E-mail: nass-ny@nass.usda.gov
(518) 457-5570

VEGETABLE REPORT
July 2007

Seasonal
No. 974-3-07

Harvested Acreage for New York Fresh Vegetables
Up 2 Percent;  U.S. ACREAGE DOWN 1 PERCENT

In New York, prospective area for harvest of 4 selected fresh market vegetables is 50,800 acres, up 2 percent from the 49,600 acres that were harvested in 2006. 

The prospective area for harvest of 11 selected fresh market vegetables during the summer quarter is forecast to be 296,600 acres, down 1 percent from last year.  Acreage declines in snap beans, broccoli, celery, head lettuce, and bell peppers more than offset acreage increases in cabbage, carrots, sweet corn, cucumbers, and tomatoes.  Cauliflower area remains unchanged.  Area forecast for melon harvest is 123,800 acres, up 5 percent from last year.  Cantaloup area is forecast at 38,300 acres, 2 percent below 2006.  Honeydew area, at 13,900 acres, is down 7 percent from last year.  Watermelon area, at 71,600 acres, is 13 percent above a year ago.

Strawberry production in the U.S. is forecast at 22.7 million cwt, 3 percent below 2006 for comparable States.  Area harvested, at 45,000 acres, is virtually unchanged from last year.  Strawberry yield is forecast at 504 cwt per acre, down 15 cwt from 2006.

New York Onion Acreage DOWN 12 PERCENT
U.S.
Onion Acreage DOWN 3 Percent

New York onion growers planted 12,400 acres this year, down 12 percent from last year.  Harvested onion acreage is expected to total 11,700 acres.  Spring planting was hindered by a cool wet spring with flooding rains in Orange County.

Onion growers expect to harvest 159,680 acres of onions in 2007, down 3 percent from last year for comparable States.  Spring onion rowers harvested 31,500 acres, down 9 percent from last season.  Summer, non-storage onion growers expect to harvest 19,900 acres, unchanged from a year ago.  Storage onion growers plan to harvest 108,280 acres in 2007, down 2 percent from comparable States last season.

National PROCESSED VEGETABLES UP 1 PERCENT

Vegetable processors have contracted 1.21 million acres to be planted to the 5 major vegetable crops (snap beans, sweet corn, cucumbers for pickles, green peas, and tomatoes).  This is up 1 percent from last year for comparable States.  Acreage increases for cucumbers for pickles, green peas, and tomatoes more than offset declines in snap beans and sweet corn.  Green pea contracted production, at 409,940 tons, up 1 percent from 2006.  Contracted tomato production is forecast at 12.3 million tons, up 17 percent from 2006 for comparable States.

VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET

Crop and State

Usual
Harvest
Period

Area

Harvested

For Harvest
2007

2005

2006

   

Acres

         

  Snap Beans

       

    Georgia

           Jun-Sep

3,300

3,800

3,800

    Michigan

           Jul-Oct

4,100

3,600

3,800

    New York

           Jul-Oct

8,100

10,300

8,900

    Virginia

           Jul-Sep

3,300

3,200

3,200

    TOTAL

 

18,800

20,900

19,700

         

  Cabbage

       

    Georgia

           Jul-Sep

1,200

1,000

700

    Michigan

           Jun-Nov

1,700

1,800

1,700

    New York

           Jun-Dec

9,800

10,500

12,300

    TOTAL

 

12,700

13,300

14,700

         

  Sweet Corn

       

    California

           Jul-Sep

9,600

9,400

9,500

    Illinois

           Jul-Sep

6,200

6,500

6,600

    Michigan

           Jul-Oct

8,000

8,300

8,700

    New Jersey

           Jul-Oct

7,100

7,000

7,300

    New York

           Jul-Oct

28,200

26,800

26,900

    North Carolina

           Jun-Aug

7,000

8,000

7,800

    Ohio

           Jul-Sep

16,100

16,000

16,300

    Pennsylvania

           Jul-Oct

17,700

17,400

17,000

    Wisconsin

           Jul-Sep

6,900

7,000

6,600

    TOTAL

 

106,800

106,400

106,700

         

  Tomatoes

       

    California

           Jul-Sep

23,000

22,000

22,000

    Michigan

           Jul-Sep

2,000

2,000

2,200

    New Jersey

           Jul-Oct

3,000

2,900

2,900

    New York

           Jul-Oct

2,000

2,000

2,700

    Pennsylvania

           Jul-Oct

3,800

3,600

3,400

    Virginia

           Jul-Sep

5,600

5,800

5,400

    TOTAL

 

39,400

38,300

38,600

         
           

ONIONS:  Area Planted and Harvested, and Yield Per Acre by Season,
State, and United States, 2005-2006 1/

Season and State

Area Planted

Area Harvested

Yield Per Acre

Production

2006

2007

2006

2007

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

 

Acres

Acres

Cwt.

1,000 Cwt.

