The USDA NASS
 New York Field Offic
e

"
Fact Finders for Agriculture"

E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

POTATOES

Released December 17, 2007                                     Seasonal                                                     No. 987-6-07


NEW YORK POTATO STOCKS DOWN

Potato stocks, held for all purposes on December 1, 2007 by New York growers, dealers, and processors, totaled 2.80 million hundredweight (cwt.), down from the 3.00 million cwt. held a year ago. Storage accounted for 54 percent of the 2007 potato crop, compared with 53 percent last year.

The 13 major potato States held 270 million cwt of potatoes in storage December 1, 2007, up 4 percent from last year and 6 percent above December 1, 2005.  Potatoes in storage account for 68 percent of the 2007 fall storage States' production, up 1 percentage point from last year.  Klamath Basin stocks total 4.20 million cwt on December 1, 2007, up 5 percent from last year.  Klamath Basin includes California and Klamath County, Oregon potato stocks.                                                                             

Disappearance of 130 million cwt from the start of harvest to December 1, is virtually unchanged from last year but up 8 percent from 2005.  Shrink and loss, at 13.9 million cwt, is up 5 percent from the previous year and 9 percent above the same date in 2005.                                                                                

Processors have used 72.0 million cwt of 2007 crop potatoes so far this season, down 3 percent from a year ago but 10 percent above 2 years ago.  Idaho and Malheur County, Oregon total processing decreased 3 percent from a year ago, Maine's total processing was 3 percent below the same date in 2006, and Washington and the rest of Oregon total processing was down 6 percent from last season.  Dehydrating usage accounts for 12.7 million cwt of the total processing, down 13 percent from last year but 7 percent above the same date in 2005.                                                                               

Western States held 193 million cwt of potatoes in storage on December 1, up 9 percent from last year and 8 percent above 2005.  Idaho's potato stocks are up 4 percent from last year, Washington's potato sheds held 22 percent more than last year, and Oregon's stocks increased 13 percent from last season.  Montana's potato sheds held 9 percent more stocks than last year and California's potato stocks increased 11 percent from last season.  Colorado's potato stocks declined 12 percent from last year.                                                                          

Central States accounted for 61.7 million cwt of potato stocks on December 1, down 4 percent from last year but 3 percent above the same date in 2005.  Wisconsin's potato stocks declined 5 percent from last year, North Dakotas's sheds held 16 percent less, and potato stocks in Nebraska are 10 percent below last season.  Minnesota's potato stocks are up 2 percent from last year and Michigan's potato sheds held 17 percent more than on the same date in 2006.                                                                               

Eastern States stored 15.5 million cwt of potatoes on December 1, down 11 percent from last year but up 1 percent from December 1, 2005.  Maine's potato sheds held 12 percent less than last year, while New York's potato stocks declined 7 percent from a year ago.

NOTE: Stocks are defined as the quantity (whether sold or not) remaining in storage for all purposes and uses, including seed potatoes that are not yet moved, and shrinkage, waste, and other losses that occur after the date of each report.  Sales of fall potatoes for all purposes for the past 5 years averaged 91.1 percent of the total fall production.  Shrinkage, loss, and home use account for the remaining 8.9 percent.




 

Table 1.  FALL POTATOES:  Production and Stocks, 13 Major States, December 1, 2006-2007 1/

State

Crop of 2006

Crop of 2007

Production

Stocks
Dec. 1,
2006

Dec. 1 Stocks
as % of Production

Production

Stocks
Dec. 1,
2007

Dec. 1 Stocks
as % of Production

 

1,000 cwt.

Percent

1,000 cwt.

Percent

     

CA

3,870

1,800

47

4,223

2,000

47

CO

22,686

17,200

76

20,981

15,200

72

ID

128,915

90,000

70

131,650

94,000

71

ME

17,980

14,400

80

16,530

12,700

77

MI

14,190

8,100

57

14,700

9,500

65

MN

20,400

13,300

65

20,680

13,500

65

MT

3,518

3,300

94

3,696

3,600

97

NE

8,730

5,800

66

7,800

5,200

67

NY

5,700

3,000

53

5,216

2,800

54

ND

25,480

17,300

68

23,660

14,500

61

OR

18,533

16,000

86

20,238

18,000

89

WA

89,900

49,000

55

102,300

60,000

59

WI

29,370

20,100

68

28,160

19,000

67

             

13 States

389,272

259,300

67

399,834

270,000

68

             

Klamath Basin 2/

 

4,000

   

4,200

 
     

1/  Stocks include processor holdings and most of the seed to plant following year's crop.
     Seed usage for all seasons in 2007 totaled 26.4 million cwt.

2/  Includes potato stocks in CA and Kalmath County, Oregon.



Table 2.  FALL POTATOES:  Production and Stocks, 13 Major States, 1998-2007

Crop
Year

Production

Dec 1

Jan 1

Feb 1

Mar 1

Apr 1

May 1

Jun 1

 

1,000 cwt.

