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VEGETABLES
Released: July 2006 Seasonal No. 984-3-06




Harvested Acreage for New York Fresh Vegetables Up 4 Percent;
National Acreage Virtually Unchanged


In New York, prospective area for harvest of 4 selected fresh market vegetables is 49,800 acres, up 4 percent from the 48,000 acres that were harvested in 2005.

The prospective area for harvest of 11 selected fresh market vegetables in the U.S. during the summer quarter is forecast to be 300,300 acres, up less than 1 percent from last year. Acreage increases in snap beans, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, sweet corn, and bell peppers more than offset acreage decreases in celery, cucumbers, head lettuce, and tomatoes. Area forecast for melon harvest in the U.S is 108,200 acres, down 3 percent from last year. Cantaloupe area is forecast at 38,600 acres, 6 percent below 2005. Honeydew area, at 14,600 acres, is up 4 percent from last year. Watermelon area, at 55,000 acres, is 2 percent below a year ago. Strawberry production in the U.S. is forecast at 22.5 million cwt, 1 percent below 2005 for comparable States. Area harvested, at 45,100 acres, is up 3 percent from last year. Strawberry yield is forecast at 498 cwt, down 18 cwt from 2005.

New York Onion Acreage Up 4 Percent
U.S. Onion Acreage Up 3 Percent


New York onion growers planted 14,300 acres this year, up 4 percent from last year. Harvested onion acreage is expected to total 13,900 acres. This has been a good year for planting onions with a warm winter and spring, allowing growers to get into their fields.

Nationally, onion growers expect to harvest 166,550 acres of onions in 2006, up 3 percent from comparable States last year. Spring onion growers harvested 34,900 acres, down 1 percent from last season. Summer, non-storage onion growers expect to harvest 21,000 acres, up 6 percent from last year. Storage onion growers plan to harvest 110,650 acres in 2006, up 4 percent from comparable States last season.


New York Processed Vegetable Acreage Down 4 Percent
National Acreage Down 1 Percent


Total New York acreage is down 4 percent from last year. This year, processors contracted 19,500 acres of green peas in New York. Sweet corn acreage is at 18,400 acres, down 1,000 acres from last year. Producers planted 20,700 acres of snap beans this year, down slightly from last year.

U. S vegetable processors have contracted 1.21 million acres to be planted to the 5 major vegetable crops (snap beans, sweet corn, cucumbers for pickles, green peas, and tomatoes). This acreage is down 1 percent from last year for comparable States. Acreage increases for green peas and tomatoes were more than offset by decreases in snap beans, sweet corn, and cucumbers for pickles from last year's comparable States. Green pea contracted production, at 416,890 tons, is up 10 percent from 2005. Contracted tomato production is forecast at 11.9 million tons, up 19 percent from 2005 for comparable States.


VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET

Crop and State

Area

Harvested

For Harvest

2006

2004

2005

 

Acres

Snap Beans

     

Georgia

2,500

3,300

3,200

Michigan

4,100

4,200

3,900

New York

7,600

8,100

10,400

Virginia

3,000

3,300

3,200

TOTAL

17,200

18,900

20,700

       

Cabbage

     

Georgia

700

1,200

1,000

Michigan

1,600

1,400

1,750

New York

10,600

9,700

10,600

TOTAL

12,900

12,300

13,350

       

Sweet Corn

     

California

9,500

9,600

9,500

Illinois

5,300

6,200

7,000

Michigan

9,500

9,500

8,000

New Jersey

7,500

7,100

7,500

New York

28,000

28,200

26,800

North Carolina

7,500

7,000

8,200

Ohio

15,300

16,300

16,100

Pennsylvania

19,600

7,700

19,800

Wisconsin

6,900

6,900

6,800

TOTAL

109,100

108,300

109,700

       

Tomatoes

     

California

22,500

23,600

22,000

Michigan

2,100

2,200

2,050

New Jersey

3,000

3,000

3,200

New York

2,400

2,000

2,000

Pennsylvania

3,700

3,800

3,800

Virginia

5,500

5,600

5,800

TOTAL

39,200

40,200

38,850

       
 

ONIONS: Area Planted and Harvested, and Yield Per Acre by Season,
State, and United States, 2005-2006 1/

Season and State

Area Planted

Area Harvested

Yield Per Acre

Production

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

2005

2006

 

Acres

Cwt.

1,000 Cwt.