   Spring 2/

                 

         Arizona

1,000

1,200

1,000

1,200

490

450

920

490

540

         California

8,100

7,700

7,900

7,500

415

420

3,800

3,279

3,150

         Georgia

14,000

12,500

10,500

12,000

310

300

2,205

3,255

3,600

         Texas

17,700

12,500

15,200

10,800

270

360

4,650

4,104

3,888

         TOTAL

40,800

33,900

34,600

31,500

322

355

11,575

11,128

11,178

                   

   Summer

                 

     Non-storage 2/

                 

       California

9,800

8,900

9,400

8,500

560

530

5,115

5,264

4,505

        Nevada

2,600

2,600

2,600

2,600

720

800

2,112

1,872

2,080

        New Mexico

6,000

6,500

5,500

6,300

480

525

3,392

2,640

3,308

        Texas

1,000

1,100

900

1,000

240

400

333

216

400

      Washington 3/

1,500

1,500

1,500

1,500

380

380

518

570

570

         TOTAL

20,900

20,600

19,900

19,900

531

546

11,470

10,562

10,863

                   

     Storage 4/

                 

         California 5/

33,100

31,600

31,800

30,200

425

 

12,240

13,515

 

         Colorado

10,000

10,000

9,500

9,500

400

 

4,180

3,800

 

         Idaho

9,700

9,400

9,400

9,200

540

 

6,080

5,076

 

         Michigan

2,700

2,600

2,600

2,500

250

 

754

650

 

         New York

14,100

12,400

12,800

11,700

330

 

3,808

4,224

 

         Oregon

                 

             Malheur

11,700

12,000

11,700

11,900

520

 

7,360

6,084

 

             Other

8,400

8,500

8,400

8,500

550

 

2,808

4,620

 

         Washington

20,000

21,000

20,000

21,000

600

 

11,700

12,000

 

         Wisconsin

1,900

1,800

1,900

1,700

300

 

660

570

 

         Other States 6/

2,280

2,180

2,180

2,080

378

 

869

825

 

         TOTAL

113,880

111,480

110,280

108,280

466

 

50,459

51,364

 
                   

   Summer

134,780

132,080

130,180

128,180

476

 

61,929

61,926

 
                   

   UNITED STATES

175,580

165,980

164,780

159,680

443

 

73,504

73,054

 
                   

    Processed 7/

           

8,290

9,365

 
                   

1/  Estimates for 2006 revised.
2
/  Primarily fresh market.
3/  Includes Walla Walla and other non-storage onions.

4
/  Yield and production for 2007 will be published October 4, 2007.
5
/  Primarily dehydrated and other processing.
6
/  OH and UT.
7/  CA only, acreage and yield are not available

.


VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING

State and Utilization

Area Planted

2005
Total

2006

2007
Contract
1/

Total

Contract 1/

 

Acres

   Snap Beans

       

        Florida

2,100

3,300

2,800

2,400

        Illinois

18,000

15,800

14,200

13,900

        Indiana

5,700

5,600

5,600

5,100

        Michigan

17,000

19,000

19,000

22,700

        New York 2/

21,400

22,200

20,600

 

        Oregon

18,600

18,900

18,900

18,100

        Pennsylvania

9,900

10,900

9,800

9,200

        Wisconsin

77,100

73,500

73,500

72,800

         

         Other States 3/ 4/

40,430

42,720

42,151

58,630

         

   United States

210,230

211,920

206,551

202,830

         

   Canning

147,330

142,580

139,741

125,680

   Freezing

62,900

69,340

66,810

77,150

         

   Sweet Corn

       

         Delaware 2/

7,300

4,700

4,700

 

         Maryland

6,700

6,300

6,300

6,300

         Minnesota

143,500

135,200

135,200

121,600

         New York 2/

19,400

18,400

18,400

 

         Oregon

23,200

26,100

26,100

20,400

         Pennsylvania 2/

1,300

1,200

1,200

 

         Washington

81,900

80,200

80,200

85,300

         Wisconsin

97,400

86,200

86,200

89,500

         

         Other States 3/

40,810

36,100

36,100

55,600

         

   United States

421,510

394,400

394,400

378,700

         

   Canning

227,000

197,600

197,600

180,300

   Freezing

194,510

196,800

196,800

198,400

         

   Green Peas

       

         Delaware

6,000

5,800

3,500

5,800

         Minnesota 2/

77,200

86,700

86,700

 

         New York 2/

20,600

19,500

19,500

 

         Oregon

16,200

17,600

17,600

24,400

         Washington

37,100

34,300

34,300

36,900

         Wisconsin

40,200

31,900

31,900

44,400

         

         Other States 3/

21,300

19,300

19,300

112,300

         

   United States

218,600

215,100

212,800

223,800

         

   Canning

93,500

90,600

90,600

82,500

   Freezing

125,100

124,500

122,200

141,300

         

1/  Includes acreage from major brokers. 
2/  2007 data not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.

3
/  2005 AL, AR, CA, DE, GA, IA, ID, IL, MA, MD, MN, MO, NC, NJ, TN, VA, and WA.
     2006 AL, CA, DE, GA, IA, ID, IL, MD, MN, MO, NC, NJ, TX, and VA.
     2007 AL, CA, DE, GA, IA, ID, IL, MD, MN, NC, NJ, NY, PA, TN, TX, and VA.

4
/  Seasonal forecasts for AR and MO not available.  Estimates to be published in the Vegetables 2007 Summary, released in January 2008.