E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

VEGETABLES

Released:  April 2007
Seasonal
No. 984-2-07

STORAGE ONIONS

New York growers intend to plant 12,700 acres in 2007, 1,400 less than 2006 final acreage.  U.S. storage planted area is 111,900 acres, down 1 percent from 2006.  California acreage, which is primarily dehydrated or otherwise processed, is down 3 percent from 2006.  Planting was behind schedule due to rain and cold temperatures, however, no major problems were reported.  In Colorado, above average winter moisture left muddy fields causing delayed planting in the northern and southeastern areas.  West Slope snow pack was below average, but growing areas should meet irrigation needs this spring and summer.  Labor shortage is a major concern.  In Idaho, snow pack supplies are expected to be below average.  However, the State has adequate water stock, therefore, water availability is not a concern.  In Oregon, growers are optimistic about this year's crop despite some damage that was caused by the Iris yellow spot virus last season.  In Washington, planting has begun in many areas and should be in full swing in the next few weeks.  Thrips remains a major concern for some producers. Irrigation supplies look promising.

ONIONS:  Area Planted by Season, State, and United States, 2004-2006

Season and State

Acres Planted

2005

2006

2007

 

Acres

   

  Spring 1/

40,700

40,800

34,000

       

  Summer 1/

   

    Non-storage

     

        CA

9,700

9,800

9,400

        NV

2,400

2,600

2,700

        NM

6,500

6,000

6,500

        TX

1,000

1,000

800

        WA 2/

1,400

1,500

1,500

       

        Total

21,000

20,900

20,900

       

    Storage

     

        CA 3/

31,800

33,100

32,200

        CO

10,000

10,000

10,000

        ID

9,700

9,700

9,400

        MI

3,000

2,700

2,300

        NY

13,800

14,100

12,700

        OR

     

          Malheur

11,700

12,000

12,300

          Other

7,800

7,800

8,300

        WA

19,500

20,000

20,500

        WI

2,000

1,900

2,000

       

        Other States 4/

2,020

2,280

2,200

       

        Total

111,320

113,580

111,900

       

        Total Summer

132,320

134,480

132,800

       

  U.S.

173,020

175,280

166,800

       

1/  Primarily fresh market.
2/  Includes Walla Walla and other non-storage onions.
3/  Primarily dehydrated and other processing.
4/  2005 – OH and UT.  2006 – OH and UT.   2007 – OH and UT.

SPRING ONIONS:   

Producers intend to harvest 31,600 acres, down 9 percent from last year.  California's planting began in most areas by early November under good conditions.  Above normal temperatures stimulated early development, but a frost in January caused damage to some fields.  Crop development progress is behind normal in some areas.  Growers reported good stands and growth in many areas following recent rains.  In Georgia, rainfall during the winter months was near normal.  Heading into spring the State had adequate moisture levels.  Temperatures generally were near normal to slightly above normal during winter.  The crop is doing well and disease problems are minimal.  Harvest will begin about the third week of April.  Irrigation in Georgia has been minimal.  In Texas, onion planting for the spring harvest is down significantly due to heavy rainfall in the Lower Valley.  Despite the heavy rains, the crop is making excellent progress, but harvest will be delayed due to late plantings.

STRAWBERRIES:

Area intended for harvest is forecast at 45,000 acres, virtually unchanged from last year's comparable States.  California's area for harvest is forecast at 35,500 acres, down 1 percent from 2006.  California's strawberry season started slowly this year due to a January freeze followed by dry conditions.  Sporadic damage has been reported in the southern part of the State.  However, warmer weather is expected to bring shipments back within normal ranges.  In Florida, growers started transplanting at the end of September with virtually all planting completed by the end of October.  Cooler temperatures at the end of October through all of November increased berry quality.  However, very warm temperatures for most of December adversely affected berry quality.  Light harvest started in early November with a moderate amount available for the Thanksgiving Day market.  Picking increased steadily as more area reached maturity in December.  Warmer temperatures during most of January continued to hinder berry quality.  Temperatures near freezing arrived in late January and the middle of February.  Growers provided overhead irrigation to plants to prevent cold weather losses.  Producers started to open fields to U-pick in late March and early April as temperatures warmed and supplies from other States increased.  The Oregon crop looks good.  The State experienced no hard freezes this winter.  Labor shortages continue to be a major concern.

VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET

 Crop and State

Area

Yield per acre

Production

Harvested

For Harv. 2007

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

 

Acres

 

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

  ONIONS

                 

    Spring 1/

                 

      AZ 2/

  2,000

  1,000

  1,200

460

490

 

     920

  490

 

      CA 2/

  8,000

  7,900

  7,600

475

415

 

  3,800

  3,279

 

      GA

10,500

10,500

12,000

210

310

240

  2,205

  3,255

  2,880

      TX

15,500

15,200

10,800

300

270

305

  4,650

  4,104

  3,294

                   

TOTAL

36,000

34,600

31,600

322

322

 

11,575

11,128

 
                   

STRAWBERRIES 1/

                 

CA

34,300

35,800

35,500

600

590

580

20,580

21,163

20,590

FL

  7,300

  7,300

  7,500

245

280

300

  1,789

  2,044

  2,250

OR 3/

  2,200

  2,100

  2,000

115

110

 

     250

     230

 
                   

TOTAL

43,800

45,200

45,000

516

519

 

22,619

23,437

 
                   

1/  Includes fresh market and processing.
2/  Primarily fresh market.
3/  First forecast will be published on July 10, 2007.

