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VEGETABLE REPORT
April 2008

Seasonal
No. 984-2-08

STORAGE ONIONS

New York growers intend to plant 12,400 acres in 2008, 600 less than 2007 final acreage.  U.S. storage planted area is 104,050 acres, down 6 percent from 2007.  California acreage, which is primarily dehydrated or otherwise processed, is down 1 percent from 2007.  Despite some minor problems with rain during planting, good growing conditions are currently being reported.  In Colorado, although mountain snow pack is currently 126  percent of average Statewide, mandated well restrictions, labor shortages, low prices, and disease problems are a major concern.  In Idaho, snow pack supplies are near normal and water availability is not a concern.  In Oregon, spring conditions have been favorable throughout the State. In Washington, thrips remains a major concern for some producers in the Columbia Basin.  Irrigation supplies look promising.

ONIONSArea Planted by Season, State, and United States, 2006-2008

Season and State

Acres Planted

2006

2007

2008

 

Acres

   

  Spring 1/

40,800

33,800

31,600

       

  Summer 1/

   

    Non-storage

     

        CA

9,800

9,700

9,000

        NV

2,600

2,800

2,900

        NM

6,000

6,300

5,500

        TX

1,000

1,100

800

        WA 2/

1,500

1,500

1,900

       

        Total

20,900

21,400

20,100

       

    Storage

     

        CA 3/

33,100

31,700

31,500

        CO

10,000

9,000

8,500

        ID

9,700

9,300

8,600

        MI

2,700

2,600

2,100

        NY

14,100

13,000

12,400

        OR

     

      Malheur

11,700

11,500

9,900

          Other

8,400

9,100

8,500

        WA

20,000

21,000

19,000

        WI

2,100

1,900

1,800

       

        Other States 4/

2,280

2,180

1,750

       

        Total

114,080

111,280

104,050

       

        Total Summer

134,980

132,680

124,150

       

  U.S.

175,780

166,480

155,750

       

1/  Primarily fresh market.
2/  Includes Walla Walla and other non-storage onions.
3/  Primarily dehydrated and other processing.

4
/  2006-2008 - OH and UT.


SPRING ONIONS:   

Producers intend to harvest 29,400 acres, down 5 percent from last year.  In California, despite some reports of mildew, the spring onion crop is in good condition.  In Georgia, precipitation during the winter months was near normal.  Heading into spring the State had adequate moisture levels.  The crop is doing well and disease problems are minimal.  Harvest should begin around mid-April.

STRAWBERRIES:

Area intended for harvest is forecast at 46,500 acres, up 2 percent from last year.  California's area for harvest is forecast at 36,700 acres, up 3 percent from 2007.  California's strawberry season started slowly this year due to cool, wet weather.  However, quality of the berry crop is reported to be excellent.  In Florida, growers started transplanting by early October.  Producers irrigated sets due to drought conditions.  Light picking began in mid-November.  Warm temperatures during most of November and December hindered berry development.  Producers worked to minimize damage to the crop when extremely windy and cold weather arrived in early January.   Cool, dry weather during the remainder of January and most of February hindered plant growth but increased berry quality.  The Oregon crop looks good.  The State experienced no hard freezes this winter.

VEGETABLES FOR FRESH MARKET

Crop and State

Area

Yield per acre

Production

Harvested

For Harv. 2008

2006

2007

2008

2006

2007

2007

2006

2007

 

Acres

Cwt.

1,000 cwt.

  ONIONS

                 

Spring 1/

                 

AZ 3/

1,000

1,200

1,500

490

450

 

490

540

 

CA 3/

7,900

7,400

7,400

415

450

 

3,279

3,330

 

GA

10,500

12,000

11,000

310

270

250

3,255

3,240

2,750

TX

15,200

10,400

9,500

270

300

365

4,104

3,120

3,468

                   

TOTAL

34,600

31,000

29,400

322

330

 

11,128

10,230

 
                   

STRAWBERRIES 2/

                 

CA

35,800

35,500

36,700

590

605

600

21,163

21,540

22,020

FL

7,300

8,300

8,000

280

320

260

2,044

2,656

2,080

OR 3/

2,100

1,900

1,800

110

130

 

230

247

 
                   

Major States

                 

TOTAL

45,200

45,700

46,500

519

535

 

23,437

24,443

 
                   

1/  Primarily fresh market.
2
/  Includes fresh market and processing.
3
/  First forecast will be published on July 10, 2008.