   

19981/

423,170

280,910

246,230

209,640

173,650

131,220

87,895

50,270

19991/

420,567

275,100

239,910

207,150

169,620

128,410

86,915

47,220

20001/

458,827

310,300

275,270

234,260

197,670

153,520

109,160

61,270

20011/

387,033

258,750

224,680

192,090

158,590

119,950

81,200

42,990

20021/

407,085

264,485

231,490

199,020

165,210

125,770

83,040

45,880

20031/

403,181

267,900

233,590

200,230

166,280

126,110

85,000

46,020

20041/

403,587

271,100

236,700

203,490

168,020

128,900

88,550

51,700

2005

374,298

253,800

220,500

189,100

155,500

115,700

75,900

41,560

2006

389,272

259,300

226,100

192,600

159,700

121,000

79,050

44,460

2007

399,834

270,000

           
   

1/  15 major States.

- 2 -

 

NEW YORK AND U.S. POTATO PRODUCTION DOWN

New  York  production  of  fall  potatoes for  2007  is  estimated  at 5.22  million  hundredweight  (cwt.), down 8 percent  from a  year  ago.

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2007 is forecast at 409 million cwt, up less than 1 percent from last month and 3 percent above last year.  Area harvested, at 997,600 acres, is virtually unchanged from November but up 1 percent from last year.  The average yield is forecast at 410 cwt per acre, up 1 cwt from last month and 4 cwt above the record high set last year.                                                                              

Western States production is forecast at 288 million cwt, up 6 percent from last year.  Area harvested, at 642,000 acres, increased 4 percent from last year, and the average yield of 449 cwt per acre is up 6 cwt from 2006.   

Central States production is forecast at 96.0 million cwt, down 3 percent from last year.  Harvested area, at 267,000 acres, is down 4 percent, while the average yield, at 359 cwt per acre, is up 2 cwt from a year ago.                                                                                

Eastern States production is forecast at 24.9 million cwt, down 9 percent from last year.  Area for harvest totaled 88,600 acres, 3 percent below last year, while the average yield, at 281 cwt per acre, is down 18 cwt from last season.  New York planted acreage is at the lowest level since estimates began in 1929.



Table 3.  FALL POTATOES:  Acreage Planted

State

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 acres

       

  CA

       7.6

       8.6

8.2

  CO

     58.2

     59.9

59.2

  ID

   325.0

   335.0

350.0

    10 SW Co

     21.0

     21.0

21.0

    Other ID

   304.0

   314.0

329.0

  ME

     57.5

     58.5

57.1

  MA

       2.5

       3.1

2.7

  MI

     43.0

     43.5

42.5

  MN

     46.0

     51.0

50.0

  MT

     10.7

     10.6

11.3

  NE

     19.5

     19.5

20.5

  NV

       5.5

       6.6

7.5

  NM

       4.7

       5.0

5.5

  NY

     20.5

     20.6

19.0

  ND

     92.0

   100.0

97.0

  OH

       3.7

       3.3

3.2

  OR

     37.3

     35.0

36.5

    Malheur

       3.8

       3.5

3.5

    Other OR

     33.5

     31.5

33.0

  PA

     11.5

     11.0

10.5

  RI

       0.5

       0.5

0.6

  WA

   154.0

   156.0

165.0

  WI

     68.0

     66.0

64.5

       

  Total

   967.7

   993.7

1,010.8

       

US

1,109.1

1,140.1

1,149.1

       
 

- 3 -


Table 4.  FALL POTATOES:  Acreage Harvested, Yield and Production

State

Area Harvested

Yield

Production

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

1,000 acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

       

  CA

7.6

8.6

8.2

435

450

515

3,306

3,870

4,223

  CO

58.0

59.7

59.1

395

380

355

22,910

22,686

20,981

  ID

323.0

334.0

349.0

366

386

377

118,288

128,915

131,650

    10 SW Co

21.0

21.0

21.0

470

475

490

9,870

9,975

10,290

    Other ID

302.0

313.0

328.0

359

380

370

108,418

118,940

121,360

  ME

56.2

58.0

57.0

275

310

290

15,455

17,980

16,530

  MA

2.4

3.1

2.7

260

240

295

624

744

797

  MI

42.8

43.0

42.0

325

330

350

13,910

14,190

14,700

  MN

43.0

48.0

47.0

410

425

440

17,630

20,400

20,680

  MT

10.6

10.5

11.2

325

335

330

3,445

3,518

3,696

  NE

19.4

19.4

20.0

425

450

390

8,245

8,730

7,800

  NV

5.5

6.6

7.5

425

445

390

2,338

2,937

2,925

  NM

4.2

5.0

5.5

420

420

420

1,764

2,100

2,310

  NY

20.1

19.0

18.3

260

300

285

5,226

5,700

5,216

  ND

82.0

98.0

91.0

250

260

260

20,500

25,480

23,660

  OH

3.6

3.1

3.0

240

325

325

864

1,008

975

  OR

37.1

35.0

36.5

594

530

554

22,023

18,533

20,238

    Malheur

3.8

3.5

3.5

450

435

455

1,710

1,523

1,593

    Other OR

33.3

31.5

33.0

610

540

565

20,313

17,010

18,645

  PA

11.0

10.5

10.0

250

260

220

2,750

2,730

2,200

  RI

0.5

0.5

0.6

210

260

300

105

130

180

  WA

154.0

155.0

165.0

620

580

620

95,480

89,900

102,300

  WI

68.0

66.0

64.0

410

445

440

27,880

29,370

28,160

                   

  Total

949.0

983.0

997.6

403

406

410

382,743

398,921

409,221

                   

US

1,086.9

1,121.9

1,129.8

390

393

397

423,926

441,348

448,866