Spring 2/

               

Arizona

2,000

1,000

2,000

1,000

460

490

920

490

California

7,500

8,100

7,300

7,900

475

450

3,468

3,555

Georgia

13,500

14,000

10,500

11,000

210

325

2,205

3,575

Texas

17,000

17,600

15,500

15,000

300

400

4,650

6,000

TOTAL

40,000

40,700

35,300

34,900

318

390

11,243

13,620

                 

Summer

               

Non-storage 2/

9,100

10,200

8,700

9,800

550

460

4,785

4,508

California

2,400

2,300

2,400

2,300

880

800

2,112

1,840

Nevada

6,500

6,500

6,400

6,500

530

550

3,392

3,575

New Mexico

1,000

1,000

900

900

370

400

333

360

Texas

1,400

1,500

1,400

1,500

370

380

518

570

Washington

20,400

21,500

19,800

21,000

563

517

11,140

10,853

TOTAL

               
                 

Storage 3/

               

California 4/

28,900

33,000

27,800

32,000

425

 

11,815

 

Colorado

10,000

10,000

9,500

9,500

440

 

4,180

 

Idaho

9,700

10,000

9,500

9,800

640

 

6,080

 

Michigan

3,000

2,700

2,900

2,600

260

 

754

 

New York

13,800

14,300

13,600

13,900

280

 

3,808

 

Oregon

               

Malheur

11,700

12,000

500

12,000

640

 

7,360

 

Other

7,800

7,400

7,800

7,400

360

 

2,808

 

Washington

19,500

19,500

19,500

19,500

600

 

11,700

 

Wisconsin

2,000

2,100

2,000

2,000

330

 

660

 

Other States 5/

2,020

2,150

1,920

1,950

453

 

869

 

TOTAL

108,420

113,150

106,020

110,650

472

 

50,034

 
                 

Summer

128,820

134,650

125,820

131,650

486

 

61,174

 
                 

UNITED STATES

168,820

175,350

161,120

166,550

449

 

72,417

 

1/ Estimates for 2005 revised.
2/ Primarily fresh market.
3/ Yield and production for 2006 will be published October 4, 2006.
4/ Primarily dehydrated and other processing.
5/ OH and UT

VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING

State and Utilization

Area Planted

2004

Total

2005

2006 Contract 1/

Total

Contract 1/

 

Acres

Snap Beans:

       

Florida

 

2,100

2,100

2,000

Illinois

12,900

18,000

16,400

14,800

Indiana

6,100

5,700

5,700

5,500

Michigan

17,700

23,700

23,700

18,500

New York

20,900

21,400

20,800

20,700

Oregon

18,200

18,600

18,600

18,700

Pennsylvania

14,000

9,900

8,900

10,700

Wisconsin

76,000

77,100

76,800

76,100

         

Other States

44,210

40,430

40,330

28,190

         

United States

210,010

216,930

213,330

195,190

         

Canning

147,600

151,130

149,130

128,930

Freezing

62,410

65,800

64,200

66,260

         

Sweet Corn

       

Delaware

7,300

7,300

7,300

 

Maryland

6,500

6,700

6,700

6,900

Minnesota

138,000

143,600

143,600

135,800

New York

19,500

19,400

19,400

18,400

Oregon

28,500

23,200

23,200

27,100

Pennsylvania

1,700

1,300

1,300

1,200

Washington

96,000

81,900

81,900

83,800

Wisconsin

80,700

97,400

96,800

83,800

         

Other States 2/

34,400

40,810

40,810

44,100

         

United States

412,700

421,610

421,010

401,100

         

Canning

215,300

241,700

241,600

206,400

Freezing

197,400

179,910

179,410

194,700

         

Green Peas

       

Delaware

6,000

6,000

6,000

5,000

Minnesota

75,700

77,200

77,200

90,300

New York

19,000

20,600

20,600

19,500

Oregon

17,700

16,200

16,200

17,700

Washington

35,600

34,200

34,200

33,000

Wisconsin

30,200

40,200

40,200

35,600

         

Other States

30,500

21,300

21,300

20,400

         

United States

214,700

215,700

215,700

221,500

         

Canning

84,400

93,500

93,500

102,100

Freezing

130,300

122,200

122,200

119,400

         

1/ Includes acreage from major brokers.
2/ 2004 - Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia included in other states.
2005 - Delaware, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia included in other states.
2006 Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, New Jersey, and Tennessee included in other states.