SNAP BEANS:

U.S. processors contracted to plant 204,540 acres of snap beans, down 1 percent from last year.  Contracted area for freezing, at 64,880 acres, is down 3 percent from 2006.  Contracted area for  canning, at 139,660 acres, is virtually unchanged from 2006.  Wisconsin's contracted area, at 81,800 acres, is up 11 percent from the previous year.  The winter months in Indiana provided plenty of precipitation which benefited crop development.  In Oregon, producers are preparing for the upcoming planting season.  Farmers are struggling with wet fields in Western Oregon.  As of March 1, the snow pack in the Willamette basin was 102 percent of normal.    

GREEN PEAS:

U.S. contract intentions are forecast at 205,200 acres in 2007, down 4 percent from 2006.  Contract intentions for freezing, at 128,500 acres, are 5 percent above last year. Contracted  area for canning, at 76,700 acres, is 15 percent below 2006.  In Wisconsin, growers intend to contract 21,500 acres of green peas, down 33 percent from last year.  In Minnesota, rapid snow melt was reported across the State, however, remaining frost layer prevented melting snow from soaking into the subsoil.

VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING:   Area Planted and Utilization
by State and United States, 2005-2007

State
and
Utilization

Area Planted

2005
Total

2006

2007 Contract
Intentions

Total

Contract

 

Acres

SNAP BEANS:

 

Fl

2,100

3,300

2,800

2,500

IL

18,000

15,800

14,200

15,200

IN

5,700

5,600

5,600

5,200

MI

17,000

19,000

19,000

22,000

NY

21,400

22,200

20,600

 

OR

18,600

18,900

18,900

18,000

PA

9,900

10,900

9,800

9,900

WI

77,100

73,500

73,500

81,800

         

Other States

40,430

42,720

42,151

49,940

         

U.S.

210,230

211,920

206,551

204,540

         

Canning

147,330

142,580

139,741

139,660

Freezing

62,900

69,340

66,810

64,880

         

GREEN PEAS:

       

DE

6,000

5,800

3,500

5,800

MN

77,200

86,700

86,700

75,900

NY

20,600

19,500

19,500

 

OR

16,200

17,600

17,600

20,600

WA

37,100

34,300

34,300

38,800

WI

40,200

31,900

31,900

21,500

         

Other States

21,300

19,300

19,300

42,600

         

U.S.

218,600

215,100

212,800

205,200

         

Canning

93,500

90,600

90,600

76,700

Freezing

125,100

124,500

122,200

128,500

         

1/   Includes acreage from major brokers
2/  2007 data not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
3/  2005 - AR, CA, DE, GA, MD, MN, MO, NJ, NC, TX, and VA.
      2006 - CA, DE, GA, MD, MN, NJ, NC, TX, and VA.
      2007 – CA, DE, GA, MD, MN, NJ, NY, NC, TX, and VA.
4/   Seasonal forecasts for AR and MO are not available.  Estimates to be published in the Vegetables 2007 Summary released in January 2008.
5/   2005 - CA, ID, IL, MD, and NJ.
      2006 - CA, ID, IL, MD, and NJ.
      2007 - CA, ID, IL, MD, NJ, and NY.

SWEET CORN:

Contract intentions call for 372,900 acres of sweet corn in 2007, down 5 percent from last year.  Contracted area for freezing, at 187,400 acres, is down 5 percent from last year's total.  Contracted area for canning, at 185,500 acres, is down 6 percent from 2006.  Rapid snow melt in Minnesota was reported across the State during mid-March.

VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING:  Area Planted and Utilization
by State and United States, 2005-2007

State
and
Utilization

Area Planted

2005
Total

2006

2007 Contract
Intentions
1/

Total

Contract 1/

 

Acres

SWEET CORN

       

        DE

7,300

4,700

4,700

5,000

        MD

6,700

6,300

6,300

5,700

        MN

143,500

135,200

135,200

124,400

        NY 2/

19,400

18,400

18,400

 

        OR

23,200

26,100

26,100

22,200

        PA 2/

1,300

1,200

1,200

 

        WA

81,900

80,200

80,200

79,800

        WI

97,400

86,200

86,200

84,000

         

        Other States 3/

40,810

36,100

36,100

51,800

         

        U.S.

421,510

394,400

394,400

372,900

         

Canning

227,000

197,600

197,600

185,500

Freezing

194,510

196,800

196,800

187,400

         

1/  Includes acreage from major brokers.
2/  2007 data not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
3/  2005 - ID, IL, IA, NJ, TN, and VA.  
     2006 - ID, IL, IA, NJ, PA and TN. 2007 - ID, IL, IA, NJ, NY, PA, TN, and VA.