The USDA NASS
 New York Field Offic
e

"
Fact Finders for Agriculture"

E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-557
0

POTATOES

Released December 16, 2008††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† Seasonal†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† ††† No. 987-7-08

NEW YORK POTATO PRODUCTION UP
POTATO STOCKS DOWN

New† York† production† of† fall† potatoes for† 2008† is† estimated† at 5.70† million† hundredweight† (cwt.), up 9 percent† from† a† year† ago.† U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2008 is forecast at 374 million cwt, up slightly from the November forecast but down 8 percent from 2007. Area harvested, at 921,200 acres, is virtually unchanged from the November forecast but 8 percent lower than last year. The average yield, forecast at 406 cwt per acre, is down 1 cwt from Novemberís forecast and down 3 cwt from last yearís record high yield.

U.S. production of fall potatoes for 2008 is forecast at 374 million cwt, up slightly from the November forecast but down 8 percent from 2007. Area harvested, at 921,200 acres, is virtually unchanged from the November forecast but 8 percent lower than last year. The average yield, forecast at 406 cwt per acre, is down 1 cwt from Novemberís forecast and down 3 cwt from last yearís record high yield.† Idahoís yield is forecast at 378 cwt per acre. If realized, this will be the second highest yield on record, 8 cwt below the record yield set in 2006.

Potato stocks, held for all purposes on December 1, 2008 by New York growers, dealers, and processors, totaled 2.60 million hundredweight (cwt.), down from the 2.90 million cwt. held a year ago. Storage accounted for 46 percent of the 2008 potato crop, compared with 56 percent last year.

The 13 major potato States held 242 million cwt of potatoes in storage December 1, 2008, down 9 percent from last year and 7 percent below December 1, 2006.† Potatoes in storage account for 66 percent of the 2008 fall storage States' production, slightly below December 1, 2007.† Klamath Basin stocks totaled 4.00 million cwt on December 1, 2008, down 5 percent from a year ago.† Klamath Basin includes California and Klamath County, Oregon.

Potato disappearance, at 123 million cwt, was 6 percent below December 1, 2007 and down 5 percent from December 1, 2006. Season-to-date shrink and loss, at 13.0 million cwt, was down 8 percent from the same date in 2007 and down 2 percent from 2006.†

Processors have used 72.0 million cwt of 2008 crop potatoes so far this season, down 3 percent from a year ago and 3 percent above 2 years ago.† Idaho and Malheur County, Oregon total processing decreased 15 percent from a year ago, Maine's total processing was 4 percent below the same date in 2007, and Washington and the rest of Oregon total processing was up 7 percent from last season.† Dehydrating usage accounts for 10.7 million cwt of the total processing, down 16 percent from last year and 26 percent below the same period in 2006.

 †

NOTE: Stocks are defined as the quantity (whether sold or not) remaining in storage for all purposes and uses, including seed potatoes that are not yet moved, and shrinkage, waste, and other losses that occur after the date of each report.  Sales of fall potatoes for all purposes for the past 5 years averaged 91.3 percent of the total fall production.  Shrinkage, loss, and home use account for the remaining 8.7 percent.

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††

Table 1.† FALL POTATOES:† Production and Stocks, 13 Major States, December 1, 2007-2008 1/

State

Crop of 2007

Crop of 2008

Production

Stocks
Dec. 1,
2007

Dec. 1 Stocks
as % of Production

Production

Stocks
Dec. 1,
2008

Dec. 1 Stocks
as % of Production

 

1,000 cwt.

Percent

1,000 cwt.

Percent

     

CA

3,792

2,000

53

3,939

1,900

48

CO

20,981

15,200

72

21,338

16,400

77

ID

130,010

92,000

71

114,805

83,000

72

ME

16,815

12,900

77

14,496

10,800

75

MI

14,700

8,800

60

13,600

8,000

59

MN

20,680

13,400

65

20,160

13,000

64

MT

3,696

3,500

95

3,564

3,500

98

NE

8,217

5,300

65

8,299

5,300

64

NY

5,216

2,900

56

5,696

2,600

46

ND

23,660

14,500

61

22,680

14,800

65

OR

20,238

18,000

89

18,387

15,900

86

WA

102,300

59,000

58

93,000

49,500

53

WI

28,160

20,000

71

25,730

17,500

68

             
             

13 States

398,465

267,500

67

365,694

242,200

66

             

Klamath Basin 2/

 

4,200

   

4,000

 
     

1/† Stocks include processor holdings and most of the seed to plant following year's crop.††††  Seed usage for all seasons in 2008 totaled 24.5 million cwt.
2
/ †Includes potato stocks in CA and Kalmath County, OR.