SNAP BEANS:

U.S. processors contracted to plant 187,000 acres of snap beans, down 10 percent from last year.  Contracted area for freezing, at 66,250 acres, is down 12 percent from 2007.  Contracted area for canning, at 120,750 acres, is down 9 percent from 2007.  Wisconsin's contracted area, at 73,600 acres, is up 1 percent from the previous year.  The winter months provided plenty of precipitation in Indiana.  Planting has been delayed due to very cold and wet weather.  In Oregon, stream flow is above average due to adequate snow pack in most parts of the State.

GREEN PEAS:

U.S. contract intentions are forecast at 215,900 acres in 2008, up 1 percent from 2007.  Contract intentions for freezing, at 135,600 acres, are 2 percent above last year.  Contracted area for canning, at 80,300 acres, is 1 percent below 2007.  In Oregon, water availability is good as snow pack and reservoirs were above average throughout the State.  In Minnesota, snow melt was reported across the State, however, remaining frost layer prevented melting snow from soaking into the subsoil.

VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING:   Area Planted and Utilization
by State and United States, 2006-2008

State
and
Utilization

Area Planted

2006
Total

2007

2008 Contract
Intentions
1/

Total

Contract 1/

 

Acres

SNAP BEANS:

 

Fl

3,300

     

IL

15,800

13,400

12,700

14,500

IN

5,600

5,300

5,300

4,700

MI

19,000

23,500

23,500

13,500

MN 2/

       

NY 2/

22,200

     

OR

18,900

19,100

19,100

17,600

PA

10,900

10,900

9,800

10,300

WI

73,500

74,000

72,700

73,600

         

Other States 3/ 4/

42,720

67,070

65,500

48,100

         

U.S.

211,920

213,270

208,600

187,000

         

Canning

142,580

136,100

133,300

120,750

Freezing

69,340

77,170

75,300

66,250

         

GREEN PEAS:

       

DE

5,800

5,500

5,500

6,000

MN 2/

83,300

   

75,000

NY 2/

19,500

     

OR

17,600

18,000

18,000

17,500

WA

34,300

38,900

38,900

35,000

WI

31,900

38,500

38,500

42,100

         

Other States 5/

19,300

112,900

112,900

40,300

         

U.S.

211,700

213,800

213,800

215,900

         

Canning

86,600

80,800

80,800

80,300

Freezing

125,100

133,000

133,000

135,600

1/  Includes acreage from major brokers.
2
/  Missing data not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
3
/  2006 - CA, DE, GA, MD, MN, MO, NJ, NC, TX, and VA.
     2007 - CA, DE, FL, GA, MD, MN, NJ, NY, NC, TX, and VA.
     2008 - CA, DE, FL, GA, MD, NJ, NY, NC, TX, and VA.

4
/  Seasonal forecasts for AR and MO are not available.  Estimates to be published in  the Vegetables 2008 Summary, released in January 2009.
5
/  2006 - CA, ID, IL, MD, and NJ.
     2007 - CA, ID, IL, MD, MN, NJ, and NY.
     2008 - ID, IL, MD, NJ, and NY.

SWEET CORN:

Contract intentions call for 384,960 acres of sweet corn in 2008, up 1 percent from last year.  Contracted area for freezing, at 199,500 acres, is virtually unchanged from last year's total.  Contracted area for canning, at 185,460 acres, is up 3 percent from 2007.  In Oregon, above normal precipitation early in the season led to snow pack records in lower elevations.

VEGETABLES FOR PROCESSING:   Area Planted and Utilization
by State and United States, 2006-2008

State
and
Utilization

Area Planted

2006
Total

2007

2008 Contract
Intentions
1/

Total

Contract 1/

 

Acres

SWEET CORN

       

        DE 2/

4,700

     

        MD

6,300

6,300

6,300

6,900

        MN

135,200

122,100

122,100

125,100

        NY 2/

18,400

     

        OR

26,100

21,900

21,900

22,200

        WA

80,200

84,500

84,500

81,600

        WI

86,200

87,600

87,600

87,200

         
         

        Other States 3/

37,300

57,700

57,700

61,960

         

        U.S.

394,400

380,100

380,100

384,960

         

Canning

197,600

180,000

180,000

185,460

Freezing

196,800

200,100

200,100

199,500

         

1/  Includes acreage from major brokers.
2
/  Missing data not published to avoid disclosure of individual operations.
     2007 - DE, ID, IL, IA, NJ, NY, PA, TN and VA.
     2008 - DE, ID, IL, IA, NJ, NY, PA, TN, and VA.