69

ME

15,455

12,500

81

18,270

14,700

  80

MI

13,910

7,900

57

14,190

8,200

  58

MN

17,630

13,500

77

20,400

12,000

  59

MT

3,445

3,400

99

3,413

3,400

100

NE

8,245

5,600

68

8,589

5,800

  68

NY

5,226

2,900

55

5,700

2,800

  49

ND

20,500

14,000

68

25,480

17,300

  68

OR

22,023

19,000

86

18,533

16,000

  86

WA

95,480

52,500

55

89,900

49,000

  55

WI

27,880

18,700

67

29,370

20,100

  68

             

13 States

374,298

253,800

68

382,134

252,300

  66

             

Klamath Basin 2/

       

4,000

 
     

1/  Stocks include processor holdings and most of the seed to plant following year's crop. Seed usage for all seasons in 2006 totaled 25.6 million cwt.

2/  Estimates began in 2006.  Includes potato stocks in CA and Kalmath County, Oregon.



Table 2.  FALL POTATOES:  Production and Stocks, 15 Major States, 1996-2005

Crop Year

Production

Dec 1

Jan 1

Feb 1

Mar 1

Apr 1

May 1

Jun 1 1/

 

1,000 cwt.

   

1997

413,513

278,830

246,550

212,562

175,870

134,190

92,840

 

1998

423,170

280,910

246,230

209,640

173,650

131,220

87,895

50,270

1999

420,567

275,100

239,910

207,150

169,620

128,410

86,915

47,220

2000

458,827

310,300

275,270

234,260

197,670

153,520

109,160

61,270

2001

387,033

258,750

224,680

192,090

158,590

119,950

81,200

42,990

2002

407,085

264,485

231,490

199,020

165,210

125,770

83,040

45,880

2003

403,181

267,900

233,590

200,230

166,280

126,110

85,000

46,020

2004

403,587

271,100

236,700

203,490

168,020

128,900

88,550

51,700

2005 2/

374,298

253,800

220,500

189,100

155,500

115,700

75,900

41,560

2006 2/

382,134

252,300

           
   

1/  Data not available prior to 1998.

2/  13 major States.


NEW YORK AND U.S. POTATO PRODUCTION UP

New  York  production  of  fall  potatoes for  2006  is  estimated  at 5.70  million  hundredweight  (cwt.), up 9 percent  from  a  year  ago.

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2006 is forecast at 392 million cwt, up less than 1 percent from last month and 2 percent above last year.  Area harvested, at 976,400 acres, is virtually unchanged from November but increased 3 percent from last year.  The average yield is forecast at 401 cwt per acre, up 1 cwt from last month but 2 cwt below the record high set last year.  

Western States production is forecast at 265 million cwt, virtually unchanged from the November forecast but down 2 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 607,600 acres, increased 1 percent fromlast year but the average yield of 436 cwt per acre is down 13 cwt from 2005.

Central States production is forecast at 99.0 million cwt, up 1 percent from the November forecast and 11 percent above last year.  Harvested area, estimated at 277,400 acres, is 7 percent above a year ago and the average yield of 357 cwt per acre is 13 cwt above a year ago. 

 Eastern States production is forecast at 27.7 million cwt, up 1 percent from the November forecast and 15 percent above last year.  Area for harvest totaled 91,400 acres, virtually unchanged from last month but up 1 percent from last year.  Average yield, at 303 cwt per acre, is 4 cwt above November and up 35 cwt from last season.  Growers in New York expect the average yield to be 300 cwt per acre, 40 cwt above last year.  If realized, this would tie the record high yield set in 2003.  Pennsylvania production is forecast at 2 percent above last year. 

                                        Table 3.  FALL POTATOES:  Acreage Planted

State

2004

2005

2006

 

1,000 acres

       

CA

7.6

7.6

7.8

CO

65

58.2

59.9

ID

355

325

330

10 SW Co

25

21

20

Other ID

330

304

310

IN 1/

3.4

   

ME

63.5

57.5

58.5

MA

2.6

2.5

3.1

MI

43

43

43.5

MN

47

46

51

MT

10.7

10.7

10.6

NE

22

19.5

19.5

NV

6.7

5.5

6.6

NM 2/

4

4.7

5

NY

20

20.5

20.6

ND

105

92

100

OH

3.7

3.7

3.3

OR

37

37.3

35

  Malheur

5.2

3.8

3.5

  Other OR

31.8

33.5

31.5

PA

12

11.5

11

RI

0.5

0.5

0.5

WA

160

154

156

WI

71

68

66

       

Total

1,039.7

967.7

987.9

       

U.S.

1,193.3

1,109.1

1,136.1

       
1/  Estimates discontinued in 2005.
2/  Summer potatoes combined with fall potatoes in 2005.

                    Table 4.  FALL POTATOES:  Acreage Harvested, Yield and Production

State

Area Harvested

Yield

Production

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

2004

2005

2006

 

1,000 acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

                   

CA

7.6

7.6

7.8

480

435

485

3,648

3,306

3,783

CO

64.3

58

59.7

370

395

380

23,791

22,910

22,686

ID

353

323

328

374

366

371

131,970

118,288

121,820

10 SW Co

25

21

20

490

470

470

12,250

9,870

9,400

Other ID

328

302

308

365

359

365

119,720

108,418

112,420

IN 1/

3.2

   

350

   

1,120

   

ME

61.5

56.2

58

310

275

315

19,065

15,455

18,270

MA

2.5

2.4

3.1

320

260

260

800

624

806

MI

42

42.8

43

325

325

330

13,650

13,910

14,190

MN

44

43

48

430

410

425

18,920

17,630

20,400

MT

10.6

10.6

10.5

335

325

325

3,551

3,445

3,413

NE

21.6

19.4

19.3

430

425

445

9,288

8,245

8,589

NV

6.7

5.5

6.6

430

425

445

2,881

2,338

2,937

NM 2/

4

4.2

5

430

420

420

1,720

1,764

2,100

NY

19.2

20.1

19

270

260

300

5,184

5,226

5,700

ND

101

82

98

265

250

260

26,765

20,500

25,480

OH

3.6

3.6

3.1

300

240

320

1,080

864

992

OR

37

37.1

35

534

594

530

19,775

22,023

18,533

Malheur

5.2

3.8

3.5

470

450

435

2,444

1,710

1,523

Other OR

31.8

33.3

31.5

545

610

540

17,331

20,313

17,010

PA

11

11

10.8

240

250

260

2,640

2,750

2,808

RI

0.5

0.5

0.5

290

210

250

145

105

125

WA

159

154

155

590

620

580

93,810

95,480

89,900

WI

70

68

66

435

410

445

30,450

27,880

29,370

                   

Total

1,022.3

949

976.4

401

403

401

410,253

382,743

391,902

                   

U.S.

1,166.9

1,086.9

1,118.4

391

390

390

456,041

423,926

435,774

                   

1/  Estimates discontinued in 2005. 
2/  Summer potatoes combined with fall potatoes in 2005.