Table 2.† FALL POTATOES:† Production and Stocks, 13 Major States, 1999-2008

Crop
Year

Production

Dec 1

Jan 1

Feb 1

Mar 1

Apr 1

May 1

Jun 1

 

1,000 cwt.

   

19991/

420,567

275,100

239,910

207,150

169,620

128,410

86,915

47,220

20001/

458,827

310,300

275,270

234,260

197,670

153,520

109,160

61,270

20011/

387,033

258,750

224,680

192,090

158,590

119,950

81,200

42,990

20021/

407,085

264,485

231,490

199,020

165,210

125,770

83,040

45,880

20031/

403,181

267,900

233,590

200,230

166,280

126,110

85,000

46,020

20041/

403,587

271,100

236,700

203,490

168,020

128,900

88,550

51,700

2005

374,298

253,800

220,500

189,100

155,500

115,700

75,900

41,560

2006

389,272

259,300

226,100

192,600

159,700

121,000

79,050

44,460

2007

398,465

267,500

234,100

200,500

165,000

127,000

85,460

51,920

2008

365,694

242,200

           
   

1/† 15 major States.


Table 3.† FALL POTATOES:† Acreage Planted

State

2006

2007

2008

 

1,000 acres

       

† CA

††† 8.6

† 7.9

†† 7.8

† CO

†59.9

†† 9.2

†57.0

† ID

335.0

350.0

305.0

††† 10 SW Co

21.0

21.0

15.0

††† Other ID

314.0

329.0

290.0

† ME

58.5

†57.1

†56.0

† MA

† 3.1

2.7

2.8

† MI

† 43.5

42.5

43.0

† MN

51.0

50.0

50.0

† MT

†10.6

11.3

† 10.9

† NE

19.5

21.0

19.5

† NV

††† 6.6

† 7.3

5.8

† NM

†† 5.0

† 5.5

† 5.8

† NY

20.6

19.0

† 18.0

† ND

100.0

97.0

82.0

† OH

3.3

† 3.2

†† 2.5

† OR

† 35.0

36.5

35.3

††† Malheur

† 3.5

††† 3.5

† 2.8

††† Other OR

31.5

33.0

32.5

† PA

11.0

10.5

10.0

† RI

0.5

0.6

†† 0.5

† WA

156.0

165.0

155.0

† WI

66.0

64.5

† 63.5

   

† Total

993.7

1,010.8

930.4

       

US

1,140.1

1,148.8

1,059.1

       

Table 4.† FALL POTATOES:† Acreage Harvested, Yield and Production

State

Area Harvested

Yield

Production

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2008

 

1,000 acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

       

† CA

8.6

7.9

7.8

450

480

505

3,870

3,792

3,939

† CO

59.7

59.1

56.9

380

355

375

22,686

20,981

21,338

† ID

334.0

349.0

304.0

386

373

378

128,915

130,010

114,805

††† 10 SW Co

21.0

21.0

15.0

475

490

525

9,975

10,290

7,875

††† Other ID

313.0

328.0

289.0

380

365

370

118,940

119,720

106,930

† ME

58.0

57.0

54.7

310

295

265

17,980

16,815

14,496

† MA

3.1

2.7

2.4

240

310

260

744

837

624

† MI

43.0

42.0

42.5

330

350

320

14,190

14,700

13,600

† MN

48.0

47.0

48.0

425

440

420

20,400

20,680

20,160

† MT

10.5

11.2

10.8

335

330

330

3,518

3,696

3,564

† NE

19.4

19.8

19.3

450

415

430

8,730

8,217

8,299

† NV

6.6

7.3

5.8

445

390

410

2,937

2,847

2,378

† NM

5.0

5.4

5.8

420

370

400

2,100

1,998

2,320

† NY

19.0

18.3

17.8

300

285

320

5,700

5,216

5,696

† ND

98.0

91.0

81.0

260

260

280

25,480

23,660

22,680

† OH

3.1

3.0

2.1

325

330

325

1008

990

683

† OR

35.0

36.5

35.3

530

554

521

18,533

20,238

18,387

††† Malheur

3.5

3.5

2.8

435

455

415

1,523

1,593

1,162

††† Other OR

31.5

33.0

32.5

540

565

530

17,010

18,645

17,225

† PA

10.5

10.0

9.5

260

220

265

2,730

2,200

2,518

† RI

0.5

0.6

0.5

260

300

285

130

180

143

† WA

155.0

165.0

155.0

580

620

600

89,900

102,300

93,000

† WI

66.0

64.0

62.0

445

440

415

29,370

28,160

25,730

                   

† Total

983.0

996.8

921.2

406

409

406

398,921

407,517

374,360

                   

US

1,121.9

1,129.7

1,046.1

393

396

393

441,348

446,807

411,409

       
 
 


S.C. Ropel, B.L. Smith, W. G. Lemmons, Statisticians†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††